Assessment of Development Results: Moldova

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Evaluation Plan:
2009-2013, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
ADR
Planned End Date:
01/2012
Completion Date:
02/2012
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
150,000

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Title Assessment of Development Results: Moldova
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2009-2013, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: ADR
Status:Completed
Completion Date:02/2012
Planned End Date: 01/2012
Management Response:Yes
Corporate Outcomes (UNDP Strategic Plan 2008-20013)
Evaluation Budget(US $): 150,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme:No
Mandatory Evaluation:No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Thopil Mathew Varghese Team Leader
Thomas Otter Team Specialist
Lilit Melikyan Team Specialist
Andrea Esser Team Specialist
Camelia Gheorghe Team Specialist
GEF Evaluation:No
Key Stakeholders:
Location of Evaluation:Country Level
Countries: MOLDOVA, REPUBLIC OF
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Recommendation 1. For greater impact and better results from the diverse reform efforts and in the context of EU integration, the efforts of UNDP should focus on the completion of difficult reforms, consolidation of efforts, and prioritization in the public sector reform, poverty and environmental programmes. In programmes nearing completion, the focus should be on supporting the Government to move from policy and legislative formulation to practical implementation.
2 Recommendation 2. The UNDP country programme should continue to focus on and increase its programme coverage for support at the local and regional levels and play a lead role in supporting the Government?s efforts to implement its decentralization strategy.
3 Recommendation 3. UNDP should maintain an active engagement in the Transnistria region and encourage other United Nations agencies to initiate programmes (preferably joint) there. In doing so, the development programme and confidence-building measures, such as increasing dialogue between the two sides, should be handled with strict neutrality.
4 Recommendation 4. The human rights-based approach should continue to be the priority in the programming and implementation of the next UNDAF and corresponding UNDP CPD/ Country Programme and Action Plan (CPAP).
5 Recommendation 5. UNDP should play a key facilitative role to ensure the development of a UNCT gender mainstreaming strategy (GMS). The strategy should foster a collective vision of gender mainstreaming for the UNCT to undertake coordinated action to achieve results in priority areas.
6 Recommendation 6. UNDP Moldova should continue to strengthen the results-based management system by increasing its capacity for planning, monitoring and evaluation and contributing to national and government capacity by building the country office capacity in these technical areas.
7 Recommendation 7. Given the interest expressed by the Government in the coherent United Nations efforts in the country, as well as the success of the joint programmes, UNDP should advocate and provide support for the UNCT to rapidly progress towards One UN through an agreed plan of action.
1. Recommendation: Recommendation 1. For greater impact and better results from the diverse reform efforts and in the context of EU integration, the efforts of UNDP should focus on the completion of difficult reforms, consolidation of efforts, and prioritization in the public sector reform, poverty and environmental programmes. In programmes nearing completion, the focus should be on supporting the Government to move from policy and legislative formulation to practical implementation.
Management Response:

UNDP acknowledges the need to focus on supporting the government to move from policy and legislative formulation to practical implementation and further improve the impact and results of the diverse reform efforts. As well, UNDP welcome the recommendation to prioritize its interventions in the areas of the public sector reform, poverty reduction and environment. As a response, UNDP have played an active role in the formulation of the new United Nations ? Republic of Moldova Partnership Framework 2013?2017 (UNDAF), developed collectively by the UN Country Team and the Government of Moldova and through extensive consultation with other partners which focuses on three main pillars: Democratic governance, justice, equality and human rights; Human development and social inclusion; and Environment, climate change and disaster risk management. In the area of democratic governance, justice, equality and human rights, the focus will be to ensure that difficult and complex reforms aiming to strengthen government institutions and the justice sector remain on track, and that support is provided to move from policy and legislative formulation to practical implementation. In the area of human development and social inclusion, the focus will be to accelerate poverty reduction and improve access to inclusive services, and attain the expansion of socio-economic opportunities and the achievement of more equitable and sustainable local and regional development. In the third area, the work of the UN supports central and local authorities for the sustainable management of the environment and natural resources and sustained response to climate change and natural disasters. UNDP ensured that the draft CPD is fully in line with the priority areas of Partnership Framework and as such takes into consideration the ADR recommendation. Further, UNDP will ensure that the new CPAP reflects the priority areas recommended by ADR and highlighted in the new Partnership Framework.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Finalize the new CPD which reflects the strategic priorities deriving from the Partnership Framework and areas identified by the ADR and ensure that the new 2013-2017 CPAP focus on the completion of difficult reforms, consolidation of efforts, and prioritization in the public sector reform, poverty and environmental programmes. Programme unit 2012/11 Completed
Ensure the implementation of the new CPD/CPAP focusing on completion of reform in view of achieving stronger results and transformative change for people. Programme unit 2017/11 Initiated
2. Recommendation: Recommendation 2. The UNDP country programme should continue to focus on and increase its programme coverage for support at the local and regional levels and play a lead role in supporting the Government?s efforts to implement its decentralization strategy.
Management Response:

As the recommendation acknowledges the successful work at the local and regional level, under the current Joint Integrated Local Development Programme, UNDP will continue to help the government to accelerate its efforts in local governance reform and improvements in service delivery, by focusing on the implementation of the Decentralization Strategy. Taking into consideration the complexity of the reform, the timeframe which will go beyond the current programme cycle as well as continued priority of the Government, UNDP advocated that the United Nations ? Republic of Moldova Partnership Framework 2013?2017 reflects the focus on local and regional development and support the Government in the implementation of the Decentralization Strategy. The new CPD and CPAP will further detail the UNDP specific contribution in this priority area. New intervention will be initiated in 2012 to contribute to the achievement of identified outcomes. UNDP will seek the involvement of other UN Agencies to join the efforts.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ensure that the Joint Integrated Local Development Programme (JILDP) focuses its interventions in supporting the implementation of the Decentralization strategy, as well as increasing programme coverage at local and regional levels. Programme Unit 2014/12 Overdue-Initiated Previous phase of JILDP was finalized in December 2012. New Phase started January, 2013 to support the implementation of the Decentralization Strategy
Ensure that the new UNDAF and CPD reflect at the outcome and output level the focus on the local and regional development and implementation of Decentralisation strategy. Strengthen UNDP leading role in the area. programme Unit 2012/06 Completed
Building on the current Joint Integrated Local Development Programme develop new intervention package in the area as per the new 2013-2017 UNDAF and CPD outcomes 1.1. and 2.1. programme Unit 2017/12 Initiated Outcome.1.1: Increased transparency, accountability and efficiency of central and local public authorities. Outcome: 2.1. People have access to more equitable sustainable regional development, economic opportunities - innovation and agriculture in particular - and decent work
3. Recommendation: Recommendation 3. UNDP should maintain an active engagement in the Transnistria region and encourage other United Nations agencies to initiate programmes (preferably joint) there. In doing so, the development programme and confidence-building measures, such as increasing dialogue between the two sides, should be handled with strict neutrality.
Management Response:

Given the development of a new UN programme cycle for 2013-2017 that looks for an enhanced partnership of the UN Agencies in Moldova, this recommendation will be fully taken into account. While UNDP is positioned as lead development partner, serving as knowledge hub for the confidence building development assistance in the Transnistria region, closer cooperation and joint work with other UN Agencies will be pursued. Entry points for the expansion of the confidence building activities will be jointly identified, facilitating access to the most suitable and best qualified partner. The same approach in maintaining the highest standards of neutrality and transparency in implementing the confidence building measures will be ensured.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ensure that the new UNDAF/CPD specifically envisages support to confidence building measures, at the same time reflecting the support for the Transnistria region in other areas. Programme Unit 2012/06 Completed
Identify areas of cooperation and specific programmatic interventions to be implemented in the Transnistria region jointly with other UN Agencies within the current Confidence Building Measures programme (CBM3: 2012-2014) taking into consideration comparative advantage and expertise. Programme Unit 2013/12 Completed Further to thorough analysis and discussions over the possible options, the following partnership activities were initiated: - Cooperation with UN Women (250,000 USD) as of February 2013 ? to mainstream gender in the Community Infrastructure Component and create a Joint Integration Service Bureau in the Dubasari District (to be part of the national network) - Cooperation with UNICEF (270,000 USD) and WHO (250,000 USD) for the health sector in Transnistria region ? perinatal care and immunizations; activities to be initiated in April 2013.
4. Recommendation: Recommendation 4. The human rights-based approach should continue to be the priority in the programming and implementation of the next UNDAF and corresponding UNDP CPD/ Country Programme and Action Plan (CPAP).
Management Response:

UNDP will continue engagement in human rights and applying HRBA into the programming. The engagement is necessary to ensure better and more sustainable human development outcomes and greater returns on investment. A systematic human rights-based approach will ensure better and comprehensive targeting support to the most in need, a more transparent and empowering programming process for both duty bearers and rights holders, increased accountability for results and better effectiveness and sustainability of interventions. The process will be guided by the Human Rights Advisor. Human rights will be deconstructed into principles and standards and integrated in the new UNDAF and CPD. An adequate level of disaggregation of indicators by ethnicity, disability, religion, wealth, social affiliation, etc., will be produced and used in these strategic documents. UNDP will continue to assess the rights holders? capacity to claim rights as part of the situational analysis, translated further in measurable support actions within the JILDP and will be gradually expanded into other projects and programmes during the identification and formulation phase.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will strengthen inter-agency and cross-practice collaboration on human rights mainstreaming with the OHCHR under the Human Rights Adviser modalities. Programme Unit, Human Rights Advisor 2017/11 Initiated
Ensure that HR and HRBA is integrated into the new UNDAF and CPD. Programme Unit, Human Rights Advisor 2012/06 Completed
Collect disaggregated indicators by ethnicity, disability, religion, wealth, social affiliation, etc., to be introduced into the new UNDAF and CPD, as well as in selected projects (JILDP, Biomass, Statistics). Programme Unit, Human Rights Advisor, JILDP team 2012/06 Completed
Set up a HRBA Learning Forum to serve as a cross-practice and inter-agency communication platform on mainstreaming HRBA into programming, capitalizing on existing JILDP experiences. HR&Justice Portfolio Manager 2012/12 Completed HRBA Learning and Knowledge Forum organised in Moldova in cooperation with BRC, JILDP experiences shared with the UNDP practitioners from the region, including through the field trip.
Undertake capacity assessment from the HRBA perspective while designing the new phase of the JILDP. Gradually expand the capacity assessment from the HRBA perspective to new projects. Programme Unit, Human Rights Advisor 2017/12 Initiated
5. Recommendation: Recommendation 5. UNDP should play a key facilitative role to ensure the development of a UNCT gender mainstreaming strategy (GMS). The strategy should foster a collective vision of gender mainstreaming for the UNCT to undertake coordinated action to achieve results in priority areas.
Management Response:

UNDP will increase its involvement in the UN Justice, Gender and Human Rights Theme Group and will play an active role in the development of the gender mainstreaming strategy to strengthen and standardize gender mainstreaming processes through priority targeting. In addition UNDP will develop the UNDP Moldova Gender Mainstreaming Action Plan (2011 ? 2015) to put in place measures and to set up an institutional structure to promote gender equality. UNDP will introduce the practice of screening all new projects through gender perspective during the LPAC meetings.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop and implement the UNDP Moldova Gender Mainstreaming Action Plan. Ensure that all new projects reflect the gender perspective and are screened through gender perspective during the LPAC and boards meetings. Programme Unit, Gender Focal Point 2016/12 Initiated UNDP Moldova Gender Mainstreaming Action Plan developed and under implementation.
Ensure that the new CPD/CPAP fully takes into consideration the gender dimension as reflected at the output and indicators level. Programme Unit, Gender Focal Point 2012/06 Completed
Increase UNDP involvement in the UN Working Group working on Justice, Gender and Human Rights through joint planning and implementation, information sharing and policy dialogue around these issues. Programme Unit, Gender Focal Point 2016/12 Initiated
6. Recommendation: Recommendation 6. UNDP Moldova should continue to strengthen the results-based management system by increasing its capacity for planning, monitoring and evaluation and contributing to national and government capacity by building the country office capacity in these technical areas.
Management Response:

Country Office will strengthen the results-based management system and cross practice collaboration, in addition to the changes and requirements for new capacities and ways that the Office is structured and programmes are led. With the UNDAF evaluation, ADR and design of the new UN Partnership Framework and CPD for 2013-2017, needs to further adjust the programme structure. In addition to better alignment to the three key pillars, pre-set in the strategic documents, the reorganization need came in response to the continuous expansion of the programme. Therefore, the programme unit will be structured around the key UNPF/CPD pillars to include three clusters: Governance and Human Rights; Local/Regional Development and Confidence Building and Energy and Environment. Some positions will be adjusted, with three Cluster leaders in place and thus ensuring that the CO is better equipped to increase its effectiveness and efficiency and results based management, especially in the areas envisaged by the new strategic documents. The staff already in place will provided with learning opportunities, training and coaching to ensure high performance in new roles, for vacant positions high quality national staff will be engaged and additional short-term high-level advisors will be periodically brought in to support the Office strategic technical capabilities. The CO will strengthen the monitoring and evaluation system.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Enhance the monitoring and evaluation system and streamline the Country Programme monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework, including for projects, by developing of a comprehensive M&E plan for the new CPD with clear disaggregated specific indicators, baselines and targets and data collection methods; provide training on M&E. Evaluation Focal Point 2017/12 Initiated
Enhance CO knowledge of RBM. Organize a series of trainings for the staff on results-based management, as well as in other technical areas. Learning Manager 2017/12 Initiated RBM Training for whole UN Moldova Team was organized in the framework of UNPF development.
Adjust the programme structure around the key UNPF/CPD pillars to include three clusters; provide learning opportunities, training and coaching to ensure high performance in new roles, for vacant positions engage high quality national staff. Ensure UNDP Moldova involvement in the Professional Development Initiative Senior Management, HR, SAC 2012/12 Completed CO Strategy for Professional development prepared.
7. Recommendation: Recommendation 7. Given the interest expressed by the Government in the coherent United Nations efforts in the country, as well as the success of the joint programmes, UNDP should advocate and provide support for the UNCT to rapidly progress towards One UN through an agreed plan of action.
Management Response:

UNDP will advocate, facilitate and provide necessary support to progress towards more joint programming, planning, evaluation, harmonized cash transfer, procurement and administration for greater synergy. It will advocate that the new UNDAF is formulated in such a manner that facilitates moving towards Delivering as One and a Common Action Plan is elaborated. UNDP will increase the number of joint projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Advocate that UNDAF provide space for moving towards Delivering as One Programme Unit 2011/11 Completed As per the UN-Moldova Partnership Framework 2013-2017 signed in February 2012, the UN is committed to adopting a ?Delivering as One? approach, envisioning an empowered UN Resident Coordinator and UN Country Team; greater programmatic coherence through a common UN action plan; one budgetary framework; complementary resource mobilization; common business practices; and a common voice.
Support the formulation of a UNDAF Common Action Plan Programme Unit 2012/12 Completed Common Action Plan for UN Partnership Framework was signed in December 2012.
Strengthen CO capacity to support common business practices and services, by establishing a position of UN operation analyst. Management team 2011/11 Completed
Increase the number of joint projects. New potential areas for joint interventions are confidence building measures (WHO, UNWOMEN, UNFPA), and mainstreaming migration (IOM, UNWOMEN). Moreover the joint interventions in the area promotion and protection of human rights, gender equality and non-discrimination and decentralization and local development will be expanded Programme Unit 2017/11 Initiated UNDP Moldova is implementing 5 joint projects. The use of joint projects such as those in the area of human rights protection and promotion, local governance/development, social inclusion indicators have been instrumental in achieving greater results. A notable example is the Joint UNCT for Human Rights project through which UNDP, in cooperation with the OHCHR and wider UNCT, supported Moldova?s ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Under the joint Human Security project, the authorities made sustained and strong efforts to improve Moldova?s record related to human trafficking and domestic violence. Joint Integrated Local Development Programme has proven a particularly effective mean of bringing gender issues to the forefront of decentralization and local development agenda, laying an important foundation for gender equality.

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