Evaluation of UNDP Contribution to South-South and Triangular Cooperation (2008-2011)

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Evaluation Plan:
2009-2013, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
Thematic
Planned End Date:
05/2013
Completion Date:
05/2013
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
160,000

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Title Evaluation of UNDP Contribution to South-South and Triangular Cooperation (2008-2011)
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2009-2013, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: Thematic
Status:Completed
Completion Date:05/2013
Planned End Date: 05/2013
Management Response:Yes
Corporate Outcomes (UNDP Strategic Plan 2008-20013)
Evaluation Budget(US $): 160,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme:No
Mandatory Evaluation:Yes
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Anne Gillies
Langnan Chen
Monica Hirst BRAZIL
GEF Evaluation:No
Key Stakeholders:
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Recommendation 1. UNDP should develop a comprehensive corporate strategy for its support to SSC and TrC.
2 Recommendation 2. Under the new corporate strategy for SSC, UNDP will need to clarify its corporate structure and define more precisely its operational approaches and guidance for continued support to SSC-TrC.
3 Recommendation 3. Knowledge management, which was a critical component of previous cooperation frameworks, needs to be addressed in a more systematic and coherent manner.
4 Recommendation 4. UNDP should intensify its information sharing, reporting and evaluation on support to and results achieved through SSC and TrC.
5 Recommendation 5. UNDP should clarify its financial commitment with regard to its support to SSC-TrC.
1. Recommendation: Recommendation 1. UNDP should develop a comprehensive corporate strategy for its support to SSC and TrC.
Management Response:

UNDP agrees with this recommendation and will develop a corporate strategy to support its engagement with SSC and TrC by bringing to conclusion much of the work done to develop a corporate strategy as the 2007 evaluation highlighted. UNDP will develop a South-South and Triangular cooperation strategy following the approval of the new Strategic Plan. UNDP will however establish the fundamental principles of the strategy in the new Strategic Plan, following an inventory of corporate best practices for successfully mainstreaming cross-cutting issues such as gender equality.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 SS embedded in the new Strategic Plan SCIG 2013/09 Completed SSC/TrC embedded in the 2014-2017 Strategic Plan as core way of working. SSC/TrC output and related indicators developed in the IRRF, under both development results and organizational effectiveness.
1.2 Require programme formulation at all levels to examine how better development results can be achieved using SSC and TrC in any new Global, Regional and Country Programme Documents RBx, OSG, BPPS 2014/01 Completed SSC/TrC integrated into the new approved global programme and five regional programmes. SSC/Trc Lead Advisor designated as a member of HQ PAC to ensure SSC/TrC integration into country programme documents wherever appropriate. Collaboration between BDP and RBX planned to support better design of country programme examining SSC/TrC modality as needed.
1.3 Develop corporate strategy for supporting SSC and TrC BPPS, BERA, OSG, UNOSSC 2014/12 Completed Drafting of UNDP SSC/TrC Corporate Strategy is complete, and it is now being finalized.
2. Recommendation: Recommendation 2. Under the new corporate strategy for SSC, UNDP will need to clarify its corporate structure and define more precisely its operational approaches and guidance for continued support to SSC-TrC.
Management Response:

UNDP agrees to the need for an institutional home for SSC within UNDP. In particular, the following considerations will be factored in: ? UNDP is committed to the establishment of appropriate institutional arrangements, which would, among others, include better leveraging of dedicated South-South capacities across all levels of the organization, in partnership with UNOSSC. ? In its role as coordinator of the Resident Coordinator (RC) system, UNDP will work to integrate SSC in the work of UNCTs by providing tools and policy guidance on integrating SSC and TrC into the UNDAF process and other programming instruments throughout the conceptualization, planning, implementation, evaluation and reporting related to national and regional development initiatives. ? UNDP remains committed to hosting the UNOSSC and working closely with the UNOSSC as the coordinator for SSC and TrC in the United Nations system, leveraging the UNOSSC as it facilitates inter-agency UN support to SSC and provides secretarial services to intergovernmental bodies that provide policy guidance on SSC and TrC in the UN system.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Designate an institutional home for the substantive lead in and coordination of SSC and TrC OPG to designate 2013/09 Completed
2.2 As an input to the corporate SSC strategy, define roles and responsibilities between UNDP and UNOSSC, building on the operational and normative nature of each entity respectively BPPS, BERA, OSG, UNOSSC, EXO 2014/06 Completed
2.3 Global and Regional Centres define strategic niche, operational approaches and synergies within and between regions for SSC/TrC Global and regional centres No due date No deadline established All global policy centers have initiated planning and new approaches in supporting SSC/TrC. Regional centres have taken various approaches to define strategic niche for the region, including, for example, Bratislava Centre emphasised support to East-east cooperation and capacity development for emerging economies. SSC providers, Panama centre has launched SSC platform; Cairo centre is organizing a regional SSC Expo. RBA-RBAP continute to jointly explore demand-driven approaches for SSC/TrC support through initiatives such as China-Africa forum.
2.4 Programme and operational guidelines developed and rolled-out to mainstream and facilitate the inclusion of SSC and TrC within country, regional and global programmes/projects OSG, BPPS, BERA 2015/06 Completed SSC/TrC has been integrated into all the five regional programmes and the Global Progamme. SSC was integrated into guidance for developing country programme documents, IRRF and Results Oriented Annual Report (ROAR). Concept papers for the SSC modules of a number of flagship global initiatives have been developed, including for example one for Poverty-Environment Initiative, and one for local governance and decentralized cooperation.
2.5 Tools and policy guidance provided to integrate SSC and TrC in the work of UNCTs, including in UNDAFs and other programming instruments BPPS, DOCO, UNOSSC No due date No deadline established SG's operation guidance was further disseminated through regional and country level trainings. Indicators of UN harmonization in supporting SSC/TrC included in the strategic plan IRRF output indicators.
3. Recommendation: Recommendation 3. Knowledge management, which was a critical component of previous cooperation frameworks, needs to be addressed in a more systematic and coherent manner.
Management Response:

UNDP agrees with this recommendation and notes that the UNDP?s goal of real time knowledge sharing, and ?connect? over ?collect?, has been at the core of UNDP?s corporately endorsed knowledge strategy. The main emphasis of the corporate Knowledge Strategy 2009-2011 was to initiate and support a culture shift away from overly formalized and hierarchical processes to a more open, organic environment where individuals across the South are empowered to share knowledge freely and informally as needed and desired and to better engage with multilateral processes. This strategy will be backed up by evidence-based knowledge from programme and institutional practices and complemented by a clearly elaborated UNDP business model of supporting SSC and TrC.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Map and review UNDP programme experience and institutional efforts in promoting SSC/TrC, including lessons learned for replication, and elaborate a business model BPPS,RBx, RSCs and Global Policy Centres, BERA, BOM, OSG 2014/04 Completed Mapping is through with half of programme countries relevant programmes mapped out. SSC/TrC questions included in corporate reporting (ROAR) and IRRF platform. Data from ROAR and IRRF platform will be available in Feb and Mar respectively. Case study of SSC programmes identified and finalized. Programme mapping has been completed and analysis was used in the annual report of UNDP. Publication of report will be available by June 2014.
3.2 Leverage existing platforms developed in advance of Rio+20 and the post-2015 process to engage citizens in debating SSC content and modalities, deepening Southern perspectives BPPS in collaboration with RBx, RSCs and Policy Centres No due date No deadline established SSC components being integrated into documents and materials for the post-2015 processes. Discussion initiated with UNOSSC and KM team to leverage interactive platforms to engage citizens in debating SSC/TrC in the context of broader development architecture and global partnership for post-2015 implementation mechanism. E-discussion on global partnership conducted including a designated subject on SSC/TrC.
3.3 Scale up and provide more focused and tailored support to different typologies of countries providing in-kind and other forms of South-South development assistance BPPS, RBx, RSCs, COs, UNOSSC 2014/06 Completed The completed programme mapping included a country typology dimension of analysis. The findings has informed a corporate strategy including approaches for tailored support to different typologies of countries. Discussions initiated with regional bureaus and various partners for scaling up tailored support to MICs, LDCs, SIDs, and fragile states.
3.4 Better integrate UNOSSC knowledge-sharing platforms/hubs into UNDP's own knowledge management systems BPPS No due date No deadline established Discussions initiated and concept note developed in collaboration with UNOSSC, to set up a global knowledge exchange facility for SSC/TrC, providing demand-supply matching, sharing scalable Southern solutions, brokering expertise, institutions, and forming programme partnerships on UNDP priority areas, in collaboration and building on the 3-in-1 architecture and knowledge portal provided by UNOSSC. Newly approved UNDP knowledge management strategy highlights support to SSC through knowledge management and global knowledge platforms and networks.
4. Recommendation: Recommendation 4. UNDP should intensify its information sharing, reporting and evaluation on support to and results achieved through SSC and TrC.
Management Response:

UNDP has strengthened its results-based monitoring and reporting system, explicitly addressing the SSC dimension. Building on that effort, UNDP will further intensify the SSC dimension in its integrated work plan and financial management systems, and will enhance information sharing.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 New strategic plan results framework includes ways to measure and monitor SSC using corporate systems, with South-South baselines, targets and indicators reported annually OSG, SCIG, BPPS 2014/01 Completed The new strategic plan results framework includes 4 output indicators and 1 organizational effectiveness indicator for measuring SSC/TrC; methodological notes for all indicators have been developed. Global and regional programmes also integrated SSC/TrC indicators in their result frameworks. Annual Business Plan for 2014 prioritized output on SSC/TrC and related indicators, as well as enabling actions.
4.2 Incentives established for country offices to support and encourage SSC in programme frameworks BPPS, RBx and other relevant bureaus 2014/12 Completed The updated ROAR system allotted a section on SSC and TrC, compelling COs to utilize SSC and TrC in the attainment of their goals.
4.3 Annual country, regional and global reporting includes more robust reporting on SSC and TrC All units 2015/01 Completed SSC/TrC has been incorporated into the ROAR (Results-Oriented Annual Report) platform to ensure that countries and units report on SSC/TrC progress each year.
5. Recommendation: Recommendation 5. UNDP should clarify its financial commitment with regard to its support to SSC-TrC.
Management Response:

Funding flows through UNDP for SSC and TrC far exceed the 0.5% of core resources allocated through the fixed line. UNDP agrees to ensure a more robust financial management system that is able to better track and report on these funding flows.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Methods established to monitor SSC/TrC flows BOM, BERA, BPPS 2014/12 Completed A SSC/TrC fund code (30081) designated to track SSC/TrC flows. A new cost-sharing template created for SSC/TrC initiatives which can accommodate in-kind contributions. The ongoing exercise of linking country programmes to the Strategic Plan will establish a baseline for determining the number of projects and associated budgets contributing to SSC/TrC programmes.
5.2 South-South funding mechanisms reviewed to propose modifications to resource allocation, including revisiting the current distribution under the Programming Arrangements governing fixed line of core resources for SSC BPPS, BOM, UNOSSC 2014/12 Completed ExO has decided on a shielded mechanism from budget cuts for UNOSSC allocation of core resources.
5.3 Window established in thematic trust funds to support South-South priorities defined in Strategic Plan BPPS 2014/12 Completed New funding windows in thematic trust funds all included SSS dimensions.
5.4 Invest in capacities for strengthening UNDPs role in supporting SSC, including operationalizing Partnership Framework Agreements signed with emerging economies SCIG 2013/12 Completed Budget allocation for strategic partnerships has been made. Focal points on SSC/TrC and/or strategic partnership designated by all relevant bureaus.
5.5 Step up resource mobilization for both core and non-core to support SSC and TrC All bureaux No due date No deadline established New project modality of SSC/TrC developed and reviewed by OPG. GMS rates for programme country and donor country contributions clarified.
5.6 Introduce a UNDP specific project modality for SSC and TrC that can accommodate flows of both financial and in-kind assistance OSG, BPPS 2014/12 Completed Project modality for SSC/TrC programmes has been redefined and reviewed by OPG; New cost-sharing template for SSC/TrC contributions developed accommodating both financial and in-kind contribution.

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