Final Evaluation: Cambodia Climate Change Alliance Phase 2 Project

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Evaluation Plan:
2019-2023, Cambodia
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
07/2019
Completion Date:
05/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Final Evaluation: Cambodia Climate Change Alliance Phase 2 Project
Atlas Project Number: 00059036
Evaluation Plan: 2019-2023, Cambodia
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 05/2019
Planned End Date: 07/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Poverty
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: Project Budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 25,430
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Alan Ferguson International Consultant for CCCA Programme Final Evaluation alan@regionalconsulting.ca
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: CAMBODIA
Lessons
1.

Firstly, integrating climate change into Cambodian government operations and developing an effective knowledge management system is a long, slow process. CCCA has been working for ten years to build a strong, comprehensive policy framework. But there are still significant gaps in the process that require continued support, and uncertainties about the timetable for full implementation of Cambodia’s Climate Change Strategic Plan.


2.

Secondly, capacity development for enhanced climate resilience and reduced GHG emissions requires not only training human resources, but also fundamental changes in the institutions within which they work. Individuals can make a difference, particularly and sometimes only if they can influence how their organisation prioritizes and delivers on national commitments to addressing climate change. Implementation of climate change policy and strategy requires more than training and demonstration but also challenging modification of institutional processes. For example, ministry responses to climate change commitments need to be built into their organisational structure, priority-setting, workplans and job descriptions. 


3.

Thirdly, the introduction of appropriate technologies can be complicated. There are a host of factors, as shown by the CCCA projects, which affect the acceptance and adoption of new climate-resilient and low carbon technologies and practices. Technologies such as rice husk briquettes fuel substitutes, or no-tillage/cover crop farming, or bio-digestor electricity, or solar electrical micro-grids can prove to be viable alternatives but their wider adoption depends upon many social, financial, organisational and human factors and the readiness and incentives to shift to new methods and practices. The drivers of viable innovations and the strategies to facilitate them are poorly known in the CCCA projects. 


Findings
Recommendations
1

CCCA and CCD should implement targeted measures to finalize line ministries’ commitments to climate change mainstreaming in government programmes.

2

CCCA and CCD should fully monitor and report on, in the programme completion report, the results of the project activities at integrating climate change into the pilot communes and assess the effectiveness and lessons for subnational climate change action building upon other previous work on local government climate change mainstreaming in Cambodia.

3

CCCA should develop and apply a method to assess the leadership, capability and sustainability of water and energy user groups that have been established in the CCCA Grant projects, drawing upon available standards and guidelines for sustainable community-based facilities management.

4

CCCA Grant project agencies that have promoted selected technologies should be required to determine the level of adoption of the technologies, the necessary conditions for adoption, or reasons for rejection by the targeted user group/beneficiaries and the specific factors that influence the technology uptake and potential replication.

5

CCCA should collaborate with UNIDO or other mitigation expert organisations on a review of government and private sector programmes involved with energy management in selected industrial sectors, drawing on the experiences and recommendations from the CCCA-II projects and the recent GEF industrial energy efficiency project in Cambodia.

6

The Cambodia National Biogas Programme (NBP) should develop a business partnership with appropriate livestock supply companies to expand pig farm biogas technology with modern livestock management systems, particularly in areas where water quality improvements are needed near farm operations.

7

CCCA should adopt quality standards for project reporting and case studies and enhance capacity of grantees and CCD staff for concise, objective description of key results and useful evidence emerging from CCCA projects.

8

CCCA, NCDD and CRDB should develop a practical decision support tool and related dashboard to assist local government staff in analyzing climate-resilient infrastructure options, drawing upon the extensive climate change project databases in Cambodia.

9

CCCA and DCC should strengthen MOE’s strategic focus on ecosystem-based adaptation in their primary role to maintain the protected area system at the local level.

 

10

CCCA should develop a programme-wide Gender Action Plan that addresses measurable cross-cutting objectives and results from the multiple projects that are funded.

 

11

CCCA and UNDP should develop a CCCA-III M&E Plan that includes external evaluation of projects by sector on an annual basis, appointing a designated M&E Officer, and ensuring that the CCCA-III Results Framework has well-defined, measurable outcomes and reliable, pre-tested indicators.

12

CCCA should increase the monitoring and reporting on government, private sector and beneficiary contributions to the programme results.

Management Response Documents
1. Recommendation:

CCCA and CCD should implement targeted measures to finalize line ministries’ commitments to climate change mainstreaming in government programmes.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This is already incorporated in Phase 3 design. CCCA Phase 3 will deepen CC mainstreaming in 5 priority ministries.
[Added: 2019/06/11]
Project Developer (UNDP CO) 2019/07 Completed
2. Recommendation:

CCCA and CCD should fully monitor and report on, in the programme completion report, the results of the project activities at integrating climate change into the pilot communes and assess the effectiveness and lessons for subnational climate change action building upon other previous work on local government climate change mainstreaming in Cambodia.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
It will be included in the final project report.
[Added: 2019/06/11]
Climate Change Department (CCD) of General Secretariat of National Council for Sustainable Development (GSSD) 2019/09 Overdue-Initiated
3. Recommendation:

CCCA should develop and apply a method to assess the leadership, capability and sustainability of water and energy user groups that have been established in the CCCA Grant projects, drawing upon available standards and guidelines for sustainable community-based facilities management.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
It is already included in the issues under review by the consultancy on lessons learned from CCA grants (May 2019)
[Added: 2019/06/11]
CCD/GSSD 2019/06 Completed
4. Recommendation:

CCCA Grant project agencies that have promoted selected technologies should be required to determine the level of adoption of the technologies, the necessary conditions for adoption, or reasons for rejection by the targeted user group/beneficiaries and the specific factors that influence the technology uptake and potential replication.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/11]

Agreed. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
It is already implemented. This is part of the final project report requirements and will also be a focus of the knowledge event organized on 28-29 May 2019.
[Added: 2019/06/11]
CCD/GSSD 2019/06 Completed
5. Recommendation:

CCCA should collaborate with UNIDO or other mitigation expert organisations on a review of government and private sector programmes involved with energy management in selected industrial sectors, drawing on the experiences and recommendations from the CCCA-II projects and the recent GEF industrial energy efficiency project in Cambodia.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNIDO was consulted and included as an advisor for the CCCA project with MIH on clean production. Lessons learnt from the CCCA project will be communicated to UNIDO as MIH is not a priority ministry for Phase 3.
[Added: 2019/06/11]
CCD/GSSD 2019/06 Completed ā€œGGGI and UNIDO will cooperate on larger projects in green industry and lessons learnt from the CCCA MIH project have been shared with GGGI (June 2019).ā€
6. Recommendation:

The Cambodia National Biogas Programme (NBP) should develop a business partnership with appropriate livestock supply companies to expand pig farm biogas technology with modern livestock management systems, particularly in areas where water quality improvements are needed near farm operations.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This recommendation applies to NBP not CCCA. It will be communicated with NBP. They already have a partnership with one large livestock supplier.
[Added: 2019/06/11]
NBP 2019/03 Completed
7. Recommendation:

CCCA should adopt quality standards for project reporting and case studies and enhance capacity of grantees and CCD staff for concise, objective description of key results and useful evidence emerging from CCCA projects.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This already done standards, the issue is staff capacity. CCCA will provide additional training/mentoring on this under Phase 3.
[Added: 2019/06/11]
CCD/GSSD 2020/03 Initiated
8. Recommendation:

CCCA, NCDD and CRDB should develop a practical decision support tool and related dashboard to assist local government staff in analyzing climate-resilient infrastructure options, drawing upon the extensive climate change project databases in Cambodia.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This is best done by NCDD-S through their climate change projects, with technical support from NCSD/CCCA as needed. CCCA will share this recommendation with NCDD-S for consideration.
[Added: 2019/06/11] [Last Updated: 2019/10/16]
CCD/GSSD, NCDD-S 2019/09 Completed This has been shared with NCSD for consideration History
9. Recommendation:

CCCA and DCC should strengthen MOE’s strategic focus on ecosystem-based adaptation in their primary role to maintain the protected area system at the local level.

 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/11]

Agreed 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This focus will be taken into account for cooperation with MoE under Phase 3
[Added: 2019/06/11]
CCD/GSSD, MoE 2020/12 Initiated
10. Recommendation:

CCCA should develop a programme-wide Gender Action Plan that addresses measurable cross-cutting objectives and results from the multiple projects that are funded.

 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
It is implemented and Gender Action Plan requirement included in Phase 3 project document
[Added: 2019/06/11]
Project Developer (UNDP CO) 2019/06 Completed
11. Recommendation:

CCCA and UNDP should develop a CCCA-III M&E Plan that includes external evaluation of projects by sector on an annual basis, appointing a designated M&E Officer, and ensuring that the CCCA-III Results Framework has well-defined, measurable outcomes and reliable, pre-tested indicators.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Points 2 and 3 already incorporated in Phase 3 design. The first point is noted and CCCA grants under Phase 3 will be evaluated in a cross-cutting manner instead of grant-specific evaluations.
[Added: 2019/06/11] [Last Updated: 2019/10/16]
CCD/GSSD 2020/12 Completed Cross-cutting evaluation of grants included in CCCA3 budget (but not annual) History
12. Recommendation:

CCCA should increase the monitoring and reporting on government, private sector and beneficiary contributions to the programme results.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
It is integrated in the results framework of new Phase 3 of CCCA (indicators 3.3.3 and 3.1.1)
[Added: 2019/06/11]
Project Developer (UNDP CO) 2019/06 Completed

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