Mid-Term Evaluation: Leading the Way for Gender Equality Programme

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Evaluation Plan:
2019-2023, Cambodia
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
01/2020
Completion Date:
01/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
25,000

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Title Mid-Term Evaluation: Leading the Way for Gender Equality Programme
Atlas Project Number: 00088397
Evaluation Plan: 2019-2023, Cambodia
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 01/2020
Planned End Date: 01/2020
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Gender
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.6.1 Country-led measures accelerated to advance gender equality and women’s empowerment
SDG Goal
  • Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
SDG Target
  • 5.5 Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life
Evaluation Budget(US $): 25,000
Source of Funding: Project Budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 18,500
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Gheorghe Caraseni International Consultant gheorghecaraseni@gmai.com
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: CAMBODIA
Lessons
1.

The program design and complexity should be tailored to the capacity of the implementing partner, available human resources and time allocation. Implementation of the LWGE program illustrates that this is a very important aspect, which should not be underestimated during the project development phase, because it influences substantially the program performance. De-facto, „it can make or break the business” depending on the current state of play. It is not just about the commitment, it is about potential and capacity. Otherwise, it will affect and, even jeopardize the program implementation and threaten its performance and perspectives


2.
  • Complex program needs milestones, more proactive approach, consistent interaction and communication between the actors and guidance (coaching) throughout the entire project cycle management. This is both a planning and partnership-related aspect. It is far not sufficient to have clear operational procedures, to oversight the implementation process and to react promptly in case of demand or need. There is necessary to have milestones and to be proactive in monitoring the progress and providing guidance, even when the implementing partner did not ask (yet) for support. A coach does not provide coaching only when the trainee asked for it, he/she does it whenever he/she identify the need, even when the trainees does not realize that support is needed. This is valid both for UNDP and for Steering Committee (which also should steer, beside monitoring and approval).  Communication and interaction between the partners is almost never, too much and the more complex the program, the more interaction and implementation dynamic is needed.

3.
  • Capacity development is linked to generating and managing changes and it is a difficult and sensitive process, still vague and unclear for many stakeholders, therefore often it encounters personal and institutional resistance.  It should involve a clear step-by-step implementation approach and a thematic expert, which can guide the program during overcoming those resistances and transforming reluctances into incentives. 

Findings
Recommendations
1

Reinforce LWGE program implementation with UNDP as the key driving force.

2

Advocate for approval of the drafted gender policy documents.

3

Follow up with the identification of financial commitments to support NGP and NRV and lobby if needed.

4

Concentrate more on capacity development of MoWA, incl. at the individual level.

5

Provide tailored assistance to MoWA units on integration the RBM approach.

6

Provide coaching to program management unit in integration capacity development in MoWA units and encourage further coaching of MoWA of other Cambodian public institutions.

7

Provide evaluation support to the Secretariat of NCDD in evaluation the strategy and action plan on advancing women on decision making on SNA.

8

Encourage development of the Back-Home Action Plans by the participants after the study visits and/or thematic trainings.

9

Involve UN WOMEN more actively, especially during the last six months in the perspective of taking over and development of the next initiative.

10

Develop a two-component program mostly focused on: 1)   Cross-sectorial/ministerial gender mainstreaming and 2) Development of the RBM-based M&E system within MoWA.

11

Maintain capacity development as back up component and involve a Capacity Development Consultant responsible with CDF implementation.

12

Apply the Principle „Do less, but do better”  and narrow down the results during the project management cycle.

13

Handover the educational subcomponent to MoEYS, and media sensitization subcomponent to MoInf and involve additional implementing partners.

14

Develop a monitoring mechanism of Media Code of Conduct on violence against Women and hand it over to MoInf.

15

Consider development of the blended learning format on GEWE for the civil servants. 

16

Involve more actively civil society organizations in the next program.

1. Recommendation:

Reinforce LWGE program implementation with UNDP as the key driving force.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Continue the modality of National TAs to provide coaching and mentoring closely to MoWA with focus on the M&E and RBM. Two National Consultants will be recruited. • Increase oversight time allocation both for programme and finance up to 40%
[Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/30]
UNDP 2020/12 Completed A. 2 advisors, one focusing on monitoring, evaluation, and reporting, and another one focusing on results-based management were recruited to provide coaching and mentoring support to the ministry's focal points. B. Project review / oversight meeting between UNDP, Ministry of Women's Affair project team, and donor (Sida) takes place every quarter after submission of quarterly report. Plus, a regular monthly project review and follow up meeting was introduced between programme analyst and associate and the ministry team. History
2. Recommendation:

Advocate for approval of the drafted gender policy documents.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Increase the number of consultations with relevant stakeholders particularly CSOs who represent women, girls and vulnerable group. • Ensure suggested comments/inputs from stakeholders are extensively analysed and incorporated
[Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/04/06]
MoWA 2021/03 Completed Completed - March 31. The project carried out several consultation meetings with CSOs, DPs and line ministries through online and physical meetings. The input has been collected and integrated into the final draft of National Policy on Gender Equality. History
3. Recommendation:

Follow up with the identification of financial commitments to support NGP and NRV and lobby if needed.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• MoWA will work with MEF and LMs to strengthen the GRB tool implication for national fund and CDC/CRDB for ODA • Strengthening TWG-G function to work on it esp.ecially with DPs and CSOs and private sectors • CNCW meeting will be served for the national budget
[Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/30]
MoWA 2020/12 Completed The ministry of women's affairs (MoWA) worked with relevant institutions such as Cambodia Development Council (CDC) to develop Official Development Assistance (ODA) guideline on gender responsive. This is a tool that help to strengthen gender responsive budgeting (GRB) from line ministries (LMs). The ministry and CDC also developed a gender guideline for ODA database and trained development partners focal points. Technical working group on gender (TWG-G) has been working with civil society organization, development partners and private sectors to develop joint monitoring indicators serving as a tool to advocate for more gender responsive budgeting. Operations of the CNCW (Cambodia national council for women) is funded by national budget. History
4. Recommendation:

Concentrate more on capacity development of MoWA, incl. at the individual level.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• The same to Re. #1. Two National Consultants will be recruited to provide mentoring and coaching support to MoWA to implement and monitor and track results at individual level following the Capacity Development Frameworks.
[Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/30]
MoWA, UNDP 2020/12 Completed Two advisors or national consultants, one focusing on monitoring, evaluation, and reporting, and another one focusing on results-based management were recruited to provide coaching and mentoring support to the ministry's focal points to monitor, track and report results (this mentoring and coaching activity is part of the implementation of Capacity Development Framework). History
5. Recommendation:

Provide tailored assistance to MoWA units on integration the RBM approach.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Same response as #4. The TAs will be specifically focus on M&E and RBM. • MoWA Management team will appointed staffs to twin with the TAs to develop necessary tools to track results and adopt the RBM approach.
[Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/29]
UNDP/MoWA 2020/11 Completed TA was provided as planned and they worked closely with MoWA appointed staff as well as conducted series of trainings as per MoWA's needs. History
6. Recommendation:

Provide coaching to program management unit in integration capacity development in MoWA units and encourage further coaching of MoWA of other Cambodian public institutions.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Same response at # 4 and 5
[Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/29]
MoWA/UNDP 2020/11 Completed Ref. to 4 and 5. History
7. Recommendation:

Provide evaluation support to the Secretariat of NCDD in evaluation the strategy and action plan on advancing women on decision making on SNA.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08]

Disagreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NA
[Added: 2020/08/08]
NA 2020/02 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This recommendation is outside the project scope. ]
8. Recommendation:

Encourage development of the Back-Home Action Plans by the participants after the study visits and/or thematic trainings.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP shares the template of Back to Office Report for the LWGE program use for learning and apply
[Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/29]
UNDP/MoWA 2020/11 Completed BTOR template was shared to MoWA team. History
9. Recommendation:

Involve UN WOMEN more actively, especially during the last six months in the perspective of taking over and development of the next initiative.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• MoWA, UNDP and UN Women will meet together to define the clear engagement format of UN Women in the programme.
[Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/29]
UNDP, MoWA, UN Women 2020/11 Completed Not relevant anymore as UN Women is no longer present in Cambodia. In any case, UNDP areas of support to MoWA are different from what UN Women supported (focus on GBV and CEDAW reporting). On other areas of policy engagement, UNDP and UN Women collaborated and jointly support MoWA (e.g. development of gender policy). History
10. Recommendation:

Develop a two-component program mostly focused on: 1)   Cross-sectorial/ministerial gender mainstreaming and 2) Development of the RBM-based M&E system within MoWA.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/30]

This is beyond the scope of the project. This recommendation will take into consideration when designing the next phase of the programme.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NA
[Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/30]
NA 2020/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This is beyond the scope of the project. It will take into consideration when designing the next phase of the programme shall funding is mobilized. ]
History
11. Recommendation:

Maintain capacity development as back up component and involve a Capacity Development Consultant responsible with CDF implementation.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Same response as # 4 and 5
[Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/29]
UNDP, MoWA 2020/12 Completed Ref. to 4 and 5 History
12. Recommendation:

Apply the Principle „Do less, but do better”  and narrow down the results during the project management cycle.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
MoWA, UNDP and Sida will meet up to discuss the priorities for the final year of implementation and adopt this principle.
[Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/29]
UNDP, MoWA, Sida 2020/12 Completed UNDP, MoWA and Sida had regular meetings to review the progress. While key outputs remained the same, activities were reduced or merged. This is particularly related to small workshops and meetings (there were many of them originally) which required lots of works but with little results. History
13. Recommendation:

Handover the educational subcomponent to MoEYS, and media sensitization subcomponent to MoInf and involve additional implementing partners.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08]

Partially agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This recommendation/model will be discussed in the design of NR-V and National Gender Policy.
[Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/29]
MoWA 2020/12 Completed MoEYS and MoInfo are key partners to support and implement these two thematic areas as per NR-V and draft gender policy. History
14. Recommendation:

Develop a monitoring mechanism of Media Code of Conduct on violence against Women and hand it over to MoInf.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
A working group on monitoring media code of conducts is establish and the tool will be discussed in the working group meeting.
[Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/29]
MoWA 2020/11 Completed An Inter-ministries Working Group officially was established in 2020, and has had regular meetings to monitor and enforce the implementation of the code of conduct for media reporting on GBV. The members of the working group are the representatives from MoWA, MoInfo, Club of Journalists, DMC, Action Aid Cambodia, GADC, WMC, Lotus Radio. History
15. Recommendation:

Consider development of the blended learning format on GEWE for the civil servants. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/30]

This recommendation is beyond the programme scope.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NA
[Added: 2020/08/08]
NA 2020/02 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This recommendation is beyond the programme scope.]
16. Recommendation:

Involve more actively civil society organizations in the next program.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/03/30]

Agreed to the recommendation and the Ministry will more actively involve civil society organizations in the next programme.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NA
[Added: 2020/08/08]
NA 2020/02 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This recommendation will be adopted in the design of new programme.]

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