Evaluation of Mid-term Review of Expansion & Strengthening Angola Protected Areas System

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2015-2019, Angola
Evaluation Type:
Planned End Date:
Completion Date:
Management Response:
Evaluation Budget(US $):


Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document UNDP-GEF-MTR-TOR-GEF-5_Expansion_20Sep2018.pdf tor English 419.06 KB Posted 9
Download document ANGOLA PAS MTR Report.pdf report English 1248.64 KB Posted 8
Title Evaluation of Mid-term Review of Expansion & Strengthening Angola Protected Areas System
Atlas Project Number: 00078044
Evaluation Plan: 2015-2019, Angola
Evaluation Type: Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 07/2019
Planned End Date: 07/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.4.1 Gender-responsive legal and regulatory frameworks, policies and institutions strengthened, and solutions adopted, to address conservation, sustainable use and equitable benefit sharing of natural resources, in line with international conventions and national legislation
SDG Goal
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.5 Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
  • 15.c Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: GEF project funds
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 30,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Juliane Zeidler International Consultant j.zeidler@iecn-namibia.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: 00078044 - Expansion & Strengthening Angola Protect Areas System
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 0004589
PIMS Number: 4464
Key Stakeholders: UNDP, INBAC
Countries: ANGOLA

The MTR generally rates project implementation performance consistently higher than the last PIR (August 2018). There has been some good progress in implementation under both project components and high-quality deliverables are being produced. The change around sites such as Bicuar National Park in a matter of years is impressive, and overall the calibre of staff,  staff commitment and vision at the various sites is good. The project clearly is a positive injection to the target PAs and the fact that INBAC can now move forward towards identifying and proclaiming new PAs is a success. 

The MTR finds that there is a good chance that the GEF 5 project can still pick up further to complete the implementation in a very productive manner. The rating on Project Implementation & Adaptive Management could easily accelerate further – which is encouraging. UNDP is applying strong oversight and Quality Assurance. Despite the many difficulties, the project is being implemented largely to plan.     

While the project implementation moves along quite nicely, when looking at performance on activities, outputs and budget spending, sustainability is questionable. The project still has about half of the budget available and a successful implementation can strengthen the conservation and PA management sector in Angola significantly. While the project design was well conceived, investments may be needed now for some more institutional support at INBAC.

As identified in the project document and as is evident throughout Africa, the key threats to PAs are land conversion and intrusion of local communities into the PAs. Grazing of livestock, collecting of wood and hunting of bushmeat are impacting on the PAs. These threats need to be adequately addressed, and it is strongly suggested that such threats can only be mitigated by strong community engagement strategies, and not by law enforcement and para-military approaches alone. The conservation professionals in Government seem to think predominantly about law enforcement and even para-military training, where first and foremost community development and conservation education could become game changers. 


•             There have been several significant changes in appointments in the project management team as well as in INBAC leadership during the first half of the GEF project implementation, which allegedly impacted on the implementation performance of the project.

•             Notably there is no functional Project Steering Committee in place for this project. Implementation oversight should be carried out by the Board, MINAMB/INBAC and UNDP, however the Board as not formally met. At this point no other stakeholders are engaged in project oversight, not even regional/Park management staff from the project sites.

•             The project benefits from the experience and leadership of a senior technical UNDP program lead – which is essential to keeping the work planning on track.

•             Financial rules seem to have been rigorously applied. Financial disbursements are on track and further expenses are earmarked for mostly for already pipelined activities. Some red flags were reported early on in the project and the UNDP team keeps very close check on the financial  management and procurement as part of their Quality Assurance function. 

•             The SRF needs to be used more strongly for outcome-oriented project management.

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