Evaluation of Mid-term Review of Expansion & Strengthening Angola Protected Areas System

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Evaluation Plan:
2015-2019, Angola
Evaluation Type:
Project
Planned End Date:
07/2019
Completion Date:
07/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Download document UNDP-GEF-MTR-TOR-GEF-5_Expansion_20Sep2018.pdf tor English 419.06 KB Posted 29
Download document Mid-Term Review of Expansion and Strengthening of Angola_s PA system - Final Report.pdf report English 1355.95 KB Posted 43
Title Evaluation of Mid-term Review of Expansion & Strengthening Angola Protected Areas System
Atlas Project Number: 00078044
Evaluation Plan: 2015-2019, Angola
Evaluation Type: Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 07/2019
Planned End Date: 07/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.4.1 Gender-responsive legal and regulatory frameworks, policies and institutions strengthened, and solutions adopted, to address conservation, sustainable use and equitable benefit sharing of natural resources, in line with international conventions and national legislation
SDG Goal
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.5 Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
  • 15.c Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: GEF project funds
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 30,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Juliane Zeidler International Consultant j.zeidler@iecn-namibia.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: 00078044 - Expansion & Strengthening Angola Protect Areas System
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 0004589
PIMS Number: 4464
Key Stakeholders: UNDP, INBAC
Countries: ANGOLA
Lessons
1.

The MTR generally rates project implementation performance consistently higher than the last PIR (August 2018). There has been some good progress in implementation under both project components and high-quality deliverables are being produced. The change around sites such as Bicuar National Park in a matter of years is impressive, and overall the calibre of staff,  staff commitment and vision at the various sites is good. The project clearly is a positive injection to the target PAs and the fact that INBAC can now move forward towards identifying and proclaiming new PAs is a success. 

The MTR finds that there is a good chance that the GEF 5 project can still pick up further to complete the implementation in a very productive manner. The rating on Project Implementation & Adaptive Management could easily accelerate further – which is encouraging. UNDP is applying strong oversight and Quality Assurance. Despite the many difficulties, the project is being implemented largely to plan.     

While the project implementation moves along quite nicely, when looking at performance on activities, outputs and budget spending, sustainability is questionable. The project still has about half of the budget available and a successful implementation can strengthen the conservation and PA management sector in Angola significantly. While the project design was well conceived, investments may be needed now for some more institutional support at INBAC.

As identified in the project document and as is evident throughout Africa, the key threats to PAs are land conversion and intrusion of local communities into the PAs. Grazing of livestock, collecting of wood and hunting of bushmeat are impacting on the PAs. These threats need to be adequately addressed, and it is strongly suggested that such threats can only be mitigated by strong community engagement strategies, and not by law enforcement and para-military approaches alone. The conservation professionals in Government seem to think predominantly about law enforcement and even para-military training, where first and foremost community development and conservation education could become game changers. 


Findings
1.

•             There have been several significant changes in appointments in the project management team as well as in INBAC leadership during the first half of the GEF project implementation, which allegedly impacted on the implementation performance of the project.

•             Notably there is no functional Project Steering Committee in place for this project. Implementation oversight should be carried out by the Board, MINAMB/INBAC and UNDP, however the Board as not formally met. At this point no other stakeholders are engaged in project oversight, not even regional/Park management staff from the project sites.

•             The project benefits from the experience and leadership of a senior technical UNDP program lead – which is essential to keeping the work planning on track.

•             Financial rules seem to have been rigorously applied. Financial disbursements are on track and further expenses are earmarked for mostly for already pipelined activities. Some red flags were reported early on in the project and the UNDP team keeps very close check on the financial  management and procurement as part of their Quality Assurance function. 

•             The SRF needs to be used more strongly for outcome-oriented project management.


Recommendations
1

Fast track priority actions to proclaim and secure new PAs in parallel to ongoing baseline studies. Consider investments e.g. into key infrastructure needs at newly to be established PAs, even if not fully gazetted.   

2

Pursue Financial Sustainability Strategy as matter of priority.

 

 

3

Promote and strengthen meaningful Community-engagement and benefits as part of a national strategy (and below under C2 as part of pilots).

4

Rebuilding Eden – reconsider ecologically sound repopulation of PAs. Introduction of game should be reconsidered and solved to allow for responsible and ecologically sound conservation management actions to the extent that budget allows.

5

Quiçama: Priorities from the Management Plan should be reviewed in the light of catalysing financial sustainability. Overall key priorities emerging from the Management Plan should  be discussed by relevant partners and stakeholders and a practical  multi-stakeholder implementation plan be developed, so that the plan does not simply end up on a book shelf.  

6

Cangandala – Luando: A  multi-stakeholder implementation plan should be developed based on the Management  Plan, with key responsibilities assigned to willing  partners, such as local Government, community organisation that may exist in the area etc.

7

Bicuar: The honey making/ bee husbandry community project pre-scoped should be prioritised as one pilot project that hopefully will help unlock some enthusiasm for further community projects.

8

Maiombe: Priority follow-up actions should be implemented i.e. through the GEF 6 IWT project, for which Maiombe and Luando are the two project  sites.

9

Convene the Project Board.

10

Rethink approach to capacity strengthening support to INBAC: Identify current key priorities of INBAC/Government.

11

Seek inspiration from south-south exchanges – i.e. Gorongosa National park, Mozambique: People and Parks; restoration and resilience.

1. Recommendation:

Fast track priority actions to proclaim and secure new PAs in parallel to ongoing baseline studies. Consider investments e.g. into key infrastructure needs at newly to be established PAs, even if not fully gazetted.   

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/01]

UNDP Angola fully agrees on fast-tracking the creation of new PAs and is providing all possible support from GEF project and UNDP Angola to this process. On the other hand, UNDP Angola sees a Government decision on new PA creation (gazetting) as a necessary first step prior to making investments in physical infrastrucure.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Contract the consultancies to perform the necessary studies in the new protected areas.
[Added: 2019/08/01] [Last Updated: 2019/12/09]
INBAC 2019/11 Completed Entities have been contracted to perform necessary studies for two new protected areas: - Holístico for Kumbira protected area - University of Dresden for Serra Pingano protected area History
2. Recommendation:

Pursue Financial Sustainability Strategy as matter of priority.

 

 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/01]

Fully accept that financial sustainability is a high priority for the PA system. Since finding qualified consultants for a drafting a comprehensive financial sustainability study has been difficult, the project is currently considering to use the funds for increasing the financial sustainability of select PAs by developing tourism as a source of income for those PAs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
INBAC to design tourism programs for select PAs (presumably Bicuar and Cangandala).
[Added: 2019/08/01] [Last Updated: 2019/11/04]
INBAC 2020/01 Initiated History
3. Recommendation:

Promote and strengthen meaningful Community-engagement and benefits as part of a national strategy (and below under C2 as part of pilots).

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/01]

Fully accept with the recommendation. The project will carry out a pilot beekeeping project to engage communities in Bicuar National Park and reduce human-elephant conflict. Other actions will follow in other PAs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The project has carried out a public tender to receive proposals for the Beekeeping project in Bicuar National Park. INBAC to review the proposals, select and contract activity.
[Added: 2019/08/01] [Last Updated: 2019/12/09]
INBAC 2020/01 Initiated History
4. Recommendation:

Rebuilding Eden – reconsider ecologically sound repopulation of PAs. Introduction of game should be reconsidered and solved to allow for responsible and ecologically sound conservation management actions to the extent that budget allows.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/01]

Partially accepts with the recommendation. The re-introduction of wildebeest and plains zebra into Bicuar NP had been contemplated under the GEF4 Iona project but in the end not been approved by MINAMB. Once the Protected Areas Management Plans have been finalized, provided that these recommend the reintroduction of certain species and that there is a clear demand from INBAC, the project may consider supporting this but reallocation of funds would be needed.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The project has carried out a public tender to receive proposals for the Beekeeping project in Bicuar National Park. INBAC to review the proposals, select and contract activity.
[Added: 2019/08/01] [Last Updated: 2019/12/09]
INBAC 2020/01 Initiated History
Management plans need to be concluded for the project team to follow their recommendations.
[Added: 2019/08/01] [Last Updated: 2019/12/09]
INBAC 2020/01 Initiated History
5. Recommendation:

Quiçama: Priorities from the Management Plan should be reviewed in the light of catalysing financial sustainability. Overall key priorities emerging from the Management Plan should  be discussed by relevant partners and stakeholders and a practical  multi-stakeholder implementation plan be developed, so that the plan does not simply end up on a book shelf.  

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/01]

Fully accept with the recommendation and is encouraging INBAC and the contracted consultant team to finish the MP as soon as possible.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Management plans need to be concluded for the project team to follow their recommendations.
[Added: 2019/08/01] [Last Updated: 2019/12/09]
INBAC 2019/12 Completed The Quicama Management Plan has been drafted, the preliminary version has been received in November 2019 from the contracted entity International Conservation Services and Holístico. History
6. Recommendation:

Cangandala – Luando: A  multi-stakeholder implementation plan should be developed based on the Management  Plan, with key responsibilities assigned to willing  partners, such as local Government, community organisation that may exist in the area etc.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/01]

Fully accept  with the recommendation and will encourage INBAC to engage with communities neighboring Cangandala National Park, according to the recommendations from Management Plan. Activities for Luando reserve were included in the GEF6 illegal wildlife trade project since the current project has insufficient resources to support substantial community engagement in the reserve.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Use a participatory process to identify community engagement activities around Cangandala NP.
[Added: 2019/08/01] [Last Updated: 2019/12/09]
INBAC 2020/02 Not Initiated History
7. Recommendation:

Bicuar: The honey making/ bee husbandry community project pre-scoped should be prioritised as one pilot project that hopefully will help unlock some enthusiasm for further community projects.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/01]

Fully accept with the recommendation. The project team will select a consultancy  to carry out a pilot Beekeeping project to engage communities and reduce human-elephant conflict in Bicuar National Park.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Select and contract proposal to implement the activity.
[Added: 2019/08/01] [Last Updated: 2019/12/09]
INBAC 2020/02 Initiated History
8. Recommendation:

Maiombe: Priority follow-up actions should be implemented i.e. through the GEF 6 IWT project, for which Maiombe and Luando are the two project  sites.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/01]

Fully accept with the recommendation. The GEF6 IWT project which includes Maiombe NP was already submitted to GEF. A management plan for Maiombe is being developed under the GEF5 project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Carry out community consultations about Maiombe NP Management Plan.
[Added: 2019/08/01] [Last Updated: 2019/12/09]
INBAC 2019/11 Completed The community consultation was carried out in September 2019, and the final version of the management plan was received in December 2019. History
9. Recommendation:

Convene the Project Board.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/01]

Fully accept with the recommendation. UNDP is advocating with INBAC/MINAMB to agree on a date for the first steering committee meeting.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Implement first Steering Committee meeting.
[Added: 2019/08/01] [Last Updated: 2019/12/09]
Project Board 2020/03 Not Initiated History
10. Recommendation:

Rethink approach to capacity strengthening support to INBAC: Identify current key priorities of INBAC/Government.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/01]

Fully accept with the recommendation. The Project team will identify priorities for capacity building in INBAC.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Prepare a document with INBAC’s capacity building needs.
[Added: 2019/08/01] [Last Updated: 2019/12/09]
INBAC 2020/03 Not Initiated History
11. Recommendation:

Seek inspiration from south-south exchanges – i.e. Gorongosa National park, Mozambique: People and Parks; restoration and resilience.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/01]

Fully accept with the recommendation. The Project team is planning an exchange visit to Gorongosa NP to learn from their experiences.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Set up an exchange visit to Gorongosa NP.
[Added: 2019/08/01] [Last Updated: 2019/12/09]
INBAC 2020/06 Initiated History

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