Terminal Evaluation of Climate Proofing Development Gains Project

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2019-2023, Malawi
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
02/2020
Completion Date:
06/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
40,000

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Title Terminal Evaluation of Climate Proofing Development Gains Project
Atlas Project Number: 80319
Evaluation Plan: 2019-2023, Malawi
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 06/2020
Planned End Date: 02/2020
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Energy
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.3.1 Data and risk-informed development policies, plans, systems and financing incorporate integrated and gender-responsive solutions to reduce disaster risks, enable climate change adaptation and mitigation, and prevent risk of conflict
SDG Target
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 2.1 By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round
Evaluation Budget(US $): 40,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 35,730
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Cliff Bernard Nuwakora Mr. cliff.nuwakora@gmail.com UGANDA
Judith Kamoto Dr. judithkamoto@gmail.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Climate Proofing Local Development Gains in Rural and Urban Areas of Machinga and Mangochi Districts
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 4797
PIMS Number: 4508
Key Stakeholders: GEF, Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Mining, Department of Climate Change and Environmental Affairs
Countries: MALAWI
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

In future projects, the source of baseline values should be indicated to allow verification and realistic target setting. In the event that secondary data is insufficient to generate adequate baseline values, a baseline survey should be among the prioritized activities.

2

At the design level, it is important to ensure that lower level results the project activities are derived from the output indicators and outputs from the outcome indicators while outcomes are derived from the objective/goal indicators. This is necessary to achieve enhanced internal consistence of the project.

3

It is also important that both the mid-term and end-line targets be set to allow strategic focus on their achievement. This is because, the mid-term result targets for CPP were not set and this compromises objective mid-line performance measurement.

4

Project benefits accruing to individuals should be engendered at both the indicator and target levels. For example, if it says training, the number of women and men to be targeted should be clearly indicated.

5

Progress reporting should adhere to the units of measure used at baseline.

6

In future projects, strategies to achieve all planned results should be clearly indicated right from the design stage.

7

It is therefore necessary to consider replication of the best practices beyond the pilot project area. Moreover, this was a pilot project. This is because climate change resilience and adaptation requires continuous and systematic effort.

8

Support for enhanced climate change resilience and adaptation is still necessary. This calls for continuous support to the Government of Malawi to scale up initiatives for climate change mainstreaming. Basket funding approach hinged of the national climate change adaptation work plan should be explored.

1. Recommendation:

In future projects, the source of baseline values should be indicated to allow verification and realistic target setting. In the event that secondary data is insufficient to generate adequate baseline values, a baseline survey should be among the prioritized activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/05/20]

Fully accepted. Although the recommendation is accepted there are no key actions as this will be considered for future projects.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

At the design level, it is important to ensure that lower level results the project activities are derived from the output indicators and outputs from the outcome indicators while outcomes are derived from the objective/goal indicators. This is necessary to achieve enhanced internal consistence of the project.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/05/20]

Fully accepted.  Although the recommendation is fully accepted,  there are no actions as it relates to future initiatives.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

It is also important that both the mid-term and end-line targets be set to allow strategic focus on their achievement. This is because, the mid-term result targets for CPP were not set and this compromises objective mid-line performance measurement.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/05/20]

Partially agree. The CPP did not set quantitative mid-term targets from its inception owing to its adaptive management approach; however, the mid-term review (MTR) and period reporting provided progress in the implementation of activities. The reporting was done at both outcome and output levels. In addition, the project adopted recommendations at MTR on reviewing and discontinuing the use of selected indicators.

 

For instance, the report still reports that “no specific achievement on the indicator (Outcome 2, indicator 4) is noted since no effort was devoted to it” as an indicator that was discontinued after the MTR. Nevertheless, the project continued to support development planning with potential to contribute to the same indicator. Given the scenario that the MTR recommended that this indicator be removed, and adopted by the project, it is unreasonable to be assessed and rated on this particular indicator and we recommend that the overall rating by the consultant be reviewed.  No actions will be undertaken.

Key Actions:

Management Response: [Added: 2021/05/20]

UNDP and the Government of Malawi (GoM) agree with this recommendation. Following the MTR, the project adopted  a more gendered approach in reporting. The implementation of most activities after mid-term adopted a household approach to extension, which allows all members of the household to participate in planning and implementation of activities to improve livelihoods of all household members (men, women and youth) and reports were reflected in this manner. Henceforth, project activities were implemented with a gender lens.

 

This will be considered for future programming and respond to the project’s gender analysis (to be conducted at the onset of the projects. No actions for tracking.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation:

Progress reporting should adhere to the units of measure used at baseline.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/05/20]

Fully agreed. No action planned as the project closed.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

In future projects, strategies to achieve all planned results should be clearly indicated right from the design stage.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/05/20]

Partially agree.  Strategies to achieve planned results continuously respond to needs assessments, evaluation and consultations with stakeholders. The project development phase depicted a logical flow of interventions and results which provided an overall framework for the project. To the extent possible, the design of the project results was in tandem with the higher-level results guided by the GEF strategic plan as well as UNDP priorities. At project level, there was satisfactory linkage between the problem being addressed, the interventions and the envisaged results at output and outcome levels, in line with the project Theory of Change.   NO key action planned as project closed.

Key Actions:

7. Recommendation:

It is therefore necessary to consider replication of the best practices beyond the pilot project area. Moreover, this was a pilot project. This is because climate change resilience and adaptation requires continuous and systematic effort.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/05/20]

Fully accepted. UNDP agrees that replication of best/good practices aligned to the context of Malawi ought to go beyond the project area. Lessons learnt, best practices and a sustainability plan were documented under the project in which Implementing Partners have committed to sustain the isolated best practices through integration into their planning frameworks such as District Development Plans. As an avenue for upscaling best practices and reinforcing the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation in development planning UNDP will support government on developing a successor project drawing from best practices and lessons from the GEF supported project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP Malawi to support Government in the development of a successor project.
[Added: 2021/05/20]
Resilience and Sustainable Growth (RSG) Portfolio 2020/06 Completed A project Titled TRANSFORM has been developed incorporating climate change resilience and adaptation elements from the project.
8. Recommendation:

Support for enhanced climate change resilience and adaptation is still necessary. This calls for continuous support to the Government of Malawi to scale up initiatives for climate change mainstreaming. Basket funding approach hinged of the national climate change adaptation work plan should be explored.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/05/20]

Fully accept. UNDP is already supporting the institutionalization of the National Climate Change Fund (as a basket funding window) to ensure an increased flow of resources towards climate change response.  The fund will establish mechanisms for the mobilization of funds from domestic and international sources which will enable government and non-governmental entities to scale-up adaptation priorities.  Additionally, UNDP is part of the UN-NGO consortium delivering a GBP54 million Multi-Partner Trust Fund (MPTF) initiative to advance climate resilience in four districts.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP to support the development of the Operational Manual that will guide the establishment of the National Climate Change Fund .
[Added: 2021/05/20]
RSG Portfolio 2021/10 Initiated

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