Assessment of UNDP Libya results on reconciliation and peace building processes phase one

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2019-2020, Libya
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
02/2020
Completion Date:
02/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Assessment of UNDP Libya results on reconciliation and peace building processes phase one
Atlas Project Number: 00099570
Evaluation Plan: 2019-2020, Libya
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 02/2020
Planned End Date: 02/2020
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Governance
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 3.2.1 National capacities strengthened for reintegration, reconciliation, peaceful management of conflict and prevention of violent extremism in response to national policies and priorities
SDG Goal
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
SDG Target
  • 16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: Project budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 20,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: National Counterparts, Donors and Project team as per the second phase
Countries: LIBYA
Comments:

This project evaluation accounts for the achivevements of the project first stage. 

Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Monitoring, Information Management, and Lessons Learned

The UNDP Libya PSU should task a Libyan Lessons Learned unit to prepare and publicly distribute a transparent quarterly publication accessible to all development and humanitarian agencies operating in Libya.

The cost of monitoring would need to be considered in addition to the security risks.

The evaluator recommends that a part of reporting of events, activities, interventions in the time remaining in Phase II must include a listing of all participants together with their Viber contact. Such networks can provide a rapid, location-based, and gender-disaggregated response dataset. The project could then craft a series of questions to be sent to all participants at progressive points after the event. Responses could be synthesised by a third-party contractor into periodic notes. These notes would provide raw information that could be correlated with other information sources.

Responses to questions could be used to form policy notes or public ‘op-eds’ that could be fed into print or electronic media.

The use of satellite imagery linked to crowd sourced mapping is a valuable addition to a project/program/agency-based monitoring mechanism. This should be considered. UNOSAT has a well-established suite of tools that can be used in setting up a spatial information system that can be shared by humanitarian, peacekeeping and development agencies.

A rigorous effort to establish legal land and property, and usufruct rights to resources, especially water, needs to be incorporated into any future local reconciliation agreements

2

Ensuring Special Consideration for Libyan Women in all Future UNDP Projects

UNDP, must analyse all lessons learned and research findings to formulate a more robust approach to incorporating women into their field operations.

3

Building Synergy amongst Development Partners

Initiating a plan to use satellite imagery for monitoring  and follow up on reconciliation agreements could also provide a structured coordinate system that could allow all international development and humanitarian agencies to work off the same platform as the precursor to a national spatial data infrastructure for Libya. Lebanon’s IMAS system was an excellent example of this model until it was allowed to die.

4

Understanding Incentives

All actors have distinct histories and – crucially – face constraints, such as institutional limits on their power, a weak resource base, or an inability to act collectively. This means that only some have the ability to act on an incentive. Illuminating this mixture of incentives and constraints is the aim of Institutional and Context Analysis (ICA) at the country level.”

It is too late for the Phase II document to be designed using more sophisticated UNDP tools for political economy analysis, but this recommendation will remain valid for the design phase of whatever projects come next.

5

Theory of Change and project design

Purposeful Program Theory is the best text the evaluator has used that is explicitly designed to develop a TOC and convert it into an actionable project.[1] The evaluator strongly recommends UNDP obtains and uses this text in the design of the next version of this project, and others

 


[1] Funnel, Sue and Patricia Rogers. (2011) Purposeful Program Theory:  Effective use of the theories of change and logic models.  Jossey Bass, San Francisco.

6

Primary Language of Operations

All documents produced for UNDP work inside Libya should be prepared in Arabic. English translations that are needed for internal use can be prepared at the cost of the UNDP

1. Recommendation:

Monitoring, Information Management, and Lessons Learned

The UNDP Libya PSU should task a Libyan Lessons Learned unit to prepare and publicly distribute a transparent quarterly publication accessible to all development and humanitarian agencies operating in Libya.

The cost of monitoring would need to be considered in addition to the security risks.

The evaluator recommends that a part of reporting of events, activities, interventions in the time remaining in Phase II must include a listing of all participants together with their Viber contact. Such networks can provide a rapid, location-based, and gender-disaggregated response dataset. The project could then craft a series of questions to be sent to all participants at progressive points after the event. Responses could be synthesised by a third-party contractor into periodic notes. These notes would provide raw information that could be correlated with other information sources.

Responses to questions could be used to form policy notes or public ‘op-eds’ that could be fed into print or electronic media.

The use of satellite imagery linked to crowd sourced mapping is a valuable addition to a project/program/agency-based monitoring mechanism. This should be considered. UNOSAT has a well-established suite of tools that can be used in setting up a spatial information system that can be shared by humanitarian, peacekeeping and development agencies.

A rigorous effort to establish legal land and property, and usufruct rights to resources, especially water, needs to be incorporated into any future local reconciliation agreements

Management Response: [Added: 2020/04/15] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]

The Evaluator’s recommendation is valid for the monitoring of Outcome 1 related to the UNSMIL-supported mediations and dialogues. Activities under this outcome have been very limited in Phase 2 due to the security and political situation in Libya. However, the proposed monitoring resources and tools will be helpful when these activities resume.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The project will work with the PMSU to propose a monitoring systems that track the implementation of reconciliation agreements, including through the use of UNDP field staff and Project partners in the Network of mediators. Where, relevant, the Project will engage with UNOSAT to assess the return of dislplaced populations, the restoration of services, etc. (This work could be done in partnership with the SFL.)
[Added: 2020/04/29]
Project Manager and PMSU 2020/09 Not Initiated Due to delays anticipated because of COVID-19).
2. Recommendation:

Ensuring Special Consideration for Libyan Women in all Future UNDP Projects

UNDP, must analyse all lessons learned and research findings to formulate a more robust approach to incorporating women into their field operations.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/04/15] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]

This is a valid recommendation. Management (CO and Project) is regularly working to increase and enhance women’s participation in all elements of the Project

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The Project will work with the PMSU, specifically the Gender focal point to analyse lessons learned and develop and Action plan for increasing women’s participation in all activities.
[Added: 2020/04/29]
Project Manager, PMSU and Gender Focal Point 2020/07 Not Initiated July 2020 (Due to delays anticipated because of COVID-19).
3. Recommendation:

Building Synergy amongst Development Partners

Initiating a plan to use satellite imagery for monitoring  and follow up on reconciliation agreements could also provide a structured coordinate system that could allow all international development and humanitarian agencies to work off the same platform as the precursor to a national spatial data infrastructure for Libya. Lebanon’s IMAS system was an excellent example of this model until it was allowed to die.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/04/15] [Last Updated: 2020/05/08]

Not very relevant at this time. Dialogue activities in Phase 2 of the project which would use satellite imagery for monitoring have been delayed due to the security and political situation in Libya. Therefore, partnerships to ensure the implementation of peace agreements are not relevant. However, the proposed monitoring resources and tools could possibly be helpful to measure the return of IDPs or rehabilitation of service sectors, if relevant to mediated peace agreements. If there is a significant change in circumstances and such partnerships become relevant, the Project will engage with UNOSAT (This work could be done in partnership with the UNDP Stabilization Facility for Libya, which the project already works closely with.)

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation:

Understanding Incentives

All actors have distinct histories and – crucially – face constraints, such as institutional limits on their power, a weak resource base, or an inability to act collectively. This means that only some have the ability to act on an incentive. Illuminating this mixture of incentives and constraints is the aim of Institutional and Context Analysis (ICA) at the country level.”

It is too late for the Phase II document to be designed using more sophisticated UNDP tools for political economy analysis, but this recommendation will remain valid for the design phase of whatever projects come next.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/04/15] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]

Due to the nature of the project and the incredibly complex and fluid political economy dynamics in Libya, the project team (UNDP and UNSMIL) works internally with expert consultants, our Network and partners to constantly analyze the poiitical economy at the national and many subnational levels. The Phase 2 project document was developed by Senior Technical Experts in Peacebuilding and Governance. Each activity has its own deep conflict and stakeholder analysis. This is a rolling integral part of the project. Another concentrated study based on a corporate tool is not applicable to this project

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation:

Theory of Change and project design

Purposeful Program Theory is the best text the evaluator has used that is explicitly designed to develop a TOC and convert it into an actionable project.[1] The evaluator strongly recommends UNDP obtains and uses this text in the design of the next version of this project, and others

 


[1] Funnel, Sue and Patricia Rogers. (2011) Purposeful Program Theory:  Effective use of the theories of change and logic models.  Jossey Bass, San Francisco.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/04/15] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]

This is a valid recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The Project will work with the M&E Specialist in the PMSU to review the TOC, referencing the tools suggested by the Evaluator and others
[Added: 2020/04/29] [Last Updated: 2020/05/08]
Project Manager and M&E Specialist 2020/03 Completed the second phase of the projecst has a revised TOC. The team and the M&E spaecialits may review the TOC again for future phases. History
6. Recommendation:

Primary Language of Operations

All documents produced for UNDP work inside Libya should be prepared in Arabic. English translations that are needed for internal use can be prepared at the cost of the UNDP

Management Response: [Added: 2020/04/15] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]

Well noted 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This is already ongoing in Phase 2
[Added: 2020/04/29] [Last Updated: 2020/04/30]
Project Management Team 2020/04 Completed This is already ongoing in Phase 2 History

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