Mid-Term Evaluation of Bhutan Sustainable Low Emission Urban Transport

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2019-2023, Bhutan
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
12/2020
Completion Date:
12/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Title Mid-Term Evaluation of Bhutan Sustainable Low Emission Urban Transport
Atlas Project Number: 79852
Evaluation Plan: 2019-2023, Bhutan
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2020
Planned End Date: 12/2020
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.5.1 Solutions adopted to achieve universal access to clean, affordable and sustainable energy
  • 2. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
  • 3. Output 2.5.1 Solutions developed, financed and applied at scale for energy efficiency and transformation to clean energy and zero-carbon development, for poverty eradication and structural transformation
SDG Goal
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • 13.b Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: Project M&E Budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 18,500
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Ameya Udgaonkar International Consultant ameya.subodh.udgaonkar@pwc.com INDIA
Chhimi Dorji National Consultant chimi6@gmail.com
Ameya Udgaonkar International Consultant Ameya Subameya.subodh.udgaonkar@pwc.com INDIA
Chhimi Dorji National Consultant chimi6@gmail.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Bhutan Sustainable Low Urban Transport Project
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-6
GEF Project ID: 9367
PIMS Number: 5563
Key Stakeholders: Royal Government of Bhutan - GNHC, Ministry of Agriculture, MInistry of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Homw & Cultural Affairs, Ministry of Works & Human Settlement, MInistyr of Information & Communication,
Countries: BHUTAN
Comments:

United Nations Sustainable Development Partnership Framework (UNSDPF) Outcome 4 - By 2023, Bhutan’s communities and its economy are more resilient to climate induced disasters and biodiversity loss as well as economic vulnerability

Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Identify the training need of transport policy maker and transport staff/officials, create a well-defined training programme for officials and identify the officials to be trained.

2

Ensure the perception survey conducted towards the end of the project records the willingness of taxi drivers to switch to EV cars

3

The project is advised to apply for 12-18-month extension.

4

Enhance the capacity of the Project Management Unit (PMU)

5

Ensure commitment from taxi drivers and prepare a backup plan to ensure deployment of EVs.

6

A feasibility study to explore possibility of manufacturing EV components using local resources to make Bhutan a player in the EV industry could be commissioned as part of the project.

Study and propose taxation policy for PHEVs and HEVs depending on their performance to promote LEVs in addition to EVs.

Management Response Documents
1. Recommendation:

Identify the training need of transport policy maker and transport staff/officials, create a well-defined training programme for officials and identify the officials to be trained.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/31] [Last Updated: 2020/12/31]

Fully agree with the proposed recommendation. While the need for rigorous trainings within transport staffs was observed particularly with the Road Safety and Transport Authority, the management owing to the pandemic put forward the priority for opting for more online platforms and enhancing the productiveness of the training program disbursed. In addition, the Training Needs Assessment will identify the capacity gaps and include stakeholders such as policy makers, taxi drivers and the dealers.

 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will identify webinars and facilitate online training courses in partnership with the PMU by 30 September 2021
[Added: 2020/12/31]
UNDP 2021/10 Not Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Ensure the perception survey conducted towards the end of the project records the willingness of taxi drivers to switch to EV cars

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/31] [Last Updated: 2020/12/31]

The recommendation is duly noted. It’s implementation is planned and will be actioned. The initial perception survey was conducted to contemplate the level of awareness and willingness to purchase EV among the public. The end of the perception survey shall help the PMU to look onto the achievement the project has made in changing the mindset and misconception within the general public on EV and in increasing the uptake of the Electric Vehicles.

 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP jointly with PMU will ensure that specific questionnaire are included in the survey to assess the willingness of drivers to switch to EVs and will continue with the awareness and advocacy programs to sensitize on the benefits of EV.
[Added: 2020/12/31]
UNDP 2021/08 Not Initiated
3. Recommendation:

The project is advised to apply for 12-18-month extension.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/31] [Last Updated: 2020/12/31]

Recommendation is duly noted, it’s implementation to be explored with the donor. The concern regarding the loss of time and the delay in the implementation of some of the activities due to the pandemic was raised during the Project Board meetings and the board suggested the PMU to apply for a 12-18 months extension based on the requirement perceived.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Considering the time lost and delay in majority of activities due to the pandemic, an application for 12-18 months depending upon the requirement shall be processed for approval
[Added: 2020/12/31]
UNDP 2021/03 Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

Enhance the capacity of the Project Management Unit (PMU)

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/31]

Agree with the recommendation. The inadequate manpower under the project management unit was appraised in the sixth board meeting to which the board endorsed the approval to recruit a communication officer. There was a need to work on the technical aspects and proper advocacies to demystify some of the misconceptions related to the EV technologies.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Following this report, the PMU presented to the Project Board, and UNDP facilitated and approved the recruitment of additional staff.
[Added: 2020/12/31]
UNDP 2021/07 Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Ensure commitment from taxi drivers and prepare a backup plan to ensure deployment of EVs.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/31]

Partially agree with the recommendation. In account of the lower participation from the taxi sector in the subsidy program, the Board recommended to look into the possibility of availing the subsidy to interested public takers to meet the project targets.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will support PMU develop an alternate plan to allot the subsidy to high mobility sectors such as food delivery, government inspection authorities or civil servants in case if there are less drivers signing for taxis
[Added: 2020/12/31]
UNDP and PMU 2021/07 Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

A feasibility study to explore possibility of manufacturing EV components using local resources to make Bhutan a player in the EV industry could be commissioned as part of the project.

Study and propose taxation policy for PHEVs and HEVs depending on their performance to promote LEVs in addition to EVs.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/31]

The recommendation is duly noted. The management foresee the need to conduct a pre-feasibility study for the manufacturing of the EV components to ascertain the viability of  establishing such plants

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will support the PMU to conduct the Pre-feasibility study on the opportunity for the country to manufacture EV components in collaboration with relevant stakeholders.
[Added: 2020/12/31]
UNDP and PMU 2021/10 Not Initiated

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