Final Evaluation of the project Support Afghanistan Livelihoods and Mobility (SALAM)

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Evaluation Plan:
2015-2020, Afghanistan
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
02/2020
Completion Date:
03/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Final Evaluation of the project Support Afghanistan Livelihoods and Mobility (SALAM)
Atlas Project Number: 00094515
Evaluation Plan: 2015-2020, Afghanistan
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2020
Planned End Date: 02/2020
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Energy
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 3.1.1 Core government functions and inclusive basic services4 restored post-crisis for stabilisation, durable solutions to displacement and return to sustainable development pathways within the framework of national policies and priorities
  • 2. Organisational Output 3.1 Common UN approaches facilitate efficient and accelerated joint delivery against sustainable development objectives
SDG Goal
  • Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
SDG Target
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 30,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: AFGHANISTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

The Support to Livelihoods and Migration is a project that can be emulated in other countries as well where there are challenges of security, livelihoods, and development since these are
interlinked. Therefore, it is recommended that the project should not be closed with SALAM. A second phase of the project is recommended that will have clearly articulated outputs, actions, activities, and resources.

2

The second phase of the project should focus more on capacity strengthening at the individual and institutional levels. The Human resources deployed to support labour migration, policy implementation, enforcement of labour laws, and contracting with the private sector should be trained to take up the challenges of implementation.

3

Output 1 of SALAM is very important. Activities to strengthen institutional structures should continue under the new phase of the project. Under this output, the activity of strengthening institutional structures in MoLSA should be linked to expected functions, roles, responsibilities, duties, work processes, operational guidelines, and creation of a database of job opportunities.

4

The activities under this output should include assessment of available skills in the market; required skills for the industry and business, liaison with industry and business, development of linkages with prospective employers; and placement services, liaison with universities and colleges for educational enhancement programmes, liaison with embassies for educational loans and scholarships.

5

MoLSA with the support of UNDP can give a skill-specific unemployment card to the registered returnees and IDPs; If there is a mismatch between required skills and available skills, private players in the market may be temporarily used for skill development of target population. Simultaneously, capacity strengthening of training institutions under MoLSA’s supervision should be strengthened in terms of equipment, logistics, trainers, curriculum, and course material.

6

The second phase of the project should have a very specific component and a dedicated technical assistant to assess current training courses offered by other agencies like GIZ, World Bank’s PLACED; liaise with other line Ministries, departments, UN projects and programmes, and the private sector to identify available job opportunities, develop a database, match with the skills of registers IDPs, and migrants, and facilitate their deployment.

7

The employment generation is a larger agenda, and definitely is not only the mandate of MoLSA. It should be removed from the main activities of the project in the second phase. The Ministry of Labour at the best can formulate labour policies, employment regulations, wage policies, standards of recruitment, career progression, discipline, and workplace benefits and entitlements. Therefore, the second phase of the project can focus on labour regulations and policy framework that supports livelihoods generation and migration.

8

The second phase of the project, if taken up, should be fully under National Implementation Modality with
national staff to run and supervise. If international expertise is required to address some capacity gaps, they may be hired only as consultants who can come to Afghanistan, develop required products, train the people to use the developed tools, test run and leave the country.

9

A fulltime International chief technical adviser should be recruited and assigned to MoLSA to guide the Ministry and the staff deployed by the Ministry for the project.

1. Recommendation:

The Support to Livelihoods and Migration is a project that can be emulated in other countries as well where there are challenges of security, livelihoods, and development since these are
interlinked. Therefore, it is recommended that the project should not be closed with SALAM. A second phase of the project is recommended that will have clearly articulated outputs, actions, activities, and resources.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/07]

We have noted and addressed the first part of this comment. the SALAM project is now closed on 31 December 2019. On the second part UNDP Country Office is in contact with the Government (primarily but not solely with MRRD and Ministry of Labour) and UNHCR to include the design of phase II under UNDP Economic Transformation programme with a clear articulated baseline upon which to develop outputs, actions, activities, and mobilize resources.

To summarize, the second phase of SALAM (also referred as SALAM Phase 2) has been included in the UNDP Economic Transformation Programme under the new Country Programme Document. This phase will be framed to support UNDP three pledges made at the Global Forum 2019 (i.e., (i) sharing the burden for conflict prevention); (ii) local solutions (access to justice, human rights and services) and (iii) livelihoods (digital jobs) in situation of displacement. It will benefit internally displaced persons e, mobile populations, refugees and their hosting communities under a local area-based development approach in 15 Priority Areas of Return and
Reintegration (Ref: Citizens Charter National  Priority Programme and the regional framework of the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees) . An important focus of the second phase will be on developing public and partnerships with the private sector and local governments, especially in urban areas hosting large number of returnees, internally displaced people and refugees. Phase 2 will be part of the UNHCR-UNDP collaborative framework at country and global level for the operationalization of the humanitarian- development and peace
nexus. The second phase will also include partnerships and coordination mechanisms with the World Bank (in the context of development financing for skills acquisition and employment), ILO, UNHCR and international partners (notably the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Closure of SALAM project
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Programme Analyst Livelihoods and Resilience Unit 2019/12 Completed SALAM project was closed by 31 Dec 2019
Inclusion of phase 2 of under the Economic Transformation for All programme document
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Programme Analyst Livelihoods and Resilience Unit 2020/03 Completed Design of the new project initiated in collaboration with Governance for Peace Unit
2. Recommendation:

The second phase of the project should focus more on capacity strengthening at the individual and institutional levels. The Human resources deployed to support labour migration, policy implementation, enforcement of labour laws, and contracting with the private sector should be trained to take up the challenges of implementation.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/07]

Agreed: In addition, Phase II of this project be aligned to support national policies and priority programmes in the context of the current peace talks, expected returns and COVID -19 response programme. The second phase will include a strategy to support labour migration in the context of The Migration-Displacement-Return Nexus to be supported by existing regional mechanisms, notably the support platform to the regional framework of the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees and the Regional Economic Cooperation Conference on Afghanistan. See also response #1 above.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Inclusion of phase 2 of under the Economic Transformation for All programme document
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Programme Analyst Livelihoods and Resilience Unit 2020/03 Completed Design of the new project initiated in collaboration with Governance for Peace Unit
3. Recommendation:

Output 1 of SALAM is very important. Activities to strengthen institutional structures should continue under the new phase of the project. Under this output, the activity of strengthening institutional structures in MoLSA should be linked to expected functions, roles, responsibilities, duties, work processes, operational guidelines, and creation of a database of job opportunities.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/07]

Agreed: UNDP will initiate dialogue with Government counterparts including Ministry of Finance and IDLG to identify the national partners to be involved in the design and implementation of this project. It will also involve UNHCR as outlined in management response # 1. above.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Dialogue with Government
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Programme Analyst Livelihoods and Resilience Unit 2020/12 Initiated Include Governance for Peace Unit and Global Net Work and Regional Office Migration and Displacement Advisers
Dialogue with UNHCR
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Programme Analyst Livelihoods and Resilience Unit 2020/12 Initiated Include Governance for Peace Unit and Global Net Work and Regional Office Migration and Displacement Advisers
4. Recommendation:

The activities under this output should include assessment of available skills in the market; required skills for the industry and business, liaison with industry and business, development of linkages with prospective employers; and placement services, liaison with universities and colleges for educational enhancement programmes, liaison with embassies for educational loans and scholarships.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/07]

Agreed: UNDP will initiate dialogue with Government counterparts including Ministry of Finance and IDLG to identify the national partners to be involved in the design and implementation of this project. It will also involve UNHCR as outlined in management response # 1. above.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Dialogue with Government
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Programme Analyst Livelihoods and Resilience Unit 2020/12 Initiated Data deriving from the market assessment including data helping to understand better the linkages between employ and employers will be part of the baselines for all projects under the Economic Transformation programme document.
Dialogue with UNHCR
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Programme Analyst Livelihoods and Resilience Unit 2020/12 Initiated History
5. Recommendation:

MoLSA with the support of UNDP can give a skill-specific unemployment card to the registered returnees and IDPs; If there is a mismatch between required skills and available skills, private players in the market may be temporarily used for skill development of target population. Simultaneously, capacity strengthening of training institutions under MoLSA’s supervision should be strengthened in terms of equipment, logistics, trainers, curriculum, and course material.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/07]

UNDP will initiate dialogue with Government counterparts including Ministry of Finance and IDLG to identify the national partners to be involved in the design and implementation of this project. It will also involve UNHCR as outlined in management response # 1

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Dialogue with Government
[Added: 2020/07/07]
UNDP Livelihoods and Resilience Unit 2020/12 Initiated Include Governance for Peace Unit and Global Net Work and Regional Office Migration and Displacement Advisers
Dialogue with UNHCR
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Livelihoods and Resilience 2020/12 Initiated Include Governance for Peace Unit and Global Net Work and Regional Office Migration and Displacement Advisers
6. Recommendation:

The second phase of the project should have a very specific component and a dedicated technical assistant to assess current training courses offered by other agencies like GIZ, World Bank’s PLACED; liaise with other line Ministries, departments, UN projects and programmes, and the private sector to identify available job opportunities, develop a database, match with the skills of registers IDPs, and migrants, and facilitate their deployment.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/07]

UNDP will initiate dialogue with Government counterparts including Ministry of Finance and IDLG to identify the national partners to be involved in the design and implementation of this project. It will also involve UNHCR as outlined in management response # 1. above.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Inclusion of phase 2 of under the Economic Transformation for All programme document
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Programme Analyst Livelihoods and Resilience Unit 2020/03 Completed Design of the new project initiated in collaboration with Governance for Peace Unit
7. Recommendation:

The employment generation is a larger agenda, and definitely is not only the mandate of MoLSA. It should be removed from the main activities of the project in the second phase. The Ministry of Labour at the best can formulate labour policies, employment regulations, wage policies, standards of recruitment, career progression, discipline, and workplace benefits and entitlements. Therefore, the second phase of the project can focus on labour regulations and policy framework that supports livelihoods generation and migration.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/07]

UNDP will initiate dialogue with Government counterparts including Ministry of Finance and IDLG to identify the national partners to be involved in the design and implementation of this project. It will also involve UNHCR as outlined in management response # 1 .above.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Dialogue with Government
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Programme Analyst Livelihoods and Resilience 2020/12 Initiated Include Governance for Peace Unit and Global Net Work and Regional Office Migration and Displacement Advisers
Dialogue with UNHCR
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Programme Analyst Livelihoods and Resilience 2020/12 Initiated Include Governance for Peace Unit and Global Net Work and Regional Office Migration and Displacement Advisers
8. Recommendation:

The second phase of the project, if taken up, should be fully under National Implementation Modality with
national staff to run and supervise. If international expertise is required to address some capacity gaps, they may be hired only as consultants who can come to Afghanistan, develop required products, train the people to use the developed tools, test run and leave the country.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/07]

UNDP will initiate dialogue with Government counterparts including Ministry of Finance and IDLG to identify the national partners to be involved in the design and implementation of this project (see also response # 1. above).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Dialogue with Government
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Programme Analyst Livelihoods and Resilience 2020/12 Initiated Include Governance for Peace Unit and Global Net Work and Regional Office Migration and Displacement Advisers
9. Recommendation:

A fulltime International chief technical adviser should be recruited and assigned to MoLSA to guide the Ministry and the staff deployed by the Ministry for the project.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/07]

Agreed: UNDP will initiate dialogue with Government counterparts for national implementation modality in consultation with PRSU and UNDP Senior Management (deputy resident representative) . Government counterparts will include but not be limited to Ministry of Finance and IDLG to identify the national partners to be involved in the design and implementation of this project (see also response # 1. above).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Dialogue with Government
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Programme Analyst Livelihoods and Resilience 2020/12 Initiated Include Ministry of Finance and IDLG
Dialogue with UNDP Senior Management
[Added: 2020/07/07]
Programme Analyst Livelihoods and Resilience 2020/12 Initiated Include PRSU and deputy resident representative

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