00101963 Enhancing The Role of Religious Education in Countering Violent Extremism

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Indonesia
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
10/2019
Completion Date:
03/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
15,000

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Title 00101963 Enhancing The Role of Religious Education in Countering Violent Extremism
Atlas Project Number: 00101963
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Indonesia
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2019
Planned End Date: 10/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Governance
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 3.2.1 National capacities strengthened for reintegration, reconciliation, peaceful management of conflict and prevention of violent extremism in response to national policies and priorities
SDG Goal
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
  • Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
SDG Target
  • 16.b Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development
  • 4.7 By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development
Evaluation Budget(US $): 15,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 10,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: INDONESIA
Lessons
1.

The evaluation report elaborates results of the Enhancing the Role of the Religious Education in Preventing Violent Extremism in Indonesia (CONVEY) project from 2017-2019, implemented by the Centre Study of Islam and Society Center-Syarif Hidayatullah Islamic State University in Jakarta. The project’s aim to develop/built potential religious education institutions (schools and other channels) in Indonesia to promote peace, tolerance and prevention of violent extremism. Three main project components comprise research and advocacy, campaign and public awareness, and coordination & regional networking. Some learnings identified from implementation, are as follow;

1.       Credible research was produced  to encourage public exposure towards violent extremism issues and to increase public insight and debate towards those issues. However, policy improvement requires intensive engagement in policy dialogue and clarity on what should be changed, who must change them, by what means and through what measures that a problem must be addressed.

The project has proven that public campaign and awareness raising have been strong approaches to influence people, in disseminating peaceful narrative messages, especially to youth. 

2.       The content of the message conveyed by project aligned strongly with current government’s policy and program, and the researches conducted through this project are strategic to influence and binding commitment from government in promoting peace and against violent extremism. In other words, the research and advocacy activities have been able to provide basis for policy formulation towards prevention of violent extremism. However, more organize, systemic and intensive policy engagement needs to be improved and seriously discussed with policy makers. Detailed policy review is necessarily be conducted in next project ‘s phase

3.       The partnership with Islamic State University in the country, has institutionalized the platform of peacebuilding and efforts in countering violent extremism at education institution. This has been a good model in approaching youth and efforts to prevent radicalism and extremism ideology that has been indoctrinated in schools across grades/levels. Soft and andragogy approaches have succeeded in approaching youth, who are assumed as vulnerable group to be exposed by radicalism ideology.

4.       A clear and stronger Theory of Change with clear indicators of results and achievements is important to ensure Project’s direction and results. A sound monitoring and evaluation mechanism, both quantitative and qualitative, that was applied in project’s implementation has measured changes and to what extent the intervention gave benefit to target groups.  

5.       The sustainability of the project’s intervention build upon  the alignment of strategies with government programs, synergy with other P/CVE actors /stakeholders, particularly with organizations and individual champions with strong portfolio on peace building

6.       Integrating gender perspectives in the P/CVE Project has been conducted through various strategies. Women’s engagement in designing and implementation stages of project, have brought in gender perspective in research, workshops and knowledge products Project has learnt that gender mainstreaming is not only about engendering the policy document and research reports, but also in taking actions on engaging gender stakeholders in various project activities/approaches. Jakarta declaration is one of the project’s achievement in advocacy that put gender perspectives is mainstreamed on document.


Findings
1.

Significant impacts has been achieved by project CONVEY, especially in providing evidence-based knowledge on Violent Extremism (VE), building alternative narratives to counter violent extremism,  raising public awareness including youth group for the promotion of peace and tolerance to counter radicalism and VE, and influencing national policy to create enabling environment for peace and tolerance  society. The intervention is relevant to nowadays context of Indonesia. Following are key findings from evaluation process;

1.       The project intervention is relevant to Indonesia in the context of addressing  harmful risk of radicalism and violent extremism. Project’s strategy in working through education’s institution to reach more youth in activism were effective, as they are considered as vulnerable group towards radicalism and extremism ideology indoctrination.

2.       The project has provided country with comprehensive knowledge (evidence-based) on radicalism and violent extremism prevalence in Indonesia. The knowledge has been generated at schools and universities. Project produced 13 books published by project, 16 research reports, and 21 policy briefs.  6,421 people receipt information from printed knowledge products. Project also succeeded in reaching  175 online and offline mass media to convey peace narratives. Project’s intervention has created significant impact in influencing public awareness on violent extremism .

3.       Evidence-based knowledge of research result and advocacy activism has been conducted by project and provided strong basis materials for policy formulation and for public awareness raising  to  response towards Prevention/Countering Violent Extremism (P/CVE). Project has influenced the urgency to review religious education textbook for high schools, and increase capacity of religious education teachers in integrating their learning module with peace narratives.

4.       Project’s recommendation on PVE has been adopted by government for policy making in Indonesia. CONVEY worked with policy makers in enabling policy to support peace building or countering violent extremism. On area of improvement, project is required to organize more systematic and intensive policy engagement with relevant-policy makers. Evidence-based materials should be taken as crucial concern and/or national agenda to be discussed with relevant stakeholders and partners across levels.

5.       Project has reached large number of audiences in public campaign and raised awareness on countering violent extremism. The media campaign includes television, radio channels, websites, etc.; (a) It has reached 4,446,000 TV and Radio channel’s audiences across Indonesia, (b) the online platform, such as web-page and social media promote  alternative narrative to counter radicalism and violent extremism’s ideology indoctrination and it has reached more than 3,3 million audiences, (c) the competition event, Milenial Islami, was successfully promoting more than 2000 youth  and creating more than 400 creative online contents in countering radicalism and VE. The dissemination of information through Milenial Islami’s platforms has reached  more than 165,000 online users in June 2018 and 1,8 million in June 2019 and all finalists have broadened their networking. Significant initiatives and impacts from empowering youth to counter VE are potential for project in preparing their exit strategy or sustainability plan.  

6.       In project’s management and operation, despite the short-duration of the project, there was no activity left unfinished and all deliverables are achieved optimally. The broad achievements made by the project indicated an effective management role and also exemplary coordination between the project management and implementers. Most of the challenges were due to the difference of UNDP and partner institutions’ characteristic in nature. Furthermore, the PMU, particularly the project officers and consultants still need to improve their performance in communicate collaboratively and providing clear directions to project partners.

 


Recommendations
1

Integrating and including the P/CVE issue in UNDP strategic plan documents, such as, CPD Output/Outcome, UNPDF document with clear indicators of results and achievements in each.

2

Accelerating efforts in gathering international support and engagement for the implementation of Prevention/Countering Violent Extremism program in Indonesia, in form of financial support as well as dialogues or networks establishment.

3

Providing further support for PPIM , partner of CONVEY project,  to strengthen their strategic position and branding of CONVEY (Countering Violent Extremism) that held by religious education.

4

Continuing administrative's support and financial arrangement of CONVEY program .

5

Re-clarify the P/CVE vision and strategy in increasing religious education role in promoting peace, tolerance and inclusiveness, by taking into account the capacity, areas of strength, experience, funding availability, and competitive area where CONVEY, in particular, PPIM, is able to be more strategic to implement its intervention. This can be done by organizing a workshop on Strategic Planning to formulate some critical things:

a.         Who would be the direct beneficiaries of this project in the future, what changes are expected to them, how to reach them: through which ways?

b.         What are the strategic issues and programs for CONVEY to achieve its objective? What would be CONVEY’s strategy to increase the role or religious education in promoting peace, tolerance, and inclusiveness? What are the indicators for achievements/results?

c.          What are resources needed, including staff, funding, institutional arrangement, etc.

What would be the suitable Theory of Changes of the Project that in line with this strategic direction changes.

6

 

Strengthen the knowledge management strategy to make use the existing information, research products, and other campaign content/material for the higher use. This would be useful and may become a strong foundation for further knowledge mobilization process. Some measures that can be carried on to support this initiative will include, but not limited,:

a.         To manage further CONVEY Indonesia website as one of the tools for the knowledge management project, for example, by recruiting a dedicated staff for this work.

To recruit a communication specialist to develop a communication strategy to further promote the current CONVEY knowledge products and results to the public. 

7

Strengthening the advocacy strategy of the Project by conducting a number of things,

a.         To develop prioritized issues that will be the focused-advocacy issues in the next CONVEY Project and also devise strategy to implement them.

b.         To conduct policy study/review to determine what policies or programs that could be changed/revised/used, to ensure that the recommendations from previous CONVEY researches/surveys related with the enhancement of the role of religious education in promoting tolerance, diversity, inclusiveness and peace, can be executed.

c.          To conduct intensive advocacy and policy engagements with relevant Ministries/Institutions that are responsible for the policies/programs review as well as implementation.

Managing further the role of Project Board’s for the project, to help in: building a stronger and intensive engagement with the relevant-actors within their respective Ministries/Institutions for policy discussion/advocacy;

1. Recommendation:

Integrating and including the P/CVE issue in UNDP strategic plan documents, such as, CPD Output/Outcome, UNPDF document with clear indicators of results and achievements in each.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/19]

During the formulation process of the current CPD which took place in 2014, PVE issue was not raised as an immediate and urgent issue to be addressed by UNDP, hence there was no explicit statements about violent extremism in UNDP core documents such as CPD 2016-2020 and UNPDF 2016-2020, However, in the last three years, violent extremism has rapidly evolved in Indonesia and there was no accurate data available yet to show the comprehensive picture and magnitude of the problem. That is where UNDP found relevance to respond to the evolving dynamics. Therefore, this indicates UNDP has been responding flexibly to adjust the critical needs on the ground.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
During the consultation process, the unit to suggest P/CVE to be included as one of the priorities in the new Country Programme Document 2021-2025.
[Added: 2019/09/19] [Last Updated: 2020/04/01]
The DGPRU Programme Team 2020/03 Completed The P/CVE has been considered in the development of new CPD 2021-2025 , marked in situational analysis and one of indicator output History
2. Recommendation:

Accelerating efforts in gathering international support and engagement for the implementation of Prevention/Countering Violent Extremism program in Indonesia, in form of financial support as well as dialogues or networks establishment.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/19]

UNDP will expand P/CVE portfolio and seeking International support opportunity for the implementation of Countering Violent Extremism in Indonesia 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Developing strategic document to reserve continuation of Prevention/Countering Violent Extremism in Indonesia and enhancing partnerships with CSOs including for their capacity building and sharing best practices in form of roundtable discussion.
[Added: 2019/09/19] [Last Updated: 2020/04/01]
The DGPRU Programme Team-UNDP 2020/03 Completed Strategic recommendation has been developed as the basis for the continuation o PVE intervention Indonesia. The networking with CSOs has been maintained as well as in advancing their capacity. History
3. Recommendation:

Providing further support for PPIM , partner of CONVEY project,  to strengthen their strategic position and branding of CONVEY (Countering Violent Extremism) that held by religious education.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/19]

 UNDP has intensivey engaging PPIM, as partners of CONVEY , since project planning and design stages (Concept Note Development, Annual Work Plan, ToR development , etc.) 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will provide technical assistance to build capacity on communication of PPIM . When required, UNDP Indonesia Communication unit will help project to assist PPIM
[Added: 2019/09/19] [Last Updated: 2020/06/09]
DGPRU Team-UNDP 2020/08 Initiated The technical assistance is keep maintained and still on going since the efforts are also in place History
4. Recommendation:

Continuing administrative's support and financial arrangement of CONVEY program .

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/19]

UNDP will continue to support PPIM as well as CSOs networking for CONVEY program

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conduct trainings and technical assistances to PPIM and CSOs Networks
[Added: 2019/09/19]
DGPRU programme team-UNDP 2020/11 Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Re-clarify the P/CVE vision and strategy in increasing religious education role in promoting peace, tolerance and inclusiveness, by taking into account the capacity, areas of strength, experience, funding availability, and competitive area where CONVEY, in particular, PPIM, is able to be more strategic to implement its intervention. This can be done by organizing a workshop on Strategic Planning to formulate some critical things:

a.         Who would be the direct beneficiaries of this project in the future, what changes are expected to them, how to reach them: through which ways?

b.         What are the strategic issues and programs for CONVEY to achieve its objective? What would be CONVEY’s strategy to increase the role or religious education in promoting peace, tolerance, and inclusiveness? What are the indicators for achievements/results?

c.          What are resources needed, including staff, funding, institutional arrangement, etc.

What would be the suitable Theory of Changes of the Project that in line with this strategic direction changes.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/19]

PMU CONVEY has sharpened CONVEY’s strategic position as the front-runner in PVE through religious education. The project will be continually evolved in strengtheining their strategies and results through next phase of CONVEY 3 and 4. We will encourage the optimum performance in capacity and taking actions for more improvements and amplifying the achievements and impacts.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
PMU CONVEY acknowledges that research is our competitive advantage, when compared to advocacy and campaign. Hence we will remain to identify knowledge gaps that need to be researched.
[Added: 2019/09/19] [Last Updated: 2020/03/09]
DGRPU programme team -UNDP 2020/07 Overdue-Initiated History
We acknowledge that the #MeyakiniMenghargai hashtag has been one of our competitive advantage, therefore we will continue to maintain and even increase the use of the hashtag by promoting it during networking events with other CSOs and build collaboration with other organizations.
[Added: 2019/09/19] [Last Updated: 2020/03/09]
PMU – Communication/PSA Team 2020/07 Overdue-Initiated History
To conduct strategic mapping of current results/achievements/strength, and weaknesses of which the project needs to improve, and utilize the map to improve activities in CONVEY 3 as well as to design CONVEY 4 activities.
[Added: 2019/09/19] [Last Updated: 2020/03/09]
DGPRU programme team-UNDP 2020/02 Completed Project completed the strategic mapping to recommend the improvement of implementation for PVE. History
In the next phase (CONVEY 3) we will strengthen our campaign by developing a more comprehensive communication strategy. We have mapped out the main targets of our campaign, namely the millennial youth, representative of ministries, and Asia regional network. In CONVEY 3, we will implement communication strategy based on the main targets of campaign
[Added: 2019/09/19] [Last Updated: 2020/03/09]
DGPRU Programme Team -UNDP 2020/07 Completed Map of target audience of the campaign has been identified History
To develop more innovative strategies and contents to ensure that our key message is well received effectively by the targets, e.g. online quizzes and competitions with interesting prizes.
[Added: 2019/09/19] [Last Updated: 2020/03/09]
PMU 2020/02 Completed Innovative strategies were identified and implemented History
To ensure that our knowledge products continue to be used either the base of policy-making or to raise awareness of the public, CONVEY has consistently and will continue to disseminate our knowledge products through various channels in social media and meetings with external entities.
[Added: 2019/09/19] [Last Updated: 2020/03/09]
PMU – Communication/PSA Team and Policy Forum Team 2020/02 Completed the use of knowledge products for advocacy benefits the impact of project implementation. Dissemination of knowledge products through various channels and strategies will be continued for advocacy. History
6. Recommendation:

 

Strengthen the knowledge management strategy to make use the existing information, research products, and other campaign content/material for the higher use. This would be useful and may become a strong foundation for further knowledge mobilization process. Some measures that can be carried on to support this initiative will include, but not limited,:

a.         To manage further CONVEY Indonesia website as one of the tools for the knowledge management project, for example, by recruiting a dedicated staff for this work.

To recruit a communication specialist to develop a communication strategy to further promote the current CONVEY knowledge products and results to the public. 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/19]

PMU acknowledges that the project still needs to strengthen the knowledge management strategy to use existing information, research products and other material for better use.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
To make CONVEY infographic videos (especially those in CONVEY 2) viral, by spreading it through various WAGs in PPIM and CONVEY’s networks and beyond, by using the ‘riding the wave’ strategy.
[Added: 2019/09/19] [Last Updated: 2020/03/09]
PMU – Communication team 2020/07 Overdue-Initiated History
To be more frequent in attending external forums to promote CONVEY to other CSO/stakeholders so that the research products and other campaign materials can be of higher use, including the Convey’s websites as a hub to learn more about religious education and P/CVE.
[Added: 2019/09/19] [Last Updated: 2020/03/09]
PMU 2020/02 Completed Promotion of CVE to other stakeholders/CSO were implemented. History
Sharing beneficiaries database to partners so that the database can be useful and consider in analysing next stratetgy and area of improvement. .
[Added: 2019/09/19]
PMU 2019/08 Completed The beneficiaries data base have been shared to partners and utilized to build the initiation of continuing next phase of CONVEY History
Potentially hire staff(s) to manage CONVEY’s website which has been an effective platform to showcase knowledge products to the public.
[Added: 2019/09/19] [Last Updated: 2020/06/09]
PMU 2020/04 Completed One staff has been hired to manage CONVEY website. The published website has effectively impacted the project performance, where knowledge products are now shared to wide audience using this channel. History
7. Recommendation:

Strengthening the advocacy strategy of the Project by conducting a number of things,

a.         To develop prioritized issues that will be the focused-advocacy issues in the next CONVEY Project and also devise strategy to implement them.

b.         To conduct policy study/review to determine what policies or programs that could be changed/revised/used, to ensure that the recommendations from previous CONVEY researches/surveys related with the enhancement of the role of religious education in promoting tolerance, diversity, inclusiveness and peace, can be executed.

c.          To conduct intensive advocacy and policy engagements with relevant Ministries/Institutions that are responsible for the policies/programs review as well as implementation.

Managing further the role of Project Board’s for the project, to help in: building a stronger and intensive engagement with the relevant-actors within their respective Ministries/Institutions for policy discussion/advocacy;

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/19]

In the beginning of next phase of CONVEY (CONVEY 3), PMU actually have made several adjustments/improvement to ensure that our advocacy is effective. Nevertheless, PMU acknowledges that there are some room for improvements in order to ensure that our policy advocacy works.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Measuring and Monitoring impacts from our influence in policies formulation related to P/CVE and religious education , using several platforms such as the Policy Forum FGDs or through media monitoring.
[Added: 2019/09/19] [Last Updated: 2020/03/09]
PMU 2020/02 Completed Link for monitoring the impacts was developed. History
In the beginning of CONVEY 3, we have added one output that is fully dedicated to design and implement the policy advocacy to the governments.
[Added: 2019/09/19]
PMU 2019/08 Completed
In the beginning of CONVEY 3, We have developed 5 priority issues e.g. religious moderation, religious education reform, religious education textbooks, that will be advocated to the relevant ministries, based on the newly devised advocacy strategy;
[Added: 2019/09/19]
PMU 2019/08 Completed
To engage the relevant ministries since the very beginning of the research, at least by inviting authoritative representative to the research design workshop
[Added: 2019/09/19]
PMU 2019/08 Completed
To invite more authoritative and relevant government representatives to the Project Board meeting;
[Added: 2019/09/19]
PMU 2019/08 Completed It has been completed during the initiation of document writing of CONVEY 3 History

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