Mid-Term Outcome Evaluations: CPD Outcome 1 (Productive development strategies) and CPD Outcome 2 (social protection and universal access to essential services)

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Argentina
Evaluation Type:
Outcome
Planned End Date:
09/2019
Completion Date:
09/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
No
Evaluation Budget(US $):
60,000

Los hallazgos de esta evaluación referidos al efecto 1, arrojaron que uno de los principales ámbitos en los que se observan avances en la productividad y diversificación de la economía argentina, refiere a la creación y apoyo a las MiPymes. Al respecto, el PNUD ha apoyado iniciativas para mejorar la inserción de las MiPymes argentinas en el mercado internacional, contribuyendo a incrementar y dinamizar las economías regionales. Sin embargo, su rentabilidad, capacidad de innovación y productividad pueden verse comprometidas en el actual contexto económico si no son apoyadas por políticas específicas dirigidas a su promoción y apoyo.

En relación al Efecto 2, el PNUD ha contribuido a la promoción y fortalecimiento de tres grandes áreas, a saber: el acceso a la salud, la protección social y la seguridad alimentaria. Queda pendiente, no obstante, profundizar el abordaje de las problemáticas vinculadas a educación y discapacidad. Las iniciativas apoyadas por PNUD en el marco del Efecto 2 ayudaron a mejorar y ampliar la cobertura de salud y protección social, tanto para los grupos más vulnerables como para los grupos económicamente activos.

Share

Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document Resumen ejecutivo Eval Efectos UBA 2019.docx summary Spanish 39.32 KB Posted 23
Download document Informe Final Evaluac Medio Termino Efectos 1 y 2 PNUD - UBA 2019.pdf report Spanish 1123.34 KB Posted 22
Download document TORs Eval Medio Término - Efectos 1 y 2.pdf tor Spanish 633.41 KB Posted 18
Title Mid-Term Outcome Evaluations: CPD Outcome 1 (Productive development strategies) and CPD Outcome 2 (social protection and universal access to essential services)
Atlas Project Number: 00089766,00094919,00100551,00111672,00066509,00102940,00096925,00107941,00079811,00080382,00090371,00066602,00107433,00095446,00081625,00084981,00082671,00097461,00089469,00097319
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Argentina
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2019
Planned End Date: 09/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Governance
  • 3. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.1 Capacities developed across the whole of government to integrate the 2030 Agenda, the Paris Agreement and other international agreements in development plans and budgets, and to analyse progress towards the SDGs, using innovative and data-driven solutions
  • 2. Output 1.1.2 Marginalised groups, particularly the poor, women, people with disabilities and displaced are empowered to gain universal access to basic services and financial and non-financial assets to build productive capacities and benefit from sustainable livelihoods and jobs
  • 3. Output 1.2.1 Capacities at national and sub-national levels strengthened to promote inclusive local economic development and deliver basic services including HIV and related services
  • 4. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
  • 5. Output 2.1.2 Capacities developed for progressive expansion of inclusive social protection systems
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
  • Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
  • Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
  • Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
  • Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
  • Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
  • Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
  • Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG Target
  • 1.3 Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable
  • 12.2 By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
  • 12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
  • 16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
  • 17.11 Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020
  • 17.16 Enhance the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in all countries, in particular developing countries
  • 17.18 By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts
  • 17.9 Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the Sustainable Development Goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation
  • 2.1 By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round
  • 2.2 By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons
  • 3.1 By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
  • 3.2 By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births
  • 3.8 Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all
  • 4.2 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education
  • 4.4 By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship
  • 5.4 Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate
  • 5.6 Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
  • 8.2 Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors
  • 8.3 Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services
  • 8.5 By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
  • 8.6 By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training
  • 8.7 Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms
  • 8.b By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization
  • 9.2 Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries
  • 9.3 Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets
  • 9.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending
Evaluation Budget(US $): 60,000
Source of Funding: ARGENTINA CO
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 60,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Sandra Cesilini sandracesilini@yahoo.com ARGENTINA
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Ministries of Labour, Health, Production, Social Development, Secretariat of the Environment, Provinces and local governments, IFI, CSO
Countries: ARGENTINA
Lessons
1.

Los resultados suelen ser alcanzados según lo esperado, cuando existe una adecuada formulación de metas e indicadores pertinentes para su consecución, así como también una estimación presupuestaria y tiempos administrativos realista.

Un aspecto crítico para la sostenibilidad de los proyectos lo constituye la rotación de acctores clave y recursos humanos en las entidades de gobierno.


2.

Con respecto a las áreas transversales, se desprende que el enfoque de género y en mayor medida el de DDHH, suelen ser percibidos por las contrapartes como unidades aisladas, lo que obstaculiza su implementación transversal en las iniciativas analizadas.  


3.

En el marco del Efecto 1, en particular, se observó que el logro de un desarrollo social, económico y ambiental sostenido e inclusivo, debe estar precedido por la disponibilidad de recursos y entramados productivos accesibles, así como también por un acervo de capital humano y tecnológico disponible. Lo anterior resulta especialmente pertinente para las áreas de emprendedurismo, donde la red de actores y asociados vinculados a la sostenibilidad de los proyectos constituye un determinante clave de su éxito.

Se identificó que la continuidad de los proyectos está supeditada a la posibilidad de mitigar los efectos generados por los shocks del ciclo económico y por los vaivenes del escenario político. Se requiere, además, fomentar un contexto político institucional que reconozca los vínculos entre pobreza y ambiente, comprenda la necesidad de la integración regional y promueva la inversión y el empleo, a escala nacional y subnacional.


4.

Con relación al Efecto 2, fue posible aprender que las iniciativas asistidas por PNUD resultan ser más efectivas y sostenibles en el tiempo cuando se encuentran consideradas en términos de programas gubernamentales, más que de proyectos aislados. Esta “perspectiva de programa” contribuye, además, a la implementación exitosa de los ODS en el contexto argentino. En efecto, la inclusión y visibilización de la agenda 2030 en los proyectos ha permitido incluir mecanismos complementarios de financiamiento.


Findings
1.

En el marco del Efecto 1, uno de los principales ámbitos en los que se observan avances en la productividad y diversificación de la economía argentina, refiere a la creación y apoyo a las MiPymes. Al respecto, el PNUD ha apoyado iniciativas para mejorar la inserción de las MiPymes argentinas en el mercado internacional, contribuyendo a incrementar y dinamizar las economías regionales. Sin embargo, su rentabilidad, capacidad de innovación y productividad pueden verse comprometidas en el actual contexto económico si no son apoyadas por políticas específicas dirigidas a su promoción y apoyo.

Por otro lado, el PNUD ha favorecido intervenciones para el desarrollo productivo de pequeñas localidades, focalizando su atención en grupos de jóvenes y mujeres. Destaca también el apoyo brindado a la promoción de la minería, sobre la base de un desarrollo ambiental y socialmente sustentable. En general, se constató que las iniciativas evaluadas están contribuyendo a mejorar la diversificación de la estructura y capacidades productivas.


2.

Con relación al Efecto 2, las iniciativas apoyadas por el PNUD han permitido mejorar la calidad de la atención y accesibilidad en el sistema de salud, a escala nacional y provincial, mediante el perfeccionamiento y centralización de los sistemas de transferencia de información, la incorporación de tecnología, el desarrollo de instrumentos de gestión y el apoyo técnico a programas provinciales.

Asimismo, la gestión de programas de apoyo a comedores comunitarios con el concurso de organizaciones comunitarias de base en su ejecución implicó el acceso a la alimentación de calidad y a la contención social para un número importante de grupos vulnerables en diversas regiones del país. También se destaca el respaldo a iniciativas de articulación intersectorial para resolver cuestiones clave como el embarazo adolescente. Cabe señalar que una de las ventajas comparativas del PNUD que ha favorecido el logro de los resultados en este ámbito, es su poder de convocatoria, en tanto institución reconocida por su asistencia técnica, visión estratégica y por su capacidad de convertirse en un árbitro confiable ante distintos actores institucionales.

Por otro lado, se respaldaron iniciativas transversales como el apoyo al Consejo Nacional de Coordinación de Políticas Sociales y su relación con los ODS, se movilizaron fondos TRAC y se estableció una asistencia técnica permanente en la temática de género destinada a fortalecer a las contrapartes.

Respecto al sector privado, la iniciativa Pacto Global trabajó con empresas de gran envergadura a fin de incluir los principios de los ODS en el gerenciamiento empresario y en su relación con los derechos sociales y el conjunto de la comunidad.


Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org