BRA 07/G32 Brazilian Mangroves Effective Conservation and Sustainable use of Mangroves ecosystems in Brazil.

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2017-2021, Brazil
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
04/2018
Completion Date:
10/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Title BRA 07/G32 Brazilian Mangroves Effective Conservation and Sustainable use of Mangroves ecosystems in Brazil.
Atlas Project Number: 00046839
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021, Brazil
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 10/2019
Planned End Date: 04/2018
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 3.4.1 Innovative nature-based and gender-responsive solutions developed, financed and applied for sustainable recovery
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 20,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
José Antonio CABO BUJÁN Msc
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: EFFECTIVE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEMS IN BRAZIL
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-4
GEF Project ID: 2703
PIMS Number: 3280
Key Stakeholders: ICMBI, mangrove communities, Ministry of Environment
Countries: BRAZIL
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

1. ICMBIO could elevate the mangrove biome to the same status as the other six current Brazilian biomes to enhance its visibility and raise issues about its importance and conservation. Mangroves risk not being given enough attention and fall between administrative divisions.

 

2

Financial sustainability of mangrove federal protected areas must be strengthened by increasing their current meagre budget allocation, as well as by posting more personnel and crafting agreements across agencies to strengthen enforcement. Currently, many areas count with only one or two staff allocated to areas expanding over hundreds of square kilometres, making enforcement nearly impossible.

3

ICMBIO and MMA should strengthen monitoring programs of biodiversity and specifically support the participatory monitoring program developed by the project. Knowledge on the status of biodiversity in mangroves is less than satisfactory, as shown by the challenges faced by the project and this terminal evaluation to gather information on the project’s indicators. The participatory monitoring program has the potential to start bridging this gap.

4

Fishery management plans cannot be implemented in the absence of fishery data. ICMBIO and the MMA must both increase efforts to coordinate with state or federal fishery administrations and include monitoring of catch within federal protected areas of sustainable use. Moreover, catch and effort data must be incorporated in the participatory monitoring program established by the project

5

. UNDP must take a proactive role in inducing and orienting application of tracking tools, including METT and the capacity development scorecard.

1. Recommendation:

1. ICMBIO could elevate the mangrove biome to the same status as the other six current Brazilian biomes to enhance its visibility and raise issues about its importance and conservation. Mangroves risk not being given enough attention and fall between administrative divisions.

 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/15] [Last Updated: 2021/01/09]

The Mangrove is an ecosystem of transition between terrestrial and marine environments, on the other hand biomes are formed by several ecosystems, being a more complex system, the largest biotic geographical unit, it would make more sense to create the marine / coastal biome, where the mangrove is included.The Mangrove is an ecosystem of transition between terrestrial and marine environments, on the other hand biomes are formed by several ecosystems, being a more complex system, the largest biotic geographical unit, it would make more sense to create the marine / coastal biome, where the mangrove is included.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Articulation with the Ministry of Environment (MoE).
[Added: 2021/01/09]
Project Coordination. 2019/02 Completed
2. Recommendation:

Financial sustainability of mangrove federal protected areas must be strengthened by increasing their current meagre budget allocation, as well as by posting more personnel and crafting agreements across agencies to strengthen enforcement. Currently, many areas count with only one or two staff allocated to areas expanding over hundreds of square kilometres, making enforcement nearly impossible.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/09]

ICMBIO's budget construction is carried out by the MMA

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Articulation with the MoE to increase resources for the federal Conservation Units.
[Added: 2021/01/09]
Presidency of ICMBio 2019/07 Completed
3. Recommendation:

ICMBIO and MMA should strengthen monitoring programs of biodiversity and specifically support the participatory monitoring program developed by the project. Knowledge on the status of biodiversity in mangroves is less than satisfactory, as shown by the challenges faced by the project and this terminal evaluation to gather information on the project’s indicators. The participatory monitoring program has the potential to start bridging this gap.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/09]

The mangrove monitoring programme has been strengthened by the project and already provides important data for decision-makers

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Encouragement in training, education and hiring of field staff.
[Added: 2021/01/09]
Coordination of Biodiversity Monitoring/ COMOB/DIBIO/ICMBio. 2018/08 Completed
4. Recommendation:

Fishery management plans cannot be implemented in the absence of fishery data. ICMBIO and the MMA must both increase efforts to coordinate with state or federal fishery administrations and include monitoring of catch within federal protected areas of sustainable use. Moreover, catch and effort data must be incorporated in the participatory monitoring program established by the project

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/09]

In what regards to ICMBio's responsibility, in the federal Conservation Units it is already being discussed in the scope of biodiversity monitoring, the monitoring of the effort and catch data to understand the situation of fish stocks, already included in the ICMBio's “Programa Monitora”.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
All actions that the Project has subsidized throughout its execution.
[Added: 2021/01/09]
Coordination of Biodiversity Monitoring/ COMOB/DIBIO/ICMBio. 2018/11 Completed
5. Recommendation:

. UNDP must take a proactive role in inducing and orienting application of tracking tools, including METT and the capacity development scorecard.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/09]

There was constant articulation between UNDP and ICMBio on the application of tracking tools and data inclusion in METT. However, ICMBio has a system for evaluating the effectiveness of the Conservation Units, the SAMGe, where they consider to better evaluate the investments made in the Conservation Units

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Coordination between UNDP and ICMBio.
[Added: 2021/01/09]
UNDP and ICMBio. 2019/02 Completed

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