Final Review of Resilient Communities through Building Back Better in Districts most severely affected by 2015 Earthquake (EU I)

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Nepal
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
01/2018
Completion Date:
01/2018
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
1,200

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Title Final Review of Resilient Communities through Building Back Better in Districts most severely affected by 2015 Earthquake (EU I)
Atlas Project Number: 00061320
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Nepal
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 01/2018
Planned End Date: 01/2018
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Resilience
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 3.1.1 Core government functions and inclusive basic services4 restored post-crisis for stabilisation, durable solutions to displacement and return to sustainable development pathways within the framework of national policies and priorities
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
Evaluation Budget(US $): 1,200
Source of Funding: Project Budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 1,200
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Hari P. Dhungana Consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: UNDP, EU, Local governments, CSOs
Countries: NEPAL
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Enhance diligence to ensure that only “needy” households receive the grants

2

Avoid debt trap: provide alternative access to financing, rather than high-interest loans

3

Provide income generation and livelihood support activities beyond support for house construction in order to avoid debt trap amongst the vulnerable population.

4

Engage with the government and district level (NRA/DUDBC officials) to acknowledge and adopt low-cost, earthquake resistant technologies

5

Ensure compliance (comprehensive monitoring of construction) in construction, to ensure that grantee’s houses will receive 2nd & 3rd installment of NRA grant

6

Consider early field mobilization after project commencement, especially by recruiting and contracting partner NGOs/service providers

7

Integrate/harmonize Reconstruction Action Plans (RAP) into new local government structure

1. Recommendation:

Enhance diligence to ensure that only “needy” households receive the grants

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/29]

The second phase proposal will be developed considering this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The second phase of EU funded project will focus particularly to the most vulnerable households.
[Added: 2020/01/29]
CDRMP team 2019/03 Completed The second Phase of EU funded project particularly focused on the most vulnerable households, who would otherwise be left behind in the reconstruction process. UNDP is also in the working group of the partner organizations, focused on vulnerable households, that has been advocating to NRA to provide tailored support to the vulnerable households.
2. Recommendation:

Avoid debt trap: provide alternative access to financing, rather than high-interest loans

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/29]

Recommendation is well noted and the issue will be addressed in second phase of the project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Establish Resilience Fund at community level to provide support for most vulnerable households
[Added: 2020/01/29]
DRR and Resilience Unit and Project team 2018/12 Completed Through the second phase of EU funded project, UNDP has piloted an innovative mechanism of supporting the vulnerable household to reconstruct by establishing Resilience Fund at the ward level. It provides interest free loan to the vulnerable households, who otherwise could not access for finance. These households return money after receive of the government tranche, which is further revolved to support another household. This has been adopted by GOI project as well.
3. Recommendation:

Provide income generation and livelihood support activities beyond support for house construction in order to avoid debt trap amongst the vulnerable population.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/29]

This recommendation will be considered during the formulation of second phase proposal

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Integration of Livelihood as a key component in the proposal developed for the second phase
[Added: 2020/01/29]
DRR and Resilience Unit 2018/03 Completed Livelihood support to the most vulnerable households is one of the four key result areas of the second phase of EU funded project.
4. Recommendation:

Engage with the government and district level (NRA/DUDBC officials) to acknowledge and adopt low-cost, earthquake resistant technologies

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/29]

Recommendation will be addressed through second phase of the project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Facilitate the most poor and vulnerable HHs to adopt low cost technologies appropriate to the local context.
[Added: 2020/01/29]
CMDRM team 2018/03 Completed Both EU and Government of India project (GOI) projects have facilitated the most poor and vulnerable HHs to adopt low cost technologies appropriate to the local context. In supporting this approach, local masons and NRA engineers have been trained and the earthquake affected households were made aware on those low-cost technologies.
5. Recommendation:

Ensure compliance (comprehensive monitoring of construction) in construction, to ensure that grantee’s houses will receive 2nd & 3rd installment of NRA grant

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/29]

Recommendation well noted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ensure all beneficiaries would receive 2nd & 3rd tranches.
[Added: 2020/01/29]
CDRMP team 2018/12 Completed In both phases of EU funded projects, all beneficiaries supported directly by the project have received 2nd & 3rd tranches. As the second phase is ongoing, some of the 150 reconstruction grantees are in the process of receiving 3rd Tranches from the government.
6. Recommendation:

Consider early field mobilization after project commencement, especially by recruiting and contracting partner NGOs/service providers

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/29]

Recommendation is well noted and will act accordingly.

 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Signing the contract with local service providers
[Added: 2020/01/29]
CDRMP team 2018/03 Completed Contract was signed with local service providers (local NGOs) as soon as the final approval letter was received from EU and staffs were mobilized upon receiving the NRA approval letter, which is mandatory.
7. Recommendation:

Integrate/harmonize Reconstruction Action Plans (RAP) into new local government structure

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/29]

RAP will be customized into Ward level Disaster Risk Management Plan in second phase

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Customize RAP into Ward level DRMP
[Added: 2020/01/29]
CDRMP team 2018/12 Completed In second phase of EU funded project, these RAPs were customized into Ward level Disaster Risk Management Plans as it was essential to support the local government to ascend from reconstruction to longer term resilience. The plans have been endorsed by the local government, ensuring that ward level disaster risk mitigation measures have been mainstreamed into their Annual Development Plan.

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