Final Evaluation: Mosul Dam Emergency Preparedness Project (MDEP)

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Evaluation Plan:
2020-2024, Iraq
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2021
Completion Date:
12/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
50,000

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Title Final Evaluation: Mosul Dam Emergency Preparedness Project (MDEP)
Atlas Project Number: 00118833
Evaluation Plan: 2020-2024, Iraq
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2021
Planned End Date: 12/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Resilience
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 3.3.1 Evidence-based assessment and planning tools and mechanisms applied to enable implementation of gender-sensitive and risk-informed prevention and preparedness to limit the impact of natural hazards and pandemics and promote peaceful, just and inclusive societies
SDG Goal
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
Evaluation Budget(US $): 50,000
Source of Funding: Project budjet
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 17,764
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Nisar Ahmad Khan Mr. PAKISTAN
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: IRAQ
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Recommendation-1: There is a greater need to replicate and scale-up the flood emergency preparedness practices to cover at least 4-5 major remaining dams and their flood paths. Therefore, UNDP should develop comprehensive project proposals for other dams and similarly develop a robust resource mobilization strategy to generate adequate funding for the implementation of future such projects

2

Recommendation-2: Beside catastrophic floods, Iraq is also faced with multiple natural and manmade disasters including droughts, desertification, earthquakes, pandemics, heat waves, dust storms and chemical and nuclear contamination etc. Therefore, if resources allow, UNDP in collaboration with partners should develop and implement individual or umbrella projects to promote emergency response and preparedness covering all kind of disasters

3

Recommendation-3: There is also a greater need for developing a robust and comprehensive strategy, at the national level, to address climate change and disaster risks related issues. The strategy should define various national priorities and provide guidelines and mechanism for effective coordination and implementation. UNDP should support the MoE and relevant stakeholders in the development of the required strategy and necessary implementation plans and mechanisms.

4

Recommendation-4: The next generation of projects need to be designed based on good practices from the Mosul dam project and needs of the beneficiaries, especially vulnerable and disadvantaged segments. During the project’s design phase detailed mapping exercise of key actors/stakeholders should be carried out to determine their contributions and roles. Project Result Framework should be developed in a 2-3 days’ workshop set-up and the Results Frameworks should also incorporate specific indicators to measure the involvement and benefits for women and disadvantaged groups. Future projects should also develop comprehensive M&E plans and employ dedicated M&E expertise at the project level to implement and guide the M&E Plans.

5

Recommendation-5: Future projects should involve more local CSOs and community based groups and strengthen their capacities to raise mass awareness regarding emergency preparedness. In this regard it is recommended to duly involve local CSOs as equal partners on longer term basis, not only as recipient of small grants.

6

Recommendation-6: Future projects should duly incorporate specific measures in their designs to mitigate impacts of COVID on project implementations. This will require designing specific activities which can be implemented remotely, using telecommunication tools and technologies. For this purpose, capacities of stakeholders should also be duly built to enable them to effectively participate and benefit from the remotely implemented activities.

7

Recommendation-7: There is a strong need to continue using social media to spread the awareness related to emergency preparedness. However, future awareness messages should be designed in a more innovative, interactive and targeted way to catch the attention of the viewers. Furthermore, content promotion tools and techniques should be also employed to reach to maximum number of targeted audience.

8

Recommendation-8: To give way to sustainability WHO, UNICEF and IRCS should duly incorporate the emergency preparedness related good practices in their upcoming programmes, projects and plans to replicate and scale up these interventions in their respective areas. Furthermore, ICRS should also take measures to keep the volunteers network active and awareness going on. However, IRCS resources are found to be very limited and therefore continued external financial assistance will be required in times to come.

Management Response Documents
1. Recommendation:

Recommendation-1: There is a greater need to replicate and scale-up the flood emergency preparedness practices to cover at least 4-5 major remaining dams and their flood paths. Therefore, UNDP should develop comprehensive project proposals for other dams and similarly develop a robust resource mobilization strategy to generate adequate funding for the implementation of future such projects

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/30]

As of the time of concluding this project evaluation UNDP is working to formulate another phase of support which addresses this recommendation. UNDP is in discussion with NATO to replicate the dam preparedness for 4 other dams (the Darbandinkhan, Haditha, Hemrin and Dukan).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2. Develop a Project Document for the next phase of support (if Concept Note is approved by NATO)
[Added: 2021/11/30] [Last Updated: 2022/06/21]
EECC Pillar 2022/09 Initiated History
1. Submit a Concept Note to NATO Iraq to support flood emergency preparedness practices focusing on 4 other dams
[Added: 2021/11/30]
EECC Pillar 2021/10 Completed Concept Note approved by NATO Iraq and submitted to NATO Defence Capacity Building
2. Recommendation:

Recommendation-2: Beside catastrophic floods, Iraq is also faced with multiple natural and manmade disasters including droughts, desertification, earthquakes, pandemics, heat waves, dust storms and chemical and nuclear contamination etc. Therefore, if resources allow, UNDP in collaboration with partners should develop and implement individual or umbrella projects to promote emergency response and preparedness covering all kind of disasters

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/30]

UNDP is aware of the importance of other hazard risks and to this end it has as of October 2021 worked on designing new programming frameworks to support Iraq. Accordingly, UNDP Iraq has submitted to interested development partners three concept notes to work on dam preparedness (NATO), on drought preparedness and risk reduction (UK) and on transboundary water negotiations (Canada and UK).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Concept notes developed on dam preparedness, drought preparedness and risk reduction and transboundary water negotiations
[Added: 2021/11/30]
EECC Pillar 2021/10 Completed
2. Submit Concept Notes to development partners to secure funding (Canada, NATO, UK).
[Added: 2021/11/30]
EECC Pillar 2021/10 Completed
3. Recommendation:

Recommendation-3: There is also a greater need for developing a robust and comprehensive strategy, at the national level, to address climate change and disaster risks related issues. The strategy should define various national priorities and provide guidelines and mechanism for effective coordination and implementation. UNDP should support the MoE and relevant stakeholders in the development of the required strategy and necessary implementation plans and mechanisms.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/30]

UNDP agrees with this recommendation, and UNDP has included the activity in the Concept Note/proposal submitted to NATO. In case the NATO project is funded, then the National Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy will be revised/updated following a consultative/inclusive process. UNDP will advocate with the Iraqi Parliamentarians and decisions makers to allocate funds for implementation of the strategy.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2. Develop a Project Document for the next phase of support (if Concept Note is approved by NATO)
[Added: 2021/11/30] [Last Updated: 2022/06/21]
EECC Pilar 2022/09 Initiated History
1. Submit a Concept Note to NATO Iraq to support flood emergency preparedness practices focusing on 4 other dams
[Added: 2021/11/30]
EECC Pillar 2021/10 Completed Concept Note approved by NATO Iraq and submitted to NATO Defense Capacity Building
4. Recommendation:

Recommendation-4: The next generation of projects need to be designed based on good practices from the Mosul dam project and needs of the beneficiaries, especially vulnerable and disadvantaged segments. During the project’s design phase detailed mapping exercise of key actors/stakeholders should be carried out to determine their contributions and roles. Project Result Framework should be developed in a 2-3 days’ workshop set-up and the Results Frameworks should also incorporate specific indicators to measure the involvement and benefits for women and disadvantaged groups. Future projects should also develop comprehensive M&E plans and employ dedicated M&E expertise at the project level to implement and guide the M&E Plans.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/30]

This recommendation is noted and the Environment, Energy and Climate Change Portfolio will take it into account when designing its new projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3- Recruit dedicated M&E technical capacity for the Environment, Energy and Climate Change Portfolio.
[Added: 2021/12/01] [Last Updated: 2022/06/21]
EECC Pillar 2022/08 Initiated Position created and advertised. Recruitment in Progress. On boarding expected by July 2022. History
1- New Project Documents to include sufficient context analysis and clear implementation strategy and activities that mainstream gender-sensitivity, gender equality and ensure engagement of disadvantaged groups.
[Added: 2021/12/01] [Last Updated: 2022/03/01]
EECC Pillar 2022/02 Completed The catalytic climate action in Iraq project includes a stronger analysis on gender and gender sensitivity inclusion in different interventions. This is the only new project developed hence. History
2- Ensure that complete and quality Results and Resources Frameworks are developed with SMART indicators, base-lines and clearly articulated targets which mainstream gender and other inclusion criteria
[Added: 2021/12/01] [Last Updated: 2022/03/01]
EECC Pillar 2022/02 Completed The catalytic climate action in Iraq project includes a stronger analysis on gender and gender sensitivity inclusion in different interventions. This is the only new project developed hence. History
5. Recommendation:

Recommendation-5: Future projects should involve more local CSOs and community based groups and strengthen their capacities to raise mass awareness regarding emergency preparedness. In this regard it is recommended to duly involve local CSOs as equal partners on longer term basis, not only as recipient of small grants.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/30]

This will depend upon the nature of proposed interventions and the donor agreements. In case the projects have a focus on national institutional capacity development, the participation of civil society entities is expected to remain low in such projects. However, in case of community-based projects, the participation of CSOs and community groups would be essential and it is expected to be high. In both cases, UNDP ill strive to including local CSOs and community-based organizations to the extent possible.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Integrate strengthening the role of CSOs in the community-based disaster preparedness projects; i.e. the drought preparedness and risk reduction project
[Added: 2021/12/01] [Last Updated: 2022/03/01]
EECC PILLAR 2022/02 Completed Done, in the drought preparedness and risk reduction output of the Catalytic Climate Action in Iraq Project. History
6. Recommendation:

Recommendation-6: Future projects should duly incorporate specific measures in their designs to mitigate impacts of COVID on project implementations. This will require designing specific activities which can be implemented remotely, using telecommunication tools and technologies. For this purpose, capacities of stakeholders should also be duly built to enable them to effectively participate and benefit from the remotely implemented activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/01]

Measures for COVID-19 risk reduction has been applied to all UNDP Iraq projects, including the Mosul Dam Emergency Preparedness Project. These will be continued in any UNDP projects until the global medical community (i.e. WHO) suggests that the COVID-19 no longer poses a risk to people. In addition, UNDP is working on strengthening the digital landscape in the country which will enable more remote working for stakeholders.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. COVID-19 risk reduction related strategies and relevant costs to be factored in the design of the new Projects.
[Added: 2021/12/01] [Last Updated: 2022/03/01]
EECC PILLAR 2022/02 Completed Yes, the COVID-19 risk is included in the Risk Matrix of the Catalytic Climate Action in Iraq project and costs of mitigation measures are calculated. History
7. Recommendation:

Recommendation-7: There is a strong need to continue using social media to spread the awareness related to emergency preparedness. However, future awareness messages should be designed in a more innovative, interactive and targeted way to catch the attention of the viewers. Furthermore, content promotion tools and techniques should be also employed to reach to maximum number of targeted audience.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/01]

UNDP acknowledges the usefulness and potential of social media, however its use depends upon the nature of project interventions and results to be achieved. In case of projects which aim to reach communities for awareness raising on certain subject matters, the team will strengthen the reliance on social media and electronic media which have proven very effective mediums under the Mosul Dam Emergency Preparedness in Iraq Project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. The use of Social Media will be integrated into the drought preparedness and risk reduction project being developed.
[Added: 2021/12/01] [Last Updated: 2022/01/31]
EECC PILLAR 2022/01 Completed Social media (SM) added as a key medium of communication in the Catalytic Climate Action in Iraq Project (See pages, 10,17 and 19 for reference of the draft Project Proposal). SM will also be included in the upcoming NATO project. History
8. Recommendation:

Recommendation-8: To give way to sustainability WHO, UNICEF and IRCS should duly incorporate the emergency preparedness related good practices in their upcoming programmes, projects and plans to replicate and scale up these interventions in their respective areas. Furthermore, ICRS should also take measures to keep the volunteers network active and awareness going on. However, IRCS resources are found to be very limited and therefore continued external financial assistance will be required in times to come.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/01]

The sustainability of project results at different levels required the involvement of multiple stakeholders and different strategies. The Project, during the implementation phase, adopted a number of strategies to ensure sustainability of results, including; i) training of trainer’s approach, ii) engagement of local university faculties to serve as resource persons in future, iii) formulation of various guidelines and protocols by relevant entities, iv) commitment from the IRCS to continue the public awareness activities, including through the 200 trained volunteers etc. However, achieving sustainability of results remains a challenge in a crisis country context, where national institutions lack the vision, resources and political support to carryout such development activities regularly. The Project team highlighted the need for sustainability of the project results during the Project Board Meeting which was held on 26th October 2021. UNDP will communicate with the project’s Responsible Parties WHO, UNICEF and IRCS the importance of sustainability of the flood preparedness results and emphasize integrating these activities into the WHO, UNICEF and IRCS regular activities/programmes.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Draft a letter and send to the WHO, UNICEF and IRCS to seek their plans for sustainability of the results achieved under the agreements they implemented
[Added: 2021/12/01] [Last Updated: 2022/06/15]
EECC PILLAR 2022/05 Completed The action was taken in mid may. The letters were sent to UNICEF, WHO and IRCS. The emails sent to UNICEF and WHO are attached. For IRCS a printed letter was sent. History

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