Terminal Evaluation__Advance the NAPs process for medium term investment planning in climate sensitive sectors

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Evaluation Plan:
2020-2024, Liberia
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
03/2021
Completion Date:
12/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Title Terminal Evaluation__Advance the NAPs process for medium term investment planning in climate sensitive sectors
Atlas Project Number: 00103417
Evaluation Plan: 2020-2024, Liberia
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2020
Planned End Date: 03/2021
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 22,446
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Amal Aldababseh Lead Evaluator adababseh@estidama-jo.com JORDAN
Angelance Browne National Evaluator angelance_browne@yahoo.com
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Environmental Protection Agency
Countries: LIBERIA
Lessons
1.

Liberia’s NAP Project has become and serves as a model of excellence for other countries to build on. The multidisciplinary integrated assessment team is useful for supporting the process.


2.

High-level political will is critical for driving climate action. The need to identify NAP focal points and champions at sectorial entities to support the NAP process and enhance coordination.


3.

Broad stakeholders’ engagement with a robust coordination and communication mechanism is important for successful implementation. It was observed and shared by different stakeholders that the NAP project experienced misunderstanding among leadership and targeted community dwellers regarding their various roles in the project. They lack full understanding and ownership at the inception of the intervention, but this has improved immensely. The project also faced serious security issues; project areas were infested with criminals from the capital city of Monrovia.  Also, the community dwellers were not fully involved in the project implementation as such, the project experienced scarce voluntary efforts from community members who refused to participate and/or work on the project due to lack of funding for workmanship and to facilitate the security process. Only a few members offered voluntary services to secure the coconuts planted while some were stolen. In several locations, the satisfaction of the local communities with the project’s M&E was not high.


4.

Need to enlist the involvement and contribution of the private sector and academia in CCA for scaling up adaptation and knowledge management.


5.

NAP is a useful tool for supporting the attainment of NDC and SDG targets at the national and local levels.


6.

The role of the media in awareness and sensitization is key to the NAP process.


7.

Consultant Recruitment and/or other procurement processes-EPA and UNDP are to exercise flexibility in the implementation modality that ensures project activities are not hindered. Importantly, they are to ensure that both entities continue to demonstrate cooperation and understanding that can allow for the harmonization of bottlenecks to project implementation.


8.

Continuous community engagement and communication are essential for NAP project implementation. Community-based adaptation and empowerment have resulted in climate change adaptation and prevention of flooding and erosion. Additionally, adaptation and planning resulting from community engagement, social and economic cohesion are now in effect and guarantees some level of security for the community. As to date, extreme climate events such as floods, river erosion, and destruction of homes and thunderstorms no longer negatively affect their social systems and practices.


9.

Recruitment of M&E Officer for NAP 2 is crucial for its success. Also, extending the NAP project to other communities in project areas that are highly affected by coastal erosion, encouraging, and fostering more community collaboration and social cohesion considering the level of coastal erosion currently taking place across Liberia. This will foster and ensure that the communities’ adaption to climate change is enhanced.


Findings
Recommendations
1

Strengthen the financing mechanism to meet the many needs and expectation of stakeholders. Allocating financial resources from the government, e.g. through dedicating a budget line for financing climate adaptation initiatives, and efforts to promote learning and enhancing knowledge sharing to enhance resilience is required. An urgent and clear plan of action needs to be developed to ensure the mobilization of needed resources to implement climate change adaptation initiatives as per the work done by the project. This can also be done by mainstreaming climate change into the budgeting process of all GOL institutions and engage in more investment planning and continuously use the same for scaling up purpose.

2

Expansion of the knowledge base for scaling up adaptation interventions into development processes especially, planning, web-based, climate data information activities. The project has managed to produce a set of valuable training materials, public awareness products, technical reports and assessments that contain a lot of important information for local beneficiaries. It is recommended to develop a dissemination plan for these tools to ensure that future initiatives build on the project activities and results and incorporate the project’s products in its work.

3

Continuous Capacity building overtime to sustain and retain existing gains already made by NAP.

4

EPA to encourage and attract active participation of the private sector to enhance national and local climate resilience and adaptation; offset financing gap for future cost-intensive investment planning, and expand project implementation via scaling up and incorporating sustainable livelihood components. Through private-public partnership, dedicate a certain percentage of the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Fund to finance better environment/climate change adaptation measures and tools through effective communication.

5

Expansion of the initiative implementation in Liberia (May be a second phase of the NAP). UNDP and EPA to mobilize additional resources to maintain gains already made within the next year.

6

Engage in robust public awareness on climate change using digital climate change knowledge sharing platform by which climate change will relate to daily activities.

7

Engage the Federation of Liberian Youth leadership; incorporate CCA planning and investment into youth activities by providing funds for CCA youth initiatives, and mainstream climate change in planning and budgeting processes, create a budget line to accommodate youths’ CCA development.

8

Create a database of all EPA and UL experts; create strategic core and develop synergies among these key players; access climate change data and assist the graduate program with their research work. Financing compensation and re-numeration package for UL graduate school staff and professors.

9

To ensure the sustainability of future initiatives, EPA must establish of a project management unit responsible to develop projects’ funding proposals and to ensure compliance strengthening; morning and evaluation of all environmental and CCA projects; mobilize resources and considered adding an “inclusive finance” component into NAP2 to empower communities and promote sustainable livelihood.

1. Recommendation:

Strengthen the financing mechanism to meet the many needs and expectation of stakeholders. Allocating financial resources from the government, e.g. through dedicating a budget line for financing climate adaptation initiatives, and efforts to promote learning and enhancing knowledge sharing to enhance resilience is required. An urgent and clear plan of action needs to be developed to ensure the mobilization of needed resources to implement climate change adaptation initiatives as per the work done by the project. This can also be done by mainstreaming climate change into the budgeting process of all GOL institutions and engage in more investment planning and continuously use the same for scaling up purpose.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/03]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Set-up a dedicated project development unit to scan and develop proposals for accessing resources through bilateral and multilateral funding sources.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA and UNDP 2021/12 Initiated
Build capacity of budget and planning staff of MFDP and other agencies for mainstreaming climate related costs into sectoral and national budgets.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA and UNDP 2021/12 Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Expansion of the knowledge base for scaling up adaptation interventions into development processes especially, planning, web-based, climate data information activities. The project has managed to produce a set of valuable training materials, public awareness products, technical reports and assessments that contain a lot of important information for local beneficiaries. It is recommended to develop a dissemination plan for these tools to ensure that future initiatives build on the project activities and results and incorporate the project’s products in its work.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/03]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Management of the knowledge sharing platform to be incorporated in the existing scope of works/activities of the IT Department and public awareness departments.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA 2022/06 Not Initiated
Additional training and awareness on the use of platform to be expanded to higher institutions of learning.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA 2022/12 Not Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Continuous Capacity building overtime to sustain and retain existing gains already made by NAP.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/03]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Integrate into all upcoming projects and programs, resources to support further capacity building and retention of staff.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA and UNDP 2022/12 Not Initiated
Include support for UL under EPA Energy & Environment annual work plan funded by UNDP yearly.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA and UNDP 2022/12 Not Initiated
Enlist professors of the graduate school as national consultants to support environment and climate change projects.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA and UNDP 2022/12 Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

EPA to encourage and attract active participation of the private sector to enhance national and local climate resilience and adaptation; offset financing gap for future cost-intensive investment planning, and expand project implementation via scaling up and incorporating sustainable livelihood components. Through private-public partnership, dedicate a certain percentage of the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Fund to finance better environment/climate change adaptation measures and tools through effective communication.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/03]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Set up platform to promote engagement with the private sector on CCA.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA 2021/07 Completed Private Sector Climate Action Alliance has been established.
Engage private sector into CCA, including promoting PPP for climate change projects.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA 2021/12 Not Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Expansion of the initiative implementation in Liberia (May be a second phase of the NAP). UNDP and EPA to mobilize additional resources to maintain gains already made within the next year.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/03]

Fully accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop new funding proposals to support implementation of NAP strategies and action plans.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA and UNDP 2021/07 Completed Two funding concepts developed already and shared with the EPA.
6. Recommendation:

Engage in robust public awareness on climate change using digital climate change knowledge sharing platform by which climate change will relate to daily activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/03]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Support for public awareness on environment and climate change issues.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA and UNDP 2021/03 Completed Public awareness has been provided for in the 2021 AWP of the E&E Unit.
Training packages should be distributed to other government entities.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA and UNDP 2021/07 Completed Training packages were produced for distribution to relevant agencies.
7. Recommendation:

Engage the Federation of Liberian Youth leadership; incorporate CCA planning and investment into youth activities by providing funds for CCA youth initiatives, and mainstream climate change in planning and budgeting processes, create a budget line to accommodate youths’ CCA development.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/03]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Support for youth engagement on climate change initiatives including the NDC.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA and UNDP 2021/07 Completed Private sector climate action alliance established. However, there is a need for additional support to allow for enhance participation in project development and investment planning.
8. Recommendation:

Create a database of all EPA and UL experts; create strategic core and develop synergies among these key players; access climate change data and assist the graduate program with their research work. Financing compensation and re-numeration package for UL graduate school staff and professors.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/03]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Create a national experts database.
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA 2021/12 Initiated The expert database is being generated under the aegis of the climate change focal point.
9. Recommendation:

To ensure the sustainability of future initiatives, EPA must establish of a project management unit responsible to develop projects’ funding proposals and to ensure compliance strengthening; morning and evaluation of all environmental and CCA projects; mobilize resources and considered adding an “inclusive finance” component into NAP2 to empower communities and promote sustainable livelihood.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/03]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Set up project PMU at EPA
[Added: 2021/08/03]
EPA 2021/12 Initiated Request for support submitted to UNDP and included in 2021 AWP.
Develop TOR for Project Management Unit (PMU)
[Added: 2021/08/03] [Last Updated: 2021/08/13]
EPA 2021/12 Not Initiated History

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