UNDP-GEF Terminal Evaluation of sustainable land management

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2020-2025, South Africa
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
05/2022
Completion Date:
08/2022
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title UNDP-GEF Terminal Evaluation of sustainable land management
Atlas Project Number: 00088758
Evaluation Plan: 2020-2025, South Africa
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 08/2022
Planned End Date: 05/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
  • 2. Output 2.4.1 Gender-responsive legal and regulatory frameworks, policies and institutions strengthened, and solutions adopted, to address conservation, sustainable use and equitable benefit sharing of natural resources, in line with international conventions and national legislation
SDG Goal
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.3 By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: Project
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 32,134
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Arun Rijal Independent Consultant
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Sustainable Land Management
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Land Degradation
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 00095288
PIMS Number: 5054
Key Stakeholders: DEFF, SANParks, SANBI, CSIR, NGOs
Countries: SOUTH AFRICA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Gender leadership building training should be conducted to develop women leadership in sustainable land management and decision related to these.

2

The vegetable cultivation program for each household was very small. It could not even meet the household needs. So, it is recommended to provision vegetable program including most demanded species and in a size that will meet household need and also could sell for income. For economic benefit, include high value species so that they could earn more and that will help to reduce vulnerability of households.

3

PMU of the future projects should be housed in the implementing agency’s building or nearby so that close communication will be maintained. It is important that consensus is achieved between the PMU and the implementing Partner on roles and responsibilities to ensure a clear distinction between day-to-day management and strategic guidance and oversight functions. That will help to avoid communication and coordination gaps that was observed in this project.

4

The gender equity and gender issues were not discussed or considered in the project development of this project. The EWT conducted gender survey and made strategy but other didn’t. It is recommended to discuss gender issues in project design and planning work plans in the future projects.

5

In Bavianskloof treatment plot is also established. It is recommended to conduct comparative study of growth of the plants within the control plot and outside to understand the impact of grazing and other effects. It is also recommended to conduct study of various silt control techniques and land rehabilitation methods to understand their effectiveness.

6

It is recommended that in the future projects, involve the service providers who have long experience in relevant programme implementation in rural areas and also has office base (active and permanent presence in the landscape) on the pilot sites or nearby areas. With similar intension, MTR also suggested to involve local NGOs.

7

Trainings to use SLM calculator should be conducted to educate all relevant individuals.

8

Land degradation problem is very big so there is need of big effort to address it. Hence, it is recommended to develop mega project to address land degradation in SA using lessons from this project and similar other projects. The key findings and recommendations from the SLM Finance Strategy should guide the financing of such a mega project or projects.

9

It is recommended to make provision in projects, pre-training assessment and post training assessment. In this project no information was available how baseline scores were developed.

1. Recommendation:

Gender leadership building training should be conducted to develop women leadership in sustainable land management and decision related to these.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/10/03]

Partially accept - This project is financially closed and can’t embark on new activities. This recommendation could only be carried over for implementation for new projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Log the recommendation in the repository for recommendations for future similar projects.
[Added: 2022/10/03] [Last Updated: 2022/11/07]
UNDP 2022/11 Completed The recommendation is logged in the SharePoint repository for recommendations for future similar projects. The recommendation will be reviewed and informed in design a new project. History
2. Recommendation:

The vegetable cultivation program for each household was very small. It could not even meet the household needs. So, it is recommended to provision vegetable program including most demanded species and in a size that will meet household need and also could sell for income. For economic benefit, include high value species so that they could earn more and that will help to reduce vulnerability of households.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/10/03]

Partially accept - The purpose of household gardens was to demonstrate the possibility of vegetable gardens towards household food security, not to ensure each household will receive enough seed to make it economically viable for them.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Log the recommendation in the repository for recommendations for future similar projects, so that pre-assessment could be conducted to find households’ needs and suitable vegetable practices.
[Added: 2022/10/03] [Last Updated: 2022/11/07]
UNDP 2022/11 Completed The recommendation is logged in the SharePoint repository for recommendations for future similar projects. The recommendation will be reviewed and informed in design of new projects. History
3. Recommendation:

PMU of the future projects should be housed in the implementing agency’s building or nearby so that close communication will be maintained. It is important that consensus is achieved between the PMU and the implementing Partner on roles and responsibilities to ensure a clear distinction between day-to-day management and strategic guidance and oversight functions. That will help to avoid communication and coordination gaps that was observed in this project.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/10/03]

Fully accept - For future projects these considerations will be taken into account. These arrangements depend on the implementation modality that is agreed with the Implementing Partner at design phase and capacity of IPs to provide accommodation for PMU.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Log the recommendation in the repository for recommendations for future similar projects, so that PMU of the future projects could be housed in the implementing agency’s building or nearby for the coordination and support of PMU.
[Added: 2022/10/03] [Last Updated: 2022/11/07]
UNDP 2022/11 Completed The recommendation is logged in the SharePoint repository for recommendations for future similar projects. The recommendation will be reviewed and informed in design of new projects. History
4. Recommendation:

The gender equity and gender issues were not discussed or considered in the project development of this project. The EWT conducted gender survey and made strategy but other didn’t. It is recommended to discuss gender issues in project design and planning work plans in the future projects.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/10/03]

Partially accept - It is important to consider that GEF5 projects did not have gender specific indicators and/or activities as part of their design. In that sense, the project did not consider any gender disaggregated indicators. Nevertheless, the Project promoted a gender approach to its activities. Two working teams for rehabilitation, one in Karoo and one in Olifants, consist mainly of women to empower them as well. The team composition of the different Responsible Parties were also well balanced with regard to gender with a 50/50 split of men and women working on the project. That include students as well.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Log the recommendation in the repository for recommendations for future similar projects, so that gender issues must be incorporated as a core part of the project, following donors and UNDP gender policies and strategies.
[Added: 2022/10/03] [Last Updated: 2022/11/07]
UNDP 2022/11 Completed The recommendation is logged in the SharePoint repository for recommendations for future similar projects. The recommendation will be reviewed and informed in design of new projects. History
5. Recommendation:

In Bavianskloof treatment plot is also established. It is recommended to conduct comparative study of growth of the plants within the control plot and outside to understand the impact of grazing and other effects. It is also recommended to conduct study of various silt control techniques and land rehabilitation methods to understand their effectiveness.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/10/03]

Fully accept - The recommendations will be conveyed to Rhodes University and Living Lands as sub-contractor for the Baviaanskloof. Considering that the project is operationally closed, these suggested studies need to be done under the auspices of another project with separate funding allocated.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP To share this recommendation with Rhodes University.
[Added: 2022/10/03] [Last Updated: 2022/10/05]
UNDP 2022/10 Completed In August, the project manager met Living Lands and Rhodes University responsible for land rehabilitation in Baviaanskloof and share this recommendation Living Lands unfortunately don’t have a research budget to do full scientific comparative studies. History
6. Recommendation:

It is recommended that in the future projects, involve the service providers who have long experience in relevant programme implementation in rural areas and also has office base (active and permanent presence in the landscape) on the pilot sites or nearby areas. With similar intension, MTR also suggested to involve local NGOs.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/10/03]

Fully accept - This will only be relevant for future projects. The emphasis must be on experience and skills for successful implementation and avoiding high transaction and project costs for implementing project activities from a distance.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Log the recommendation in the repository for recommendations for future similar projects so that the criteria is incorporated in recruitment ToR and assessment.
[Added: 2022/10/03] [Last Updated: 2022/11/07]
UNDP 2022/11 Completed The recommendation is logged in the SharePoint repository for recommendations for future similar projects. The recommendation will be reviewed and informed in design of new projects. History
7. Recommendation:

Trainings to use SLM calculator should be conducted to educate all relevant individuals.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/10/03]

Fully accept - A SLM PC training workshop was conducted by UNDP PMU towards the end of June 2022.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conducted a SLM PC training workshop.
[Added: 2022/10/03] [Last Updated: 2022/10/05]
UNDP 2022/09 Completed A SLM PC training workshop was conducted by UNDP PMU towards the end of June 2022. History
8. Recommendation:

Land degradation problem is very big so there is need of big effort to address it. Hence, it is recommended to develop mega project to address land degradation in SA using lessons from this project and similar other projects. The key findings and recommendations from the SLM Finance Strategy should guide the financing of such a mega project or projects.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/10/03] [Last Updated: 2022/10/03]

Fully accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Log the recommendation in the repository for recommendations for future similar projects, so that the key findings and recommendations from this project could be informed to the new project.
[Added: 2022/10/03] [Last Updated: 2022/11/07]
UNDP 2022/11 Completed The recommendation is logged in the SharePoint repository for recommendations for future similar projects. The recommendation will be reviewed and informed in design of new projects. History
9. Recommendation:

It is recommended to make provision in projects, pre-training assessment and post training assessment. In this project no information was available how baseline scores were developed.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/10/03]

Fully Agree - During the design and implementation of future projects, training activities will be planned, conducted, and assessed accordingly through a range of evaluation techniques.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop a repository of recommendations for future projects
[Added: 2022/10/03] [Last Updated: 2022/11/07]
UNDP 2022/11 Completed SharePoint repository for recommendations for future similar projects was developed and shared with the relevant colleagues. History
Log the recommendation so that pre-and post-assessment can be conducted for future similar project activities.
[Added: 2022/10/03] [Last Updated: 2022/11/07]
UNDP 2022/11 Completed The recommendation is logged in the SharePoint repository for recommendations for future similar projects. The recommendation will be reviewed and informed in design of new projects. History

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