Final Evaluation of “Hidden Challenges: Addressing Sexual Bribery Experienced by Military Widows and War Widows in Sri Lanka to Enable Resilience and Sustained Peace” project

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Sri Lanka
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
01/2021
Completion Date:
02/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
15,000

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Title Final Evaluation of “Hidden Challenges: Addressing Sexual Bribery Experienced by Military Widows and War Widows in Sri Lanka to Enable Resilience and Sustained Peace” project
Atlas Project Number: 00112897
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Sri Lanka
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 02/2021
Planned End Date: 01/2021
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Governance
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.2.1 Capacities at national and sub-national levels strengthened to promote inclusive local economic development and deliver basic services including HIV and related services
  • 2. Output 2.2.3 Capacities, functions and financing of rule of law and national human rights institutions and systems strengthened to expand access to justice and combat discrimination, with a focus on women and other marginalised groups
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
  • Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
SDG Target
  • 1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
  • 1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions
  • 16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all
  • 16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
Evaluation Budget(US $): 15,000
Source of Funding: Peace Building Fund
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 22,555
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with UN Agencies
  • Joint with UNWOMEN
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Melissa Andrade Costa Senior Evaluation Consultant melissa.andrade@nikeconsultoria.com.br BRAZIL
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: CSOs: Centre for Equity and Justice, Chrysalis, ISB Government: Ministry of Women and Child Affairs and Social Security, UNWOMEN
Countries: SRI LANKA
Comments:

The final Evaluation for Gender Peace Initiative was planned under Enhance Local Governance project. Total Evaluation charge - 30,000 USD (15,000 by UNDP) the rest by UNWOMEN. UNDP contributes to the international consultant. 

Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Continue advocacy on the theme of Sexual Bribery and Sexual Exploitation with the Government of Sri LankaContinue advocacy on the theme of Sexual Bribery and Sexual Exploitation with the Government of Sri Lanka

2

Further explore the possibility to work with innovative forms of awareness-raising interventions such as puppet theatre.

3

Further, explore the possibility to provide economic empowerment training to Female Heads of Households

4

Assess the capacity of partner CSOs for reporting procedures prior to signing contract and in case it is not adequate, allocate time in the project timeline to ensure learning and compliance in future projects.

5

Review guideline documents available for CSOs with recommendations for reporting.

6

Guide projects on possible contingency plans in the face of disrupting scenarios. Elaborate contingency/alternative plans in collaboration with partners.

7

Incorporate special consideration for vulnerable communities in future project design.

8

Include inter-community dialogue for enhancing peacebuilding efforts in future project design.

1. Recommendation:

Continue advocacy on the theme of Sexual Bribery and Sexual Exploitation with the Government of Sri LankaContinue advocacy on the theme of Sexual Bribery and Sexual Exploitation with the Government of Sri Lanka

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/13]

Both RUNOs agree with this recommendation and consider it highly relevant for the sustainability of work in relation to building national institutional mechanism for gender equality and women's empowerment.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Continue provision of technical support to the government until final approval of the project-sponsored manual to provide paralegal services and disseminate respectful workplace guidelines to the field officers and development officers attached to the State Ministry of Women and Children’s Affairs to effectively respond to incidences of sexual bribery and exploitation.
[Added: 2021/04/13]
Gender Specialist 2021/12 Not Initiated
2. Consider the design of a new project to continue this initiative to increase the government’s commitment to respond to sexual bribery and exploitation.
[Added: 2021/04/13]
Gender Specialist 2021/12 Not Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Further explore the possibility to work with innovative forms of awareness-raising interventions such as puppet theatre.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/13]

The RUNOs are in agreement with this recommendation- (This component of the project was considered very innovative and has the potential of being replicated in similar contexts of peacebuilding and social cohesion. Experiences and lessons learnt were shared at UN Women Regional level (Asia-Pacific). Currently, this is not initiated at present, as this is contingent on available donor resources and inclusion to potential new or ongoing projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Include innovative forms of interventions such as puppet theatre in future project design.
[Added: 2021/04/13]
Gender specialist/Project Manager 2022/02 Not Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Further, explore the possibility to provide economic empowerment training to Female Heads of Households

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/13]

The RUNOs are in agreement with this recommendation - The evaluation indicated that this component of the project was very well received by the target beneficiaries. It has a sound methodology and is an identified need for Female Heads of Households. UNDP through its partner (ISB) is providing alternative economic support for women who were linked with the tourism industry and have lost their livelihoods as a result of COVID-19.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Include business and financial management training components for women through other projects, while engaging the services of the same partners of this project, in order to ensure sustainability to the interventions.
[Added: 2021/04/13]
Project Manager/Gender Specialist 2022/02 Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

Assess the capacity of partner CSOs for reporting procedures prior to signing contract and in case it is not adequate, allocate time in the project timeline to ensure learning and compliance in future projects.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/13]

The implementation of this recommendation is subject to donor-specific requirements and conditions. As in the case of this project, the RUNOs were requested by the donor to include a CSO partner in the project proposal (prior to the funding stage), thus providing a limited window to assess the capacity of the CSO partner, due to tight deadlines.

Both UN Women and UNDP have internal agency-specific capacity assessment protocols when recruiting partners and service providers, however, when considering donor requirements as noted above, this recommendation can only be accepted with reservations.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop protocols to assess CSO capacities and carry out a preliminary briefing on procedures prior to signing contracts.
[Added: 2021/04/13]
Programme Analyst/Programme Manager 2021/12 Not Initiated
2. Sharing of CSO capacity assessments amongst UN agencies through a peer reviewed platform.
[Added: 2021/04/13]
Programme Manager 2021/12 Not Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Review guideline documents available for CSOs with recommendations for reporting.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/13]

This recommendation is partially accepted due to internal reporting and audit processes that are put in place to ensure transparency of donor funds. RUNOs are able to review operational processes in line with agency-specific requirements on a case-by-case basis to ensure the best possible outcome for IPs and CSO partners.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Ensure that operational procedures in place are not duplicated and simplify them whenever possible.
[Added: 2021/04/13]
Programme Mamager 2021/12 Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Guide projects on possible contingency plans in the face of disrupting scenarios. Elaborate contingency/alternative plans in collaboration with partners.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/13]

The RUNOs are in agreement with this recommendation - This project was faced with multiple challenging contextual scenarios. Where possible, the RUNOs adapted to challenging contexts (Covid-19, political challenges), however, this was not possible within the state structure due to changes in administration (the key line ministry for this project witnessed the change of 05 Secretaries during the course of the project).

As per the level of adaptability of the partner, future initiatives should consider drafting an adaptation plan with a substantive review of projects modus operandi agreed by various partners/stakeholders.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Provide guidance for projects on how to adapt and drat contingency plans in the face of difficult contexts.
[Added: 2021/04/13]
Programme Manager 2022/02 Not Initiated
2. Review future project timelines and modus operandi in face of scenarios of great instability.
[Added: 2021/04/13]
Programme Analyst 2022/02 Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Incorporate special consideration for vulnerable communities in future project design.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/13]

The RUNOs are in agreement with this recommendation and will continue to prioritise gender equality, intersectionality and principles of ‘leaving none behind’ when approaching target communities from lagging regions with lesser circumstances.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Consider long-term initiatives with more disadvantaged communities that may require intense and structural interventions to address vulnerabilities.
[Added: 2021/04/13]
Gender Specialist 2022/05 Not Initiated
8. Recommendation:

Include inter-community dialogue for enhancing peacebuilding efforts in future project design.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/13]

The RUNOs are in agreement with this recommendation and will continue to prioritise inter-community dialogue aimed at enhancing peacebuilding and social cohesion - There is indication that the dialogue promoted between communities through this project brought a sense of empathy among beneficiaries across ethnic divides.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Encourage inter-community dialogue in the design of Peacebuilding-focused projects.
[Added: 2021/04/13]
Gender Specialist/Programme Manager 2022/04 Not Initiated
2. Incorporate inter-community dialogue in projects of a similar nature, giving more room for these types of initiatives at earlier stages of the project.
[Added: 2021/04/13]
Gender Specialist/Programme Manager 2022/06 Not Initiated

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