Transboundary Cooperation for Snow Leaopard and Ecosystem Conservation

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Kyrgyzstan
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2020
Completion Date:
12/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
No
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

Terminal Evaluation of the UNDP-GEF-Snow Leaopard Trust (SLT) Project : Transboundary Cooperation for Snow Leaopard and Ecosystem Conservation. This TE was performed by an Evaluator - Mr. Jean-Joseph Bellamy - on behalf of UNDP. Atlas PID 00102964.

The project was designed to address these barriers. Its aim is to strengthen transboundary cooperation for the conservation of snow leopards and their mountain ecosystems in the four Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan). The objective of the project is "to strengthen transboundary conservation of snow leopard ecosystems and landscapes to ensure stability of global snow leopard population by addressing drivers of existing and emerging threats with special focus on Central Asia." It is to be achieved through the delivery of three expected outcomes and 9 outputs:

  • Outcome 1: Key stakeholders have sufficient knowledge, capacity and tools for effective transboundary conservation of snow leopard ecosystems;
  • Outcome 2: Global monitoring framework developed for snow leopard ecosystems, demonstrated and adopted by range countries;
  • Outcome 3: Effective and sustainable transboundary conservation mechanism for snow leopard ecosystems.

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Title Transboundary Cooperation for Snow Leaopard and Ecosystem Conservation
Atlas Project Number: 99684
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Kyrgyzstan
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2020
Planned End Date: 12/2020
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.4.1 Gender-responsive legal and regulatory frameworks, policies and institutions strengthened, and solutions adopted, to address conservation, sustainable use and equitable benefit sharing of natural resources, in line with international conventions and national legislation
SDG Goal
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 13,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Jean-Joseph Bellamy Evaluator jj@bellamy.net
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Transboundary Cooperation for Snow Leaopard and Ecosystem Conservation
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5886
PIMS Number: 5413
Key Stakeholders: State Agency on Environment Protection and Forestry of the Kyrgyz Republic
Countries: KYRGYZSTAN
Comments:

Jean-Joseph Bellamy, Independent Evaluator 

Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

It is recommended to ensure that all tools and instruments developed with the support of the project be readily available online and in Russian language.

The project has developed several high quality tools and instruments to be used by key organizations responsible for the conservation of snow leopards. So far, there is a limited uptake of these tools and instruments. However, considering that these tools and instruments are part of the response to needs from relevant organizations responsible for the conservation of snow leopards, time will come when these tools and instruments will be in demand. It is critical that they are all made available online and in Russian language. It is acknowledged that most of them are already or will be soon available in Russian language; this recommendation is to confirm the need to have them all translated and made available at all times in the future.

 

2

It is recommended to focus on communicating and disseminating outputs of the project during the remaining period of implementation.

Several relevant tools and instruments have been developed with the support of the project and are ready to be replicated and scaled-up throughout Central Asia but also in other GSLEP countries. However, there is still little awareness about the project, and what it produced throughout Central Asian countries; particularly in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. To maximize the chance of good uptakes, it is recommended to start first with the promotion of the available tools and instruments through communications and dissemination of these knowledge products and how they can be transferred in national snow leopard conservation frameworks. It may include the organization of a regional seminar inviting representatives from public sector, civil society and private sector from Central Asian countries, focusing on the technical level; the completion of the Global Snow Leopard & Ecosystem Protection Program (GSLEP) website as a public repository of the knowledge produced by the project; the dissemination of newsletters in Russian language throughout Central Asia countries; etc.

3

It is recommended to focus on the uptake of project outputs by Central Asian countries, and how they can be transferred in national snow leopard conservation frameworks.

The project produced high quality tools and instruments to improve the conservation of snow leopard, but it is falling short of achieving its targets which are focus on how well the four Central Asian countries have replicated/scaled-up these tools and instruments, institutionalized them in their appropriate organizations and developed the required capacity in using/implementing these tools and instruments including the allocation of required resources (human and financial resources). It is recommended that the project made a special effort in dialoguing with representatives in the four Central Asian countries to promote these tools and instruments and help them to internalize them in their respective snow leopard conservation programmes, including the development of appropriate structures, procedures and mechanisms.

4

It is recommended to conduct a “tour” of Central Asian countries to disseminate tools and instruments developed with the support of the project.

If the COVID-19 situation subsides and travelling to Central Asian countries is allowed, it is recommended to organize a “tour” of Central Asian countries to disseminate tools and instruments with the objective of maximizing the transfer of knowledge generated by the project to these countries and promote the regional role of Global Snow Leopard & Ecosystem Protection Program (GSLEP). All relevant organizations in each country should be invited to get involved/contacted through meetings, workshops or seminars as appropriate.

5

It is recommended to develop a “Roadmap for the Way Forward” for improving regional cooperation and collaboration among Central Asian countries; including sustaining Global Snow Leopard & Ecosystem Protection Program (GSLEP) as a governance mechanism to coordinate the implementation of snow leopard conservation priorities.

The project is ending in December 2020. It has developed some good tools and instruments but also supported/strengthened the GSLEP initiative, a regional alliance of all snow leopard range countries (12) to save the snow leopard and its mountain ecosystems. So far, there is a limited uptake of these tools and instruments by relevant organizations in Central Asian countries; yet the project is closing in a few months. It is recommended to develop a “roadmap” to identify future directions for improving the regional cooperation and collaboration among Central Asian countries and globally; and also for sustaining GSLEP as a governance mechanism to coordinate the implementation of snow leopard conservation priorities.

6

It is recommended to develop a concept note for a regional approach to conserve snow leopards; particularly in transboundary landscapes and ensuring that it is endorsed by Central Asian Countries through the ICSD or other regional mechanisms.

Beside this project, most existing initiatives to improve the conservation of snow leopards and their ecosystems are nationally based. It is recommended to develop a concept note for a regional approach to conserve snow leopards and strengthen the management of high mountain landscapes, particularly transboundary landscapes, under the Global Snow Leopard & Ecosystem Protection Program (GSLEP) leadership. This concept note should be developed with full involvement of representatives from each Central Asian country and seek the support of potential funding initiatives, including GEF/World Bank under the “Global Wildlife Program” and the possibility to allocate/commit GEF-STAR allocations to this emerging project. Once the concept note is endorsed by GSLEP, it should be presented to the ICSD or similar regional mechanisms to gain political weight as a regional project.

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