Electoral Support Project in Armenia (ESPA) Final Evaluation

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Armenia
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
01/2021
Completion Date:
12/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
No
Evaluation Budget(US $):
3,700

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Title Electoral Support Project in Armenia (ESPA) Final Evaluation
Atlas Project Number: 102091
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Armenia
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2020
Planned End Date: 01/2021
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Governance
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.2.2 Constitution-making, electoral and parliamentary processes and institutions strengthened to promote inclusion, transparency and accountability
SDG Goal
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
SDG Target
  • 16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
Evaluation Budget(US $): 3,700
Source of Funding: Project funds
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 3,700
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Kristina Ter-Abrahamyan from PRISMA LLC Evaluator kristine.terabrahamyan@prisma.am ARMENIA
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: ARMENIA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

RELEVANCE:

1.1 A stronger focus on the gender equality theme and its mainstreaming into all components of the future projects;

1.2 Inclusion of indicators measuring actual change vs the results of key activities.

2

EFFICIENCY:

2.1 The appropriateness of the project modality was ensured from the lens of pre-term elections. However, for future electoral support projects it is recommended to switch from an “election event” to an “election cycle” support;

2.2 Despite the challenges, the project demonstrated high level of implementation efficiency, however, it is recommended to allocate more time for preparation and implementation in the future to ensure a better work-life balance for the staff and partners engaged;

2.3 ESPA managed to ensure high efficiency of the technological support component. However, for the better cost efficiency, it is recommended that future electoral support projects include a component aimed at supporting the Government of Armenia (GOA) and the Central Electoral Commission (CEC) in conducting a feasibility study of future technological solutions prior to the application. Specifically, the cost efficiency and the overall need of the live streaming process of the Camera component (cameras installed at the polling stations on Election Day) should be assessed further for more sustainable solutions;

2.4 There was limited participation of the civil society in the ESPA project design, implementation and monitoring. Thus, it is recommended to strengthen the civil society engagement in the future.    

3

EFFECTIVENESS in relation to Project Objective 1 on Credibility of the electoral process improved

3.1 Conduct a feasibility study to explore possibilities for further upgrade of digital solutions for voting system;

3.2 Ensure one unified database for Voter Authentication Devices (VADs);

3.3 Increase the level of accountability of the PEC and the TEC for the violations identified, as part of the structural and institutional changes;

3.4 Revisit the formation principle for the PEC to enhance their professional capacity and reduce political affiliations;

3.5 Ensure that at least 6 months are allocated for proper preparation to any election and/or referendum.

4

EFFECTIVENESS in relation to Project Objective 2 on Inclusiveness and participation in the elections is increased

4.1 Ensuring better protection of voters’ personal information while making them publicly available;

4.2 Making the polling stations more accessible and educational materials more inclusive;

4.3 Analyzing voter participation statistics to better understand the trends and make future election campaigns more targeted;

4.4 Enhancing participation of women through economic and political empowerment initiatives, specifically in rural and remote areas;

4.5 Developing a mechanism for streamlining voter lists to ensure that it includes RA citizens residing in the country in order to have a more realistic picture of voter turnout;

4.6 Consider strengthening the “future voter’s education” component of the school curriculum within the scope of the education sector reforms in Armenia.

5

EFFECTIVENESS in relation to Project Objective 3 on Capacity of the Central Electoral Commission strengthened

5.1 Work with the Government of Armenia and the National Assembly of Armenia to promote the finalization of the electoral reform agenda. This will define the country’s vision for the future of the Electoral Management Bodies (EMBs) and lay a foundation for a long term and more strategic approach towards the institutional capacity building;

5.2 Continue supporting the CEC by finalizing the Commission’s Strategic Plan and further developing the educational and e-management platforms.

6

SUSTAINABILITY:

Make sure commitments and procedures are documented and integrated into the operational regulations of the state bodies.

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