Final Evaluation Project Conservation of Ecuadorian Amphibian Diversity and Sustainable Use of its Genetic Resources

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Evaluation Plan:
2019-2022, Ecuador
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
Completion Date:
Management Response:
Evaluation Budget(US $):


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Title Final Evaluation Project Conservation of Ecuadorian Amphibian Diversity and Sustainable Use of its Genetic Resources
Atlas Project Number: 00086955
Evaluation Plan: 2019-2022, Ecuador
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 01/2021
Planned End Date: 01/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Sustainable
  • 3. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.4.1 Gender-responsive legal and regulatory frameworks, policies and institutions strengthened, and solutions adopted, to address conservation, sustainable use and equitable benefit sharing of natural resources, in line with international conventions and national legislation
SDG Goal
  • Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
Evaluation Budget(US $): 15,000
Source of Funding: PROJECT FUNDS - GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 17,965
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Pablo Larco Project Manager ECUADOR
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Ecuadorian ABS Amphibian Diversity and Sustainable Use of its Genetic Resources
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5534
PIMS Number: 5314
Key Stakeholders: Ministerio del Ambiente, Fundación Otonga, Centro Jambatu, Secretaria de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Universidad IKIAM, Programa Integral Amazónico, Bioparque Amaru, Gobiernos subnacionales.
Countries: ECUADOR

The design of future projects should consider with bigger priority and detail the treatment of political, economic, and financial risks, since they end up being decisive for the project success or failure. It is recommended to explicitly incorporate specific strategies and tools to mitigate these risks.


For future projects that address specific issues, where the capable actor universe is very limited, the project must make its best to actively incorporate them during implementation, even if they did not intervene in the design.


Formulation of medium-term goals makes it possible to project a time horizon for the intervention and is a tool that helps to make decisions on time. It is recommended that projects make the effort to formulate medium term goals even if it is not requested by the donor.


It is essential that during the start-up phase, a specific planning is generated to clearly define and interpret the project indicators. Indicators monitoring and follow-up require specifying their interpretation and baseline, proposing their measurement methodology, timing, means of verification and the responsible person or institution. It is recommended to strictly apply the Manual for Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation of Development Results for UNDP Projects.


Monitoring co-financing of the project must be systematic, for which it is essential that it has tools and a system that allows monitoring the resources mobilization at different times in the project’s life and not only at the end of its execution.


It is essential to maintain concatenation and logical order in the intervention. While certain actions may be carried out later than planned, others such as the Amphibian Action Plan are neuralgic, and their delay affects the entire chain of results.


Accompany the consulting processes, and, during the closing, transfer of the equipment acquired by the project is carried out with the UNDP support. Although MAAE has recommended that the teams continue in the Jambatu Center, it is essential to have legal backing, for which the UNDP guidance and support, is required. It will be important that the agreements establish that the beneficiaries with the equipment become technology transfer centers, so that other institutes, researchers, or universities can use and benefit from the information and / or equipment without conditions or obstacles.


The project establishes bases of relationship and work to continue with the taxonomic description of some species present in the Cajas massif, in this sense, closure process should try to specify medium and long-term commitments to maintain these research lines.


It is still necessary to work on access to the scientific information generated by the project in terms of scientific aspect and other information for the public. It is recommended not to limit in publishing data generated through a scientific publication, but to work on communicating it at different levels: students, decision makers, etc. This is important so that the information is not lost and can be useful to sensitized on the importance of amphibians and their conservation.


It is essential that the exit strategy document is shared with the different project partners so they can take action on time.


In the short term, it is necessary to technically support Carchi and Guayas GADPs so they include within their operating budgets for 2021, resources that allow supporting the implementation of the Management Plans first activities, generated for the new areas of conservation.


It is recommended to strengthen the follow-up and maintain permanent contact with community actors, since they are still motivated by the project, but they mention their concern and uncertainty regarding the future of the activities promoted by the project.


The involvement of different actors, including communities, NGOs and the academic sector gave important results. However, it is essential to strengthen coordination with the private sector in the framework of post-pandemic productive reactivation initiatives.


The actors that will be part of the project should be involved not only in the ProDoc formulation, but also in the budget design, as this is essential to stablish the scope of indicators and goals.


NIM modality of direct national implementation provides opportunities for capacity building in public institutions. However, it demands a careful risk analysis, investment of resources in the formation of institutional response capacity, as well as necessary political support to accelerate the processes.


It is essential to deepen the articulation and complement with actors such as GIZ, which has several initiatives related to bioeconomy that could potentially give continuity to the results obtained by the project.


Due to the work that ETAPA has been carrying out, it is considered that future similar initiatives would include an endangered species such as Atelopus exiguus. Although it was a species evaluated prior to the project, it was not included due to stochastic issues, since at that time there was not a enough number of individuals; however, there is currently an enough number to guarantee the feasibility of the investigation.


It is important to consider that when working on scientific projects there is a lot of uncertainty because it should be expected that the results will not come up as expected. This requires not only significant levels of flexibility and adaptive management, but also having adequate monitoring and follow-up tools to record changes and guide project management.

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