NAMA Support for the Tunisian Solar Plan Evaluation

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2021-2025, Tunisia
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
03/2022
Completion Date:
03/2022
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
27,000

Summary of project results

Component 1:

The project contributed to capacity building of the ministries and agencies involved in the design and implementation of the TSP NAMA. It also enabled improved response to Paris Agreement requirements in relation to actions for mitigating GHG emissions and improved monitoring of NAMAs in the energy sector. The capacity building component also targeted the Ministry in Charge of Environment as the responsible body for the implementation of Tunisia´s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), as well as the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of GHG emissions.

The project also supported the elaboration of a comprehensive report entitled “Tunisia: De-risking Renewable Energy Investment 2018”[1] containing an analysis of the evolving national institutional context that confirmed the necessity to continue the strengthening of the institutional and regulatory framework for renewable energy in Tunisia. Support for the implementation of the system dynamics modelling (SDM) enabled comprehensive understanding of the constituent components of the energy sector and their interactions, thus contributing to effective mitigation of undesirable outcomes.

In collaboration with parallel initiatives, the project contributed to the evolution of ANME's information system (Ener-info) into a techno-economic simulation model, capable of simulating GHG emissions in the energy sector based on various scenarios, which helped Tunisia in developing a long-term vision for energy policy and assessing the macro-economic impact of the penetration of renewable electricity into the national energy mix. This foresight work allowed setting ambitious mitigation objectives for 2030 and 2050 horizons, that were used to update the Nationally Determined Contribution according to Tunisia's climate change commitments under the Paris Agreement.

Component 2:

The project provided essential assistance for the development of indicators to measure the contribution of the energy sector to the attainment of Tunisia´s sustainable development goals and objectives, enabling the assessment of public policies related to electricity production and consumption modes.

In Tunisia, the energy sector is the biggest contributor to direct gross GHG emissions, with 27 million tCO2e represented 58% of national gross emissions in 2012[2]. Therefore, effective progress towards the achievement of a renewable energy transition and the attainment of GHG mitigation targets depends heavily on the electricity sector. To this end, the project supported initial work towards the establishment of an independent regulatory authority for the electricity sector.  Relevance of this move had been identified as the most important action in the accelerated action plan for renewable energies. The importance of such independent regulatory authority for the implementation of the TSP was confirmed by public and private sector stakeholders whom expect an independent regulator to reduce the limits and uncertainties of the electricity market to facilitate the energy transition, but to also promote renewable energy technologies in the fortified market.

The project sponsored a study for restructuring ANME and assisted in launching the initial restructuring phase. Once fully restructured, ANME will be able to fully assume its leading role in the development and implementation of national policies towards a low-carbon economy. The reform is essential not only for accelerating Tunisia's energy transition, but also for accrediting ANME under the Green Climate Fund (GCF).

Although the project did not directly contribute to developing new regulations on renewable energy (RE), it provided the opportunity for convening public and private stakeholders for discussion on new legislative measures aiming at closing the gaps in the regulatory framework specifically related to renewable energies. In particular, the project engaged in background discussions with ANME and the Tunisian Company for Electricity and Gas (STEG), which were essential for identifying the priority needs for strengthening the public grid capacity for absorbing electricity generated from renewable sources. Consequently, the identified needs were integrated in the technical and financial components of the TSP NAMA.  

The project also contributed to the development of new financial instruments that paved the way for developing new public private partnership (PPP) modalities for implementing the TSP. Importance of this support is critical considering that access to finance for RE projects is still difficult in Tunisia due to several risks and barriers for such investments among financial institutions that cause increased funding costs for offsetting the elevated investment risks. As such, the project also made some contribution for mitigating the investment risks linked to the RE market among private investors. However, limited focus was given to de-risking national financial institutions, which are expected to either provide the necessary investment capital or to serve as financial intermediaries for channelling credit lines provided by international development banks.

Component 3:

The planned GHG emission reduction targets from the two baseline projects (a 10 MW public sector solar photovoltaic plant and a 24 MW private sector wind park) could not be achieved. The project engaged in discussions with STEG and the German International Co-operation Agency (GIZ) that resulted in the preparation of tender documentation for the baseline Tozeur I solar PV plant that was provisionally commissioned in late 2019 but has not been operating at its full nominal power output capacity due to slow progress with commissioning. As a result of the cancellation of the original baseline wind park, the project sponsored wind measurement campaigns at two specific sites with the aim to accelerate the development of wind power capacity in Tunisia.

Sustainability and progress to impact

There are no major risks on the sustainability of the project results due to systematic and long-term support provided by other donors, in particular the German International Co-operation Agency (GIZ).

The immediate impact of the project lies in the broader adoption of climate change mitigation in the energy sector and transformational change, under which Tunisia has successfully upgraded the positioning of NAMAs within the architecture of climate change mitigation for the NDC revision and its future implementation. Limited impact has been attained related to the Tozeur I solar PV park that is still under provisional commissioning. Apart from global environmental benefits, the operation of the solar park has also had a positive financial impact for STEG in terms of payments for the fossil sources of energy replaced by RE.

Collectively with the array of interventions funded by GIZ, the GEF project contributed to sizeable development of RE projects for electricity production in the last 4 years. Under the concession scheme, 500 MW capacity in solar PV and another 500 MW in wind energy were the subject of calls for tenders in 2018 and 2019. This was complemented by 203 MW of solar PV capacity and 120 MW of wind power capacity licensed after three calls for projects in May 2017, May 2018, and July 2019.

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Title NAMA Support for the Tunisian Solar Plan Evaluation
Atlas Project Number: 00081769
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025, Tunisia
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2022
Planned End Date: 03/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Resilience
  • 3. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.3.1 National capacities and evidence-based assessment and planning tools enable gender-responsive and risk-informed development investments, including for response to and recovery from crisis
  • 2. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
SDG Goal
  • Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
SDG Target
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
  • 7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
  • 7.3 By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency
Evaluation Budget(US $): 27,000
Source of Funding: Project Budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 27,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Dalibor Kysela Evaluator
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: NAMA Support for the Tunisian Solar Plan
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5340
PIMS Number: 5182
Key Stakeholders: AMNE (National Agency for Energy)
Countries: TUNISIA
Lessons
1.

Project Design

The project was formulated in line with the GEF fundamental operational principle of incremental cost funding under which the GEF funds are used towards the removal of barriers to implementation of baseline projects and upscaling of RE investments through the TSP. However, the EOP indicators at the level of the project objective were set in terms of quantities of energy generated and related GHG emission reductions from operation of the baseline projects. This is a self-contradiction: on one hand, the EOP targets depend on operation of the baseline projects, and on the other hand, the baseline projects are owned by third parties for which the GEF project thus does not have control over commissioning progress.


2.

Indicators

This experience from this project shows that assumptions about fast progress towards operationalisation of baseline projects within 1-2 years after the GEF project inception could prove to be not realistic, as there is usually an array of internal and external circumstances and factors that influence progress towards commissioningbaseline projects. The takeaway lesson is that it is safer to set EOP indicators and targets in terms of post-project energy generated  quantities and related GHG emission reductions rather than to make unrealistic assumptions about the environmental benefits from baseline investments during the GEF project implementation period.


3.

Framework

The project design was not optimal as it did not contain activities for implementing the planned outputs. The project team that was finally in place after a relatively long recruitment process had to spend considerable amount of time in developing sets of activities for the planned outputs. Therefore, while absence of prescribed activities in the project design provides some level of flexibility, it takes considerable amount of time to develop a reasonable set of activities for implementation, which may instil important delays in project delivery.


Findings
1.

National priorities and country driven-ness

The objective of the project is consistent with the voluntary commitments of the Government of Tunisia as expressed in the Voluntary Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) of Tunisia submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat in 2010. Furthermore, it is clearly aligned with the Second and Third National Communications to the UNFCCC, submitted in 2014, and 2019, respectively, as well as with the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), submitted in 2016. The project is also fully consistent with the country’s long-term energy diversification strategy as expressed in the revised TSP that calls for efficient use of energy and specifically the use of indigenous RE sources. Since 2012, the strategy has been backed by gradual development of a new legislative framework more supportive to various kinds of private developers. In May 2015, the Tunisian Parliament passed Law No. 12 concerning electricity production from renewable sources. This legislation updated Tunisia’s prior regulatory framework governing renewable producers’ network access dated from 2009. The Law aims to boost private sector investments and liberalise regulations to facilitate the production, network access and export of electricity generated by renewables. In May 2019, Law No. 2015-12 was amended to Law 2019-47 in order to allow corporate power purchase agreements. Last but not least, the project is also aligned with concurrent large-scale RE generation programmes such as Desertec and the Mediterranean Solar Plan.


2.

Theory of Change

The project is not based on an explicit theory of change (ToC) to specify how the project will contribute to higher level change, as ToC was not required for the formulation of GEF-5 projects. However, the project was formulated using essential elements of the DREI methodology, considering that one of the principal challenges for scaling-up RE investments in developing countries is to lower the financing costs that affect renewables’ competitiveness against fossil fuel technologies. The project’s activities were expected to contribute to a change in market conditions that would allow effective mobilization and channelling of investments into renewable energies and low-carbon initiatives. The project is based on a premise that lowering barriers to the broader adoption of RE energy sources through finance risk reduction and increased profitability of RE investments, accompanied with increased knowledge and demand for RE technologies, create grounds for behavioural change and market strengthening. The Project Document provides definition of outcomes and outputs but does not contain a list of specific activities leading to the outputs. Instead, activities are only outlined in a general manner under each project outcome. Although the project design appears to be logical and rational, the absence of the defined activities does not enable to see the entire project results chain and hierarchy. According to the interviews with the stakeholders, the incomplete theory of change created some implementation delays at the beginning of the project implementation, namely that the project team had to define the activities for implementation of the outputs that should have been defined in the Project Documents.


3.

Gender responsiveness of the project design

The project does not contain any specific provisions for addressing gender issues because, at the time of project formulation, there were no clear guidelines on including gender-relevant actions. Although all UNDP/GEF projects approved since 1 July 2014 are required to carry out a gender analysis, no specific gender analysis was conducted under the project. Nevertheless, gender considerations are contained in the set of sustainable development criteria and indicators developed under Outcome 2 that cover aspects relating to gender equality, empowerment of women, and energy poverty.


4.

Environmental and Social Safeguards

At the formulation stage, the project was subject to the mandatory environmental and social screening procedure (ESSP). The results of the ESSP are summarized in Annex A.2 of the Project Document, that put the project into Category 2 with the need for further review and management of possible environmental and social benefits, impacts, and/or risks, predominantly indirect or very long-term risks that are difficult to directly identify and assess. The ESSP concluded that the two baseline projects (Tozeur solar PV and Gabes wind park) had been subject to standard environmental impact assessment (EIA) procedures and that the GEF project would put in place environmental and social safeguard guidelines to ensure that future investment projects are fully assessed in this regard. It was expected that gender issues would also be addressed under the development of the environmental and social safeguard (ESS) guidelines for RE projects. Although the development of environmental and social safeguard guidelines was one of the planned results (Output 2.8), it was not prioritized in the initial 2 years of the project, and its implementation actually started as a follow-up to the mid-term review (MTR), through part of the revision of Decree 1991-2005 related to categories of RE investment projects subject to environmental impact studies. Despite that procurement of consultancy services for preparation of the ESS guidelines was initiated by the project team, insufficient feedback from ANPE on the procurement documentation prevented timely completion of this task before the project operational closure.


5.

Project Design/Formulation

This section provides a descriptive assessment of the achieved results. In addition, several evaluation criteria are rated in line with the requirements for Terminal Evaluations for UNDP/GEF projects. The project was conceptualized in 2013-2014 when the NAMAs were still the central policies and voluntary actions that individual countries proposed to undertake as part of their obligations under the UNFCCC and in terms of commitments to reduce GHG emissions. The Paris Agreement (adopted at COP21) introduced the National Determined Contributions (NDCs) of individual countries to achieve the global objective of keeping the increase in global average temperature below 2 degree Celsius (preferably to 1.5 degree Celsius) compared to pre-industrial levels. The Paris Agreement has significantly changed the positioning of NAMAs in the global climate change mitigation architecture as shown in Display 1 below.


Recommendations
1

UNDP CO should continue the discussion with ANME about further assistance in ANME restructuring.

Although the project is operationally closed, there is a need to continue few activities that had been initiated in the last year of the project implementation period, in particular to continue the work on the ANME restructuring.

2

UNDP and ANME should pursue the elaboration of the guidance for environmental and social Screening of RE projects under 300 MW.

Multilateral and bilateral donors are required to conduct environmental and social screening for RE investment projects. Absence of adopted guidelines for environmental and social screening of RE projects under 300 MW could limit access to funding for future investments into such projects, as completion of ESS is essential not only for environmental and social sustainability of RE projects, but also for meeting mandatory requirements of donors and development banks

3

ANME should pursue further improvement of the existing national expertise for undertaking monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) actions for projects implemented under the TSP that are important for setting national climate actions, climate-related targets, and policies in the area of renewable energies as a contribution to the implementation of the revised Nationally Determined Contributions

In line with the Paris Agreement, the TSP NAMA contributes to the NDCs. A robust monitoring, reporting and verification system (MRV) was developed under previous projects. It is desirable to continue training of personnel for managing and undertaking MRV actions for NAMAs that contribute to NDCs. 

4

The Government of Tunisia should consider the establishment of a permanent institutional framework for the coordination of donor-funded climate change mitigation projects and initiatives.

Coordination between various climate change mitigation initiatives in Tunisia has been established at the level of donor agencies and development banks. Establishment of a permanent institutional oversight and coordination framework at the level of the Government of Tunisia can bring more synergies and mutual reinforcement between individual donor-funded projects and initiatives, as well as avoid duplication of efforts.

5

Under future international assistance projects, the Government of Tunisia should pursue the acquisition of windPRO or similar software, and related training for STEG.

Although it was originally planned under the project, the acquisition of a software for wind projects was not conducted due to budgetary and time constraints. Availability of the software would further enhance national capacities for planning and assessing wind projects

6

. For future projects on RE, UNDP CO should ensure that a rigorous Theory of Change is part of the project design and used as a basis for the preparation of the project results framework.

A well-prepared project results framework is important to ensure projects have clear linkages to global benefits in terms of sustained generation of energy and GHG emission reductions through a Theory of Change analysis.

7

UNDP CO should ensure that sets of project activities are developed for each project output at the stage of the project formulation and explicitly listed in the Project Document submitted for GEF CEO approval.

Absence of defined activities in the Project Document requires considerable time for their development by the project implementing team after the project inception and thus causes implementation delays.

8

UNDP CO should ensure that management arrangements for future RE projects include the acquisition of initial short-term of international expertise for preparation and planning of activities in specific technical areas required by the projects.  

Lack of specific technical knowledge in the Project Management Unit hinders smooth implementation of RE projects.

9

UNDP CO should ensure that the project designers undertake a careful assessment of the potential provision of global environmental benefits from RE projects already during the projects’ implementation phase and, wherever possible, focus the project objective indicators and targets on immediate post-project time periods.

Setting of project indicators and targets at the level of the project objective should be realistic in terms of what a GEF project can actually achieve during the typical relatively short implementation period.

10

UNDP CO should ensure that the Mid-Term Review of GEF projects includes a careful assessment of the indicators, and, wherever necessary, proposes the adjustment of the targets to realistic and achievable values.

Some of the targets at the level of the project objective became unrealistic due to slow progress of the baseline projects owned by third parties. Although the MTR identified some corrective actions, it did not propose adjustment to more realistic targets.

11

For future RE projects, UNDP CO should ensure rigorous review of national legislative and regulatory frameworks that have direct impact on the inclusion of demonstration and investment baseline projects as components of the GEF projects.

Planning and implementation of investment baseline projects can be delayed if a detailed analysis of gaps in national legislative and regulatory frameworks is not conducted at the project conceptualization phase.

12

UNDP CO should ensure that the design of future energy projects include activities targeting the engagement of the local financial sector in order to mitigate the perception of risks related to investments into renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies and projects. 

Renewable energy investment projects require financing that in many cases is sourced from existing financial markets. There was no involvement of local financial sector in the project.

13

UNDP CO should ensure that the design of future energy projects include gender mainstreaming based on an analysis of potential impacts of the planned interventions on men and women, and that monitoring of the projects systematically capture and report information about the gender balance of results.

Due to the sustained commitment of the donor community to gender equality, there is an increasing need for the inclusion of gender perspectives into future design and implementation of RE projects

14

UNDP CO should ensure that information on actual project co-financing is systematically tracked during the project implementation and is included in the last Project Implementation Report.

At project inception, the project partners made commitments to co-financing of the project activities. Information about the actual co-financing provided was not readily available for terminal evaluation.

Management Response Documents
1. Recommendation:

UNDP CO should continue the discussion with ANME about further assistance in ANME restructuring.

Although the project is operationally closed, there is a need to continue few activities that had been initiated in the last year of the project implementation period, in particular to continue the work on the ANME restructuring.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07]

The project has successfully finalized and supported many important studies including the ANME restructuring mission and a reform Plan. As part of this mission, the project ensured that the partners were provided with all the necessary tools to continue their advocacy to decision makers, including the statement of reasons and the draft by-law. A meeting with ANME was also held to discuss actions related to the project that UNDP should continue, the two actions listed above were requested

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Within the framework of the ANME reform plan, the project is supporting ANME for the execution of several actions such as the establishing pricing, developing the communication strategy of ANME, developing the HR strategy, and outsourcing the PROSOL-ELEC file management.
[Added: 2022/06/07]
Project Team 2022/04 Completed
1.2 UNDP CO is supporting ANME for the acceleration of the two 300 MW wind projects. Currently, UNDP is monitoring the landscaping and earthworks to facilitate access for two sites where wind measuring mas will be installed. Furthermore, and after work has been done, the CO will support the installation of the masts in these two sites (mountains of Nabeul and Kébili)
[Added: 2022/06/07]
PMU - UNDP 2022/04 Completed - Landscaping work: January to mars 2022 - wind measuring mas: 2022-2023
1.3 UNDP CO is supporting ANME by the Recruitment of a specialized office for the development of feasibility studies for the construction of a new bioclimatic head office of the National Agency for Energy Management
[Added: 2022/06/07]
PMU - UNDP 2022/06 Completed
2. Recommendation:

UNDP and ANME should pursue the elaboration of the guidance for environmental and social Screening of RE projects under 300 MW.

Multilateral and bilateral donors are required to conduct environmental and social screening for RE investment projects. Absence of adopted guidelines for environmental and social screening of RE projects under 300 MW could limit access to funding for future investments into such projects, as completion of ESS is essential not only for environmental and social sustainability of RE projects, but also for meeting mandatory requirements of donors and development banks

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07]

Although the ToR documents were prepared and shared with the ANPE for approval in order to start the process of recruiting a consultancy firm to develop guidelines for environmental and social safeguards for renewable energy projects in Tunisia. The Project did not succeed to have the ANPE approval and go further with this study. This point was taken into consideration in the exist strategy

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Prepare an Exit Strategy
[Added: 2022/06/07]
PMU 2022/04 Completed
3. Recommendation:

ANME should pursue further improvement of the existing national expertise for undertaking monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) actions for projects implemented under the TSP that are important for setting national climate actions, climate-related targets, and policies in the area of renewable energies as a contribution to the implementation of the revised Nationally Determined Contributions

In line with the Paris Agreement, the TSP NAMA contributes to the NDCs. A robust monitoring, reporting and verification system (MRV) was developed under previous projects. It is desirable to continue training of personnel for managing and undertaking MRV actions for NAMAs that contribute to NDCs. 

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07]

UNDP has initiated various national capacity building missions on MRV and will continue its support through other ongoing projects given the importance of measurement, reporting and verification

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Enhanced MRV Transparency at the National Level;
[Added: 2022/06/07]
PMU - UNDP 2022/06 Completed Transfert to NDC portfolio
4. Recommendation:

The Government of Tunisia should consider the establishment of a permanent institutional framework for the coordination of donor-funded climate change mitigation projects and initiatives.

Coordination between various climate change mitigation initiatives in Tunisia has been established at the level of donor agencies and development banks. Establishment of a permanent institutional oversight and coordination framework at the level of the Government of Tunisia can bring more synergies and mutual reinforcement between individual donor-funded projects and initiatives, as well as avoid duplication of efforts.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07]

Unité de Gestion Par Objectif (UGPO) or Climate Unit of the Ministry of environment “ME” was Created by Government Decree No. 2018-263 of March 12, 2018), it is responsible for coordination between the various stakeholders in the CC field and, in particular, for monitoring the implementation of the NDC and the updating of its national targets in accordance with the requirements of the Paris Agreement. Under the responsibility of ME, it will serve as a coordination platform at the national level for all activities carried out under the program. UNDP will support it through other ongoing projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Strengthen the institutional coordination mechanism for the implementation and updating of the NDC through support to the UPO-C
[Added: 2022/06/07]
PMU - UNDP 2022/06 Completed transfered to UNDP-Program to accelerate the implementation of the Tunisian NDC
5. Recommendation:

Under future international assistance projects, the Government of Tunisia should pursue the acquisition of windPRO or similar software, and related training for STEG.

Although it was originally planned under the project, the acquisition of a software for wind projects was not conducted due to budgetary and time constraints. Availability of the software would further enhance national capacities for planning and assessing wind projects

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07]

Under NAMA project STEG has benefited from the acquisition of OPTgen software and its related training but The Tunisian government should first adopt and maintain the use of this software and conduct continuous training and document lessons learned for this software that will help her to succeed for the adoption of WindPro software.  This point was taken into consideration in the Exit strategy

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Prepare An Exit Strategy
[Added: 2022/06/07]
PMU 2021/06 Completed
6. Recommendation:

. For future projects on RE, UNDP CO should ensure that a rigorous Theory of Change is part of the project design and used as a basis for the preparation of the project results framework.

A well-prepared project results framework is important to ensure projects have clear linkages to global benefits in terms of sustained generation of energy and GHG emission reductions through a Theory of Change analysis.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07]

This recommendation would be taken into consideration in the new UNDP-GEF project that is under the formulation of the project document.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
ensure strong TOC in all new projects
[Added: 2022/06/07]
UNDP 2022/06 Completed current project under design is taking this recommandation into account
7. Recommendation:

UNDP CO should ensure that sets of project activities are developed for each project output at the stage of the project formulation and explicitly listed in the Project Document submitted for GEF CEO approval.

Absence of defined activities in the Project Document requires considerable time for their development by the project implementing team after the project inception and thus causes implementation delays.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07]

This recommendation to ensure project activities are formulated in the project document would be taken into consideration in the new UNDP-GEF project that is under the formulation of the project document.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The consultant that will be recruited to develop the project document of the UNDP GEF 7 sustainable cities project would be required to ensure those project activities are listed in the Prodoc.
[Added: 2022/06/07]
UNDP 2022/06 Completed taken into account in the design of the µGEF7 project
8. Recommendation:

UNDP CO should ensure that management arrangements for future RE projects include the acquisition of initial short-term of international expertise for preparation and planning of activities in specific technical areas required by the projects.  

Lack of specific technical knowledge in the Project Management Unit hinders smooth implementation of RE projects.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07]

This recommendation has been already taken into account for the preparation and planning of the NDC Energy project that’s under implementation and it will be duplicated for any other project that needs technical assistance.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Include international expertise for preparation and planning in new projects
[Added: 2022/06/07]
UNDP 2022/06 Completed New GEF7 project under design has recruted an international expertise
9. Recommendation:

UNDP CO should ensure that the project designers undertake a careful assessment of the potential provision of global environmental benefits from RE projects already during the projects’ implementation phase and, wherever possible, focus the project objective indicators and targets on immediate post-project time periods.

Setting of project indicators and targets at the level of the project objective should be realistic in terms of what a GEF project can actually achieve during the typical relatively short implementation period.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07]

this recommendation will be taken into consideration during the development of the PIF proposal under GEF7

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The consultant of the PIF project proposal has to set up realistic project indicators and targets
[Added: 2022/06/07]
UNDP 2022/06 Completed expertise recruted and in charge of the design of relevant indocators. To be reviewed by M&E specialists
The consultant of the PIF project proposal has to set up realistic project indicators and targets
[Added: 2022/06/07]
UNDP 2022/06 Completed expertise recruted and in charge of the design of relevant indocators. To be reviewed by M&E specialists
10. Recommendation:

UNDP CO should ensure that the Mid-Term Review of GEF projects includes a careful assessment of the indicators, and, wherever necessary, proposes the adjustment of the targets to realistic and achievable values.

Some of the targets at the level of the project objective became unrealistic due to slow progress of the baseline projects owned by third parties. Although the MTR identified some corrective actions, it did not propose adjustment to more realistic targets.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07]

this recommendation will be taken into consideration during the development of the PIF proposal under GEF7.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ensure assessments of the indicators in both mid-term and Final evaluations of the projects
[Added: 2022/06/07]
UNDP 2022/06 Completed under implementation in the design of the project for GEF 7
11. Recommendation:

For future RE projects, UNDP CO should ensure rigorous review of national legislative and regulatory frameworks that have direct impact on the inclusion of demonstration and investment baseline projects as components of the GEF projects.

Planning and implementation of investment baseline projects can be delayed if a detailed analysis of gaps in national legislative and regulatory frameworks is not conducted at the project conceptualization phase.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07]

this recommendation will be taken into consideration for the development of RE projects to conduct a detailed analysis of gaps in national legislative and regulatory frameworks at the project conceptualization phase.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
ensure rigorous review of national legislative and regulatory frameworks in all projects
[Added: 2022/06/07]
UNEDP 2022/06 Completed under considération in the new project for GEF7
12. Recommendation:

UNDP CO should ensure that the design of future energy projects include activities targeting the engagement of the local financial sector in order to mitigate the perception of risks related to investments into renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies and projects. 

Renewable energy investment projects require financing that in many cases is sourced from existing financial markets. There was no involvement of local financial sector in the project.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07]

This recommendation is addressed in the NDC Energy project

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO has launched a study under the project NDC Energy that target the engagement of the local financial sector in order to mitigate the perception of risks related to investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies.
[Added: 2022/06/07]
UNDP 2022/06 Completed This recommendation is addressed in the NDC Energy project
13. Recommendation:

UNDP CO should ensure that the design of future energy projects include gender mainstreaming based on an analysis of potential impacts of the planned interventions on men and women, and that monitoring of the projects systematically capture and report information about the gender balance of results.

Due to the sustained commitment of the donor community to gender equality, there is an increasing need for the inclusion of gender perspectives into future design and implementation of RE projects

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07]

This recommendation has been addressed in the design of projects that follows the project NAMA-PST. In addition, this recommendation will be adopted in future projects as for the UNDP-GEF new approved project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Mainstreaming of gender and women’s empowerment from the project design phase.
[Added: 2022/06/07]
UNDP / SDG Climate facility 2022/06 Completed This recommendation was taken into account in the design of the SDG climate facility project proposal that has been approved and granted the budget.
Mainstreaming of gender and women’s empowerment from the project design phase.
[Added: 2022/06/07]
UNDP/NDC Partnership 2022/06 Completed This recommendation was taken into account in the design of the program to accelerate the implementation of the Tunisian NDC
14. Recommendation:

UNDP CO should ensure that information on actual project co-financing is systematically tracked during the project implementation and is included in the last Project Implementation Report.

At project inception, the project partners made commitments to co-financing of the project activities. Information about the actual co-financing provided was not readily available for terminal evaluation.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/07] [Last Updated: 2022/06/07]

In the future, more attention will be given to track systematically project co-financing during the project implementation and to be included in the last Project Implementation Report.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Updates to project co-financing
[Added: 2022/06/07]
UNDP 2021/12 Completed The co-financing for the project NAMA-PST at the TE stage has been updated in the table on the Final TE and communicated in the GEF5-UNDP5182 co-financing template to the Donor

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