Mid-Term Review for China's Protected Area Reform (C-PAR) 4

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2021-2025, China
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
04/2022
Completion Date:
04/2022
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
63,800

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Download document 5688 N 5379 COVID UNDP-GEF-MTR-TOR-Final-v2.pdf tor English 328.60 KB Posted 62
Download document MTR Report Final-C-PAR4-PIMS5379-signed.pdf report English 2370.18 KB Posted 81
Title Mid-Term Review for China's Protected Area Reform (C-PAR) 4
Atlas Project Number: 00096238
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025, China
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 04/2022
Planned End Date: 04/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
  • Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG Target
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 63,800
Source of Funding: Project budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 45,208
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Adrian Stokes International Consultant
LIU Shuo National Consultant
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Strengthening Marine Protected Areas in SE China to conserve globally significant coastal biodiversity (China-Protected Areas System Reform (C-PAR 4)
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-6
GEF Project ID: 9463
PIMS Number: 5379
Key Stakeholders: National Forestry and Grassland Administration (NFGA)
Countries: CHINA, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Undertake a targeted assessment and identification of management measures in accordance with the process outlined in the ESMF for the project

2

Review all project outputs and activities (including those completed, underway and future) as part of the targeted assessment and identification of management measures, make any necessary changes to the design of activities and identify any required remedial actions, and have the findings endorsed by the PSC and RTA

3

Participate in a programmatic review of the processes followed in environmental and social risk management in C-PAR projects 1, 2, 3 and 4 since CEO endorsement, including considering the requirements for this Moderate-risk project, to identify lessons learned and opportunities to improve safeguards outcomes in these projects and future projects (including identifying roles, responsibilities and resources required to oversee and implement the requirements)

4

Update the SESP for the project

5

Drive a new focus on female participation and optimising gender mainstreaming outcomes, by 1. developing annual gender action plans in accordance with relevant activities under different components, 2. updating the gender action plan that was developed during project preparation (Annex G of the project document) after the SESP has been updated, and 3. reporting annually on progress against these action plans and the project’s gender action plan

6

Develop and implement an Internal Communication and Coordination Action Plan to enhance the efficiency of information exchange, prevent duplication or conflict in work undertaken, and optimise delivery of all project components; this plan should identify all internal stakeholders, analyse their role in the project, map the relationships between stakeholders and their roles, and identify communication solutions and methods

7

Set baselines for Indicators 10b (using 2021 data) and 10c (using 2020 data) as soon as possible

8

Use data from 2021 to set the baseline for Indicator 10b (illegal fishing), because the levels of enforcement activity were very low during 2020 due to COVID-19, and remove the midterm target for Indicator 10b

9

Remove Indicator 8a, because Sanniang Bay NNR has not been established and a baseline cannot now be set at this stage of the project

10

Develop a plan to address the impacts of COVID-19 that identifies potential solutions that are specific for different actions and that enhance project implementation; this should be integrated with the proposed Internal Communication and Coordination Action Plan

11

Develop a sustainability plan to identify how the project’s results can be continued beyond the GEF funding, including identifying institutional roles and responsibilities for the continuing operation of key project deliverables after the GEF project

12

Review key activities in the context of climate change after the project SESP has been updated, identify any changes or new opportunities, and present the findings to the PSC and RTA

13

Ensure that the Coastal Biodiversity Action Plans (CBAPs) all include climate change impacts and adaptation as core content.

Management Response Documents
1. Recommendation:

Undertake a targeted assessment and identification of management measures in accordance with the process outlined in the ESMF for the project

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/26]

Fully Accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Selection of suitable short-term safeguard expert with UNDP assistance
[Added: 2022/04/26] [Last Updated: 2022/10/30]
PMO, UNDP 2022/10 Completed As confirmed by programme colleagues offline. Updated on Oct 31, 2022. History
1.2 The targeted assessment and identification of management measures undertook by the expert and the report drafted
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, safeguard expert, subcontractors 2022/12 Not Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Review all project outputs and activities (including those completed, underway and future) as part of the targeted assessment and identification of management measures, make any necessary changes to the design of activities and identify any required remedial actions, and have the findings endorsed by the PSC and RTA

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/26]

Fully Accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Review all project outputs and activities against the ESMP to ensure risks are appropriately managed, take any required remedial actions and have the findings endorsed by the PSC and RTA
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, CTA, safeguard expert, subcontractors, PSC, UNDP CO/RTA 2022/12 Not Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Participate in a programmatic review of the processes followed in environmental and social risk management in C-PAR projects 1, 2, 3 and 4 since CEO endorsement, including considering the requirements for this Moderate-risk project, to identify lessons learned and opportunities to improve safeguards outcomes in these projects and future projects (including identifying roles, responsibilities and resources required to oversee and implement the requirements)

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/26]

Fully Accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Liaise with C-PAR1,2 and 3 to gain an in-depth understanding of their work processes on environmental and social risk management and to learn lessons and share experiences
[Added: 2022/04/26] [Last Updated: 2022/06/28]
PMO, UNDP 2022/06 Completed Per our colleague, this key action has been completed. History
3.2 The lessons learned will be analyzed and included in the reports of safeguard expert and project implementation as important reference future work and even for other/future projects
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, NFGA, UNDP 2024/10 Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

Update the SESP for the project

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/26]

Fully Accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 The SESP of C-PAR4 updated and cleared by the UNDP CO safeguards officer.
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, CTA, safeguard expert UNDP CO/RTA 2023/03 Not Initiated
4.2 UNDP CO to provide safeguards oversight during the implementation period, specifically focusing on the updated SESP and pertinent risk management plan.
[Added: 2022/04/26]
UNDP CO safeguards officer 2024/10 Not Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Drive a new focus on female participation and optimising gender mainstreaming outcomes, by 1. developing annual gender action plans in accordance with relevant activities under different components, 2. updating the gender action plan that was developed during project preparation (Annex G of the project document) after the SESP has been updated, and 3. reporting annually on progress against these action plans and the project’s gender action plan

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/26]

Partially Accept
Reasons: 1. The gender action plan has been updated during the project implementation, and an online training has been conducted for five demonstration protected areas, which is the guidance of gender mainstreaming in project implementation, PMO is responsible for fulfil the gender action plans based on different project activities instead of by year; 2.As an important part of the SESP, the gender action plan will be reviewed and updated during the SESP update; 3. The gender mainstreaming is part of the PPR and PIR and is updated and reported annually related issues in each project activity on progress.
 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.2 Actively learn from other GEF projects and participate in activities such as gender mainstreaming-related training organized by UNDP and other projects
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, UNDP 2024/10 Initiated
5.1 During the SESP update, review and update the existing Gender Action Plan again under expert guidance. Submit to the UNDP CO safeguards officer and the RTA for review.
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, CTA, gender specialist, safeguard expert, subcontractors, UNDP CO Safeguards Officer, RTA 2022/12 Not Initiated
5.3 Implement updated Gender Action Plan and the Stakeholder Engagement Plan
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, CTA, subcontractors, demo. MPAs 2024/10 Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Develop and implement an Internal Communication and Coordination Action Plan to enhance the efficiency of information exchange, prevent duplication or conflict in work undertaken, and optimise delivery of all project components; this plan should identify all internal stakeholders, analyse their role in the project, map the relationships between stakeholders and their roles, and identify communication solutions and methods

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/26]

Fully Accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Develop an internal communication and coordination action Plan to enhance the efficiency of information exchange, prevent duplication or conflict in work undertaken, and optimize delivery of all project components
[Added: 2022/04/26] [Last Updated: 2022/08/26]
PMO, CTA, subcontractors, demo. MPAs 2022/08 Completed Confirmed by Programme Officers and PMOs on Aug 26 2022. History
6.2 Implement the action plan and give full play to the role of the PMO as a link
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, CTA 2024/10 Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Set baselines for Indicators 10b (using 2021 data) and 10c (using 2020 data) as soon as possible

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/26]

Fully Accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Revise and submit the revised indicator 10 of project results t framework to the PSC and RTA for approval
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, CTA, PSC, UNDP CO/RTA 2022/12 Initiated
8. Recommendation:

Use data from 2021 to set the baseline for Indicator 10b (illegal fishing), because the levels of enforcement activity were very low during 2020 due to COVID-19, and remove the midterm target for Indicator 10b

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/26]

Fully Accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 Revise and submit the revised indicator 10 of project results t framework to the PSC and RTA for approval
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, CTA, PSC, UNDP CO/RTA 2022/12 Initiated
9. Recommendation:

Remove Indicator 8a, because Sanniang Bay NNR has not been established and a baseline cannot now be set at this stage of the project

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/26]

Fully Accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 Revise and submit the revised indicator 8 of project results t framework to the PSC and RTA for approval
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, CTA, PSC, UNDP CO/RTA 2022/12 Initiated
10. Recommendation:

Develop a plan to address the impacts of COVID-19 that identifies potential solutions that are specific for different actions and that enhance project implementation; this should be integrated with the proposed Internal Communication and Coordination Action Plan

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/26]

Fully Accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1 COVID-19 response plan will be drafted as part of the internal communication and coordination action Plan, rather than a separate COVID-19 response plan
[Added: 2022/04/26] [Last Updated: 2022/08/26]
PMO, CTA, subcontractors, demo. MPAs, PSC 2022/08 Completed Confirmed by Programme Officers and PMOs on Aug 26 2022. History
11. Recommendation:

Develop a sustainability plan to identify how the project’s results can be continued beyond the GEF funding, including identifying institutional roles and responsibilities for the continuing operation of key project deliverables after the GEF project

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/26]

Fully Accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1 Develop a sustainability plan
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, CTA, PSC 2022/12 Not Initiated
12. Recommendation:

Review key activities in the context of climate change after the project SESP has been updated, identify any changes or new opportunities, and present the findings to the PSC and RTA

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/26]

Fully Accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
12.1 Review key activities in the context of climate change after the project SESP has been updated, identify any changes or new opportunities
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, CTA, subcontractors, demo. MPAs 2023/04 Not Initiated
12.2 Present the findings to the PSC and RTA for approval
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO UNDP CO/RTA 2023/08 Not Initiated
13. Recommendation:

Ensure that the Coastal Biodiversity Action Plans (CBAPs) all include climate change impacts and adaptation as core content.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/26]

Partially Accept
Reasons: 1. The project Objective is to conserve globally significant coastal biodiversity in South-East (SE) China through integrated seascape planning and threat management, MPA network expansion and strengthened MPA operations. The main project activities are aimed at achieving the objective of conserving coastal biodiversity. 2.The Coastal Biodiversity Action Plans are under preparation by the Coastal Biodiversity Partnership subcontractors in three project provinces on the basis of marine conservation needs and priorities of coastal biodiversity on their own. Climate Change impacts and adaptation is one of the important elements for coastal habitats and human livelihoods, so relevant analysis in this area will be included in the action plan; 3. It is also feasible to reassess the risk of climate change impacts once SESP is updated and we will make sure that re-assessment and adaptation strategies will be included in the Coastal Biodiversity Action Plans. However, this analysis cannot be guaranteed as " core content" unless the climate change factor is identified as one of the core reasons that seriously affected marine species and species diversity.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
13.1 Review the Coastal Biodiversity Action Plans of three project provinces after the SESP of C-PAR4 is updated and cleared
[Added: 2022/04/26]
PMO, CTA 2023/08 Not Initiated

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