Final evalutiaon_Developing Climate Resilience of Farming Communities in the Drought Prone Parts of Uzbekistan (Adaptation Fund)

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Evaluation Plan:
2021-2025, Uzbekistan
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
11/2021
Completion Date:
11/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
25,000

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Title Final evalutiaon_Developing Climate Resilience of Farming Communities in the Drought Prone Parts of Uzbekistan (Adaptation Fund)
Atlas Project Number: 00066434
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025, Uzbekistan
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2021
Planned End Date: 11/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Resilience
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.3.1 National capacities and evidence-based assessment and planning tools enable gender-responsive and risk-informed development investments, including for response to and recovery from crisis
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
SDG Target
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
  • 2.4 By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality
Evaluation Budget(US $): 25,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 17,705
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Madina Rajapova Ms UZBEKISTAN
madina.rajapova@undp.org Ms. UZBEKISTAN
Richard Timothy Ms.
Richard Sobey Mr
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: DEVELOPING CLIMATE RESILIENCE OF FARMING COMMUNITIES IN THE DROUGHT PRONE PARTS OF UZBEKISTAN
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: EA
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5002
PIMS Number: 5002
Key Stakeholders: National partners
Countries: UZBEKISTAN
Lessons
1.

Institutional Structures The project worked closely with state institutions (e.g. CHS hosting the hydromet / DEWS platform), but also with a number of academic / research institutes (Tashkent Agrarian University in Nukus, and the Kegeyli Agrarianindustrial College in the demonstration of high-tech greenhouses, and agromet stations; Nukus Natural Sciences Research Institute in fodder seed multiplication, and ecologically-based pasture rehabilitation; and Nukus Science Academy in using glauconite mineral as a soil amelioration agent). The value in working with these institutions lay in their remit to undertake research, test, pilot and disseminate new advances in arid zone farming. The solutions needed by the project were not just the obvious CA / SWC measures (no till – direct drill, mulching, soil bunding), but were activities that needed both new and efficient technologies such as laser-levelling and hydroponics, but also technologies based on ecological principles to begin the process of pasture restoration. Extension and access to agromet information For joining up the agriculture information network, from a farmers point of view, there is no plan at present. CHS provide hydromet services, directly to MoA who pass on to their Departments of Agriculture, especially seasonal, monthly, and 10-day windows, on a regional level. However the farmers at present have to rather hunt down this information separately. Thus, there is a need for a clearer model in not only how on a farmer-level to access hydromet / agromet DEWS information, but in the general outreach model to farmers. The further use of smartphone apps and telegram groups needs to be explored. Aquifer extraction Due to the success of making potable water, more boreholes are being requested, however the extent that either the extraction or if the monitoring of aquifer levels is being undertaken needs to be addressed. This is based on the importance of the water scarcity problem, and the issue needing to rise on the political agenda of MWR in KKPS. Pasture restoration & Tree planting in the ABDA The cost-benefit of the impressive now working pasture restoration efforts needs to be assessed, for a number of reasons: there is a clear community vested interest; livelihoods should improve as a result, and in terms of a (climate change mitigation measure) carbon-sink, there should also be benefits, if much larger areas of pasture can be restored. The cost-benefit of nursery production and planting of saxaul trees needs to be assessed, to see how improvements can be made. The extent that the ABDA tree planting reduces the severity of dust storm damage is also difficult to determine in the short-term, but needs longer-term monitoring. Glauconite The glauconite mineral needs to be tested, mainly based on soil structure (sand, silt, clay content), which largely. Terminal Evaluation - Developing climate resilience of farming communities in the drought-prone parts of Uzbekistan (PIMS #5002) TE (UNDP #5002) 59 determines the soil’s water-holding capacity, and not based on crop type100 .


Findings
1.

Weather and water forecasting CHS is expected to maintain the AWSs and hydro-posts, and host the hydromet platform and DEWS module, which can provide early-warning weather and water scarcity notifications. One concern is whether it will be used to its full potential. Whilst the DEWS early-warnings on drought, and agromet cropping actions, have been prepared to date with project support, it now requires CHS, MWR and MoA to work together without the project.

Additionally, the hydromet data from the ten AWSs in KKPS needs to be utilized, and fed back into the forecasting system, for which the platform can be used. DEWS is a seasonal forecast on water availability prepared in October for a long-term forecast in April the following year – for the crop planting season, but also monthly thereafter during the season until September. CHS also need to ensure that the AWSs complete their calibration period so that they can be added to the global synoptic grid. This will also allow others to produce and improve long and short-term weather forecasting for KKPS. At present, the AWSs in KKPS are used for standard weather forecasting. This was the original expectation of delivering a multi-module information platform, with hydromet and drought early-warning, and agromet forecasting. The former with data coming from the new AWSs, and the latter from the new hydro-posts, with added upstream rain / snowfall data. By project end, DEWS was running as a selfcontained module, and the multi-module platform was operating as a early-warning notification system for CHS, MWR, MoA, Ministry of Emergencies, and KKPS government, and others in KKPS.

Soil improvement measures Soil problems include water scarcity, high salinity, and low soil organic matter (SOM). There is still an over production (reliance for export income) on cotton which is dependent on irrigated water, however government quotas have recently been rescinded. Thus there is a change, which the project has generally supported, from cotton / wheat production to to lucerne / bean crops, which also both fix soil nitrogen as an added benefit. In order to address the low SOM, the project introduced ‘zero till’ machinery which cuts the roots of residue crops below the soil surface, aiding plant material decomposition and thus the build-up of SOM / soil nutrients the following season. Also not having a surface residue also reduces the incidence of plant pathogens and plant insect pests. The project succeeded in popularizing the combined adoption of conservation agriculture (CA) and of soil and water conservation (SWC) measures,such as zero till / direct drill, crop residue mulching, plough-pan-breaking, and laser-guided land levelling. Pasture restoration, and hydroponic fodder KKPS has over one million ha of pasture land, with over 90% heavily degraded due to upstream water extraction from the Amudarya river. In no-water years, there is virtually no vegetation growth. The pastures are on sand / silt alluvial soils or on clay-pans (~50% each). These old pasture areas need to flood to get seeds to germinate, but don’t receive it. Smallholders keep livestock, which in the absence of gazing land, need fodder. The challenge has been to bring back degraded pasture area, which then need to be nurtured with a machine harvesting ‘hay-making’ method and / or with limited livestock rotation97, and to experiment on stocking rates and timing, and then to replicate and scale-up. The project has begun this with: a ‘pasture seed stock & multiplication demonstration’, for future enrichment reseeding works; with saturation irrigation of bunded pasture areas to germinate the dormant seed bank; and now also importantly pasture rotation rational-use plans for fodder and hay production. Whilst this is underway, the project has been supporting intensive fodder production of cereals and lucerne using hydroponics (growing in water with added plant nutrients, but without soil). From saline to clean water, but aquifers need replenishment Extracted aquifer water is saline and needs to be purified, if it is to be used for drinking, for hydroponics, or for drip irrigation in horticulture. However, if there is over extraction from these aquifers (more borehole drilling is being requested by the PPCs with local official support), then they are unlikely to be replenished, and the result will be a permanent water shortage, which is likely to make more areas uninhabitable. Due to drought, some areas have been temporarily uninhabitable, and settlements have had to move with state support. Thus the project’s water purification technology on its own is not a panacea.

Horticulture Low spring temperatures and then early frost in the autumn impedes on the production of horticulture crops. The intervention solution was hotbeds prepared in the soil, with bio-organic stimulators (straw / manure under the soil) to raise soil temperature. The below-ground system was augmented by above ground polythene tunnels to trap sunlight heat, and also raise the soil surface temperature. The result of this is earlier seed germination / seedling growth, and it allows for a quicker plant flowering and fruiting cycle to mature earlier before autumn frost. Demonstration farmers with farmer field days were used to expand the uptake of the technology, which was very successful. New legislation, including the Cooperative & Land lawsThe project supported agriculture policy change, however the building blocks for this were the change in the land ownership law98, plus the Cooperatives Law, which together provided much greater livelihood security. The project also directly supported a number of production pasture cooperatives (PPCs). The model for this institutional change, in cooperatives becoming self-governing and working with district affiliates / associations, was partly adapted from experiences in the Fergana Valley, Korea, and Israel. In 2019, the farm cluster system started. The farmers elected a cluster or enterprise leader who holds the land tenure certificate, however as cooperatives become legal entities, the entity with its membership should be able to hold the land tenure certificate (making the system transparent and less open to corruption). Under the farmcluster initiative, the establishment of cooperatives is being encouraged, which is more efficient than individual smallholder dekhan farms.


Recommendations
1

1. The multi-module early-warning platform for hydromet / drought / agromet needs to be finalized and adopted by Uzhydromet. Uzhydromet needs to indicate how the weather data from the ten new telemetric automatic weather stations will be used via the platform to provide more localized forecasts for the farmers in Karakalpakstan [Uzhydromet / UNDP]

2

In light of the project’s successful achievements in demonstrating CCA measures, it would be useful to now assess them against, the Aral Sea Basin Programme 2021-2030, and make any recommendations. This would be especially useful, in assessing the four project components in a holistic way, and where overall impacts were greater when particular activities were implemented with other activities [PIU / UNDP with Karakalpakstan government]

3

The conservation agriculture such as activity ‘zero till - direct drill’ may not be supported by agribusiness, because of grain crop contamination with weed seed. However, the long-term conservation of the soil is of higher importance and is sustainable. Local legislation to incentivize and / or protect the conservation agriculture direct-drill areas may be needed. [PIU / UNDP with Karakalpakstan government]

4

The Production Pasture Cooperatives to update their annual and 5-year development plans, with the uptake of project activities, including the tree nursery production and hydroponic fodder production, so they are transparent for their Production Pasture Cooperative members, but also equitable in providing the fodder products at a fair price for their members, before any outside sales [Production Pasture Cooperatives, Association of Production Pasture Cooperatives]

5

The project developed a ‘pasture rotation rational-use plan’ for each Production Pasture Cooperative, however, these plans need to be supported and monitored, to assess their on-going quality in achieving desired aims. Records need keeping of rotations of fodder cuts and baling volumes from the pasture areas [Production Pasture Cooperatives, with the Village Citizens Councils and Department of Agriculture in regional administration of Karakalpakstan]

6

Concerning the pasture rehabilitation demonstrations (delta irrigation / drainage for seed germination, pasture seed multiplication & re-seeding), it is an example of applied research, and there is a need to monitor and refine methods [Nukus Research Institute for Natural Sciences under the Academy of Science of Karakalpakstan]

7

Monitoring of the saxaul tree nurseries is important, because technical efficiencies should be found for the large scaling-up of production and planting by government. The Production Pasture Cooperatives are involved twice – as seedling producers, and as young tree planters, so the vested interest in a professional operation is high. [Nukus Research Institute for Natural Sciences Under the Academy of Science in Karakalpakstan with the Production Pasture Cooperatives, with the Committee for Forestry of Karakalpakstan, and Production Pasture Cooperatives

8

It is also important to monitor the saxaul tree plantations, to identify lessons to improve tree survival rates, and the impact on reducing sand / dust storms. It is important that the lead monitor is an independent institution [Nukus Research Institute for Natural Sciences with the PPCs, with the KKPS State Committee for Forestry, and the PPCs]

1. Recommendation:

1. The multi-module early-warning platform for hydromet / drought / agromet needs to be finalized and adopted by Uzhydromet. Uzhydromet needs to indicate how the weather data from the ten new telemetric automatic weather stations will be used via the platform to provide more localized forecasts for the farmers in Karakalpakstan [Uzhydromet / UNDP]

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/27] [Last Updated: 2022/01/27]

The recommendation is fully accepted. UNDP will continue engaging with Uzhydromet, the national partner of the project to support the finalization of the Drought Early Warning System (DEWS) and the multimodule informational platform (MIP), advocating for their timely adoption. UNDP will provide support to the Uzhydromet to detail and clarify the data flow from the automatic weather stations.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will engage proactively with Uzhydromet to facilitate the finalization and adoption of the Drought Early Warning System (DEWS) and multimodule informational platform (MIP). Support will be provided to clarify the data flow from automatic weather station use for providing more localized forecasts for the farmers in Karakalpakstan
[Added: 2022/01/27] [Last Updated: 2022/04/18]
UNDP Programme Analyst on Climate Change/ Environment and Climate Action Cluster 2022/03 Completed Drought Early Warning System (DEWS) and multimodule informational platform (MIP) finalized and adopted and both are operational (Evidence: Acts of DEWS &MIP acceptance by Uzhydromet and key partner organizations). Data flow from AWS is used for providing more localized forecasts for the farmers in KKPS by Uzhydromet. (Evidence: Confirmation by Uzhydromet) History
2. Recommendation:

In light of the project’s successful achievements in demonstrating CCA measures, it would be useful to now assess them against, the Aral Sea Basin Programme 2021-2030, and make any recommendations. This would be especially useful, in assessing the four project components in a holistic way, and where overall impacts were greater when particular activities were implemented with other activities [PIU / UNDP with Karakalpakstan government]

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/27] [Last Updated: 2022/01/27]

Recommendation partially accepted. UNDP is and will continue analyzing the practical applications of the CCA achievements of the project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Analyze the national strategies and programmes implemented in the Aral Sea region, in view of incorporating project findings and achievements in the national strategies and programmes; but also within the new relevant UNDP’s initiatives in agriculture and water sectors
[Added: 2022/01/27] [Last Updated: 2022/06/07]
UNDP (ECA Cluster, SDG integration officer on Aral Sea) 2022/05 Completed 3 regulatory documents and one draft of law (Law of Food Security of the Republic of Uzbekistan) amended with recommendations aimed at promoting adoption of conservation agriculture and water saving techniques/technologies by farming. Recommendations developed, discussed with and validated by specialists of Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Economic Development and Poverty Reduction for the proposed recommendations inclusion into the following legal documentation related to further development of agricultural sector: • Agriculture Development Strategy of Uzbekistan for 2021-2030 (Presidential Decree #5853 dated of 23 October 2019); • Water Resources Management Development Concept of Uzbekistan for 2021-2030 (Presidential Decree #6024 dated of 10 July 2020); • Concept on the priority-driven development of knowledge and innovation system in agriculture for 2021-2025 (Presidential Decree #6159 dated of 3 February 2021). Few recommendations related to climate change adaptation were included into draft of Law of Food Security of Uzbekistan. https://lex.uz/ru/docs/4567337 https://lex.uz/docs/4892946 https://lex.uz/ru/docs/5262565 History
3. Recommendation:

The conservation agriculture such as activity ‘zero till - direct drill’ may not be supported by agribusiness, because of grain crop contamination with weed seed. However, the long-term conservation of the soil is of higher importance and is sustainable. Local legislation to incentivize and / or protect the conservation agriculture direct-drill areas may be needed. [PIU / UNDP with Karakalpakstan government]

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/27]

Management response: The recommendation is fully accepted. UNDP will continue to proactively advocate for long-term conservation of the soil and incentivization of conservation agriculture

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Collect feedback on this issue from the key stakeholders, consolidate and disseminate a set of recommendations to the key stakeholders with the Aral Sea coordination platforms co-chaired by UNDP: Working Group on Sustainable Investments and Technical Group on Data and Assessments; as well as the newly launched UNDP/EU project "Support for an inclusive transition to a green economy in the agri-food sector and development a climate-oriented agricultural knowledge and innovation system”
[Added: 2022/01/27] [Last Updated: 2022/04/18]
UNDP (ECA Cluster, SDG Integration Officer on Aral Sea) 2022/03 Completed Feedbacks from the Ministries of Agriculture of the Republic of Uzbekistan and Karakalpakstan collected, analyzed and consolidated (Evidence: Correspondence from the ministries to UNDP). Recommendations are included into the Final Technical Report of Adaptation Report to Adaptation Fund and project stakeholders disseminated. History
4. Recommendation:

The Production Pasture Cooperatives to update their annual and 5-year development plans, with the uptake of project activities, including the tree nursery production and hydroponic fodder production, so they are transparent for their Production Pasture Cooperative members, but also equitable in providing the fodder products at a fair price for their members, before any outside sales [Production Pasture Cooperatives, Association of Production Pasture Cooperatives]

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/27]

The recommendation is partially accepted for UNDP, noting it refers to the Association of Production Pasture Cooperatives. In view of ensuring sustainability of the intervention, UNDP will aim to continue its engagement with the Association and monitor its management practices for transparency and fairness.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Track updating annual and 5-year development plans by the UNDP will engage with the Association of Production Pasture Cooperatives and monitor its management practices for transparency and fairness, including the update of annual and 5-year development plans.
[Added: 2022/01/27] [Last Updated: 2022/07/04]
UNDP (ECA Cluster) 2022/06 Completed Annual and 5 years development plans are updated with the uptake of project activities, including the tree nursery production Letter from Association of the Pasture Cooperative available on : https://undp.sharepoint.com/teams/UZB/ Shared%20Documents/Forms/ AllItems.aspx?id=%2Fteams%2FUZB% 2FShared%20Documents%2FAF%20Project% 2FTerminal%20Evaluation%20Documents &viewid=2efec784-96b4-4357-9330-99fa027c8f67 History
5. Recommendation:

The project developed a ‘pasture rotation rational-use plan’ for each Production Pasture Cooperative, however, these plans need to be supported and monitored, to assess their on-going quality in achieving desired aims. Records need keeping of rotations of fodder cuts and baling volumes from the pasture areas [Production Pasture Cooperatives, with the Village Citizens Councils and Department of Agriculture in regional administration of Karakalpakstan]

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/27]

Management response: The recommendation is partially accepted for UNDP, noting it refers to a broad range of stakeholders. Nevertheless, the CO will aim to review the implementation of ‘pasture rotation rational-use plan’ of Production Pasture Cooperatives.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Track, collect and analyze implementation of ‘pasture rotation rational-use plan’ of Production Pasture Cooperatives
[Added: 2022/01/27] [Last Updated: 2022/06/07]
ECA Cluster 2022/05 Completed Association of pasture cooperatives (APC) established with assistance of the project takes a lead on and provides a monitoring of detailed pasture cooperatives plans implementation. As per letter received from APC the following progress in widening of the pasture cooperative movement and supportive works were demonstrated in accordance with recommendation given: 1. Number of pasture cooperatives in 2022 is 15 against 10 in 2020 2. Number of pasture cooperatives grown from 24 000 to 32000. 3. Area with pasture reclamation is 27000 ha against 24000 ha in 2020. 4. As per cooperatives development plans the following were done: • the boundaries of pasture land are outlined; • pasture rotation plans developed; • budgets of cooperatives agreed and funded ; • 59 500 tons of dry fodder mass were reserved for winter season; • 22 000 ha of degraded pastures were irrigated with estuary irrigation • reseeding with drought resistant and desert fodder grass completed over 730 ha of degraded pasture land. • the process of the pasture rotation is under continuous control; • laser leveling of pasture land is completed over 462 ha.; • 10 mln of seedlings of saxsaul are being grown in Aktuba and Shakhaman Jailawi coopertives and ready to be planted on Aral Sea desiccated bed. 6. Annual amount of green fodder produced is 540 tons. https://undp.sharepoint.com/teams/UZB/ Shared%20Documents/Forms/ AllItems.aspx?id=%2Fteams%2FUZB% 2FShared%20Documents%2FAF%20Project% 2FTerminal%20Evaluation%20Documents &viewid=2efec784-96b4-4357-9330-99fa027c8f67 History
6. Recommendation:

Concerning the pasture rehabilitation demonstrations (delta irrigation / drainage for seed germination, pasture seed multiplication & re-seeding), it is an example of applied research, and there is a need to monitor and refine methods [Nukus Research Institute for Natural Sciences under the Academy of Science of Karakalpakstan]

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/27]

The recommendation is partially accepted for UNDP, noting it refers to a broad range of stakeholders. Nevertheless, the CO will aim to share the examples of applied research with relevant stakeholders, as well as continue their monitoring.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Monitor results of pasture rehabilitation demonstrations and disseminate the results and key recommendations among the key stakeholders; as well as embed them, as feasible into the newly launched UNDP/EU project "Support for an inclusive transition to a green economy in the agri-food sector and development a climate-oriented agricultural knowledge and innovation system”.
[Added: 2022/01/27] [Last Updated: 2022/06/07]
ECA Cluster 2022/05 Completed The outputs achieved within project life and beyond are shared with interested stakeholders and international initiatives. Total amount of thematic publications is 43 and amount of the high level meetings, trainings and thematic meetings is 148 that gave a realy good impulse for climate change adaptation agenda. Materials with key project’s achievements are widely available. https://undp.sharepoint.com/teams/UZB/ History
7. Recommendation:

Monitoring of the saxaul tree nurseries is important, because technical efficiencies should be found for the large scaling-up of production and planting by government. The Production Pasture Cooperatives are involved twice – as seedling producers, and as young tree planters, so the vested interest in a professional operation is high. [Nukus Research Institute for Natural Sciences Under the Academy of Science in Karakalpakstan with the Production Pasture Cooperatives, with the Committee for Forestry of Karakalpakstan, and Production Pasture Cooperatives

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/27]

Management response: The recommendation is partially accepted for UNDP, noting it refers to a broad range of stakeholders. Nevertheless, the CO will aim to continue monitoring the data on saxaul tree nurseries, in view of identifying efficiencies for scale.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Track and collect information about established saxaul tree nurseries is to be developed through cooperation with the Committee for Forestry of Karakalpakstan
[Added: 2022/01/27] [Last Updated: 2022/06/07]
UNDP ECA 2022/05 Completed 1. The monitoring of the saxaul plantation condition is provided by joint team of representatives of the Pasture Cooperatives, RINS and SCF aimed at evaluating of the seedlings germination rate , getting of the independent assessment of rate above and developing the recommendation on seedlings germination rate improvement. 2. Assessment of the variety of the drought resistant and desert grass is done for experimental land plot with area 30 ha. 3. Reseeding of the new specious of the endemic fodder grass is done over 730 ha of the degraded pasture. 4. The recommendations on improvement of the degraded pasture productivity are developed. History
8. Recommendation:

It is also important to monitor the saxaul tree plantations, to identify lessons to improve tree survival rates, and the impact on reducing sand / dust storms. It is important that the lead monitor is an independent institution [Nukus Research Institute for Natural Sciences with the PPCs, with the KKPS State Committee for Forestry, and the PPCs]

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/27]

Management response:  The recommendation is not partially accepted for UNDP. As per the feedback received from the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the executive summary of the Terminal Evaluation report it states that “Within the programme of conducting forest reclamation works on the drained bottom of the Aral Sea, which is supervised personally by the President of the country and all implemented activities are under coordination of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, an independent monitoring of plants condition and their habitability is carried out on regular basis. Budgeting for the programme is based on a cost-benefit analysis.” In addition, as per the feedback of the Forestry department of Karakalpakstan on the executive summary of the Terminal Evaluation report it states “Under the program of forest reclamation works on the drained bottom of the Aral Sea, the volume and quality of work performed to create plantations of saxaul, tamarisk and other drought-resistant plants is reported directly to the President. The Ministry of Emergency Situations organizes and implements large-scale forest reclamation works. An independent monitoring of the state of plantings is conducted twice a year, in the spring and autumn-winter period, by a commission consisting of representatives of the President's Office, academic institutions, the State Committees of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Republic of Karakalpakstan on Ecology and Environmental Protection and the Ecological Party. The program budget is planned by MES experts based on a cost-benefit analysis.”  Therefore, UNDP could regularly request for the findings of the monitoring organized by the responsible government institutions already assigned for this work, as monitoring will require the funding allocations.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP regularly request for the findings of the monitoring organized by the responsible government institutions already assigned for this work, as monitoring will require the funding allocations.
[Added: 2022/01/27] [Last Updated: 2022/07/04]
UNDP ECA 2022/06 Completed Joint monitoring of the status of the saxsaul plantations planted on the desiccated Aral Sea bed is organized and conducted on regular basis by o Pasture Cooperatives , Sate Committee of Forestry of RK (SCF), Nukus Research Institute for Natural Sciences Under the Academy (RINS) of Science and Ministry of Emergency Situations . Main findings are delivered at the letter from State Committee of Forestry of the Republic of Karakalpakstan Letter from State Committee of Forestry of the Republic of Karakalpakstan is available on : https://undp.sharepoint.com/teams/UZB/ Shared%20Documents/Forms/ AllItems.aspx?id=%2Fteams%2FUZB% 2FShared%20Documents%2FAF%20Project% 2FTerminal%20Evaluation%20Documents &viewid=2efec784-96b4-4357-9330-99fa027c8f67 History

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