Final Project Evaluation for the Project Flood Recovery Housing Intervention

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2021-2025, Bosnia and Hercegovina
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
09/2021
Completion Date:
09/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
22,400

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Title Final Project Evaluation for the Project Flood Recovery Housing Intervention
Atlas Project Number: 00105031,00105033,00083429,00105032
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025, Bosnia and Hercegovina
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2021
Planned End Date: 09/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Governance
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.2.1 Capacities at national and sub-national levels strengthened to promote inclusive local economic development and deliver basic services including HIV and related services
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
  • Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
  • Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
SDG Target
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 11.1 By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums
  • 2.4 By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality
Evaluation Budget(US $): 22,400
Source of Funding: donor's funds
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 5,648
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Gordana Alibašic Evaluation Expert BOSNIA AND HERCEGOVINA
Gordana Alibašic Evaluation Expert BOSNIA AND HERCEGOVINA
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund Deutschland (ASB); Hilfswerk Austria International (HWA)
Countries: BOSNIA AND HERCEGOVINA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Cooperation between UNDP and other implementing partners and stakeholders, as well as the standardization of processes across the Project, has proven to be of immense importance in ensuring the high quality of delivery. This should be replicated in any future similar endeavour.

2

Flexibility and adaptability to unforeseen scenarios during project implementation is important, as evidenced during the COVID-19 pandemic. This resulted in many adaptations of activities to the new reality caused by the pandemic, which were proposed and implemented by UNDP, but which also were accepted and encouraged by the donor

3

Combining housing and livelihood components of a disaster recovery project is crucial to project sustainability, especially on a micro level that focuses on the beneficiary households. Beneficiaries who have received both types of assistance benefited significantly. Designing disaster recovery projects needs to address both components in order to enable the beneficiaries to achieve sustainability. On the other hand, selection of livelihoods beneficiaries from the pool of housing beneficiaries proved to be extremely challenging, thus limiting the number of beneficiaries who could qualify for the economic support. In the future, livelihood beneficiaries should not be selected exclusively from within the ranks of housing beneficiaries but rather the two components should be implemented side-by-side.

4

Encourage the creation of a platform that will map potential risks and risk mitigation measures for each local government.  

5

In future project designs, limiting the selection of the livelihoods beneficiaries from within the ranks of emergency-impacted beneficiaries, who largely consist of the elderly, people with disabilities, economically marginalized population that does not possess resources or abilities to engage in agricultural activities, entrepreneurship or to seek full-time employment, should be avoided. Instead, livelihood beneficiary selection should be open to wider range of individuals residing in the disaster affected area. Target groups and beneficiaries should be analysed closely in terms of needs and capacities, prior to defining project details and projecting results.

6

The disaster recovery projects should integrate into the budget the expenses of the basic communal infrastructure (water, sewage, electricity) in order to ensure that all the connections are provided in time and houses are fully functional upon completion of the construction works. This recommendation comes out of the consideration that this obligation presented significant burden to some of the local governments, which subsequently delayed moving into the houses for the project beneficiaries.

7

Encourage the authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina to accelerate activities related to the disaster risk reduction. Greater focus and investment would not only secure the sustainability of the flood recovery measures but also help mitigate future reoccurrence.

8

Encourage local authorities to maintain institutional memory of the project implementation and processes to be retained within local administration. Given the level of staff turnover at the local government level, providing back-up for each role within project implementation and keeping updated documentation would be very useful.

1. Recommendation:

Cooperation between UNDP and other implementing partners and stakeholders, as well as the standardization of processes across the Project, has proven to be of immense importance in ensuring the high quality of delivery. This should be replicated in any future similar endeavour.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/11]

Recommendation accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will continue to replicate the same pattern in complementary projects.
[Added: 2021/11/11]
UNDP project team 2021/11 Completed change in numbering History
2. Recommendation:

Flexibility and adaptability to unforeseen scenarios during project implementation is important, as evidenced during the COVID-19 pandemic. This resulted in many adaptations of activities to the new reality caused by the pandemic, which were proposed and implemented by UNDP, but which also were accepted and encouraged by the donor

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/11]

Recommendation accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will continue to apply mitigation measures in case of unforeseen scenarios such as outbreak of the Covid-19 to ensure uninterrupted implementation of the project activities.
[Added: 2021/11/11]
UNDP project team 2021/10 Completed change in numbering History
3. Recommendation:

Combining housing and livelihood components of a disaster recovery project is crucial to project sustainability, especially on a micro level that focuses on the beneficiary households. Beneficiaries who have received both types of assistance benefited significantly. Designing disaster recovery projects needs to address both components in order to enable the beneficiaries to achieve sustainability. On the other hand, selection of livelihoods beneficiaries from the pool of housing beneficiaries proved to be extremely challenging, thus limiting the number of beneficiaries who could qualify for the economic support. In the future, livelihood beneficiaries should not be selected exclusively from within the ranks of housing beneficiaries but rather the two components should be implemented side-by-side.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/11]

Partially accepted. UNDP could not influence criteria in the donor’s Call for Proposals which specifically indicated that the livelihoods beneficiaries should be selected from the pool of housing beneficiaries.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The sustainability of the project results will be additionally supported through the activities implemented within the Country Infrastructure Development Initiative, focused on improvement of infrastructure and public services for vulnerable groups in flooded areas.
[Added: 2021/11/11] [Last Updated: 2022/06/22]
UNDP project team 2022/06 Completed Through the Country Infrastructure development Initiative, activities related to the public infrastructure in the areas of water supply, sewage, waste management, public services etc) were implemented ensuring in that way sustainability of results of this project. History
4. Recommendation:

Encourage the creation of a platform that will map potential risks and risk mitigation measures for each local government.  

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/11]

Recommendation accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will continue with mapping of potential risks from natural disasters and development of risk mitigation measures through local disaster risk reduction platforms established within Disaster Risk Reduction project.
[Added: 2021/11/11] [Last Updated: 2022/06/22]
UNDP project team 2022/06 Completed Through the UN Joint Programme Disaster Risk Reduction, mapping of potential risks from natural disasters and development of risk mitigation measures was implemented in 10 partner local governments. History
5. Recommendation:

In future project designs, limiting the selection of the livelihoods beneficiaries from within the ranks of emergency-impacted beneficiaries, who largely consist of the elderly, people with disabilities, economically marginalized population that does not possess resources or abilities to engage in agricultural activities, entrepreneurship or to seek full-time employment, should be avoided. Instead, livelihood beneficiary selection should be open to wider range of individuals residing in the disaster affected area. Target groups and beneficiaries should be analysed closely in terms of needs and capacities, prior to defining project details and projecting results.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/11]

Partially accepted. UNDP could not influence criteria in the donor’s Call for Proposals which specifically indicated that the livelihoods beneficiaries should be selected from the pool of housing beneficiaries.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will closely analyze the target groups in terms of needs and capacities when defining new complementary project interventions. There are no ongoing interventions implemented by UNDP that entail combination of housing and economic support.
[Added: 2021/11/11] [Last Updated: 2022/06/22]
UNDP project team 2022/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: There are no ongoing or planned interventions that will enable implementation of this Management Action in the near future. ]
History
6. Recommendation:

The disaster recovery projects should integrate into the budget the expenses of the basic communal infrastructure (water, sewage, electricity) in order to ensure that all the connections are provided in time and houses are fully functional upon completion of the construction works. This recommendation comes out of the consideration that this obligation presented significant burden to some of the local governments, which subsequently delayed moving into the houses for the project beneficiaries.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/11]

Recommendation accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Through implementation of complementary actions, such as Country Infrastructure Development Initiative, significant improvements in public services and infrastructure in flooded LGs will be made. All the expenses that will enable full functionality of rehabilitated/constructed buildings will be foreseen.
[Added: 2021/11/11] [Last Updated: 2022/06/22]
UNDP project team 2022/06 Completed Through the Country Infrastructure Development Initiative significant projects were implemented in flooded areas related to public infrastructure such as water supply and waste management and access to public services improved. All rehabilitated and constructed facilities are fully functional, with relevant infrastructure connections and the costs of the interventions were fully covered by the Project. History
7. Recommendation:

Encourage the authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina to accelerate activities related to the disaster risk reduction. Greater focus and investment would not only secure the sustainability of the flood recovery measures but also help mitigate future reoccurrence.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/11]

Recommendation accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will continue with implementation of disaster risk reduction measures in affected areas through Disaster Risk Reduction project.
[Added: 2021/11/11] [Last Updated: 2022/06/22]
UNDP project team 2022/06 Completed The envisaged measures have been applied through the UN Joint Programme Disaster Risk Reduction for Sustainable Development. History
8. Recommendation:

Encourage local authorities to maintain institutional memory of the project implementation and processes to be retained within local administration. Given the level of staff turnover at the local government level, providing back-up for each role within project implementation and keeping updated documentation would be very useful.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/11]

Recommendation accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will continue with strengthening of capacities of partner local governments through complementary projects such as Project for Improving Performance of Local Services in order to improve capacities, efficiency and skills of public servants, as well as to improve internal administrative procedures.
[Added: 2021/11/11]
UNDP project team 2023/12 Initiated Applied through Project for Improving Performance of Local Services, implemented through UNDP

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