Evaluation of UNDP/ANAMA Mine Action Projects 2017-2021

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Evaluation Plan:
2021-2025, Azerbaijan
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
05/2022
Completion Date:
11/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
No
Evaluation Budget(US $):
5,000

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Title Evaluation of UNDP/ANAMA Mine Action Projects 2017-2021
Atlas Project Number: 00071956
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025, Azerbaijan
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2021
Planned End Date: 05/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 3.1.1 Core government functions and inclusive basic services4 restored post-crisis for stabilisation, durable solutions to displacement and return to sustainable development pathways within the framework of national policies and priorities
SDG Goal
  • Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
SDG Target
  • 11.5 By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations
Evaluation Budget(US $): 5,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 12,925
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Emil Hasanov consultant AZERBAIJAN
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: AZERBAIJAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Evaluation Recommendation 1: One of the main recommendations by UNDP related to the gender-sensitive approach is vital to ensure that ANAMA properly considers the needs of different groups in a community and that employment opportunities are equally available to all women and men, which is a vital part of planning, prioritization, training and Explosive Ordnance Risk Education (EORE).

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Evaluation Recommendation 1: One of the main recommendations by UNDP related to the gender-sensitive approach is vital to ensure that ANAMA properly considers the needs of different groups in a community and that employment opportunities are equally available to all women and men, which is a vital part of planning, prioritization, training and Explosive Ordnance Risk Education (EORE).

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Evaluation Recommendation 2:  ANAMA should develop a liability policy, which includes shifting liability to the Government or the local community when specific criteria have been fulfilled. Liability for dealing with items found after land release should be clarified in National Mine Action Standards (NMAS), i.e., the national land release policy and procedures that are based on international best practices and International Mine Action Standards (IMAS). Protection status of the person involved in Mine Action.

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Evaluation Recommendation 3:  All UNDP projects should consider that the goal of development-oriented mine action is not only to clear EO (landmines, UXO, and other ERW), but also to promote the development of local communities as the final goal by enabling them to use the land for their economic benefit after clearance. The project design should consider demining/EO clearance as a vital part of socio-economic development in post-clearance action.

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Evaluation Recommendation 4:  In order to achieve progress, ANAMA should pay detailed attention to the demining law, i.e. the Humanitarian Mine Action Law, which is at the drafting stage. (The previous draft law was prepared with UNDP’s support in 2003, and this initiative shows that the Agency maintains UNDP’s strategic priorities to strengthen mine action capacity in the country). Interest from foreign donors, including other governments, has increased. Moreover, the law could assure the efficient coordination and the social protection status of the person involved in Mine Action.

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Evaluation Recommendation 5:  Alternatively, Azerbaijan should join the Ottawa Treaty. This was indeed mentioned as one of the options for a collective approach in joining together with other neighboring countries. To date, only Turkey has joined and ratified the Ottawa Treaty. Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Russian Federation and Iran have yet to join. Joining the Ottawa Treaty can also attract the attention of donor communities.

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Evaluation Recommendation 6: Since National Mine Action Standards (NMAS) have not been updated or amended since 2014, the land release is not fully integrated into them. The specific tools and innovations related to the application of the Land Release have not been fully explored in project II’s design. The design of new procedures and the testing of new methodologies for land release have not been given full visibility in the logical framework. Introducing the new concept of land release to ANAMA would require that it actively manage a cost-effective approach. ANAMA should fully integrate the land release policy in accordance with IMAS, lessons learned, and UNDP’s best international practice. Accordingly, UNDP can provide advisory services to ANAMA to develop the survey and land release concept.

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Evaluation Recommendation 7: ANAMA’s NMAS has not been updated since 2014. Hence, ANAMA is aware of some points concerning specific innovations in International Mine Action Standards (IMAS) but cannot consistently apply them to its procedures because they are not a part of NMAS. Hence, ANAMA should update all its NMAS in accordance with IMAS in the shortest time to avoid specific challenges in the field. This particularly involves the certification process, which can refer to specific applicable standards. All of the above-mentioned factors impact the implementation of projects I and II. ANAMA should update some new NMAS and develop new standards in accordance with IMAS, lessons learned and UNDP’s best international practices. Accordingly, UNDP can provide advisory services to ANAMA to develop and update NMAS.

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Evaluation Recommendation 8: EORE is the important pillar of humanitarian mine action and one of the most appropriate tools for achieving the objectives of projects I and II. Accordingly, the planning and resource mobilization process should be carried out properly and qualitatively for the recipients of EORE. Moreover, the project should assure that areas containing EOs are marked (signs and fencing), fenced (but not by the EORE team), and monitored to warn people about any imminent threats.

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Evaluation Recommendation 9: ANAMA has sufficient trained capacity to offer its facility and experience to act as an International Mine Action Centre, as clearly illustrated by its distinguished past. UNDP designed the project to strengthen the Mine Action Programme, and one of the key elements is to promote ANAMA as an International Mine Action Training Centre.

UNDP took into account the insufficient international engagement, which led to the decline in the number of international training sessions to zero. ANAMA staff involved in the training should undergo ‘train the trainers’ training and obtain appropriate international certification (including all components of operations and information, EORE, etc.) with UNDP, UNMAS or another internationally recognized and certified organization (including “train the trainers”) for EOD 1 and 2 (ANAMA has the capacity to train the trainers on EOD 1 and EOD 2, but the training began at the beginning of 2000).

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Evaluation Recommendation   10: UNDP and ANAMA and international partners/stakeholders should dedicate efforts to develop a national NGO that can participate in tenders for mine action. It will increase the level of the competition (accordingly efficiency) in involving civil society engagement in humanitarian mine action.

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Evaluation Recommendation 11: The International Conference. ANAMA has sufficient training capacity to offer its facilities and expertise to act as an International Mine Action Centre, as clearly illustrated in the past. UNDP project was designed to conduct an international conference related to the Mine Action issue in the Republic of Azerbaijan. An international conference was not organized even though it could have attracted more donors to ANAMA activities and addressed the mine action challenges. Therefore, Azerbaijan should host an international mine action conference.

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Evaluation Recommendation 12: Environmental management in mine action operations. ANAMA is working on the draft NMAS on Environmental Management in Mine Action according to IMAS 07.13, which is not fully integrated into daily operations. ANAMA should then apply for the ISO 14001 in order to comply with the requirements of the environmental management system. Action (optional).

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