Mid-term Evaluation of Support to Host Communities Affected by the Rohingya Influx Project (SHARIP)

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Evaluation Plan:
2017-2021, Bangladesh
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
03/2022
Completion Date:
06/2022
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
58,000

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Title Mid-term Evaluation of Support to Host Communities Affected by the Rohingya Influx Project (SHARIP)
Atlas Project Number: 00085987
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021, Bangladesh
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 06/2022
Planned End Date: 03/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Governance
  • 3. Sustainable
  • 4. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.2.1 Capacities at national and sub-national levels strengthened to promote inclusive local economic development and deliver basic services including HIV and related services
  • 2. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
  • 3. Output 2.1.2 Capacities developed for progressive expansion of inclusive social protection systems
  • 4. Output 3.1.1 Core government functions and inclusive basic services4 restored post-crisis for stabilisation, durable solutions to displacement and return to sustainable development pathways within the framework of national policies and priorities
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
  • Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
  • Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
  • Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
SDG Target
  • 1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
  • 1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
  • 13.3 Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning
  • 13.b Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
  • 16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all
  • 2.3 By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment
  • 4.1 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes
  • 4.5 By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations
  • 8.5 By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
Evaluation Budget(US $): 58,000
Source of Funding: Project Budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 29,079
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Dr. Nizamuddin Al-Hussainy Team Leader cum Agriculture Expert
A.K.M Waliul Islam Deputy Team Leader cum Cohesion Expert
Md. Fakhrul Islam Data Scientist
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: BANGLADESH
Lessons
1.

IFM has been proven as a good model for benefitting marginal farmers who have no particular land but can produce multiple crops, particularly vegetables and fruits, by using their homestead. They can also rear poultry and livestock on their homestead. The model has been successfully replicated by many non-FFS farmers in the project area. This could be a replicable model to support marginal farmers elsewhere in the country through mainstreaming.


2.

Although technical, farmers can better understand and learn from project field school and can adopt those improved practices at their homestead. The flexible learning model where farmers identify their needs and make their own choice and the co-learning approach worked well to apply their learning in practice. Group learning through study plot demonstration is a good technique for learning and adapting, and the same technique can be adopted elsewhere for agricultural extension work.


3.

The school sessions other than 5 compulsory sessions (preparatory, IFM, nutrition, agroforestry, and marketing) were selected in consultation with the farmers based on local demand. Therefore, the sessions were more relevant to the local contexts growing interest in the farmers, and the learnings were easily adopted by the farmers. This was proved as a good technique to transfer technology from school to field in remote and backward areas.


4.

The organization of Farmer Field Days has proven to be an effective way to inspire neighbouring farmers (non-IFM-FFS members) to adopt improved agroforestry practices.


5.

Engagement of the female FFs from the local community has proven to be highly effective as the dropout rate was minimal. As most of the IFM-FFS members are women, having female FFs as role models helped build up the confidence of the female IFM-FFS members.


6.

During COVID-19 locked down, the Master Trainers could not provide the planned level of backstopping support in the field. Instead, support was provided over the phone, through video calls and Union-wise online meetings organized in Messenger groups, which proved to be a workable substitute for field-level backstopping support. So online communication and meeting seems to be effective for extension work among new target groups in a natural disaster or pandemic situation.


7.

Accessing quality farming inputs continues to be a challenge in the project area. In the current phase of the project, farmers take sessions on how to recognize good farming inputs, and training for input sellers was conducted. However, many farmers are not eventually linked with the sellers, with the distance between farmers’ homes and the sellers’ shops being a major factor (most of the sellers’ shops are either at Upazila or Union central markets). Hence, in the extension phase, it has been proposed to organize input-related coordination meetings at the Union level between farmers and input sellers. This would be helpful to strengthen linkages and raise further awareness among farmers and input sellers about how to identify quality input and what type of seeds are suitable for the different localities. The project can organize this input-related coordination meeting in the collection points to make the collection points hub for interaction between farmers and the input sellers.


8.

In Bandarban, collection point management committees played a very supporting role by regularly contacting buyers and updating IFM-FFS farmers about the price over the phone. This may increase the trust of the farmers and input sellers on the collection points.


9.

The involvement of local political leaders in LVMF has worked positively to influence the disputant parties and gain their trust to approach LVMF for the solution. This also mitigated political conflicts threatening the safety and security of the local people and reduced the threats or harassment of LVMF members.


10.

There is no in-built mechanism in the project to continuously engage the youth after their participation in various youth-targeted events. Ward-based committees and local CBOs can help to encourage more involvement of the youths in social cohesion-building activities. Encouraging youth to use social media to engage other youth and spread awareness messages has also turned out to be an effective way to reach youth in the project areas more broadly.


11.

In some events and groups in the social cohesion component, it was a challenge to ensure female participation, particularly in culturally and religiously conservative areas of Cox’s Bazar, where female participation in public events is generally not encouraged. The strategy of planning female-only events (e.g. martial art training and football tournaments) and making alliances with gender-equality sensitive teachers has proved successful. 


12.

In Cox’s Bazar, it was challenging to carry out the street drama events. For these to be attractive, good local drama artists are key, but they were not readily available. Furthermore, the many kinds of youth events meant that it was at times difficult to focus on continuously improving the quality of the events based on learnings. It was therefore decided to focus on fewer types of activities in the extended phase.


Findings
1.

General

  1. The project is relevant to the sectoral government policies and strategic goals and visions and to the UNDP strategic framework and international SDGs. Its design is overall appropriate. Whilst there are clear, logical linkages from activities to outputs, through outcome to impact, the outcome rationale and clear indicators are present. Benchmarks for outcome indicators have been established (Relevance). 
  2. The Evaluation Team found the management structure in the ProDoc clear. The project is headed by the Steering Committee (SC). This structure has proven to be smooth for implementation because it involves a multi-agency arrangement between Strengthening Inclusive Development in Chattogram Hill Tracks (SID-CHT), Ministry of Chattogram Hill Tracts Affairs, and United Nations Development Programme, leading to supporting each other in implementing responsibilities in project’s implementation and accountability (Document review).
  3. The project management has a multi-party partnership arrangement for implementation, which is always more complex but supportive of each other than a single agency. The M&E system has remained planned, and the baseline study was adequately used. The institutional oversight of the project worked well. Reports are generated regularly and are descriptive-analytical. But the Project’s exit plan was not defined yet. The financial management of the Project’s funds was transparent and efficient (Overall assessment).
  4.  Achievement of 3 outcomes is satisfactory. To address gender equality, the project design has a strong emphasis on women’s inclusion. The project has emphasized practical training and capacity development of the target beneficiaries, i.e. FFS farmers and farmers’ facilitators, and accordingly, the project has an extensive capacity-building component. Most of the capacity-building efforts seemed to be effective and driven toward making the intended results (Overall assessment). 

2.

Agricultural production

  1. The project has achieved clear results under outcome 1. Agricultural production was increased and diversified in targeted communities through the Establishment of Integrated Farm Management – Farmer Field Schools (IFM-FFS) (372 IFM-FFS in Cox’s Bazar and 540 IFM-FFS in Bandarban) with the participation of poor and marginalized farmers, of which 77% were women. It was found that the production of vegetables, fruits, eggs, chicken meat and fish, the major 5 items of result framework has significantly increased respectively by 67.2% , 39.3%, 56.9%, 67.7% and 66.8% for FFS farmers and 31.5%, 38.2%, 26.8%, 21.9% and 66.5% for non-FFS farmers. The difference between FFS and non-FFS is statistically significant at α=1% (Agricultural production before and after project under section 4.2.4 and Table 4)
  2. 97.4% of FFS respondents in Cox’sBazar and 92.4% in Bandarban increased additional farming components after getting training from the project field school. Overall, 93.7% of FFS farmers increased additional farming components. In contrast, only 6.4% of non-FFS respondents in Cox’s Bazar and 13.5% in Bandarban increased additional farming components after getting training from different GoB line departments. Overall, 10.0% of non-FFS farmers increased additional farming components. The difference between FFS and Non-FFS farmers is statistically significant at α=1% (Fig-10)
  3. The Farmer Facilitators have been developed to act as model farmers, who are now facilitating learning in the IFM-FFS Facilitating group on new farming components and improved techniques focusing on homestead production (Qualitative assessment). 
  4. Based on the results of performance levels, the evaluators consider that the level of efficiency of output and outcome achievement was satisfactory (Efficiency and effectiveness in section 4.5.2 and 4.5.3). Most of the improved agricultural technologies as learned in IFM-FFS are already adopted by all FFS members and are seen as important not only for increasing production but also for income generation, saving money on chemical fertilizers input, and producing more safe food. The project extended benefits to farmers beyond the project beneficiaries. As reported by FFs, the IFM-FFS technologies such as Hazol, vermicomposting, organic fertilizing, homestead agroforestry, hand pollination, mulching are becoming popular in the community. Many neighbouring farmers have also started replicating these technologies, and they get requests for starting up new IFM-FFS  (Qualitative assessment). 
  5. As the field survey demonstrates, the FFS farmers are getting increased production in different items by adopting the improved farming technologies as learned from IFM-FFS. So it can be attributed that improved farming technologies have been successfully transferred from school to farmers' production fields (Qualitative assessment). 
  6. The distribution of solidarity packages providing high-quality seeds was proved as an effective COVID-19 response to support FFS farmers to recover after facing economic hardship because of the lockdown. Survey Data shows that 4.5% of affected FFS farmers in Cox’s Bazar  and 48.3% of affected farmers in Bandar ban received agricultural input packages mainly from the project partners, and they resumed their agricultural production. Access to quality agricultural inputs like seeds, fertilizers, and insecticides is the most frequently highlighted challenge for the IFM-FFS farmers. The farmers were introduced to high-quality seeds, and they were much benefited by getting very good production in the field. Farmers are now searching for quality seeds when making their purchases. As per the project annual report, 93% of the beneficiaries interviewed for the annual assessment could mention relevant COVID-19 preventive measures, which is an indication that the project’s awareness sessions and initiatives on COVID-19 were effective. The COVID-19 response strengthened institutional linkages and coordination with the Upazila Administration, Union Parishad, government line departments, and other stakeholders who have boosted the image of and trust in UNDP and its implementing partners (Fig 24, document review and qualitative assessment). 

3.

Agroforestry

  1. The survey data reveals that the growth of seedlings in the nursery, vegetation, and bamboo bushes were increased respectively by 77.0%, 47.7% and 63.6% for FFS farmers. For non-FFS farmers, the growth of seedlings and vegetation were decreased respectively by 49.7% and 56.5%, and bamboo bushes increased by 43.9%. For all items, the difference between FFS and non-FFS farmers is statistically insignificant at α=5% (Increase in area of land (in hector) under the firewood, bamboo, vegetation coverage section and Table 7 under Outcome-2).
  2. The project organized different capacity-building training on agroforestry issues for key stakeholders, staff, Master Trainers, Farmer Facilitators, and IFM-FFS farmers, which makes them aware and knowledgeable about agroforestry concepts, their importance, models, planning, and management of agroforestry. The project is making efforts to engage IFM FFS farmers in developing their site-specific Agroforestry Development Plans (ADPs) in a participatory way, prioritizing actions, and implementing their preferred agroforestry systems at the community level (Qualitative assessment).

4.

Social Cohesion

  1. According to survey findings and field observation, the Rohingya influx has made negative social, economic, and environmental impacts, except in a few cases in the camp area of Ukhya and Teknaf in Cox’s Bazar, the direct conflict between the host community and Rohingyas were not reported. The primary survey data shows that 47.0% of FFS farmers in Cox’s Bazar and 99.9% of FFS farmers in Bandarban have not been directly affected by the Rohingya crisis as they lived in a distant place from the Rohingya. In case of non-FFS farmers, 71.6% in Cox’s Bazar and 99.3% in Bandarban are not directly affected (Fig 38,39). The social cohesion program dealt more with social issues and internal disputes of the host community (e.g. land disputes, kidnapping, GBV, early marriage, drugs, human trafficking, etc.) (Qualitative assessment)
  2. IFM-FFS members are providing a holistic approach to strengthening social cohesion between the host community and Rohingya communities . Many of the IFM-FFS members feel more confident and respected through contributing to their family’s food production and income, and this confidence is further boosted through the cohesion-related courtyard sessions on leadership, gender, and conflict mediating. Particularly the courtyard sessions on conflict and conflict management have proved effective, with the majority (more than 80 %) of the IFM-FFS members interviewed for the project outcome assessment reporting that they have been able to solve or mediate minor, and mainly, domestic and family/neighbour disputes in their community . The primary survey data of this evaluation has also confirmed this finding. The FFS farmers who attended the above courtyard sessions were confident in applying knowledge of courtyard sessions, and accordingly, they are playing a conflict mediating role in the community (Table-9,10).
  3. A multi-stakeholder involvement (Upazila Administration, Union Parishad, educational institutions, and members of Local Volunteer Mediator’s Forums and youth forums) created a wider scope to promote social cohesion interventions in the project working areas. The project is using already existing and organically formed youth forums for organizing different events to increase social cohesion, which could be a potential body to carry on these activities in the future. 
  4. The young school girls are trained in Martial Arts by engaging professional Martial Art instructors, and this enables the girls to have self-defence against any eve-teasing, bullying and gender-based violence. The girls receiving Martial art training also expressed that this training increased their self-confidence to speak up against bullying and eve-teasing. They are not feeling afraid of any GBV and can protect themselves in case of any such occurrence. This confidence of Martial Art girls is much appreciated and is expected to reduce the occurrence of eve-teasing and GBV (Qualitative assessment).
  5. A significant contribution has been made by the project to reduce social conflicts and increase social cohesion through the intervention of LVMF, which in fact, works as an informal body with the spirit of voluntarism to mediate/ resolve internal conflicts of the FFS members and to some extent conflicts with Rohingya community. The project provided training to the LVMF members on the social conflict mediation process, which developed sufficient skills to play an active role in the conflict mediation process. As found in the bi-annual progress report, a good number of social conflicts in the project area have been mediated through LVMF. LVMF is working well, and the community people, especially female members of the community, feel more comfortable approaching LVMF members. This has been confirmed while visiting Teknaf and talking to implementing partners, LVMF, and IFM-FFS members during this evaluation. LVMF is gradually becoming popular in the local communities for its informal and friendly approach to conflict mediation. This informal approach is effective in getting access to the communities and gaining their trust. (Qualitative assessment). 

Recommendations
1

Given the constraints of education level, time, and resources at the farmers level, the project may develop some integrated packages combining different items of crops, poultry, livestock, aquaculture, and agroforestry based on available resources of farmers, develop package-based curriculum and deliver training in FFS in package based interested learning groups. This is to create more learning options for the FFS members, which may make farmers' life easier to concentrate on package-based learning only instead of a complex integration of all items and apply the same in individual farmers’ cases by developing individual IFM plans.

2

The follow-up and backstopping support at the farmers’ level need to be increased to ensure proper adoption of the knowledge and improved technologies learned in the FFS. This follow-up should continue at least for a cropping season, i.e. from seed to seed, to ensure that farmers can harvest the increased production in a cropping season.

3

The FFs being the resource developed by the project, can play a proactive role in transferring technology from FFS to farmers' fields, and hence they can be engaged in regular follow-up at individual farmers' levels. Their remuneration package may be revised to include follow-up responsibilities at the farmers’ level. They need advanced training to perform extension work efficiently at the farmers’ level.

4

To engage FFS farmers in improved farming practices and agroforestry and to promote sustainable production practices, the farmers need to be supported with additional seed capital. The project may consider paying a handsome amount to the beneficiary farmers after receiving FFS training (not simply as training incentive), which could be invested to improve existing agricultural production activities or to add new farming components.  In case of the constraint of project funds, the farmers need to be linked with MFI or bank for micro-financing.

5

Agriculture inputs feed for cattle, and water management is the necessary factors to diversify production and increase yield. These supports need to be continued and expanded. Thus, issues of availability of inputs at affordable prices after the project end must be considered, and, when suitable, the possibility of developing local alternatives to expensive or unavailable inputs, e.g., organic fertilizer production, integrated pest management, or unconventional livestock feed, need to be explored.

6

There is scope to rebuild the project link with the government line departments (DAE, DLS, DoF) based on technical services to add more value to the current integrated farming practices of the FFS farmers and not only based on monitoring services. There is a strong need to have ‘technological exchange’ with the non-FFS farmers through government line departments, and exchange of updated government promoted new farming technologies to the FFS farmers. The project may make that collaborative arrangement with the line departments so that more functional linkage is established and FFS farmers can access more technical support services of the line departments. FFS being members of the Farmers/ producer groups formed by DAE can play an active role in the technological exchange between FFS and non-FFS farmers groups under guided supervision from both project and DAE.

7

The collection point is a good approach. It is necessary to establish more collection points in Bandarban District to reduce hard work to reach the marketplace. In Cox’s Bazar, the collaborative arrangement may be made with other implementing agencies to establish collection points in the remote rural area, where access to the local market is restricted or difficult. The input sellers should also be linked with collection points, and storage, sorting, and packaging facilities need to be increased so that the farmers can get one-stop marketing services from the collection points.

8

The project is required to consider water scarcity problems in CHT, particularly in Lama and Alikadam, to plan homestead based agroforestry development and find the solution of this problem in consultation with the Forest department, particularly in selecting species for water stress areas.

9

A co-management system consisting of GoB, local community, and non-government or social organizations needs to be established in collaboration with the forest department for growing community-level agroforestry.

10

The project is using already existing and organically formed youth forums for organizing different events to increase social cohesion, which could be a potential body to carry on these activities in the future. However, the Youth Forums need to have structure at the Upazila level, and their activities need to be organized to ensure continued engagement in issues such as GBV, early marriage, drugs, human trafficking, etc. and the promotion of more social cohesion and harmony between the host community and Rohingyas. To ensure the sustainability of the youth-related activities, the linkage should be developed between the youth and other social organizations and youth clubs. The youth/Youth Forums can assist LVMF in mitigating social conflicts through the guided awareness-raising program in the host community.

11

The martial art and self-defence skills training should be extended to adolescent girls and young women against gender-based violence and is likely to have a wider impact in terms of confidence-building to protest against GBV if high school girls and interested working women can be included under this program.

12

LVMF is working on the spirit of volunteerism for conflict mitigation and peace building and is mitigating social conflicts with a friendly and informal approach. This approach should be continued to build relations with the community and gain their trust. LVMF as an informal voluntary organization, should remain confined to the mediation of micro-level social conflicts among the host communities and should not be involved in dealing with any sensitive criminal activities between host and Rohingya communities. However, in consideration of the sustainability of LVMF activities, the project may consider registration of LVMF with Social Service Department to have its legal mandate and link up its activities with LGIs and other social institutions. 

13

The project team could do a final round of participatory reviews and plan with the communities, which is supposed to feed into the next planning cycle. It is important to ensure the awareness, readiness, and capacity of FFS members so that at least FFS introduced through the project will continue. At the programme level, for a “Sustainable” increase in food security, the project will have to work on issues like water management and developing common property resources. During the remaining period of the project, the team should try to strengthen the existing FFS groups and systems, improve the intervention process and discuss strategies for moving forward sustainably.

1. Recommendation:

Given the constraints of education level, time, and resources at the farmers level, the project may develop some integrated packages combining different items of crops, poultry, livestock, aquaculture, and agroforestry based on available resources of farmers, develop package-based curriculum and deliver training in FFS in package based interested learning groups. This is to create more learning options for the FFS members, which may make farmers' life easier to concentrate on package-based learning only instead of a complex integration of all items and apply the same in individual farmers’ cases by developing individual IFM plans.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/24]

Agreed

It would be beneficial to include a package-based learning curriculum and training modules for the IFM-FFS beneficiaries. This package would be integrated into the next phase of SHARIP project with more extensive geographical coverage.   

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 The project will develop customized and demand-based learning and training modules
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, Technical Focal Person, IFM-FFS Expert 2023/04 Not Initiated
1.2 The project will help farmers to develop individual farmers’ IFM plans.
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, Technical Focal Person, IFM-FFS Expert 2023/10 Not Initiated
2. Recommendation:

The follow-up and backstopping support at the farmers’ level need to be increased to ensure proper adoption of the knowledge and improved technologies learned in the FFS. This follow-up should continue at least for a cropping season, i.e. from seed to seed, to ensure that farmers can harvest the increased production in a cropping season.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/24]

Agreed

The ground-level technical and other project staff along with different frontline government officials will enhance more follow-up footprints and backstopping supports. The Farmer Facilitators, who are mainly the model farmers and key players for household and community-based IFM-FFS, will have more such support during and after the completion of the project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Robust monitoring and coordination plan will be developed by the project team in collaboration with hill district councils
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, IFM-FFS coordinator, M&E 2023/07 Not Initiated
2.2 The project team will conduct proper follow-up support during different copping sessions.
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, IFM-FFS coordinator, M&E 2023/12 Not Initiated
3. Recommendation:

The FFs being the resource developed by the project, can play a proactive role in transferring technology from FFS to farmers' fields, and hence they can be engaged in regular follow-up at individual farmers' levels. Their remuneration package may be revised to include follow-up responsibilities at the farmers’ level. They need advanced training to perform extension work efficiently at the farmers’ level.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/24]

Agreed

FFs are the model farmers in the community level, where they play an important role in enhancing household level income in many ways. The project is thinking of increasing their remuneration, considering the current local market and demand, and other engagement at household and community interventions. They will be trained in advance on agricultural services and extension too.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 In the new phase of SHARIP project, more FFs will be hired to implement IFM-FFS activities.
[Added: 2022/08/24] [Last Updated: 2022/11/27]
NPM, SMT, project team 2023/09 Not Initiated A new DANIDA fund will be added to this project in 2023. Thus, the project is waiting to initiate this activity. History
3.2 The project will arrange advanced training on agricultural services and extension for FFs.
[Added: 2022/08/24] [Last Updated: 2022/11/27]
NPM, SMT, project team 2023/09 Not Initiated A new DANIDA fund will be added to this project in 2023. Thus, the project is waiting to initiate this activity. History
4. Recommendation:

To engage FFS farmers in improved farming practices and agroforestry and to promote sustainable production practices, the farmers need to be supported with additional seed capital. The project may consider paying a handsome amount to the beneficiary farmers after receiving FFS training (not simply as training incentive), which could be invested to improve existing agricultural production activities or to add new farming components.  In case of the constraint of project funds, the farmers need to be linked with MFI or bank for micro-financing.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/24]

Agreed

The project will try to include Micro Finance Institutes or banks to connect farmers for additional seed money for improved agricultural practices. In addition to this, local government and hill district councils will be instrumental in facilitating this financial engagement.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 The project will prepare a joint action plan for utilizing additional seed money with the help of the ministry and three hill district councils.
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team, MoCHTA 2023/10 Not Initiated
4.2 Advocacy will take place to secure an additional government fund to be allocated.
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team, MoCHTA 2023/10 Not Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Agriculture inputs feed for cattle, and water management is the necessary factors to diversify production and increase yield. These supports need to be continued and expanded. Thus, issues of availability of inputs at affordable prices after the project end must be considered, and, when suitable, the possibility of developing local alternatives to expensive or unavailable inputs, e.g., organic fertilizer production, integrated pest management, or unconventional livestock feed, need to be explored.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/24]

Agreed

The project will try to connect with the agricultural input sellers after the project ends, so that beneficiaries can benefit from it. Moreover, other sub-projects of SID-CHT may be connected with those input sellers for its future sustainability.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 The project will prepare a LoA with hill district councils for connecting those input sellers for future services.
[Added: 2022/08/24] [Last Updated: 2022/11/27]
NPM, SMT, project team, MoCHTA 2023/09 Not Initiated The government will start providing funds from the next fiscal year, July 2023. After receiving the fund this activity will start. History
5.2 A database of input sellers will be prepared for future services and communications
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team, MoCHTA 2022/12 Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

There is scope to rebuild the project link with the government line departments (DAE, DLS, DoF) based on technical services to add more value to the current integrated farming practices of the FFS farmers and not only based on monitoring services. There is a strong need to have ‘technological exchange’ with the non-FFS farmers through government line departments, and exchange of updated government promoted new farming technologies to the FFS farmers. The project may make that collaborative arrangement with the line departments so that more functional linkage is established and FFS farmers can access more technical support services of the line departments. FFS being members of the Farmers/ producer groups formed by DAE can play an active role in the technological exchange between FFS and non-FFS farmers groups under guided supervision from both project and DAE.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/24]

Agreed

The project will make different arrangements with various government line departments to enhance non-IFM-FFS members and households' capacity to increase the geographical coverage. Even, the project will try to use the spill-over effects of IFM-FFS activities throughout the project intervention areas.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 The project will include IFM-FFS related activities in its next phase.
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team, MoCHTA 2023/08 Initiated History
6.2 The project will develop a proper plan for “technological Exchange” with other projects.
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team, MoCHTA 2023/04 Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

The collection point is a good approach. It is necessary to establish more collection points in Bandarban District to reduce hard work to reach the marketplace. In Cox’s Bazar, the collaborative arrangement may be made with other implementing agencies to establish collection points in the remote rural area, where access to the local market is restricted or difficult. The input sellers should also be linked with collection points, and storage, sorting, and packaging facilities need to be increased so that the farmers can get one-stop marketing services from the collection points.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/24]

Agreed

The project has planned to establish more collection points throughout the CHT areas, considering the remoteness and lack of accessibility. Those new collection points will be linked with input sellers and other commercial entities for increasing the selling options and income. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 The project will mobilize resources to establish more collection points.
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team, MoCHTA 2023/12 Not Initiated
7.2 A network for collection points will be developed.
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team, MoCHTA 2023/12 Not Initiated
8. Recommendation:

The project is required to consider water scarcity problems in CHT, particularly in Lama and Alikadam, to plan homestead based agroforestry development and find the solution of this problem in consultation with the Forest department, particularly in selecting species for water stress areas.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/24]

Agreed

Chittagong Hill Tracts Watershed Co-Management Activity (CHTWCA) is a sub-project of SID-CHT providing substantial supports to CHT farmers to keep water for agriculture and household uses. Even, watershed management in CHT is one of the main focuses for ecological restoration as well as agro-based initiatives that is linked with the Forest Department.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 The project will develop an action plan in collaboration with the Forest Department to address water scarcity issues prevailing in the CHT.
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team, Forest Department 2022/12 Initiated
9. Recommendation:

A co-management system consisting of GoB, local community, and non-government or social organizations needs to be established in collaboration with the forest department for growing community-level agroforestry.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/24]

Agreed.

The project has already started working on the co-management system in collaboration with the local government, community and Forest Department in CHT areas. The Village Common Forest (VCF) is one of the key interventions in the SID-CHT which is helping to create co-management system for watershed, agriculture and agroforestry.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 LoA will be signed with the hill district councils and the Forest Department on co-management system.
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team 2023/05 Initiated
9.2 A network of VCF co-management will be established, where they can share their own experience for collective development.
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team 2023/05 Not Initiated
10. Recommendation:

The project is using already existing and organically formed youth forums for organizing different events to increase social cohesion, which could be a potential body to carry on these activities in the future. However, the Youth Forums need to have structure at the Upazila level, and their activities need to be organized to ensure continued engagement in issues such as GBV, early marriage, drugs, human trafficking, etc. and the promotion of more social cohesion and harmony between the host community and Rohingyas. To ensure the sustainability of the youth-related activities, the linkage should be developed between the youth and other social organizations and youth clubs. The youth/Youth Forums can assist LVMF in mitigating social conflicts through the guided awareness-raising program in the host community.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/24]

Agreed

To ensure sustainability,  the project will engage with more youth forums along with other forums.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1 Sign MoU with different forums
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team, MoCHTA 2023/10 Not Initiated
10.2 College and university students will be included in this forum for greater impact on community development
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team, MoCHTA 2023/10 Not Initiated
11. Recommendation:

The martial art and self-defence skills training should be extended to adolescent girls and young women against gender-based violence and is likely to have a wider impact in terms of confidence-building to protest against GBV if high school girls and interested working women can be included under this program.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/24]

Agreed

Yes, this project is trying to include high schools for having greater impacts on martial arts and self-defence. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1 Martial art and self-defense skills trainings will be incorporated in the new phase of project.
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team, MoCHTA 2023/09 Not Initiated
11.2 The project will include working women in martial arts and self-defence after conducting a local consultation meeting.
[Added: 2022/08/24]
NPM, SMT, project team, MoCHTA 2023/09 Not Initiated
12. Recommendation:

LVMF is working on the spirit of volunteerism for conflict mitigation and peace building and is mitigating social conflicts with a friendly and informal approach. This approach should be continued to build relations with the community and gain their trust. LVMF as an informal voluntary organization, should remain confined to the mediation of micro-level social conflicts among the host communities and should not be involved in dealing with any sensitive criminal activities between host and Rohingya communities. However, in consideration of the sustainability of LVMF activities, the project may consider registration of LVMF with Social Service Department to have its legal mandate and link up its activities with LGIs and other social institutions. 

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/24]

Not Agreed

The registration of Local Volunteer Mediator Forums (LVMFs), under the Department of Social Welfare, is desired neither by the donor nor the implementing partner. In addition, this is not an approved activity and has no connection to the project's theory of change. That is why the project has disagreed with the recommendation.

Key Actions:

13. Recommendation:

The project team could do a final round of participatory reviews and plan with the communities, which is supposed to feed into the next planning cycle. It is important to ensure the awareness, readiness, and capacity of FFS members so that at least FFS introduced through the project will continue. At the programme level, for a “Sustainable” increase in food security, the project will have to work on issues like water management and developing common property resources. During the remaining period of the project, the team should try to strengthen the existing FFS groups and systems, improve the intervention process and discuss strategies for moving forward sustainably.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/24]

Agreed

This is a prime need to strengthen the IFM-FFS groups and systems, improve the intervention process and develop exist strategy. The project has already provided some HR costs to hill district councils where the government fund will execute their interventions. This strengthening of capacity building and group management will be robust in its next phase and the rest of the implementation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
13.1 The project has developed an exit strategy with the help of the Ministry of CHT Affairs on how to continue the IFM-FFS activities in CHT. Meanwhile, the ministry has allocated a fund in their annual programme to continue the IFM-FFS activities.
[Added: 2022/08/24] [Last Updated: 2022/11/27]
NPM, SMT, project team, MoCHTA 2023/09 Initiated The government will add more funds in July 2023 to continue the IFM-FFS activities in the project’s areas. History

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