Mid-Term Review GEF6:BD Conserving biodiversity through sustainable management in production landscapes in Costa Rica

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Costa Rica
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
03/2021
Completion Date:
03/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Mid-Term Review GEF6:BD Conserving biodiversity through sustainable management in production landscapes in Costa Rica
Atlas Project Number: 00091073
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Costa Rica
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2021
Planned End Date: 03/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.1 Capacities developed across the whole of government to integrate the 2030 Agenda, the Paris Agreement and other international agreements in development plans and budgets, and to analyse progress towards the SDGs, using innovative and data-driven solutions
SDG Goal
  • Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 12.a Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
  • 15.4 By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 28,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Ronny Muñoz Evaluation Team Leader
Ariana Araujo Evaluation Team Expert
Ronny Muñoz Evaluation Team Leader
Ariana Araujo Evaluation Team Expert
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Conserving biodiversity through sustainable management in production landscapes in Costa Rica
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Multifocal Areas
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-6
GEF Project ID: 9416
PIMS Number: 5842
Key Stakeholders: MINAE, SINAC, MAG, Corfoga, CENIGA, CENAT, IGN
Countries: COSTA RICA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

The Project must prioritize investments by targeting the budget on strategic issues (results). For this, it is important to establish an appropriate operational-financial exit route for the results, both those currently achieved and what is yet to be achieved. This aligns with a participatory closure plan with key institutional actors (ACLAP, MAIBC and INVU) and the liquidation of the Executing Unit, due to the future operational reduction of the project.

2

It is key that the project continues to strengthen its “political muscle” to achieve results that guarantee the sustainability of the results. Such as the approval of the modification of the Biodiversity Law, through which the financing for the MOCUPP will be guaranteed.

3

Strengthen the strategy for Component 1, considering: 1) The advocacy work during the first semester of 2021 must be strong to achieve the approval of the two legal instruments; 2) In addition, the approval of the MOCUPP before the CONAC should be considered, which will be feasible in the remaining period of the project.

4

A positive approach of the MOCUPP that shows the benefits that this tool could have for producers should be emphasized with the actors instead of highlighting its capacity for the control of environmental crimes.

5

It is crucial that the incentive mechanism (seal) be defined so that production free of loss of forest cover verification is recognized.

6

The Project must continue its advocacy actions to position the MOCUPP as an essential tool for the official monitoring of changes in land use. In this sense, SINAC can take much more advantage of the existence of MOCUPP for the legal processing of potential breaches of the forest law detected by this tool. The MOCUPP is an early warning tool but it is also evidence of previous impacts in which specific properties have lost forest cover throughout the country and not only in the project's intervention areas, in potential non-compliance with the Forestry Law. Therefore, it is recommended that this institution take advantage of the information that the project has generated since its PPG phase, particularly due to loss of forest cover associated with the pineapple expansion and file criminal complaints for non-compliance with the forest law. It is during the life of the project that it makes more sense for SINAC to present these complaints since it has a support team and legal and technical advice.

7

A legal-conceptual tool is required to organize and delimit the attributions, complementarities, and connections of all the information systems existing in the country in geospatial matters.

8

The project can now guide actions to further support the strengthening of CENIGA's role so that it can fulfill its mandate as a regulatory entity and axis for the various institutions that provide environmental information, particularly related to forest loss in the country (as proposed by the PRODOC).

9

Given the complexity of the project and since it has a component for Monitoring and Follow-up, a more unified system should be sought to capture and report the results (data reporting tool), which reflects all the scope of the project and that at the same time is consistent with its Results Framework, without leaving out any indicator. Even when the information is available, there is no central document or dashboard where the team can report data as part of an M&E component. PIR and reports do provide all the information but not in a consolidated database that can allow an easier comprehension of the development of the interventions.

10

The wording of some indicators, the alignment of results, the ToC model, and the logical framework, respectively, should be reviewed. As well as reviewing and adjusting, the system of indicators and the definition of the indicator file.

11

In future projects, a qualitative leap can be made in terms of gender, making a diagnosis of gaps from the design phase, so that it also analyses the problem of inequities regarding women.

12

There is still work to be done to increase the information that buyers have on the advantages of production free of loss of forest cover and to advance in the creation of an incentive system to position these products within specialized markets. Although the achievement of the project's mid-term results is outstanding, there could be a risk of burnout of the human capita.

13

The crisis in the face of the pandemic exacerbated this situation. Therefore, it is recommended that a balance is made between the team's field actions and coordination with the entities that will be executing the project in the future. Decentralizing the actions so that the authorities in charge carry them out more proactively is crucial for the second half of the project.

14

It is important to strengthen organizations at the community level. Above all, in the case of the Brigades, they are linked to community development associations, but require strong support. In the case of socio-productive initiatives, a component that will enhance their sustainability is the execution of business plans linked to markets that can guarantee sales, and therefore, income to the producers.

15

It is key that the institutions involved (local governments, public institutions, etc.) designate personnel and budgets so that the investments that have been made in the areas are maintained and sustained over time (nurseries, planted trees, murals, equipment, and supplies delivered, etc.)

1. Recommendation:

The Project must prioritize investments by targeting the budget on strategic issues (results). For this, it is important to establish an appropriate operational-financial exit route for the results, both those currently achieved and what is yet to be achieved. This aligns with a participatory closure plan with key institutional actors (ACLAP, MAIBC and INVU) and the liquidation of the Executing Unit, due to the future operational reduction of the project.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15]

Agree. The project is working on an exit strategy that prioritizes sustainable long-term financing for monitoring productive landscapes. Currently, the project works with MINAE and the Congress on a set of law reforms such as: biodiversity law, modernization law of SINAC and amendment to the article 43 of forestry law, that intends to modify the distribution of the timber tax, so that 4% of the collected taxes, are assigned to financing GIS platforms for land-use monitoring. Likewise, the project will prepare a forest restoration plan financed by local governments and other MAIBC stakeholders to give sustainability to all project actions from 2023 onwards. Likewise, in ACLAP, the project will work with SINAC, CORFOGA and MAG in a maintenance plan financed with public resources for interventions in forests, communities, and production unit areas.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The project will conduct a follow-up to the law amendments discussed on the congress its relation to the project.
[Added: 2021/09/15]
Miriam Miranda 2022/12 Initiated
Forest restoration plan financed by local governments which constitute MAIBC.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/10/21]
Miriam Miranda 2023/02 Completed El nuevo plan de reforestación se hará en el marco del proyecto TEVU. History
Maintenance plan to actions implemented in ACLAP.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/10/21]
Miriam Miranda 2022/09 Completed Se han identificado una serie de acciones para dar sostenibilidad a algunas de las acciones, por ejemplo invertir recursos de otros proyectos del PNUD a acciones implementadas en el ACLAP, como con SCALA y Transforma. History
2. Recommendation:

It is key that the project continues to strengthen its “political muscle” to achieve results that guarantee the sustainability of the results. Such as the approval of the modification of the Biodiversity Law, through which the financing for the MOCUPP will be guaranteed.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2021/09/15]

Agree. The project has programmed the necessary resources to maintain the advocacy efforts to follow up the set of proposed legal   reforms, which will ensure the sustainability of the project key results. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Include in AWP the require budget to ensure advocacy efforts.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/01/26]
Miriam Miranda 2021/12 Completed Los recursos para asegurar el advocacy han sido programados en el AWP del 2022. History
Advocacy with legislators to ensure the amendment approvals to the set of laws which will be discussed in Congress: biodiversity law, modernization law of SINAC and amendment to the article 43 of the forestry law.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/10/21]
Kifah Sasa 2022/09 Completed El proyecto ha realizado las labores de advocay necesarias para que aprueben las reformas, de estas el artículo 33 de la ley forestal ya ha sido aprobado y las otras continuan según el proceso legislativo. El seguimiento de estas reformas se hará desde la cartera de NCE del PNUD. History
3. Recommendation:

Strengthen the strategy for Component 1, considering: 1) The advocacy work during the first semester of 2021 must be strong to achieve the approval of the two legal instruments; 2) In addition, the approval of the MOCUPP before the CONAC should be considered, which will be feasible in the remaining period of the project.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2021/09/15]

Agree. The project is working jointly with MINAE on institutional guidelines which will order and organize the use of data and information generated by MOCUPP. At the same time, the project is promoting the use of MOCUPP as an early warning instrument regarding environmental law violations.   

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Publication of the Institutional guideline which orders and organizes the use of data and information generated by MOCUPP.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/01/26]
MINAE 2021/12 Completed El MINAE ha publicado la directriz y la primera sesión será el próximo 2 de febrero del 2022. History
The Project will promote on CONAC an agreement for the use of data and information generated by MOCUPP as an early warning instrument regarding environmental law violations.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/07/04]
Miriam Miranda 2022/06 Completed El proyecto ha realizado la presentación del proyecto y del MOCUPP en el CONAC. History
4. Recommendation:

A positive approach of the MOCUPP that shows the benefits that this tool could have for producers should be emphasized with the actors instead of highlighting its capacity for the control of environmental crimes.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15]

Agree. The project will focus on promoting MOCUPP as a tool for decision-making at all levels in the country. Specifically, the project will establish an alliance with SCALA initiative in order to develop a new certification for “meat-free of deforestation”. The project, together with PROCOMER and COMEX, will strengthen its strategy with companies and production units who committed to produce “free of deforestation”.  This strategy aims to  support them in accessing international markets interested in sustainable products.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Establish the alliance with SCALA initiative.
[Added: 2021/09/15]
Kifah Sasa 2021/09 Completed
Coordination with COMEX and PROCOMER to support companies and production units to access international markets.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/10/21]
Miriam Miranda 2022/09 Completed Se coordinó con PROCOMER para apoyar algunos procesos y, a pesar de que no se encontró mucho apoyo, se pudieron concretar algunas alianzas y compra de productos por parte de compradores internacionales. History
5. Recommendation:

It is crucial that the incentive mechanism (seal) be defined so that production free of loss of forest cover verification is recognized.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15]

Agree. The project has established MOCUPP as a tool to verify commodities production to be free of loss of forest cover. At the same time, the project is working with COMEX, Procomer and MINAE to create a “free from loss of forest cover” seal as a marketing strategy. Also, the project will establish an alliance with SCALA initiative that will develop a new certification for “meat-free of deforestation”.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Finalize the land use map of the production units in ACLAP.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/06/28]
Miriam Miranda 2022/04 Completed Los mapeos de fincas se han concluido y se han certificado alrededor de 50 fincas como libre de pérdida de cobertura forestal utilizando la herramienta MOCUPP. History
Coordination with PROCOMER, COMEX and MINAE for the “free from loss of forest cover” as an initiative to promote access to markets.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/10/21]
Miriam Miranda 2022/09 Completed El proceso de certificación se ha trabajado con DIGECA-MINAE, al no encontrar respuesta por parte de PROCOMER y COMEX. History
Identify marketing strategies for sustainable products recognized with a “free from loss of forest cover” seal
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/10/21]
Miriam Miranda 2022/09 Completed El proyecto realizó un estudio de mercado para identificar posibles compradores así como mapeos en finca para verificar los procesos como libres de pérdida de cobertura forestal. History
6. Recommendation:

The Project must continue its advocacy actions to position the MOCUPP as an essential tool for the official monitoring of changes in land use. In this sense, SINAC can take much more advantage of the existence of MOCUPP for the legal processing of potential breaches of the forest law detected by this tool. The MOCUPP is an early warning tool but it is also evidence of previous impacts in which specific properties have lost forest cover throughout the country and not only in the project's intervention areas, in potential non-compliance with the Forestry Law. Therefore, it is recommended that this institution take advantage of the information that the project has generated since its PPG phase, particularly due to loss of forest cover associated with the pineapple expansion and file criminal complaints for non-compliance with the forest law. It is during the life of the project that it makes more sense for SINAC to present these complaints since it has a support team and legal and technical advice.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15]

Agree. The project has been working with various departments of MINAE to analyse the use of the data and information generated by MOCUPP. As a result, MINAE will sign and publish a Protocol for publication, divulgation and use of information generated by the monitoring system of land-use change in productive landscapes.  At the same time, the project will prepare a methodological guide for field verification of potential violations to the forestry law, to be used by SINAC officials.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Protocol for the publication, divulgation and use of information generated by the monitoring system of land use change in productive landscapes, signed by Ministry of Environment and Energy.
[Added: 2021/09/15]
MINAE 2021/09 Completed
Periodic publication in SNIT of the results of the Mocupp, so that the various departments of MINAE use it as an early warning tool to improve their territorial management.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/10/21]
Miriam Miranda 2022/09 Completed Las publicaciones se han realizado de acuerdo con lo acordado con el IGN. History
Support ACLAP in the analysis of violations to the environmental laws due tree cover loss associated with pineapple expansion and other commodities.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/10/21]
Miriam Miranda 2022/09 Completed El ACLAP ha utilizado el MOCUPP para la generación de informes, se realizaron inspecciones de campo para confirmar o descartar posibles incumplimientos a la legislación ambiental y se coordinó con otras oficinas regionales, como el MAG. History
Methodological guide for field verification of potential violations to the forestry law.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/01/26]
Miriam Miranda 2021/12 Completed La guía se ha realizado y se ha coordinado la implementación con SINAC. History
The Project will promote on CONAC an agreement for using data and information generated by MOCUPP as an early warning instrument regarding environmental law violations.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/10/21]
Miriam Miranda 2022/07 Completed La reunión fue llevada a cabo y ya el CONAC tiene conocimiento sobre esta información. History
7. Recommendation:

A legal-conceptual tool is required to organize and delimit the attributions, complementarities, and connections of all the information systems existing in the country in geospatial matters.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2021/09/15]

Agree. The MINAE will publish a national decree to formalize SIMOCUTE as a tool to organize information related to geospatial data generated by different institutions.

Key Actions:

8. Recommendation:

The project can now guide actions to further support the strengthening of CENIGA's role so that it can fulfill its mandate as a regulatory entity and axis for the various institutions that provide environmental information, particularly related to forest loss in the country (as proposed by the PRODOC).

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15]

Agree. The project works in a series of actions to strengthen CENIGA´s role. First, the set of laws that will be discussed in Congress will ensure financial sustainability of CENIGA’s work. Second, the Protocol for the publication, divulgation and use of information generated by MOCUPP will be published soon. And third, the project offers technical guidance, equipment and personnel to support the role of CENIGA.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Include in AWP the budget to ensure strengthening and support to CENIGA.
[Added: 2021/09/15]
Miriam Miranda 2022/12 Initiated
Advocacy with legislators to ensure the amendment approvals to the set of laws which will be discussed on Congress: biodiversity law, modernization law of SINAC and amendment to the article 43 of the forestry law.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/10/21]
Kifah Sasa 2022/09 Completed El proyecto ha realizado las acciones necesarias para que el proyecto sea aprobado por la AL. History
9. Recommendation:

Given the complexity of the project and since it has a component for Monitoring and Follow-up, a more unified system should be sought to capture and report the results (data reporting tool), which reflects all the scope of the project and that at the same time is consistent with its Results Framework, without leaving out any indicator. Even when the information is available, there is no central document or dashboard where the team can report data as part of an M&E component. PIR and reports do provide all the information but not in a consolidated database that can allow an easier comprehension of the development of the interventions.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2021/09/15]

Agree. UNPD has different platforms to follow up and communicate the project results with transparency. Despite this, the project will work in the development of a complementary dashboard where all project information will be available to simplify the monitoring actions. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop monitoring dashboard using corporate tools (Power BI).
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/01/26]
M&E Specialist 2021/12 Completed El proyecto valoró que esto no era necesario a la luz de las herramientas para el seguimiento con las que ya cuenta el PNUD. History
10. Recommendation:

The wording of some indicators, the alignment of results, the ToC model, and the logical framework, respectively, should be reviewed. As well as reviewing and adjusting, the system of indicators and the definition of the indicator file.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15]

Partially agree. To respond to new challenges, changes, and different situations the project continually reviews its tasks and the results framework through the annual Project Implementation Review (PIR) at least annually.  The required changes are managed through an adaptative management approach. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The wording of the indicators, alignment of results, ToC model and logical framework was reviewed and found adequate for the project purposes.
[Added: 2021/09/15]
Santiago Carrizosa 2021/07 Completed
11. Recommendation:

In future projects, a qualitative leap can be made in terms of gender, making a diagnosis of gaps from the design phase, so that it also analyses the problem of inequities regarding women.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15]

Agree. This recommendation is already being implemented in project design processes that UNDP develops.

Key Actions:

12. Recommendation:

There is still work to be done to increase the information that buyers have on the advantages of production free of loss of forest cover and to advance in the creation of an incentive system to position these products within specialized markets. Although the achievement of the project's mid-term results is outstanding, there could be a risk of burnout of the human capita.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15]

Agree. The project will work on two fronts to ensure an increase in the information about buyers interested in products verified as a free of loss forest cover: first, we will work closely with COMEX, Procomer, MAG and MINAE to identify the best route to access national and international markets (e.g. media campaign). Second, we will work with productive initiatives such as ASOMOBI, CGUS, ASOPROLA, AMACOBAS, and other initiatives financed by the project, to improve their profits using the “free from loss of forest cover” seal.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Coordination with COMEX, Procomer, MAG and MINAE to define a route to strengthen the positioning of products verified as a free from forest cover loss
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/06/28]
Miriam Miranda 2022/05 Completed Se firmaron 6 acuerdos entre organizaciones priorizadas (APECH, ASADA División-APRODI, APROCOME, COOPECEDRAL, AMANABIF y el Programa Mujer Ganadera de la CGIZS, esta última como apoyo directo a organizaciones exclusivamente femeninas), y empresas de alcance regional (Supermercados la Flor, Agroferreteria el Real y subasta ganadera Samaná), Nacional (comercializadora Guevara, PRONAINCA) e internacional (JAVA TAZA LLC) En cada uno se creó un compromisopara garantizar la continuidad en la aplicación de herramientas de manejo del paisaje (HMP) y el uso de información MOCUPP para compras informadas, especialmente en café. Con cada grupo se realizaron intervenciones de caraterización de madurez comercial, fortalecimiento en diseño y registro de marcas, promoción,rotulación, transición a empaques biodegradables, registro de fierros y acceso a subasta para unidades ganaderas lideradas por mujeres. Mas de 595 personas de diversos sectores clave en la producción y comercialización de productos agropecuarios parte de la comunidad de practica del Green Commodities Programe coordinado por PNUD y el programa Descubre, coordinada por COMEX, MAG y PROCOMER, recibieron información acerca del esquema Unidades Productivas Libres de deforestación, basado en el MOCUPP a través de un webinario global y un stand en el evento nacional de tres días -agrotransformación-, en el cual participaron PNUD, FAO y ONUDI conjuntamente, posicionando el esquema y a MOCUPP como herramientas de interés nacional en el fomento de cadenas de suministro libres de deforestación. Por último el esquema de verificación unidades productivas libres de deforestación, basado en MOCUPP y, diseñado por el proyecto con apoyo del sector estatal (MINAE (CENIGA, DIGECA), MAG), y productivo (CORFOGA, CGIZS, ACGUS) y piloteado en 18 fincas ganaderas de la región Brunca, se ha incluido como herramienta de verificación del manejo de bosques de la certificación “Producción de carne bovina en sistemas en pastoreo y libre de deforestación” en revisión final y desarrollado con el liderazgo del ente Costarricense de Acreditación (ECA) y la Corporación de fomento ganadero (CORFOGA), esta certificación está siendo piloteada en unidades ganaderas, en su mayoría beneficiarias previas del paisajes, con el apoyo del proyecto SCALA (FAO/PNUD), que incluye inversiones en trazabilidad, HMP y estudios de mercados potenciales a nivel nacional e internacional,que ampliarán el numero de acuerdos y el uso de la información MOCUPP a futuro. History
Identify marketing strategies for sustainable products developed under “free from forest cover loss”.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/01/26]
Miriam Miranda 2021/12 Completed Un estudio de mercado fue contratado para delimitar una estrategia de posicionamiento de productos a partir de las iniciativas productivas que se han implementado en el ACLAP. History
13. Recommendation:

The crisis in the face of the pandemic exacerbated this situation. Therefore, it is recommended that a balance is made between the team's field actions and coordination with the entities that will be executing the project in the future. Decentralizing the actions so that the authorities in charge carry them out more proactively is crucial for the second half of the project.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15]

Agree. Following UNDP policies related to work safety due to COVID-19, the project will implement a combined strategy to ensure field presence and virtual activities in order to achieve the project results. The environmental education activities will be developed, virtually when possible, together with in -person activities, that have worked successfully during the pandemic. The project will evaluate each scheduled activity to determine its implementation: in person or virtual.

Key Actions:

14. Recommendation:

It is important to strengthen organizations at the community level. Above all, in the case of the Brigades, they are linked to community development associations, but require strong support. In the case of socio-productive initiatives, a component that will enhance their sustainability is the execution of business plans linked to markets that can guarantee sales, and therefore, income to the producers.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2021/09/15]

Agree. The project has established a plan to strengthen local groups that could be affected when the project ends. Special support has been established to work with biological corridors, indigenous population, and women. At the same time, the project works closely with the main counterparts: MINAE, CORFOGA, MAG, SINAC and municipalities to ensure the work continuity at community level.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Follow up with groups and communities at all levels.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/10/21]
Miriam Miranda 2022/12 Initiated History
15. Recommendation:

It is key that the institutions involved (local governments, public institutions, etc.) designate personnel and budgets so that the investments that have been made in the areas are maintained and sustained over time (nurseries, planted trees, murals, equipment, and supplies delivered, etc.)

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2021/09/15]

Agree. The project works closely with the main counterparts MINAE, MAG, SINAC and municipalities to define a strategy to ensure the sustainability of the diverse project actions.   

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop exit strategy for the project.
[Added: 2021/09/15] [Last Updated: 2022/10/21]
Miriam Miranda 2022/09 Completed Las contrapartes nacionales han aportado las contrarpartidas necesarias para dar sostenibilidad a las acciones del proyecto. History

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