BRA/16/G31 Fourth National Communication UNFCCC TE

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Evaluation Plan:
2017-2022, Brazil
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
03/2022
Completion Date:
12/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Download document IC_RLA ToR for ExpRes BRA-GEF PIMS 5187 4NC.pdf tor English 224.37 KB Posted 401
Download document IC_RLA ToR for ExpRes BRA-GEF PIMS 5187 4NC annexes.pdf tor English 298.93 KB Posted 404
Download document 2021.12.13_UNDP_BR_TE_4NC_Final_Report.pdf report English 1428.10 KB Posted 410
Title BRA/16/G31 Fourth National Communication UNFCCC TE
Atlas Project Number: 00085388
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2022, Brazil
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2021
Planned End Date: 03/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
SDG Goal
  • Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG Target
  • 12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 20,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Francisco Arango MSC
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Fourth National Communication and Biennial Update Reports to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5378
PIMS Number: 5187
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Science and Technology Brazil
Countries: BRAZIL
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Finalize project terminal report

The experiences with preparation of the 4NC and BURs in Brazil are relevant to future reporting to UNFCCC in Brazil, and for reporting by other non-Annex I Parties, including countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The improvements to the approaches, methodologies, and emissions factors used for the elaboration of the GHG inventory are notable, as is the approach on water, food, energy and socioeconomic securities that was chosen for the assessment of vulnerability to climate change. The institutional arrangements for the elaboration of NCs, based on long-term partnerships with organizations affiliated to Rede CLIMA is also worth showcasing. Therefore, this evaluation recommends that the project team finalizes a project terminal report that provides a critical review of the project experiences, emphasizing on lessons learned, and opportunities for improvement by subsequent replication initiatives. The completion report could be professionally translated into English and/or Spanish and be widely disseminated, with support from UNDP.

 

Finalize project terminal report

The experiences with preparation of the 4NC and BURs in Brazil are relevant to future reporting to UNFCCC in Brazil, and for reporting by other non-Annex I Parties, including countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The improvements to the approaches, methodologies, and emissions factors used for the elaboration of the GHG inventory are notable, as is the approach on water, food, energy and socioeconomic securities that was chosen for the assessment of vulnerability to climate change. The institutional arrangements for the elaboration of NCs, based on long-term partnerships with organizations affiliated to Rede CLIMA is also worth showcasing. Therefore, this evaluation recommends that the project team finalizes a project terminal report that provides a critical review of the project experiences, emphasizing on lessons learned, and opportunities for improvement by subsequent replication initiatives. The completion report could be professionally translated into English and/or Spanish and be widely disseminated, with support from UNDP.

 

 

2

Design of upcoming project to support reporting to UNFCCC Brazil has started the process to request financial support from GEF for the preparation of the Fifth National Communication (5NC), and upcoming BURs and Biennial Transparency Reports (BTRs). In that context, the following recommendations could be taken into consideration for the design of that project:

•              Stakeholders´ analysis and engagement plan. A key factor contributing to the success of the project for the elaboration of 4NC were the partnerships with organizations affiliated to Rede CLIMA and other stakeholders, and how effectively these partnerships were managed by the project team. To replicate and further improve this experience in the upcoming project, the project design may be supported by a stakeholders´ analysis and engagement plan prepared during the project formulation or early implementation stages.  

•              Engage earlier with State and subnational actors. During the preparation of 4NC, State governments and subnational actors were consulted and informed of project products (e.g. GHG inventory, vulnerability assessment, etc.), but had limited roles during earlier phases of design and elaboration of those products. During the preparation of 5NC, stakeholders may want to consider engaging with State and subnational actor at earlier stages to further improve the relevance and ownership of project results at regional and local levels.

•              Build on the diversity of project partners. The number and diversity of actors who participated in the elaboration of 4NC was remarkable (over 450 experts representing close to 220 organizations). That level of engagement is a key asset of the UNFCCC reporting process in Brazil. Project partners for the elaboration of 5NC are encouraged to build on that asset by increasing the diversity of organizations that participate in the process by, for example, reaching out to underrepresented regions, and sectors.

•              Gender analysis and action plan. Gender-dimensions were not fully incorporated in the project design -it was not a requirement at the time- and had a limited scope during project implementation. It is recommended to address this shortcoming during the preparation of the project to support 5NC by, inter alia, the elaboration of a gender analysis and action plan that defines gender-responsive actions and indicators.

•              Communications. The communication’s function was formally incorporated into project management towards the end of project implementation, in 2020, with the incorporation of a communications analyst and the adoption of a communication plan. It is recommended to include the communication’s function in the design of the project to support 5NC and as soon as the project starts implementation. As part of these activities, the project may want to replicate to surveys on public perceptions of climate chance completed under output 3.4. of the project to support 4NC.

•              Project results framework. The indicators and targets in the PRF had limited use at intermediate stages of project implementation. To improve the usefulness of the PRF as a project management tool, the recommendation made in the MTR report could be revisited to include in the PRF a combination of results and process indicators with relevant targets at mid-term.

1. Recommendation:

Finalize project terminal report

The experiences with preparation of the 4NC and BURs in Brazil are relevant to future reporting to UNFCCC in Brazil, and for reporting by other non-Annex I Parties, including countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The improvements to the approaches, methodologies, and emissions factors used for the elaboration of the GHG inventory are notable, as is the approach on water, food, energy and socioeconomic securities that was chosen for the assessment of vulnerability to climate change. The institutional arrangements for the elaboration of NCs, based on long-term partnerships with organizations affiliated to Rede CLIMA is also worth showcasing. Therefore, this evaluation recommends that the project team finalizes a project terminal report that provides a critical review of the project experiences, emphasizing on lessons learned, and opportunities for improvement by subsequent replication initiatives. The completion report could be professionally translated into English and/or Spanish and be widely disseminated, with support from UNDP.

 

Finalize project terminal report

The experiences with preparation of the 4NC and BURs in Brazil are relevant to future reporting to UNFCCC in Brazil, and for reporting by other non-Annex I Parties, including countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The improvements to the approaches, methodologies, and emissions factors used for the elaboration of the GHG inventory are notable, as is the approach on water, food, energy and socioeconomic securities that was chosen for the assessment of vulnerability to climate change. The institutional arrangements for the elaboration of NCs, based on long-term partnerships with organizations affiliated to Rede CLIMA is also worth showcasing. Therefore, this evaluation recommends that the project team finalizes a project terminal report that provides a critical review of the project experiences, emphasizing on lessons learned, and opportunities for improvement by subsequent replication initiatives. The completion report could be professionally translated into English and/or Spanish and be widely disseminated, with support from UNDP.

 

 

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/03]

There is already a terminal report elaborated under the project, recording the lessons learned and the recommendation for technical and processual improvements.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
A project terminal report was prepared by the Technical Coordinator, summarizing details, and describing the major initiatives developed.
[Added: 2022/03/03]
Project team, supported by UNDP 2021/12 Completed
2. Recommendation:

Design of upcoming project to support reporting to UNFCCC Brazil has started the process to request financial support from GEF for the preparation of the Fifth National Communication (5NC), and upcoming BURs and Biennial Transparency Reports (BTRs). In that context, the following recommendations could be taken into consideration for the design of that project:

•              Stakeholders´ analysis and engagement plan. A key factor contributing to the success of the project for the elaboration of 4NC were the partnerships with organizations affiliated to Rede CLIMA and other stakeholders, and how effectively these partnerships were managed by the project team. To replicate and further improve this experience in the upcoming project, the project design may be supported by a stakeholders´ analysis and engagement plan prepared during the project formulation or early implementation stages.  

•              Engage earlier with State and subnational actors. During the preparation of 4NC, State governments and subnational actors were consulted and informed of project products (e.g. GHG inventory, vulnerability assessment, etc.), but had limited roles during earlier phases of design and elaboration of those products. During the preparation of 5NC, stakeholders may want to consider engaging with State and subnational actor at earlier stages to further improve the relevance and ownership of project results at regional and local levels.

•              Build on the diversity of project partners. The number and diversity of actors who participated in the elaboration of 4NC was remarkable (over 450 experts representing close to 220 organizations). That level of engagement is a key asset of the UNFCCC reporting process in Brazil. Project partners for the elaboration of 5NC are encouraged to build on that asset by increasing the diversity of organizations that participate in the process by, for example, reaching out to underrepresented regions, and sectors.

•              Gender analysis and action plan. Gender-dimensions were not fully incorporated in the project design -it was not a requirement at the time- and had a limited scope during project implementation. It is recommended to address this shortcoming during the preparation of the project to support 5NC by, inter alia, the elaboration of a gender analysis and action plan that defines gender-responsive actions and indicators.

•              Communications. The communication’s function was formally incorporated into project management towards the end of project implementation, in 2020, with the incorporation of a communications analyst and the adoption of a communication plan. It is recommended to include the communication’s function in the design of the project to support 5NC and as soon as the project starts implementation. As part of these activities, the project may want to replicate to surveys on public perceptions of climate chance completed under output 3.4. of the project to support 4NC.

•              Project results framework. The indicators and targets in the PRF had limited use at intermediate stages of project implementation. To improve the usefulness of the PRF as a project management tool, the recommendation made in the MTR report could be revisited to include in the PRF a combination of results and process indicators with relevant targets at mid-term.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/03]

  • The engagement plan has been already started. In this plan, it would be possible establish a new approach for the duties and responsibilities, especially, for Rede CLIMA partners. Besides that, soon as possible, it will be important a working meeting between MCTI and UNDP to analysis the current options for partnerships formalization.
  • A preliminary calendar has been defined for the interactions between national and subnational levels.
  • For the new project, it’s planned mapping new relevant actors.
  • For 5NC project document it’s planned the elaboration of a gender analysis and action plan that defines gender-responsive actions and indicators.
  • For 5NC project document it’s planned the implementation of the communication plan as soon as possible.

The PRF will be considered such as a project management tool since the beginning of the new proje

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
MCTI will try to incorporate all the recommendations at the Fifth National Communication (5NC) project design phase. MCTI is developing an engagement actions and meetings with State and subnational actors before starting the new project. Beyond that, the implementation of the Fifth National Communication (5NC) project will include specific and periodic meetings since the beginning of the implementation with this audience. The 5NC project document is already including actions an resources to implement the gender analysis and an specific action plan to address this issue. The 5NC project document was designed previewing a Communication Analyst since the beginning of the project.
[Added: 2022/03/03]
MCTI UNDP 2022/12 Initiated

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