Tourism for Rural Poverty Alleviation

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2002-2007, Nepal
Evaluation Type:
Project
Planned End Date:
11/2006
Completion Date:
11/2006
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
--
The key findings of the FET include:  The TRPAP is a well thought out, ambitious (nearly US$ 5 million) propoor tourism programme. It is experimental by nature. It has had some considerable successes, especially with: o Socially mobilizing a strong cadre of target groups to work for the programme, and successfully applying participatory planning tools. o Developing a wide range of rural infrastructure, e.g. trail development, bridges, signs, rubbish collection, alternative energy systems, community lodges, and water schemes. o Developing appropriate institutional support in the respective districts that provides direction and ownership of the TRPAP principles. TRPAP's work with DDCs, VDCs and STDCs in most cases has been successful, despite difficult conditions. DDCs, VDCs, BZMCs, BZUGs and STDCs have made progress in institutionalizing the issues, and some activities will be sustained (e.g. STDC activities and infrastructure development) o Providing capacity enhancement, both in Kathmandu and in the districts has in most cases been effective. A wide range of stakeholders (over 13,000) were given skills training. o Providing small business access to capital through the Venture Capital Fund (VCF).  The TRPAP was delivered by a "stand alone" project office within the Nepal Tourism Board. This has considerable advantages as it provided strong GoN linkages and also enabled TRPAP to stay focused on delivering results. Good communication linkages and support within NTB were well maintained throughout the project period.  Whilst the programme was designed in times of buoyant tourism (1999-2000), TRPAP was delivered (2001-2006) during a period of struggling tourism due to the serious civil unrest in many parts of the country, including all TRPAP sites. This was particularly relevant in Taplejung, and Dolpo districts. The difficulties in these areas led the aid programme partner, SNV-N, to withdraw their ecotourism projects in these area

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Title Tourism for Rural Poverty Alleviation
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2002-2007, Nepal
Evaluation Type: Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2006
Planned End Date: 11/2006
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Crisis Prevention & Recovery
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
Evaluation Budget(US $): --
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Dave Bamford Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: NEPAL
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Prepare a publication "lessons learned from the TRPAP 2001-2006" as agreed by the steering committee and described in the DFID Summary Milestones
2 Run a series of awareness programmes, locally, nationally and internationally, to showcase and disseminate pro-poor lessons learned from TRPAP and other relevant Nepal programmes
3 Continue to provide support for targeted small tourism businesses in the lower Solukhumbu, Rasuwa, Chitwan and Rupandehi sites. This support would include capacity enhancement, business advice, marketing support from NTB and the private sector, and the continuation of the Venture Capital Fund with advice from TAG
4 Phase out all TRPAP activities in the Dolpa and Taplejung districts
5 Ensure mechanisms are in place at the district level for infrastructure funded by TRPAP to be maintained by DDCs and VDCs on an on-going basis
6 Strengthen linkages with the six DDCs in project sites (including infrastructure maintenance, micro-credit, training and tourism business support) and to ensure that all TRPAP core district functions are absorbed into the DDCs
7 DNPWC continue the close collaboration and partnerships with the tourism industry that have been strengthened through this programme
8 DNPWC and SMNPBZ institutions complete the Park Visitor Centre development, the Lukla micro-hydro project, and ensure the DNPWC tourism unit is functional, with support from TRPAP, as soon as possible
9 Reorganize and strengthen the current STDU within the NTB to provide the sustainable tourism advisory functions, and to absorb TRPAP's core roles
10 Develop an agreed exit plan for TRPAP that: reduces the PMU staff to reflect the exit strategy by December 2006; reduces the PMO staff to reflect the Sagarmatha component exit strategy by December 2006; allows for the managed change of TRPAP responsibilities to the relevant agencies (STDU and DDCs)
11 Ensure the strengthened STDU is fully functional within the NTB by mid 2007, and responsible for coordinating all the GoN pro-poor tourism activities, including linkages with supporting donors
12 Ensure that development partners can learn lessons from this programme particularly in the areas of working in conflict situations, listing to the needs of the GoN's lead agencies and in the provision of technical support
13 GoN shuuld carefully address the immediate sustainability of TRPAP's objectives and future activities into district and governmental institutions
14 UNDP consider supporting the preparation of a project document that provides for 2-3 years ongoing rural tourism support to Nepal
1. Recommendation: Prepare a publication "lessons learned from the TRPAP 2001-2006" as agreed by the steering committee and described in the DFID Summary Milestones
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

This lesson learnt publication will be important to share and show case Nepal's piloting experience in pro-poor tourism to the rest of the word. The work is almost at the final stage of completion

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Engage national and international consultants and publish document. A draft lessons learnt documentation will be ready by the end of 2006 and will be published in early 2007
[Added: 2007/01/03] [Last Updated: 2016/12/09]
TRPAP 2007/03 Completed History
2. Recommendation: Run a series of awareness programmes, locally, nationally and internationally, to showcase and disseminate pro-poor lessons learned from TRPAP and other relevant Nepal programmes
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

Once the lessons learnt documentation will be finalised, sharing to national as well as international forums will start through a series of workshops and posting into WebPages

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Dissemination Plan of the lesson learned document will be prepared and implemented
[Added: 2007/01/03] [Last Updated: 2008/06/03]
UNDP/TRPAP 2007/05 Completed
3. Recommendation: Continue to provide support for targeted small tourism businesses in the lower Solukhumbu, Rasuwa, Chitwan and Rupandehi sites. This support would include capacity enhancement, business advice, marketing support from NTB and the private sector, and the continuation of the Venture Capital Fund with advice from TAG
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

As spelled out in the exit strategy of the programme small business promotion activities will be supported by the project in the above sites with the support of NTB and private sector

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Incorporate in 2007 Work Plan and implement
[Added: 2007/01/03] [Last Updated: 2016/12/09]
TRPAP 2007/06 Completed History
4. Recommendation: Phase out all TRPAP activities in the Dolpa and Taplejung districts
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

There will be no additional activities implemented in these two districts. Only phasing out and hand over activities will be implemented.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Prepare a phase out plan and implement it; handover the project assets to local institutions/communities. To be done as soon as practicable and no later than June 2007
[Added: 2007/01/03] [Last Updated: 2016/12/09]
TRPAP 2007/06 Completed Exit strategy has been finalised. History
5. Recommendation: Ensure mechanisms are in place at the district level for infrastructure funded by TRPAP to be maintained by DDCs and VDCs on an on-going basis
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

All infrastructure works supported by the project will be completed and handed over to the DDC/VDC and local communities as appropriate

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Handover the completed infrastructure to the local community institutions and DDC/VDC, as appropriate
[Added: 2007/01/03] [Last Updated: 2016/12/09]
TRPAP/VDCs/DDCs 2007/03 Completed History
6. Recommendation: Strengthen linkages with the six DDCs in project sites (including infrastructure maintenance, micro-credit, training and tourism business support) and to ensure that all TRPAP core district functions are absorbed into the DDCs
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

The linkage will be strengthened through having discussion with the DDCs/STDCs and NTB on the future collaboration and scope of works after phasing out of TRPAP

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Detail out ToR for DDC in six districts and develop a MoU between them and STDU/NTB; Enter into MoU with the districts
[Added: 2007/01/03] [Last Updated: 2016/12/09]
TRPAP/NTB 2007/06 Completed History
7. Recommendation: DNPWC continue the close collaboration and partnerships with the tourism industry that have been strengthened through this programme
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

As DNWPC has been collaborating and partnering with tourism industry, It will continue to do so

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ongoing collaboration.
[Added: 2007/01/03]
DNPWC/NTB 2007/06 Completed This is an ongoing process, which does not require a specific action to be completed, thus the implementation of the recommendation can be considered completed, although UNDP will continue to monitor the process.
8. Recommendation: DNPWC and SMNPBZ institutions complete the Park Visitor Centre development, the Lukla micro-hydro project, and ensure the DNPWC tourism unit is functional, with support from TRPAP, as soon as possible
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

Most of the work has been completed and the remaining work will complete very soon.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Facilitate completion of the construction and energy projects in SNP area; Implement STCF recommendations for making tourism unit functional within DNPWC. To be done as soon as practicable, and no later than June 2007.
[Added: 2007/01/03] [Last Updated: 2016/12/09]
TRPAP/REDP and DNPWC/SNPBZ/NTB 2007/06 Completed History
9. Recommendation: Reorganize and strengthen the current STDU within the NTB to provide the sustainable tourism advisory functions, and to absorb TRPAP's core roles
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

Substantive dialogue with NTB and MoCTCA will start to assign more human resources to STDU and allocate substantive budget to support its smooth operation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Engage into dialogue with NTB and MoCTCA to strengthen STDU; Ensure allocation of annual budget from NTB for rural tourism development.
[Added: 2007/01/03] [Last Updated: 2016/12/09]
TRPAP/NTB 2007/03 Completed History
10. Recommendation: Develop an agreed exit plan for TRPAP that: reduces the PMU staff to reflect the exit strategy by December 2006; reduces the PMO staff to reflect the Sagarmatha component exit strategy by December 2006; allows for the managed change of TRPAP responsibilities to the relevant agencies (STDU and DDCs)
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

The exit plan has been prepared, discussed in the advisory group and finalised. 2007 work plan of the project will be based on the priority activities listed in the exit plan

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Prepare exit plan with reduced number of staff by end December 2006 Implement the exit plan by June 2007
[Added: 2007/01/03] [Last Updated: 2016/12/09]
TRPAP 2007/06 Completed History
11. Recommendation: Ensure the strengthened STDU is fully functional within the NTB by mid 2007, and responsible for coordinating all the GoN pro-poor tourism activities, including linkages with supporting donors
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

Discussion will start with NTB/STDU on how to enhance the role and responsibility of STDU so that it could take up the functions of TRPAP

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop new ToR for STDU for its strengthened role to take over TRPAP activities Get approval on the new ToR from NTB
[Added: 2007/01/03] [Last Updated: 2016/12/09]
TRPAP/STDU/NTB 2007/04 Completed History
12. Recommendation: Ensure that development partners can learn lessons from this programme particularly in the areas of working in conflict situations, listing to the needs of the GoN's lead agencies and in the provision of technical support
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

UNDP will share the lessons learnt from programme implementation in conflict situation with its partners

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop documentation on conflict sensitiveness of the programme (March 2007) Disseminate the documentation to the partner organisations (May 2007)
[Added: 2007/01/03] [Last Updated: 2016/12/09]
UNDP 2007/05 Completed History
13. Recommendation: GoN shuuld carefully address the immediate sustainability of TRPAP's objectives and future activities into district and governmental institutions
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

UNDP, in collaboration with concerned institutions, continue to advocate for rural tourism

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ensure that the government allocates funds annually for rural tourism activities in pilot districts
[Added: 2007/01/03] [Last Updated: 2016/12/09]
MOCTA and MOLD 2007/06 Completed History
14. Recommendation: UNDP consider supporting the preparation of a project document that provides for 2-3 years ongoing rural tourism support to Nepal
Management Response: [Added: 2007/01/03]

This is contingent upon new priorities for UNDP programme in Nepal

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Finalize the ToR for project formulation mission Organize formulation mission
[Added: 2007/01/03] [Last Updated: 2016/12/09]
UNDP/MoCTCA/NTB 2007/06 Completed History

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