PIMS 1750 IEM MSP PEATLANDS

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Evaluation Plan:
2006-2010, Belarus
Evaluation Type:
Project
Planned End Date:
12/2008
Completion Date:
12/2010
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
1,024

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Title PIMS 1750 IEM MSP PEATLANDS
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2006-2010, Belarus
Evaluation Type: Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2010
Planned End Date: 12/2008
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Crisis Prevention & Recovery
  • 2. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. National and local governments and communities have the capacities to adapt to climate change and make inclusive and sustainable environment & energy decisions benefitting in particular under-served populations
Evaluation Budget(US $): 1,024
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Team Leader
Floris Deodatus Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: Yes
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: EA
GEF Phase: GEF-1
PIMS Number:
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: BELARUS, REPUBLIC OF
Comments: Mid-term project evaluation
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 UNDP Management Response Template Mid-term Evaluation of the UNDP-GEF "Peatlands" project #43201 Date: 09.02.2009 Prepared by: Igor Tchoulba Position: Program Officer Unit/Bureau: UNDP Belarus Cleared by: Position: Assistant Resident Representative Unit/Bureau: UNDP Belarus Input into and update in ERC: Position: Assistant Resident Representative Unit/Bureau: UNDP Belarus Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 1: Recognizing the innovative and experimental nature of the project, intensive monitoring and supervision should be given a high priority to ensure the reliability of the technical model for renaturalization of degraded peatlands. The current demonstration sites monitoring program should be reviewed and additional support provided if deemed necessary by the experts to assure the accuracy of the technical model. Management Response: Currently, the reliability of the technical model for renaturalization of degraded peatlands used by the project is insured by constant supervision of the construction work by the project team and hired specialists, and by monitoring, which includes: (i) GHG emissions measurement, (ii) monitoring of hydrological regime at the restored territories, and (iii) monitoring of flora and fauna succession after restoration. To enhance the data on the reliability of the used restoration model, current monitoring system will be extended till the end of 2010 (initially it was planned to be completed at the end of 2009). Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking* Status Comments 1.1 - Develop a new extended programme to monitoring the effectiveness of the employed restoration model. 2009 PMU Ongoing 1.2 - Provide regular oversight of the monitoring activities. 2009-2010 PMU, MoFor Ongoing 1.3. - Intensify efforts to find additional funds for the extended monitoring programme 2009-2010 UNDP, MoFor, PMU Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 2: A Project Board should be established in accordance with new UNDP management systems. The Board should serve as a project operations management group under the Project Steering Committee, with representation from UNDP, MOF, MOE, and the PIU. The Board should meet monthly to review progress and to address any outstanding issues, and obtain executive direction from the Steering Committee where necessary. Management Response: Currently, sufficient mechanisms are in place which perform duties of Project Board and assure, in line with the respective UNDP guidelines, that the project remains on course to deliver the desired outcome of the required quality. Project Steering Committee, which includes representatives of UNDP, the national executing partner and all the key project stakeholders, makes management decisions for a project when guidance is required by the Project Manager. Based on the approved annual work plan (AWP), the Project Board reviews and approves project stage plans and authorizes any major deviation from these agreed stage plans. It is the authority that signs off on the completion of each stage plan as well as authorizes the start of the next stage plan. It ensures that required resources are committed and arbitrates any conflicts within the project or negotiates a solution to any problems between the project and external bodies. In addition, it approves the appointment and responsibilities of the Project Manager. Project Assurance responsibilities rest with the UNDP. Taking into account the fact that the mechanisms which perform the duties of a Project Board are in place and function sufficiently, there is no need to establish any additional body. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments No action needed Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 3: In recognition of the changes in financial conditions, a strategic work plan and revised budget should be prepared for the remainder of the project period. It should focus on finalizing the regulatory procedures/guidelines and the technical models for renaturalization of degraded peatlands along with the related operational manuals and training modules for their dissemination. The project monitoring plan should be updated accordingly, consistent with GEF standards Management Response: Strategic work plan and revised budget will be prepared by the PMU in the 1st quarter of 2009. Strategic plan will focus on finalizing the regulatory procedures/guidelines; Project monitoring plan will be updated in 2009. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 3.1 - Strategic work plan and revised budget will be prepared 1st quarter 2009 PMU Ongoing 3.2- - Monitoring plan updated 1st quarter 2009 PMU Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 4: The Technical Codes of Practice have yet to be officially adopted. Despite stakeholder agreement on these guidelines, formal approval could encounter unforeseen delays and impediments. The Steering Committee, with support from UNDP, should monitor and advocate for this approval as needed Management Response: The Technical Codes of Common Practice have been approved 31.10.2008 by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Protection. They are valid from January 1, 2009. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments No further action required Completed Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 5: A mutually acceptable solution is possible for the problem of conflicting designations at Zhada site. However, GPO Beltopgaz is unable to directly change the Peat program even though they support the proposed solution. UNDP should request the Government of Belarus to replace the Zhada site with another available site as endorsed by all stakeholders. Funding of this high profile site renaturalization project should be encouraged through international donors. Management Response: The decision should be made by Vitebsk regional authority (oblispolkom): either to reserve Zhada for creation of reserve zone or to use part of Zhada territory for peat extraction. In case of positive decision by Vitebsk regional authority (reserve the whole territory Zhada for establishment of nature reserve) the work at this project site can be continued. However, additional funding is needed to restore this site. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 5.1 - Closely monitor the decision of the Vitebsk oblispolkom. Provide technical information and scientific information necessary for making decision on the Zhada site. 2009 PMU On-going 5.2. - Intensify efforts to find additional funds for restoration of the Zhada site. 2009-2010 UNDP, MoFor. PMU Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 6: On the basis of the experience to date, the project should develop a formal training program on peatlands renaturalization in collaboration with appropriate national training organizations, including specific training objectives, modules and evaluation measures. Management Response: We agree with the proposed recommendation; a training programme will be developed in cooperation with a respective national training organizations. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 6.1 - Analysis of the project experience on peatlands restoration will be conducted. 2009- 1st quarter 2010 PMU Monitoring data is being collected Reliable monitoring data will be available only by the end of 2009. 6.2. - Based on these results, a training programme will be developed in cooperation with appropriate national training organizations, including specific training objectives, modules and evaluation measures, at the beginning of 2010. The module will be then tested in the second half of 2010, and corrected, if necessary. 2010 PMU Currently there are no funds under the project. Additional funding is needed. 6.3. Intensify efforts to find additional funds for training programme development 2009-2010 UNDP, PMU, MoFor Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 7: The biophysical monitoring program should further define and disseminate the short-term indicators of mire formation processes for fen mires, transitional bogs and raised bogs and their habitat attributes that are to be used within site management plans, since many of the final ecological results will take decades to fully assess. Management Response: The biophysical monitoring program will be further improved. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 7.1 - A study on mire formation "short-term" indicators will be included into the project scope in 2010. 2010 PMU First monitoring data on mire formation after renaturalization sites will be received in 2009 7.2. - List of short-term indicators of mire formation should be prepared and disseminated. 2010 PMU 7.3. Intensify efforts to find additional funds for the biophysical monitoring. May 2006 - September 2007 UNDP, PMU, MoFor Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 8: In order to maintain the biodiversity objectives of the demonstration sites, the project should assist MoF and MoE in developing a standard protocol for the site management plans to be implemented by the forest enterprises, drawing upon GEF wetland projects in the region. The detailed management plans should ensure effective guidance on water management, habitat development and conservation, and human use of the sites for recreation and traditional food collection. The MoF should appoint staff responsible for monitoring and reporting on the implementation the management plans. Management Response: PIU did assist MoF in developing of the protocol. It was done at the end of 2007. Based on the protocol, the MoFor will develop management plans for all the project territories restored. Development of management plans for 3 renaturalized already started in 2008 and will be completed in 2009. Development of managements plans for the remaining project territories will start in 2010, and will be completed in 2011. The management plans will be prepared based on the approved protocol. Management plans for the project sites will be developed by specialized inventory enterprise, which belongs to the MoFor, in accordance with the requirements of the Belarusian legislation. In the whole system of the MoFor there is a strict control over implementation of the developed management plans: local forest enterprises control and report over implementation of management plans, specialized inventory enterprise (that develops management plans) control over the implementation, in the Ministry of Forestry itself there is a special unit responsible for monitoring of management plans. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 8.1 Closely monitor the process of management plans development for the project restored territories. 2009-2011 PMU. UNDP Monitoring the management plans development process in 2011 will be conducted by UNDP. Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 9: Practical information on construction methods appropriate for peatland renaturalization and inspection checklists should be prepared, based on the demonstration projects experience, to serve as field guides for contractors and project managers. Management Response: Methodical recommendations on ecological rehabilitation of depleted peat deposits and other damaged mires and on prevention of damage to the hydrological regime of natural ecosystems in the process of drainage have been drafted and disseminated among the stakeholders for comments. We expect the document to be finalized in the first half of 2009. The inspection checklist will be developed. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 9.1 - Finalization of the methodological recommendations, taking into account stakeholders comments. 1st half of 2009 PMU Ongoing 9.2. - Development of inspection checklists. 2009 PMU Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 10: In conjunction with Outcome 3, an assessment should be done of the GHG estimation methods and data collection and analyses protocols developed under the project and their suitability to meet the funding requirements of international donors for use in carbon offsetting markets. Management Response: Methodological guidelines for measurement of GHG will be completed at the end of 2009. Verification of the GHG measuring methods used by the project should be done by independent experts. The project does not have financial resources to engage respective specialists to conduct such verification. However, such assessment can be conducted within new projects. Particularly, negotiations are carried out with the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds on a prospective UNDP project on restoration of degraded peatlands. Activities on GHG emission measurement methods assessment can be included in this project. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 10.1 - Include verification of the GHG measuring methods, used in the Peatlands project, in the project proposal for a new prospective project on restoration of degraded peatlands. 2009 UNDP Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 11: In conjunction with Outcome 4, organizational options should be considered by the Steering Committee to sustain and expand peatland renaturalization with a view toward having one oversight group at the operational level that can carry on technical discussions, joint capacity building activities and international collaboration after project closure. Management Response: A proposal on establishment of an oversight group to work at the operational level after project closure, supplemented by a draft ToR for this group will be developed and submitted to the Project Steering Committee (PSC). Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 11.1 - Development and submission to the PSC of a proposal on establishment of an oversight group to work at the operational level after project closure, supplemented by a draft ToR for this group. 2010 PMU Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 12: The amount of field supervision, direction and monitoring required to manage the demonstration projects is significant and will increase over the final two years of the project. The budget and project schedule for travel expenses should be reviewed in light of actual expenses and UNDP norms. Management Response: A project schedule for travel and respective budget will be reviewed to reflect the actual expenses, in accordance with the UNDP norms. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 12.1 - Review the schedule for travel and respective budget to reflect the actual expenses, in accordance with the UNDP norms. 2008-2009 PMU, UNDP Completed
1. Recommendation: UNDP Management Response Template Mid-term Evaluation of the UNDP-GEF "Peatlands" project #43201 Date: 09.02.2009 Prepared by: Igor Tchoulba Position: Program Officer Unit/Bureau: UNDP Belarus Cleared by: Position: Assistant Resident Representative Unit/Bureau: UNDP Belarus Input into and update in ERC: Position: Assistant Resident Representative Unit/Bureau: UNDP Belarus Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 1: Recognizing the innovative and experimental nature of the project, intensive monitoring and supervision should be given a high priority to ensure the reliability of the technical model for renaturalization of degraded peatlands. The current demonstration sites monitoring program should be reviewed and additional support provided if deemed necessary by the experts to assure the accuracy of the technical model. Management Response: Currently, the reliability of the technical model for renaturalization of degraded peatlands used by the project is insured by constant supervision of the construction work by the project team and hired specialists, and by monitoring, which includes: (i) GHG emissions measurement, (ii) monitoring of hydrological regime at the restored territories, and (iii) monitoring of flora and fauna succession after restoration. To enhance the data on the reliability of the used restoration model, current monitoring system will be extended till the end of 2010 (initially it was planned to be completed at the end of 2009). Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking* Status Comments 1.1 - Develop a new extended programme to monitoring the effectiveness of the employed restoration model. 2009 PMU Ongoing 1.2 - Provide regular oversight of the monitoring activities. 2009-2010 PMU, MoFor Ongoing 1.3. - Intensify efforts to find additional funds for the extended monitoring programme 2009-2010 UNDP, MoFor, PMU Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 2: A Project Board should be established in accordance with new UNDP management systems. The Board should serve as a project operations management group under the Project Steering Committee, with representation from UNDP, MOF, MOE, and the PIU. The Board should meet monthly to review progress and to address any outstanding issues, and obtain executive direction from the Steering Committee where necessary. Management Response: Currently, sufficient mechanisms are in place which perform duties of Project Board and assure, in line with the respective UNDP guidelines, that the project remains on course to deliver the desired outcome of the required quality. Project Steering Committee, which includes representatives of UNDP, the national executing partner and all the key project stakeholders, makes management decisions for a project when guidance is required by the Project Manager. Based on the approved annual work plan (AWP), the Project Board reviews and approves project stage plans and authorizes any major deviation from these agreed stage plans. It is the authority that signs off on the completion of each stage plan as well as authorizes the start of the next stage plan. It ensures that required resources are committed and arbitrates any conflicts within the project or negotiates a solution to any problems between the project and external bodies. In addition, it approves the appointment and responsibilities of the Project Manager. Project Assurance responsibilities rest with the UNDP. Taking into account the fact that the mechanisms which perform the duties of a Project Board are in place and function sufficiently, there is no need to establish any additional body. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments No action needed Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 3: In recognition of the changes in financial conditions, a strategic work plan and revised budget should be prepared for the remainder of the project period. It should focus on finalizing the regulatory procedures/guidelines and the technical models for renaturalization of degraded peatlands along with the related operational manuals and training modules for their dissemination. The project monitoring plan should be updated accordingly, consistent with GEF standards Management Response: Strategic work plan and revised budget will be prepared by the PMU in the 1st quarter of 2009. Strategic plan will focus on finalizing the regulatory procedures/guidelines; Project monitoring plan will be updated in 2009. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 3.1 - Strategic work plan and revised budget will be prepared 1st quarter 2009 PMU Ongoing 3.2- - Monitoring plan updated 1st quarter 2009 PMU Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 4: The Technical Codes of Practice have yet to be officially adopted. Despite stakeholder agreement on these guidelines, formal approval could encounter unforeseen delays and impediments. The Steering Committee, with support from UNDP, should monitor and advocate for this approval as needed Management Response: The Technical Codes of Common Practice have been approved 31.10.2008 by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Protection. They are valid from January 1, 2009. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments No further action required Completed Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 5: A mutually acceptable solution is possible for the problem of conflicting designations at Zhada site. However, GPO Beltopgaz is unable to directly change the Peat program even though they support the proposed solution. UNDP should request the Government of Belarus to replace the Zhada site with another available site as endorsed by all stakeholders. Funding of this high profile site renaturalization project should be encouraged through international donors. Management Response: The decision should be made by Vitebsk regional authority (oblispolkom): either to reserve Zhada for creation of reserve zone or to use part of Zhada territory for peat extraction. In case of positive decision by Vitebsk regional authority (reserve the whole territory Zhada for establishment of nature reserve) the work at this project site can be continued. However, additional funding is needed to restore this site. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 5.1 - Closely monitor the decision of the Vitebsk oblispolkom. Provide technical information and scientific information necessary for making decision on the Zhada site. 2009 PMU On-going 5.2. - Intensify efforts to find additional funds for restoration of the Zhada site. 2009-2010 UNDP, MoFor. PMU Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 6: On the basis of the experience to date, the project should develop a formal training program on peatlands renaturalization in collaboration with appropriate national training organizations, including specific training objectives, modules and evaluation measures. Management Response: We agree with the proposed recommendation; a training programme will be developed in cooperation with a respective national training organizations. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 6.1 - Analysis of the project experience on peatlands restoration will be conducted. 2009- 1st quarter 2010 PMU Monitoring data is being collected Reliable monitoring data will be available only by the end of 2009. 6.2. - Based on these results, a training programme will be developed in cooperation with appropriate national training organizations, including specific training objectives, modules and evaluation measures, at the beginning of 2010. The module will be then tested in the second half of 2010, and corrected, if necessary. 2010 PMU Currently there are no funds under the project. Additional funding is needed. 6.3. Intensify efforts to find additional funds for training programme development 2009-2010 UNDP, PMU, MoFor Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 7: The biophysical monitoring program should further define and disseminate the short-term indicators of mire formation processes for fen mires, transitional bogs and raised bogs and their habitat attributes that are to be used within site management plans, since many of the final ecological results will take decades to fully assess. Management Response: The biophysical monitoring program will be further improved. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 7.1 - A study on mire formation "short-term" indicators will be included into the project scope in 2010. 2010 PMU First monitoring data on mire formation after renaturalization sites will be received in 2009 7.2. - List of short-term indicators of mire formation should be prepared and disseminated. 2010 PMU 7.3. Intensify efforts to find additional funds for the biophysical monitoring. May 2006 - September 2007 UNDP, PMU, MoFor Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 8: In order to maintain the biodiversity objectives of the demonstration sites, the project should assist MoF and MoE in developing a standard protocol for the site management plans to be implemented by the forest enterprises, drawing upon GEF wetland projects in the region. The detailed management plans should ensure effective guidance on water management, habitat development and conservation, and human use of the sites for recreation and traditional food collection. The MoF should appoint staff responsible for monitoring and reporting on the implementation the management plans. Management Response: PIU did assist MoF in developing of the protocol. It was done at the end of 2007. Based on the protocol, the MoFor will develop management plans for all the project territories restored. Development of management plans for 3 renaturalized already started in 2008 and will be completed in 2009. Development of managements plans for the remaining project territories will start in 2010, and will be completed in 2011. The management plans will be prepared based on the approved protocol. Management plans for the project sites will be developed by specialized inventory enterprise, which belongs to the MoFor, in accordance with the requirements of the Belarusian legislation. In the whole system of the MoFor there is a strict control over implementation of the developed management plans: local forest enterprises control and report over implementation of management plans, specialized inventory enterprise (that develops management plans) control over the implementation, in the Ministry of Forestry itself there is a special unit responsible for monitoring of management plans. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 8.1 Closely monitor the process of management plans development for the project restored territories. 2009-2011 PMU. UNDP Monitoring the management plans development process in 2011 will be conducted by UNDP. Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 9: Practical information on construction methods appropriate for peatland renaturalization and inspection checklists should be prepared, based on the demonstration projects experience, to serve as field guides for contractors and project managers. Management Response: Methodical recommendations on ecological rehabilitation of depleted peat deposits and other damaged mires and on prevention of damage to the hydrological regime of natural ecosystems in the process of drainage have been drafted and disseminated among the stakeholders for comments. We expect the document to be finalized in the first half of 2009. The inspection checklist will be developed. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 9.1 - Finalization of the methodological recommendations, taking into account stakeholders comments. 1st half of 2009 PMU Ongoing 9.2. - Development of inspection checklists. 2009 PMU Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 10: In conjunction with Outcome 3, an assessment should be done of the GHG estimation methods and data collection and analyses protocols developed under the project and their suitability to meet the funding requirements of international donors for use in carbon offsetting markets. Management Response: Methodological guidelines for measurement of GHG will be completed at the end of 2009. Verification of the GHG measuring methods used by the project should be done by independent experts. The project does not have financial resources to engage respective specialists to conduct such verification. However, such assessment can be conducted within new projects. Particularly, negotiations are carried out with the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds on a prospective UNDP project on restoration of degraded peatlands. Activities on GHG emission measurement methods assessment can be included in this project. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 10.1 - Include verification of the GHG measuring methods, used in the Peatlands project, in the project proposal for a new prospective project on restoration of degraded peatlands. 2009 UNDP Ongoing Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 11: In conjunction with Outcome 4, organizational options should be considered by the Steering Committee to sustain and expand peatland renaturalization with a view toward having one oversight group at the operational level that can carry on technical discussions, joint capacity building activities and international collaboration after project closure. Management Response: A proposal on establishment of an oversight group to work at the operational level after project closure, supplemented by a draft ToR for this group will be developed and submitted to the Project Steering Committee (PSC). Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 11.1 - Development and submission to the PSC of a proposal on establishment of an oversight group to work at the operational level after project closure, supplemented by a draft ToR for this group. 2010 PMU Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 12: The amount of field supervision, direction and monitoring required to manage the demonstration projects is significant and will increase over the final two years of the project. The budget and project schedule for travel expenses should be reviewed in light of actual expenses and UNDP norms. Management Response: A project schedule for travel and respective budget will be reviewed to reflect the actual expenses, in accordance with the UNDP norms. Key Action(s) Time Frame Responsible Unit(s) Tracking Status Comments 12.1 - Review the schedule for travel and respective budget to reflect the actual expenses, in accordance with the UNDP norms. 2008-2009 PMU, UNDP Completed
Management Response: [Added: 2009/02/09]

UNDP Management Response Template Mid-term Evaluation of the UNDP-GEF "Peatlands" project #43201 Date: 09.02.2009 Prepared by: Igor Tchoulba Position: Program Officer Unit/Bureau: UNDP Belarus Cleared by: Position: Assistant Resident Representative Unit/Bureau: UNDP Belarus Input into and update in ERC: Position: Assistant Resident Representative Unit/Bureau: UNDP Belarus Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 1: Recognizing the innovative and experimental nature of the project, intensive monitoring and supervision should be given a high priority to ensure the reliability of the technical model for renaturalization of degraded peatlands. The current demonstration sites monitoring program should be reviewed and additional support provided if deemed necessary by the experts to assure the accuracy of the technical model. Management Response: Currently, the reliability of the technical model for renaturalization of degraded peatlands used by the project is insured by constant s

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