Evaluation of Second Regional Cooperation Framework for Latin America and the Caribbean 2002-2006

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Evaluation Plan:
2004-2008, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
Regional Programme
Planned End Date:
06/2007
Completion Date:
06/2007
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
180,000

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Title Evaluation of Second Regional Cooperation Framework for Latin America and the Caribbean 2002-2006
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2004-2008, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: Regional Programme
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 06/2007
Planned End Date: 06/2007
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty and MDG
  • 2. Democratic Governance
  • 3. Crisis Prevention & Recovery
  • 4. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
Evaluation Budget(US $): 180,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Eduardo Gamarra Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Keep the knowledge-generation effort applied to policy advice, integrating the concept of human development to other practice areas as a guiding framework. Knowledge generation is a significant goal of UNDP, and policy relevance of all programmes is important to the countries in the region. As each area-specific evaluation notes, integration of the human development framework into other areas will significantly augment the position of UNDP as an important player in the development world.
2 Concentrate and limit the regional initiatives to areas of expertise. This recommendation is very clear. To date, the RCF has been characterized by great dispersion of projects and little focus. At the same time, areas exist where UNDP has demonstrated expertise. Given the scarcity of resources, it makes sense to attempt to narrow UNDP engagement to those areas.
3 Enhance management of projects and programmes with clear monitoring and evaluation structures and mechanisms with a results-based management (RBM) approach. The main critique of this evaluation has been the absence of monitoring mechanisms and evaluation structures.
4 Enhance coordination with global and national levels of UNDP, particularly with country offices. Each area examined in this evaluation noted the recurrent problems of coordination between the three levels. It is clear that this must be an overarching goal of all future RCFs
5 Increase collaboration and coordination with regional institutions and with other United Nations organizations regionally. This evaluation notes that the second RCF was able to promote and develop significant relationships with other regional institutions. Yet it was also the case that these relationships are incipient and require significant work to make them effective. A similar situation exists internally, where the potential for collaboration and coordination with other United Nations organizations is enormous.
6 Structure the projects and initiatives of the new RCF around the achievement of the MDGs. This recommendation is self-evident, given the overwhelming focus of the United Nations system as a whole on the achievement of those goals. The suggestion, more specifically, is that this objective ought to become transversal to all thematic areas.
7 Enhance national and regional ownership through broader consultation processes and follow-up mechanisms. This evaluation concluded that national and regional ownership of the majority of RCF projects was weak. Consequently, consultations processes need to be strengthened, and participatory follow-up mechanisms need to be developed.
8 Given the diversification of interests within the region, a subregional approach is recommended. In several of the thematic areas, it is evident that a broad regional approach often misses subregional nuances. The next RCF should seriously consider an approach that can differentiate sufficiently to avoid the trap of generalizing efforts while missing specific targets of opportunity. At the same time, it should be sufficiently flexible to account for the dynamics of subregional patterns.
1. Recommendation: Keep the knowledge-generation effort applied to policy advice, integrating the concept of human development to other practice areas as a guiding framework. Knowledge generation is a significant goal of UNDP, and policy relevance of all programmes is important to the countries in the region. As each area-specific evaluation notes, integration of the human development framework into other areas will significantly augment the position of UNDP as an important player in the development world.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/03/23]

The third regional cooperation framework will keep its focus on knowledge management and sharing platform in close collaboration with Bureau for Development Policy, Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, Human Development Report Office and the country offices.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Thematic workshops in main practice areas
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2013/01/31]
RBLAC 2010/12 Completed CoPs in all Practice Areas instituted since 2010
Strengthen the knowledge management platform designed by the regional programme and the Latin America and the Caribbean-strategic results framework
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/23]
RBLAC 2009/12 Completed Logos Platform
Assign resources for knowledge creation
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2013/01/31]
RBLAC 2009/12 Completed KMU Established in RSC
Include specific objectives of knowledge exchange among country offices and national partners in the third regional cooperation framework
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/23]
RBLAC 2009/12 Completed
Work under a matrix-based system to integrate thematic and programmatic work under the human development approach.
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2013/01/31]
RBLAC 2008/12 Completed Completed Results Framework 2008-2013
Develop useful regional knowledge for country-level use
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/23]
RBLAC No due date No deadline established This is a core RSC-LAC service to COs
2. Recommendation: Concentrate and limit the regional initiatives to areas of expertise. This recommendation is very clear. To date, the RCF has been characterized by great dispersion of projects and little focus. At the same time, areas exist where UNDP has demonstrated expertise. Given the scarcity of resources, it makes sense to attempt to narrow UNDP engagement to those areas.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/03/23]

The third RCF will indeed focus on strategic programmatic areas such as the Millennium Development Goals, social cohesion and human development; democratic governance; environment and energy. These are areas of expertise and of interest to provide political assistance.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Undertake annual review of programme portfolio with a view to discontinuing non-priority initiatives and ensuring focus and relevance on limited number of priorities
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2013/01/31]
RBLAC Directorate 2010/12 Completed MTE of RP 2010 completed. Final Evaluation 2008-2013 completed
3. Recommendation: Enhance management of projects and programmes with clear monitoring and evaluation structures and mechanisms with a results-based management (RBM) approach. The main critique of this evaluation has been the absence of monitoring mechanisms and evaluation structures.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/03/23]

Second RCF included project monitoring and evaluation in accordance with UNDP established procedures at that time. The systems should be improved to fully incorporate RBM, including the new monitoring and evaluation corporate guidelines recently approved.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The Third RCF is formulated under RBM matrix approach (ii) Periodic reviews will be organized, including selected Country Offices and partners to review progress
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/23]
RBLAC 2007/12 Completed
Creation of a Regional Evaluation Unit
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/23]
RBLAC 2008/12 Completed Unit created in Jan 2010
Training of regional managers in corporate monitoring and evaluation guidelines
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/23]
RBLAC 2008/12 Completed
4. Recommendation: Enhance coordination with global and national levels of UNDP, particularly with country offices. Each area examined in this evaluation noted the recurrent problems of coordination between the three levels. It is clear that this must be an overarching goal of all future RCFs
Management Response: [Added: 2009/03/23]

The global programme has had small and discontinuous initiatives in the Latin America and the Caribbean region. The country cooperation framework and its priorities is the basis for coordination at the national level. Improvements should be made particularly in regional program formulation at all levels

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Design a common framework of work between global and regional levels within the thematic framework of the RCF III
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2013/01/31]
RBLAC No due date No deadline established Undertaken since 2009 in the IWP of the Thematic Areas
Periodic consultations and updates to align the regional and the national initiatives
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2013/01/31]
RBLAC No due date No deadline established Integrated in the annual workplan of all areas.
When appropriate, establish programme and project steering committees
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2013/01/31]
RBLAC 2009/12 Completed Decision taken to implement Programme Boards Pov/DG/CPR/EE/Gender which have met since 2011-2012
Strengthen or establish thematic networks
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2013/01/31]
RBLAC 2011/12 Completed Ongoing CoPs in all areas
5. Recommendation: Increase collaboration and coordination with regional institutions and with other United Nations organizations regionally. This evaluation notes that the second RCF was able to promote and develop significant relationships with other regional institutions. Yet it was also the case that these relationships are incipient and require significant work to make them effective. A similar situation exists internally, where the potential for collaboration and coordination with other United Nations organizations is enormous.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/03/23]

Partnerships with regional institutions will be strengthened. Coordination will be enhanced through the common country assessment and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework at the national level; regular programming meetings of agencies at the regional level; the MDG focus and priorities agreed upon by all United Nations organizations in the region; and implementation of United Nations reform.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Activities related to regional level follow up to United Nations reform
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2013/01/31]
RBLAC 2011/12 Completed UNDP participats in several working groups: Poverty, Gender, Anticorruption, among others
Creation of common projects and programmes with other United Nations organizations
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2011/05/17]
RBLAC No due date No deadline established Activities are in place as well as being implemented with different UN agencies.
Coordination with other actors through memorandums of understanding and similar agreements, that will serve as frameworks for thematic coordination
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2011/05/17]
RBLAC No due date No deadline established Several memorandums have been and are being written together with several agencies, CSOs, and academies. With Government institutions several collaboration agreements have been written. The systematization process is still ongoing.
6. Recommendation: Structure the projects and initiatives of the new RCF around the achievement of the MDGs. This recommendation is self-evident, given the overwhelming focus of the United Nations system as a whole on the achievement of those goals. The suggestion, more specifically, is that this objective ought to become transversal to all thematic areas.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2011/05/17]

The MDGs are the normative framework that operates under the human development conceptual umbrella, which provide the basis for the thematic work in UNDP. Under this framework, projects and initiatives within the RCF III will be directly or indirectly geared towards achievement of MDGs, including joint work with United Nations organizations, related institutions and Governments of Latin American and Caribbean countries.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Explicit reference in project and programme documents of the links to MDGs;
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2011/05/17]
RBLAC No due date No deadline established
The RCF III includes a thematic area that covers MDGs, social cohesion and human development
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2011/05/17]
RBLAC 2011/05 Completed Integrated Workplan of the Regional Programme includes an account of specific targets and results.
7. Recommendation: Enhance national and regional ownership through broader consultation processes and follow-up mechanisms. This evaluation concluded that national and regional ownership of the majority of RCF projects was weak. Consequently, consultations processes need to be strengthened, and participatory follow-up mechanisms need to be developed.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/03/23]

RCF III is being formulated under extensive consultations with Country Offices, United Nations organiations, Governments, private sector, civil society organizations, academia and other partners.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Formulation of RCF III in close consultation with key actors and partners (country offices, national and regional partners);
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2013/01/31]
RBLAC 2008/12 Completed New Programmes 2008-2011 ext 2013
Carry out a mid-term review with partners;
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2011/05/17]
RBLAC 2010/12 Completed Mid Term Evaluation completed Dec. 2010.
Improve interaction between regional country framework and country programme document;
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2011/05/17]
RBLAC No due date No deadline established
Involve partners in implementing components of programmes and reviews
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/23]
RBLAC No due date No deadline established
8. Recommendation: Given the diversification of interests within the region, a subregional approach is recommended. In several of the thematic areas, it is evident that a broad regional approach often misses subregional nuances. The next RCF should seriously consider an approach that can differentiate sufficiently to avoid the trap of generalizing efforts while missing specific targets of opportunity. At the same time, it should be sufficiently flexible to account for the dynamics of subregional patterns.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/03/23]

The regional programme will continue adopting sub-regional projects or approaches to respond to specific problems coinciding with the priorities of major partners in Latin American and the Caribbean. RCF III considers South-South cooperation as a useful tool to foster subregional work.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Project approach with focus at the subregional level;
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2011/05/17]
RBLAC No due date No deadline established
Formulation of cluster strategies with subregional focus and priorities;
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2011/05/17]
RBLAC 2011/05 Completed Different approaches by sub-region have been developed. The CRMI (Caribbean Risk Management Initiative) supports research, training and development of country programme┬┤s for adaptation to climate change. HIV/AIDS adopts different approaches by sub-region, and Citizen Security has focused efforts in Central America.
Preparation of subregional Human Development Reports;
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2013/01/31]
RBLAC 2010/12 Completed In 2009/2010 were launched and published HDR on Central American Citizen Security and Youth and Employment in Mercosur. In 2010, the 1st Regional HDR was published on Intergenerationally transmitted inequalities. In the making is a Caribbean HDR on Citizen Security and the process for a HDR on the Andean Region has been approved. CA Completed. Sourthern Cone in process. Caribbean in process. 2 other sub-regional in process
Strengthen collaboration with subregional institutions on more focused attention to peculiarities of their development challenges such as the Caribbean small island developing States
[Added: 2009/03/23] [Last Updated: 2011/05/17]
RBLAC No due date No deadline established The collaboration with subregional institutions has been strengthened thanks to agreements with CARICOM, SICA and CEPREDENAC.

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