Transformation of the Rural PV Solar

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Evaluation Plan:
2007-2010, Tanzania
Evaluation Type:
Project
Planned End Date:
07/2009
Completion Date:
10/2009
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
25,000

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Title Transformation of the Rural PV Solar
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2007-2010, Tanzania
Evaluation Type: Project
Status:Completed
Completion Date:10/2009
Planned End Date: 07/2009
Management Response:Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Crisis Prevention & Recovery
Corporate Outcomes (UNDP Strategic Plan 2008-20013)
Evaluation Budget(US $): 25,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme:No
Mandatory Evaluation:Yes
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Mohamed Ali Hamid and Finias Magessa Team Leader
Mohamed Ali Hamid and Finias Magessa Team Leader
GEF Evaluation:No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: TANZANIA (UNITED REPUBLIC OF )
Comments:The relevant project was extended leading to the evaluation being rescheduled to July 2009 in order to allow the results of the evaluation to be presented towards closure of the project.
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 The awareness created by the project needs to be strengthened and it is still early to be sustainable. Especially when it comes to proper system design and quality of equipment. More needs to be done in replication regions.
2 There is no financing modality currently in place (supply chain or end user). There is serious need to establish at least end user financing mechanism. The current PV market is much dependent on the wealthy category who can afford to pay in cash up-front and the low income (majority) is not included. This will lead to early market saturation and eventually will die-out
3 TBS/PIU/MEM needs to follow with SIDA/WB project to ensure the procurement and delivery of PV test equipment to TBS
4 Extending the SIDA/MEM project activities to Mwanza and Lake Zone is recommended to sustain awareness and end ?user financing
5 Prepare a new Log Frame (One Year Exit Strategy) for critical activities to be implemented to sustain and replicate the achievements made by the project
6 The project needs to strongly engage the REA in the exit strategy. REA is the potential government body to take over the leading role of scaling up and sustaining the awareness and end-user financing (through SACCOS) activities through TASEA Mwanza and other appropriate regional bodies that has the experience and involvement in the project activities there.
7 Take the necessary and immediate measures to enforce the approved PV standards through consumer awareness and inspection and control at ports and entry borders, especially the Tanzania-Kenya boarder custom points (This is very urgent as most substandard items were reported to come from Kenya based suppliers).
8 Implement the code of practice to ensure good systems functionality. VETA is the potential body to take over the leading role in the certification of PV installers and informing the public through awareness campaigns and the media.
9 Work out an arrangement with the Government of Tanzania whereby the project hanging activities could be completed (especially the financing and replication issues) in a one year time period (plans with financial implications to be prepared by the PIU as recommended earlier).
1. Recommendation: The awareness created by the project needs to be strengthened and it is still early to be sustainable. Especially when it comes to proper system design and quality of equipment. More needs to be done in replication regions.
Management Response:

Agreed Intensive awareness campaigns were conducted in Mwanza as well as in the replication regions through media and demonstration activities. Training of technicians and suppliers was also provided aiming at improvement of quality and services delivered. In addition to this and in response to the recommendation raised by the evaluation team, the project is providing special training to the suppliers on sizing and after sales services in Mwanza and in the replication regions to bridge the identified gaps.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Training is ongoing and will be completed in 2009. 2009/12 Completed
2. Recommendation: There is no financing modality currently in place (supply chain or end user). There is serious need to establish at least end user financing mechanism. The current PV market is much dependent on the wealthy category who can afford to pay in cash up-front and the low income (majority) is not included. This will lead to early market saturation and eventually will die-out
Management Response:

Not agreed. The project developed and established two pilot financial models. I) Supply Chain Model, which connected Solar PV suppliers with Financiers/ Banker; and ii) Consumer Financing Model, which was implemented through SACCOS with the support from the Project. Both models were successful and what remains is to scale up the experiences in other areas of the country. Two reports on the above are available including : 1) Evaluation of implementation progress of PV supply chain model; 2) Report on evaluation of progress of Consumer Financing Model for Consumers Implementation. These were well received and have attracted financiers to venture in this sub-sector.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
MEM will follow up with REA who have shown the willingness to adopt the established financing model MEM/REA 2010/01 Overdue-Initiated
3. Recommendation: TBS/PIU/MEM needs to follow with SIDA/WB project to ensure the procurement and delivery of PV test equipment to TBS
Management Response:

Agree. It was agreed during the PSC that the Government/MEM will make follow up with Sida/MEM Solar project to ensure that the testing and monitoring equipment are in place to facilitate the implementation of Solar PV Standards. The Solar PV standards were developed through the support of the UNDP/GEF Solar project and was jointly agreed that Sida/MEM will support capacity development of the implementing institutions including procurement of equipment and training. Currently procurement of equipment is underway

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Follow up with Sida/MEM Solar project to ensure that the testing and monitoring equipment are in place and PV Standards implemented UNDP 2010/01 Overdue-Initiated
4. Recommendation: Extending the SIDA/MEM project activities to Mwanza and Lake Zone is recommended to sustain awareness and end ?user financing
Management Response:

It is agreed that the activity could be extended as proposed, but not within the current project. As per current design it may not be possible for the Sida/MEM project to extend its activities to the lake zone as this has budget implication for the project. Initially the two projects were designed to be implemented in parallel and there were specific activities that were agreed to be supported by the two projects. Some awareness activities specifically through media under the Sida/MEM solar PV project will continue and may reach the Lake Zone as well. Other sources of finance through REA/REF could be another possibility

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Some awareness activities specifically through media under the Sida/MEM solar PV project will continue. UNDP will encourage Government through MEM to explore possibilities of other possible sources of funding e.g. REA UNDP/GOVERNMENT 2010/01 Overdue-Initiated
5. Recommendation: Prepare a new Log Frame (One Year Exit Strategy) for critical activities to be implemented to sustain and replicate the achievements made by the project
Management Response:

Agreed The project was due to close up its activities in June 2009, but after receiving US$200,000 from UNDP core resources (TRAC) a new work plan was prepared to include among others things, the replication of the Solar PV productive use activities in the other regions, and also to implement some of the recommendations raised from the Terminal Evaluation. Additional support in a cost sharing basis will be provided to a limited number of attractive small businesses in Kagera, Shinyanga and Mara to demonstrate functionality and applicability of Solar PV in economical activities in rural areas

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
MEM and REA will follow up after December for additional resources as may be required. MEM and REA 2010/03 Overdue-Initiated
6. Recommendation: The project needs to strongly engage the REA in the exit strategy. REA is the potential government body to take over the leading role of scaling up and sustaining the awareness and end-user financing (through SACCOS) activities through TASEA Mwanza and other appropriate regional bodies that has the experience and involvement in the project activities there.
Management Response:

Agreed One of the activities of the Policy component was to work with REA to support mainstreaming Solar PV technology in Rural Energy Master Plan (REMP). The project has started discussions with REA, and REA has confirmed their commitment to take up some of the project activities during the Tripartite meeting which took place in December 2009.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
MEM to follow up with REA as agreed in the TPR and exit strategy MEM/REA 2010/03 Overdue-Initiated
7. Recommendation: Take the necessary and immediate measures to enforce the approved PV standards through consumer awareness and inspection and control at ports and entry borders, especially the Tanzania-Kenya boarder custom points (This is very urgent as most substandard items were reported to come from Kenya based suppliers).
Management Response:

The Standards have not yet been gazette although all the paper work has been completed. The project has carried out a series of workshops to disseminate the standards to the stakeholders. However, during the last TPR in December 2009, the Government/MEM agreed to make close follow-up with AG Chambers to ensure prompt gazettement. In addition MEM will also make follow-up with Sida/MEM project to ensure implementation and enforcement of the standards. The Standards are now available at TBS and the can be accessed for a nominal fee.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
MEM will follow up to ensure that the standards are operationalized after official gazettement MEM 2010/03 Overdue-Initiated
8. Recommendation: Implement the code of practice to ensure good systems functionality. VETA is the potential body to take over the leading role in the certification of PV installers and informing the public through awareness campaigns and the media.
Management Response:

Agreed a) During project implementation the project undertook short term strategy to train a limited number of technicians to support installation and after sales maintenance during demonstration of activities. b) With regards to the long term sustainability the project mainstreamed Solar PV technology in the VETA training programme/Curriculum and provided technical training to the VETA instructors of the lake zone regions. The project has also provided equipment support for training purposes to the VETA centers in Mwanza, Kagera, Shinyanga and Mara. The project has just completed supporting VETA in the developing and translation training manuals for class room training. VETA has agreed and is taking the lead in mainstreaming the technology in other VETA centers in Tanzania.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
MEM, VETA and REA will follow up on the mainstreaming activity MEM, VETA and REA 2010/04 Overdue-Initiated
9. Recommendation: Work out an arrangement with the Government of Tanzania whereby the project hanging activities could be completed (especially the financing and replication issues) in a one year time period (plans with financial implications to be prepared by the PIU as recommended earlier).
Management Response:

Agreed The project received a limited amount of funds (US$200,000) this year from TRAC to support implementation of some hanging activities especially in the replication regions. The focus has been mainly on the PV productive use and also providing training to the PV suppliers to ensure quality service delivery. The funds will support only a limited number of small businesses in the replication regions but MEM/REA will liaise with other sources to continue with replication

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
MEM/REA to follow up on finishing the hanging activities MEM/REA 2010/04 Overdue-Not Initiated

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