Evaluation of the Outcome 5.2: Access to sustainable energy improved through increased electricity production by using indigenous renewable energy resources, improved energy efficienct and the development of Georgia's Energy Corridor

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2007-2008, Georgia
Evaluation Type:
Outcome
Planned End Date:
04/2008
Completion Date:
06/2008
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000
The sustainable energy outcome of UNDP's Country Program (2006-2010) is highly relevant given the current focus by the Government on conventional energy and energy security. The current portfolio is exists of activities in support of the oil and gas sector as well as renewable energy in rural areas (small-scale hydropower, biogas, solar water heaters, efficient stoves). While all these activities are relevant, the current CPAP seem to provide little long-term strategic vision, because it is merely the sum of projects mentioned under implementation. It is developed in a somehow opportunistic fashion. The UNDP Environment Unit and the Project Management of the three renewable energy projects have been fairly successful in leveraging additional funding. However, the additional funding reflects the funding source's priorities; the Government is a large co-financier of the oil & gas sector activities, while foreign donors support renewable energy. The largest renewable energy (RE) project, the UNDP/GEF 'Promotion of RE for Local Energy Supply' is been in place for a number of years, but no real SHPP reconstruction has been initiated yet, except for some SHPPs that received Norwegian financial support, but works not finalized yet. This does reflects on one hand the difficulty when two agencies, UNDP and KfW, have to work together and delays caused by their respective bureaucracies mutually reinforce each other. But it also reflects the lack of priority by the Government that has not intervened really to help speed up the implementation process. Given these adverse circumstances, there may still be good reasons to prolong support for sustainable energy, i.e. renewable energy and energy efficiency. With energy security within reach, it is time to approach the Government to take sustainability aspects more into account in its energy policy making. However, if by the end of the CPAP period, in 2010, the chances for sustainability and replicability are low due to lac

Share

Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document energy outcome evaluation(3) (4).doc tor Posted 561
Download document Georgia_Outcome_evaluation_v2_(5).doc report Posted 2648
Download document summary Posted 222
Title Evaluation of the Outcome 5.2: Access to sustainable energy improved through increased electricity production by using indigenous renewable energy resources, improved energy efficienct and the development of Georgia's Energy Corridor
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2007-2008, Georgia
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 06/2008
Planned End Date: 04/2008
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Crisis Prevention & Recovery
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Access to sustainable energy improved through increased electricity production by using indigeneous renewable energy resources, improved energy efficiency and the development of Georgia's energy corridor.
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Jan van den Akker, Team Leader and International Expert Outcome Evaluation Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: GEORGIA, REPUBLIC OF
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Given the dearth of energy efficiency activities in Georgia, UNDP can start with creating awareness on energy efficiency, especially at decision-makers level, which can be followed by more larger-scale activities focusing on the public-at-large
2 In renewable energy the current privatization drive should be supplemented in such a way that not only a few large oligopolistic power producers profit, but smaller-scale independent power producers in the rural areas as well. If offered some preferential tariffs, small-scale hydropower producers (SHPPs) and renewable energy producers in general, can compete and having the development dividend in terms of creating income in more remote rural areas. This will first of all require convincing policy and decision-makers as well as providing technical support in the formulation and implementation of projects, aided by appropriate financing schemes.
3 Regarding rural energy, the promotion of energy saving technologies in rural areas, such as solar water heaters and efficient stoves should be further promoted. This will require an appropriate rural energy supply policy that finds a balance between supporting the poorer segments of the rural populace and financial sustainability
1. Recommendation: Given the dearth of energy efficiency activities in Georgia, UNDP can start with creating awareness on energy efficiency, especially at decision-makers level, which can be followed by more larger-scale activities focusing on the public-at-large
Management Response: [Added: 2009/01/27]

UNDP will take into consideration the evaluators' recommendations in both current program and the new program to be developed in 2009

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will intensify a dialogue with decision-makers on renewable energy and energy efficinecy issues under the UNDP-GEF renewable energy project as well as start identification of a new energy efficiency project. In addition, UNDP will integrate energy efficiency measures in its new programme covering 2011-2014
[Added: 2009/01/27] [Last Updated: 2011/12/29]
UNDP, UNDP-GEF project management 2011/12 Completed UNDP has recently started a new GEF-funded project on using biomass for energy efficiency. This project is implemented in close partnership with Tbilisi Municipality. Besides, negotiations are on about new project on energy efficiency in residential buildings.
2. Recommendation: In renewable energy the current privatization drive should be supplemented in such a way that not only a few large oligopolistic power producers profit, but smaller-scale independent power producers in the rural areas as well. If offered some preferential tariffs, small-scale hydropower producers (SHPPs) and renewable energy producers in general, can compete and having the development dividend in terms of creating income in more remote rural areas. This will first of all require convincing policy and decision-makers as well as providing technical support in the formulation and implementation of projects, aided by appropriate financing schemes.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/01/27]

Under UNDP-GEF renewable energy project UNDP will put a greater emphasis on a dialogue with the policy-makers and continue building up project pipelines for existing financial mechanisms, e.g. Renewable Energy Fund and EBRD Energy Efficiency Facility

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will revise renewable energy project to focus in a greater scale on policy dialogue and to expand the TA for renewable energy fulll project development cycle
[Added: 2009/01/27] [Last Updated: 2011/12/29]
UNDP, UNDP-GEF project management 2011/12 Completed Project was revised according to the reccomendations made. UNDP together with KfW has supported setting up of a Renewable Energy Fund which provided financial support for contruction and reconstruction of SHPPs. Besides, TA provided by UNDP was instrumental for the RE Fund and partner banks in making their decisions about funding construction of SHPPs.
3. Recommendation: Regarding rural energy, the promotion of energy saving technologies in rural areas, such as solar water heaters and efficient stoves should be further promoted. This will require an appropriate rural energy supply policy that finds a balance between supporting the poorer segments of the rural populace and financial sustainability
Management Response: [Added: 2009/01/27]

UNDP will prepare a large-scale project to expand rural energy program from pilot regions to other rural areas and will make afforts to mobilize resources

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will prepare a large-scale program on micro-size renewable energy and energy efficient technologies and present to various donors for resource mobilization
[Added: 2009/01/27]
UNDP No due date No deadline established UNDP has prepared USD 2.5 million project proposal on household level renewable energy and energy efficient technologies and together with pilot project results presented to donors. Although, UNDP was unable to mobilize resources for this project, donors expressed their readiness to work in this area. For instance, BP has launched an energy bus initiative that links aggressive public awareness to micro credit program. The program is supported by USAID, OSCE and EBRD. In 2009 UNDP will continue looking for a donor to fund rural energy project

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org