PIMS 179 CC FP Wind Energy Application in Eritrea

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2007-2011, Eritrea
Evaluation Type:
Project
Planned End Date:
03/2009
Completion Date:
02/2007
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
3,900,000

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Title PIMS 179 CC FP Wind Energy Application in Eritrea
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2007-2011, Eritrea
Evaluation Type: Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 02/2007
Planned End Date: 03/2009
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Crisis Prevention & Recovery
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
Evaluation Budget(US $): 3,900,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Evaluation Report Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: Yes
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area:
Project Type:
GEF Phase: GEF-null
PIMS Number:
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: ERITREA
Comments: Final Evaluation
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Recommendations The project has immersely contributed to the removal of technical and institutional barriers affetecting the dissemination of renewable energy technolgies. It has satisfactorly increased institutional delivery, in terms of capacity building and improved awareness. Available evidence, points to the successful achievement of project objectives in the areas of reduction in green house gases and improvement to quality of life. Furthermore, the project has resulted in an informed and equipment framework for the adoption and wider dissemination of wind energy technologies. The following usefull lessons have gained from the implementation of this project. a) The clarity of roles by the various stakeholders and the involvement of the stakeholders during the decision making stages, coupled with strong political will are critical for the success and ownership of projects. b) There are strong synergies between the project and other ongoing at energy activities. These synergies were very usefull in designing the different delivery modes and also ensured social acceptability of the project by the different players. c) The implementation modalities were based on tried and tested principles, which ensured its success and stakeholder by-in. d) The monitoring mechanism is very effective and will be very useful for future wind energy activities and the operation of the wind farm. e) The local project mangement was outstanding, and has managed to successful implement the project with minimal inputs from the TA. f) The project is on track to meet its objectives as outlined in the Prodoc Despite the project?s success, a number of issues needs to be addressed within the scope of the project or to be taken into consideration in designing future projects. l) The projected was characterized by serious delays in the area of procurement of equipment. There is need to allow sufficient time for procurement to allow for the necessary steps, including pre-qualification. m) There is need to ensure that the local institutions and the PMU are given training in international procurement procedures prior to the implementation of the project. This would have reduced the project time and mitigated against non delivery by TA. n) The delays could have been avoided if the TA has delivered. The usage of a TA should be revisited to ensure a proper track record and experience in similar projects. The TA should should demonstrate staff competitences and field experience in the relavant activities. Targeted short time assignments should be considered. o) The project is coming to its conclusion without adequate preparation for replication. There is need to ensure that replication strategies are developed as part of the project implementation and should be one of the major outcomes and condition for project financing. The removal of barriers is not adequate enough without activities building up to replication. The development of such a replication strategy should include a clearly defined exit strategy for GEF/UNDP. p) The design of energy systems should take into consideration local conditions, as international equipment supplies are not necessarily good at areas such as civil works. q) To ensure long-term sustainability, there is need to carry out research on increasing local content of energy technologies - where feasable. This is the most effective way to remove barriers and the development of local industry. The improvement in local content should be complemented by the development of local standards. r) There is need to intergrate the wind energy technology into income generation activities such as water pumping for irrigation. This will directly benefit the private sector, which has a higher penetration rate in farming activities. This will also create a sustainable makert for private sector expects trained in wind energy systems and will ensure continuation of capacity bulding, as the experts will in turn train their employees. The deployment of wind mechanical systems will displace diesel pumps. s) Issues such as frequancy control are very important in intergrating wind technologies in small power systems. The lack of system stability sstudies has limited the dispatch capacity of the wind farm to 35% of the total nery generated, though the system can run with a capacity factor of 44%. There is need to carry out system stability studies by power experts in the design of wind systems to be intergrated to the grid. t) System development plans are vital, to ensure that wind potential is properly assessed and incorporated in furure generation options. There is need to strengthen EEC?s planning capacity. This would ensure wind energy systems are part and parcel of the system development plan during the replication phases. Proper system development plans and the associated long term transmission studies (with special focus to potential interconnectors) will ensure the proper integration of Eritrea?s wind potential to the East Africa Power Pool, when conditions for pool energy trading become conducive. u) More time is needed to evaluate the perfomance of the off-grid systems, since such systems are still being installed. Some time is needed before the performance could be evaluated and more awareness being created with with credible field results. v) The regulator will increasingly play an important role in the future electricity market structure and the involvement of the private sector during the replication phase. There is need to develop mechanisms to build the capacity of the regulator in facilitating future electrcity investments.
1. Recommendation: Recommendations The project has immersely contributed to the removal of technical and institutional barriers affetecting the dissemination of renewable energy technolgies. It has satisfactorly increased institutional delivery, in terms of capacity building and improved awareness. Available evidence, points to the successful achievement of project objectives in the areas of reduction in green house gases and improvement to quality of life. Furthermore, the project has resulted in an informed and equipment framework for the adoption and wider dissemination of wind energy technologies. The following usefull lessons have gained from the implementation of this project. a) The clarity of roles by the various stakeholders and the involvement of the stakeholders during the decision making stages, coupled with strong political will are critical for the success and ownership of projects. b) There are strong synergies between the project and other ongoing at energy activities. These synergies were very usefull in designing the different delivery modes and also ensured social acceptability of the project by the different players. c) The implementation modalities were based on tried and tested principles, which ensured its success and stakeholder by-in. d) The monitoring mechanism is very effective and will be very useful for future wind energy activities and the operation of the wind farm. e) The local project mangement was outstanding, and has managed to successful implement the project with minimal inputs from the TA. f) The project is on track to meet its objectives as outlined in the Prodoc Despite the project?s success, a number of issues needs to be addressed within the scope of the project or to be taken into consideration in designing future projects. l) The projected was characterized by serious delays in the area of procurement of equipment. There is need to allow sufficient time for procurement to allow for the necessary steps, including pre-qualification. m) There is need to ensure that the local institutions and the PMU are given training in international procurement procedures prior to the implementation of the project. This would have reduced the project time and mitigated against non delivery by TA. n) The delays could have been avoided if the TA has delivered. The usage of a TA should be revisited to ensure a proper track record and experience in similar projects. The TA should should demonstrate staff competitences and field experience in the relavant activities. Targeted short time assignments should be considered. o) The project is coming to its conclusion without adequate preparation for replication. There is need to ensure that replication strategies are developed as part of the project implementation and should be one of the major outcomes and condition for project financing. The removal of barriers is not adequate enough without activities building up to replication. The development of such a replication strategy should include a clearly defined exit strategy for GEF/UNDP. p) The design of energy systems should take into consideration local conditions, as international equipment supplies are not necessarily good at areas such as civil works. q) To ensure long-term sustainability, there is need to carry out research on increasing local content of energy technologies - where feasable. This is the most effective way to remove barriers and the development of local industry. The improvement in local content should be complemented by the development of local standards. r) There is need to intergrate the wind energy technology into income generation activities such as water pumping for irrigation. This will directly benefit the private sector, which has a higher penetration rate in farming activities. This will also create a sustainable makert for private sector expects trained in wind energy systems and will ensure continuation of capacity bulding, as the experts will in turn train their employees. The deployment of wind mechanical systems will displace diesel pumps. s) Issues such as frequancy control are very important in intergrating wind technologies in small power systems. The lack of system stability sstudies has limited the dispatch capacity of the wind farm to 35% of the total nery generated, though the system can run with a capacity factor of 44%. There is need to carry out system stability studies by power experts in the design of wind systems to be intergrated to the grid. t) System development plans are vital, to ensure that wind potential is properly assessed and incorporated in furure generation options. There is need to strengthen EEC?s planning capacity. This would ensure wind energy systems are part and parcel of the system development plan during the replication phases. Proper system development plans and the associated long term transmission studies (with special focus to potential interconnectors) will ensure the proper integration of Eritrea?s wind potential to the East Africa Power Pool, when conditions for pool energy trading become conducive. u) More time is needed to evaluate the perfomance of the off-grid systems, since such systems are still being installed. Some time is needed before the performance could be evaluated and more awareness being created with with credible field results. v) The regulator will increasingly play an important role in the future electricity market structure and the involvement of the private sector during the replication phase. There is need to develop mechanisms to build the capacity of the regulator in facilitating future electrcity investments.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/02/11]

i. The project was characterized by serious of delays in the area of procurement of equipment. There is need to allow sufficient time for procurement to allow for the necessary steps, including pre-qualification. Yes, the time allocated for project duration at the design stage was short. This was compensated by prolonging the period from 3 to almost more than 5 years. ii. There is need to ensure that the local institutions and the PMU are given training in wind energy related international procurement procedures prior to the implementation of the project. This would have reduced the project time and militated against non delivery by TA. Yes, prior wind energy related training would have helped quite a lot. Currently the staff members in PMU, DoE and ERTC have gained practical experiences to handle a replication project. iii. The delays could have been avoided if the TA has delivered. The usage of a TA should be revisited to ensure a proper track record and experience in similar projects. The TA should demonstrate staff competence and field experience in the relavant activities. Targeted short time assignments should be considered. Initially, the TA Company reputation and recommendations received seemed convincing but the contract with TA was terminated when it started hindering and prolonging project implementation rather than advancing the project. One of the lessons learned for a similar venture is to follow rigorous screening procedures. iv. The design of energy systems should take into consideration local conditions, as international equipment supplies are not necessarily good at areas such as civil works. With that understanding, local civil structural consltunat was involved in the modification of the civil works which took into account local conditions. v. To ensure long-term sustainability, there is need to carry out research on increasing local content of energy technologies - where feasable. This is the most effective way to remove barriers and the development of local industry. The improvement in local content should be complemented by the development of local standards. The Ministry is already aware of this fact and is working on its development in collaboration with the concerned ofiices such as the Eritrean Electric Corporation (EEC). vi. There is need to intergrate the wind energy technology into income generation activities such as water pumping for irrigation. This will directly benefit the private sector, which has a higher penetration rate in farming activities. This will also create a sustainable makert for private sector expects trained in wind energy systems and will ensure continuation of capacity bulding, as the experts will in turn train their employees. The deployment of wind mechanical systems will displace diesel pumps. The mechanical wind water pump installed at Dekemhare is meant to serve as a demonstration for the neighbouring farmers, who have so far been using diesel-fired water pumps for irrigational commercial farming. Accordingly, the farmers around have already started expressing their interests towards such a pumping system. The same is true with the electrical water pumping system installed in Rahaita for irrigating purposes. vii. Issues such as frequancy control are very important in intergrating wind technologies in small power systems. The lack of system stability studies has limited the dispatch capacity of the wind farm to 35% of the total enery generated, though the system can run with a capacity factor of 44%. There is need to carry out system stability studies by power experts in the design of wind systems to be intergrated to the grid. The concern is raised with the Eritrean Electricity Corporation (EEC) which has taken seriously the system stability issues so that the wind penetration ratio is optimized. viii. System development plans are vital, to ensure that wind potential is properly assessed and incorporated in furure generation options. There is need to strengthen EEC?s planning capacity. This would ensure wind energy systems are part and parcel of the system development plan during the replication phases. Proper system development plans and the associated long term transmission studies (with special focus to potential interconnectors) will ensure the proper integration of Eritrea?s wind potential to the East Africa Power Pool, when conditions for pool energy trading become conducive. The Ministry has already started working on such development plans. ix. More time is needed to evaluate the perfomance of the off-grid systems, since such systems are still being installed. Some time is needed before the performance could be evaluated and more awareness being created with with credible field results. Similar to the Assab Wind Farm, monitoring and evaluation guidelines for the off-grid systems have alreday been prepared and will be utilized once they start operation. x. The regulator will increasingly play an important role in the future electricity market structure and the involvement of the private sector during the replication phase. There is need to develop mechanisms to build the capacity of the regulator in facilitating future electrcity investments. The Ministry is aleady aware and is working towards its realization and implementation.

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