By 2012, opportunities for generation of income and employment increased in targeted poor areas (MDG1, 8)

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2008-2013, Bhutan
Evaluation Type:
UNDAF
Planned End Date:
12/2010
Completion Date:
12/2010
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
70,000

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Title By 2012, opportunities for generation of income and employment increased in targeted poor areas (MDG1, 8)
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2008-2013, Bhutan
Evaluation Type: UNDAF
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2010
Planned End Date: 12/2010
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty and MDG
  • 2. Democratic Governance
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Access to socio-economic services, new technologies, markets and information improved as well as food security enhanced for smallholder and marginal farmers in targeted rural areas
  • 2. Capacity of the RGOB strengthened to formulate policy framework for Private Sector Development with focus on employment generation and pro-poor growth through promoting micro and small medium enterprises.
  • 3. Enhanced capacity of public sector to implement results based policy, plan and programme development especially for MDG and poverty reduction.
Evaluation Budget(US $): 70,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with FAO, IFAD, UNESCO, WFP, UNICEF and UNFPA
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: BHUTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Strengthen needs assessment and absorptive capacity of targeted communities before programme design and planning.
2 Address equity issues at gewog level in the context of decentralization by generating evidence for equity analysis on health, education and protection linking to poverty at this level by using the in-depth analysis of the Bhutan Multiple Indicator Survey (BMIS) and taking advantage of the new technical capacity of the NSB on small area estimate techniques.
3 Document experiences in Bhutan to maintain knowledge management at country level
4 Consider placing a higher priority for M&E activities under this UNDAF Outcome, and clearly indicate the frequencies timing and responsible parties for the field visits to take place in the work plan, with the corresponding need for programme implementation to be regularly monitored.
5 Consider documenting seasonal calendar of targeted communities while planning projects to be implemented at the local level, involving the community. Activities should be timed to take place either before or after the agricultural cultivation season.
6 Pay more attention to emerging issue of youth employment, particularly with regard to effective and sustainable skills development and job creation. Base skills development for youth on the National Human Resources Development Policy.
7 Revisit the focus on handicrafts in rural areas to also include skills directly relevant to expansion of the service industry, in line with the new Economic Development Policy.
8 Formulate SMART (specific, measurable, attainable, reliable and time-bound target) indicators.
9 Build capacities of IPs, local consultancy firms and UN staff alike on study methodology and sampling, in collaboration with NSB.
10 Strengthen capacity building support to IPs for RBM, planning, reporting, M&E and Harmonized Approach to Cash Transfers (HACT), including through regular refresher courses.
11 Focus resources on fewer select regions or communities for delivering comprehensive services, in order to be more cost-effective and efficient and to achieve faster Outcome results, based on proper needs assessment.
12 Ensure more coordination in planning at central level between IPs to avoid duplication of efforts or resources.
13 Better coordinate with the government and other donors to avoid overlapping of assistance.
14 Orient key Government agencies at decision-making level on social policy issues such as Human Rights, social transfer, migration and social budgeting, as well as on various good practices available from other parts of the world.
15 It is important that GNHC takes the lead in collaboration with NSB, with a clear institutional mechanism for governing BhutanInfo; this will lead to the sustainability of using BhutanInfo at national and local levels
16 Strengthen the Poverty TG to provide, in particular, more effective and stronger RGoB participation in design, management and implementation of the programme.
17 Further commit all related UN Agencies to coordination in planning and support to implementation and management, regardless of organizational size and resources contributed.
18 Under CT Outcome 1, Output 1.2 needs to be reviewed as this is seen to be more appropriate under CT Outcome 2.
19 Under CT Outcome 2, baseline and target indicators are missing for the output on the number of hectares irrigated through a diversified irrigation system.
20 CT Outcome 3 needs to be reviewed to avoid overlaps and to have clear outputs that link to the Outcomes.
1. Recommendation: Strengthen needs assessment and absorptive capacity of targeted communities before programme design and planning.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

A coordination meeting with relevant agencies will be conducted before the approval of the project

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Project managers while planning will carry out a rapid assessment of all the projects in the targeted community.  
[Added: 2011/04/19] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
GNHC, IPs, UNDP(Poverty) 2012/12 Completed New Programmes in 2012 were approved based on the IPs assessment in the field of the priority needs of the beneficiaries.
2. Recommendation: Address equity issues at gewog level in the context of decentralization by generating evidence for equity analysis on health, education and protection linking to poverty at this level by using the in-depth analysis of the Bhutan Multiple Indicator Survey (BMIS) and taking advantage of the new technical capacity of the NSB on small area estimate techniques.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Pursue with NSB to generate disaggregated poverty and MDG related data by gender and at the local level

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Activities are planned in 2011 annual work plan with NSB to generate MDG indicators and Multi-dimensional Poverty Index at Dzongkhag level. Equity analysis planning will be a continuous exercise.
[Added: 2011/04/19] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
NSB for data generation; GNHC & UNDP on planning & programming 2013/12 Completed A project on Social protection has been approved and is being implemented in 2012. The project aimed to benefit the poorest of the poor and the most vulnerable group, thus addressing the equity issue. The project target is based on NSB data.
3. Recommendation: Document experiences in Bhutan to maintain knowledge management at country level
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Work with the IPs and encourage them to document success stories.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Successfully documented best practices and lessons learnt by the CSOs (Tarayana Foundation, RENEW, YDF and HAB) in implementing a joint programme titled: ?Basic Education/ Literacy and Income Security for Vulnerable People?
[Added: 2011/04/19]
UNDP (Poverty)/IPs 2010/12 Completed Document circulated to UN agencies and government and non-government counterparts as knowledge reference
Information will be shared through organization?s websites and publications.
[Added: 2011/04/19] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
UNDP (Poverty)/IPs 2013/12 Completed Most organizations of the IPs have web based information which includes project expenses.
4. Recommendation: Consider placing a higher priority for M&E activities under this UNDAF Outcome, and clearly indicate the frequencies timing and responsible parties for the field visits to take place in the work plan, with the corresponding need for programme implementation to be regularly monitored.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Engage in more joint field monitoring activities as reflected in the annual work plan

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Increased fund for field monitoring visit to enable more visits
[Added: 2011/04/19] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
UNDP/Respective IPs 2011/12 Completed Field visits were conducted together with the IPs. The 2012 AWP has also reflected separate filed monitoring visits.
Continue training on RBM with a focus on performance indicators
[Added: 2011/04/19] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
UNDP/Respective IPs 2011/12 Completed This is an ongoing program in the UN to continuously enhance the capacity on RBM.
5. Recommendation: Consider documenting seasonal calendar of targeted communities while planning projects to be implemented at the local level, involving the community. Activities should be timed to take place either before or after the agricultural cultivation season.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Communities? agriculture season will be taken into consideration while reflecting the implementation timeline in the annual work plans and project proposals

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This will be considered during the implementation of next phase REAP (Rural Economy Advancement Programme), which is still in proposal stage.
[Added: 2011/04/19] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
GNHC, Dzongkhags, NGO, Poverty 2012/12 Completed The next phase of REAP implementation has started taking into account the seasonal calendar of the target communities.
Communities agricultural calendar is already taken into account for projects implemented by Tarayana Foundation as the activities are planned together with the communities
[Added: 2011/04/19] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
Tarayana Foundation, Poverty 2011/12 Completed Project under joint funding from UNDP and AGFUND being implemented in Samtse and Zhemgang, taking into account the agricultural calendar of the communities.
6. Recommendation: Pay more attention to emerging issue of youth employment, particularly with regard to effective and sustainable skills development and job creation. Base skills development for youth on the National Human Resources Development Policy.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Continue to focus support on youth unemployment initiatives of the RGoB

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UN support continues on skills training and entrepreneurship development programme, based on Ministry?s priority
[Added: 2011/04/19] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
MoLHR, MoEA, MoAF, TF, YDF, UNDP (Poverty) 2011/12 Completed Skills training on tailoring, and construction services have been completed.
7. Recommendation: Revisit the focus on handicrafts in rural areas to also include skills directly relevant to expansion of the service industry, in line with the new Economic Development Policy.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Strengthen the support to cluster approach to business development

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The activity under the support to MoEA (Department of Cottage & Small Industry), cluster approach to business development will be piloted for cane and bamboo products from Zhemgang which will then be replicated for other handicraft sector.
[Added: 2011/04/19] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
MoEA 2011/12 Completed The cluster approach has ensured interconnectivity and integration of isolated, ad-hoc activities and scale up to a level to have sufficient impact on economy and be able to have sustainable business.
8. Recommendation: Formulate SMART (specific, measurable, attainable, reliable and time-bound target) indicators.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Formulation of SMART indicators will be attempted where possible in subsequent AWPs till the next UNDAF cycle

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
 Indicators reflected in UNDAF M & E framework improved to align to SMART indicators during the preparation of 2011 annual work plans
[Added: 2011/04/19] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
Poverty, MSU, Gender, IPs 2011/12 Completed SMART indicators were used where possible in preparation of 2012 AWPs.
9. Recommendation: Build capacities of IPs, local consultancy firms and UN staff alike on study methodology and sampling, in collaboration with NSB.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Support the training reflected in 2011 AWP

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
An activity has been included in 2011 joint annual plan to support NSB in conducting a training on basic study methodology and sampling for national consultants and relevant programme managers
[Added: 2011/04/19] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
NSB, UNICEF 2011/12 Completed Activity included in Joint AWP with UNICEF support.
10. Recommendation: Strengthen capacity building support to IPs for RBM, planning, reporting, M&E and Harmonized Approach to Cash Transfers (HACT), including through regular refresher courses.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Support training of IPs on project and financial management

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This is an activity supported UN wide annually as the government counterparts need to refresh and update on project management and financial procedures
[Added: 2011/04/19] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
UNCT, UN M&E Team 2011/10 Completed Government counterparts were trained on HACT & RBM
11. Recommendation: Focus resources on fewer select regions or communities for delivering comprehensive services, in order to be more cost-effective and efficient and to achieve faster Outcome results, based on proper needs assessment.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Continue the effort of consolidating and focusing on strategic poverty reduction interventions

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Programmes consolidated into five annual work plans in 2011 from seven in the past
[Added: 2011/04/24]
IPs and Poverty 2011/02 Completed Main focus areas are occupational skills and entrepreneurship development; promotion of rural and culture based micro enterprise; and rural livelihood enhancement
Support to improving rural livelihood through improvement in agriculture productivity and post harvest management is targeted to farmers groups and cooperatives in select Dzongkhags against the past practice of targeting individual households in several Dzongkhags
[Added: 2011/04/24] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
MoAF, GNHC, Poverty 2011/12 Completed The Poverty reduction interventions followed clear targets in terms of beneficiaries and region based on socio economic profile.
Support to rural and culture based micro enterprise is also consolidated under the Department of Cottage & Small Industry through cluster approach.
[Added: 2011/04/24] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
DSCI (MoEA), GNHC, Poverty 2011/11 Completed The first cluster approach was piloted on cane and bamboo product from Zhemgang
12. Recommendation: Ensure more coordination in planning at central level between IPs to avoid duplication of efforts or resources.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Strengthen coordination meetings of the relevant agencies

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This is attended during the preparation of annual work plans/project proposal and is a continuous process
[Added: 2011/04/24]
IPs, GNHC, Poverty TG No due date No deadline established GNHC is the central coordinating agency and is a signatory to all project approvals and re-appropriations
13. Recommendation: Better coordinate with the government and other donors to avoid overlapping of assistance.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Strengthen coordination meetings of the relevant agencies

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This is attended during the preparation of annual work plans/project proposal and is a continuous process
[Added: 2011/04/24]
IPs, GNHC, Poverty TG No due date No deadline established GNHC is the central coordinating agency and is a signatory to all project approvals and re-appropriations
14. Recommendation: Orient key Government agencies at decision-making level on social policy issues such as Human Rights, social transfer, migration and social budgeting, as well as on various good practices available from other parts of the world.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Support the seminar on social policy reflected in 2011 AWP

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
An activity included in 2011 AWP to conduct a seminar on social policy.
[Added: 2011/04/24] [Last Updated: 2012/12/27]
UNICEF/Poverty TG 2012/12 Completed Stakeholders? consultative workshop on Social protection was held on 13 June 2012. The workshop provided a forum to share experiences of social protection schemes in Bhutan and explored possible partnership and collaboration among relevant NGOs for implementation of social protection programmes.
15. Recommendation: It is important that GNHC takes the lead in collaboration with NSB, with a clear institutional mechanism for governing BhutanInfo; this will lead to the sustainability of using BhutanInfo at national and local levels
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Support the institutional building of NSB and GNHC

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Capacity building planned in 2011 for the remaining Dzongkhag staff on the use of BhutanInfo.
[Added: 2011/04/24] [Last Updated: 2012/12/27]
NSB, UNICEF 2012/12 Completed NSB and UNICEF have conducted training on Bhutan Disaster Assessment Tool and BhutanInfo for the sector heads of all the districts in 2012. As a result of the training, district officials are now competent of using both Bhutan Disaster Assessment Tool and BhutanInfo.
16. Recommendation: Strengthen the Poverty TG to provide, in particular, more effective and stronger RGoB participation in design, management and implementation of the programme.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Engage in increased dialogue and collaboration among the TG members

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Government Co-chair for Poverty TG newly appointed
[Added: 2011/04/24]
GNHC 2011/01 Completed
Regular Poverty TG meeting will be conducted to provide strategic direction for the poverty related programmes.
[Added: 2011/04/24] [Last Updated: 2012/04/15]
Poverty TG 2011/12 Completed The Poverty TG Meetings were held quarterly and also during midyear review meeting during which programmatic issues were discussed.
17. Recommendation: Further commit all related UN Agencies to coordination in planning and support to implementation and management, regardless of organizational size and resources contributed.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Continue the effort of improved inter-agency coordination

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
It is a continuing process and is implemented through TG and TG Co-chairs meetings
[Added: 2011/04/24]
POverty TG, UNCT No due date No deadline established
18. Recommendation: Under CT Outcome 1, Output 1.2 needs to be reviewed as this is seen to be more appropriate under CT Outcome 2.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

The M&E framework is reviewed and changes incorporated

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Poverty TG will review the M&E framework and incorporate the change
[Added: 2011/04/24]
Poverty TG 2011/03 Completed
19. Recommendation: Under CT Outcome 2, baseline and target indicators are missing for the output on the number of hectares irrigated through a diversified irrigation system.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Proxy indicators obtained and incorporated

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Obtain proxy indicator on citrus, since support provided to establish nursery for improved seedlings
[Added: 2011/04/24]
Poverty TG 2011/03 Completed
20. Recommendation: CT Outcome 3 needs to be reviewed to avoid overlaps and to have clear outputs that link to the Outcomes.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/18]

Review of the activities in the AWPs will be continued in the subsequent years till the next UNDAF cycle to avoid duplication

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
During the preparation of the annual work plans, due attention was paid to ensure that the activities were not duplicated
[Added: 2011/04/24]
POverty TG, IPs, GNHC 2010/11 Completed
Poverty M&E framework should be reviewed at the time of designing the next UNDAF cycle
[Added: 2011/04/24] [Last Updated: 2012/12/27]
RGoB, UNCT, Poverty TG 2013/12 Completed

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