Environment & Disaster Management: By 2012, national capacity for environmental sustainability and disaster management strengthened. (MDG7)

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2008-2013, Bhutan
Evaluation Type:
UNDAF
Planned End Date:
06/2012
Completion Date:
08/2012
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
50,000

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Title Environment & Disaster Management: By 2012, national capacity for environmental sustainability and disaster management strengthened. (MDG7)
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2008-2013, Bhutan
Evaluation Type: UNDAF
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 08/2012
Planned End Date: 06/2012
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Democratic Governance
  • 2. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. National capacity enhanced to mainstream environmental concerns into policies, plans and programmes, and to promote bio-diversity conservation and access to renewable energy at community level.
  • 2. National capacity for disaster risk management strengthened.
Evaluation Budget(US $): 50,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with UNEP and UNDMT
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: BHUTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 The lack of an overall intervention logic to plan the current UNDAF/Outcome5 cycle has resulted in weak alignment between outcomes and outputs, inputs and target group needs.
2 The UN Capacity Development framework offers a systematic and structured approach to shift the emphasis of outcome 5, from being supply-driven input based focusing on technical assistance, to being demand-driven outcome-based focusing on capacity development.
3 UNDAF Outcome 5, which is a very diverse programme dealing with a range of issues including environmental mainstreaming, disaster risk management, renewable energy and conservation of natural resources and bio-diversity has resulted in coordination challenges amongst implementing partners and development partners and other UN agencies
4 The weakest performing area of the outcome has been in addressing key cross cutting issues particularly gender equality and social inclusion.
5 The lack of procedural support has hampered implementation effectiveness amongst some IPs many of whom have nascent capacities.
6 There are numerous enforcement and implementation weaknesses in environment sustainability leading to lack of widespread impact diminishing the effects of mainstreaming
7 The current UNDAF cycle has seen few instances of private sector and civil society involvement
8 Promote/support investments in natural and environmental capital to provide cost-effective options for biodiversity conservation, poverty alleviation and green economic development in Bhutan.
1. Recommendation: The lack of an overall intervention logic to plan the current UNDAF/Outcome5 cycle has resulted in weak alignment between outcomes and outputs, inputs and target group needs.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/22]

A specific Results Based Management (RBM) approach can act as a key enabler to shift the current emphasis from activities and outputs to one of outcomes and results in programme design, implementation, monitoring and reporting

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The next UNDAF cycle should adopt a consistent and cohesive intervention logic guided by the 5 programming principles of the UNDAF guidelines
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2012/12/27]
UNEDMT 2013/12 Completed UNDAF One Plan has a specific outcome on Sustainable development with a consistent and cohesive intervention logic guided by the 5 programming principles. The One UN Plan was endorsed by the UN CPB on 19 Dec 2012
Monitor outcome results jointly including joint M&E and field visits
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2012/12/27]
UNEDMT 2013/12 Completed Outcome results monitored during the annual review meeting (28-30 Nov 2012) and joint monitoring of projects adopted by UNEDMT as part of regular assurance mechanism. This will be a standard practice in the new UNDAF cycles
Use results based evidence to engage more regularly and effectively with stakeholders to discuss UNDAF performance and how to better align UNCT and government resources for greater effectiveness.
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2012/12/27]
UNEDMT 2013/12 Completed During the annual review meeting, IPs were made to report and plan progress based on RBM principles. UNEDMT agreed to meet prior to the annual review meetings to align RGoB priorities with UNCT priorities.
2. Recommendation: The UN Capacity Development framework offers a systematic and structured approach to shift the emphasis of outcome 5, from being supply-driven input based focusing on technical assistance, to being demand-driven outcome-based focusing on capacity development.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/22]

The Capacity Development (CD) framework developed by the UN should be used for the design and planning process of capacity building support in the next UNDAF cycle

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Strengthen capacities of both UN staff and stakeholders to use the CD framework during the upcoming UNDAF planning process on a priority basis.
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2012/12/27]
UNEMDT 2012/12 Completed The CD framework was applied in the formulation of the new UNDAF. As a result of the annual review meeting, UNEDMT recommended to CPB the use of the CD framework as a tool to identify gaps, needs and interventions on CD in the implementation of the new UNDAF
The outcome should also provide CD support for women, children, other rights holders, civil society (CSOs, NGOs, CBOs) and the private sector to strengthen their role as implementing partners and beneficiaries for the next UNDAF cycle.
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2013/12/15]
UNEMDT 2013/12 Completed The new One UN Plan incorporated the CD needs of both rights holders and duty bearers and programme outcomes have been aligned accordingly.
3. Recommendation: UNDAF Outcome 5, which is a very diverse programme dealing with a range of issues including environmental mainstreaming, disaster risk management, renewable energy and conservation of natural resources and bio-diversity has resulted in coordination challenges amongst implementing partners and development partners and other UN agencies
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/22]

A more focused programme is recommended for the next UNDAF cycle to improve strategic positioning of UNDAF within the RGoB?s development agenda, including the 11th Five Year Plan, and more efficient delivery of results.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
More specific support for low emission development, within the environment sustainability theme
[Added: 2012/12/27] [Last Updated: 2013/12/15]
UNEDMT 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated The sustainable development outcome in the One UN Plan has a specific output outlining support on low emission carbon resilient development. A low emission capacity building programme (US$ 642,000) is currently under implementation as well as a Sustainable Rural Biomass Energy project is currently being implemented
Continue activities on disaster risk management, including DRR mainstreaming, promoting disaster resilient urban and rural planning, CD in disaster risk management at national, local and sub-local levels, strengthening DRM research base and strengthening coordination in DRR
[Added: 2012/12/27]
UNEDMT 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated A draft human settlements policy has been formulated integrating environment sustainability, DRR and CC and a project on ? CD for Disaster and Climate Resilient Construction has been designed and resources accessed (US$ 150,00) for implementation in 2013. CD on DRR and mainstreaming DRR in policies and plans at national and local levels will be part of the new One UN Plan.
Support the establishment of a UN mechanism to identify synergies between activities of other UNDAF Outcomes
[Added: 2012/12/27]
UNEDMT 2012/12 Completed There is already a mechanism to ensure synergies between activities of UNDAF outcomes, mainly through the UNEDMT, UN TG CO-chairs Groups and the UNCT, as well as through the UN CPB.
4. Recommendation: The weakest performing area of the outcome has been in addressing key cross cutting issues particularly gender equality and social inclusion.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/22]

Women must have the opportunity to play a role in decision-making about the management of natural resources in their communities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Mainstreaming a gender sensitive approach from the outset is recommended to ensure outcome 5 makes women?s and men?s concerns and experiences an integral dimension of the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of its programs, so that gender inequality is not perpetuated.
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2013/12/15]
UNEDMT 2013/12 Completed Gender mainstreaming was a key discussion point during the annual review meeting. IPs were trained specifically to gender mainstream the E&E portfolio. A GCCA-funded project on engendering the E&E portfolio has been launched at the annual review and through this the portfolio will identify gaps and constraints and draft action plans for gender mainstreaming and monitor the implementation of portfolio activities for better development results and effectiveness. The new One UN Plan has also incorporated gender mainstreaming as an important element in programming and a specific outcome on Gender has been included.
A Human Rights Based Approach (HRBA) should be mainstreamed as part of a programme wide cross-cutting priority.
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2012/12/27]
UNEDMT 2013/12 Completed The new One UN Plan was formulated based on the HRBA approach and as such the roles and responsibilities of rights holders and duty bearers has been clearly articulated in the Plan.
5. Recommendation: The lack of procedural support has hampered implementation effectiveness amongst some IPs many of whom have nascent capacities.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/22]

It is recommended that GNHC capacity to provide project implementation support for implementing partners be strengthened to support procedural aspects of projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Adequate capacity development should be provided to staff supplemented by resource bases such as the numerous toolkits developed within the UN system including the UNDP Programme and Project Management (PPM) for Results Maturity Toolkit, CEDAR (Capacity for Efficient Delivery of Achievable Results) initiative, RBM manual, HRBA portal and toolkits, results management section of the UNDP User Guide (RMG)
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2012/12/27]
UNEDMT 2013/12 Completed All IPs under the portfolio were trained in 2012 on RBM, M&E and HACT procedures. A HACT manual has been developed and circulated to all IPs and is posted on GNHC website.
6. Recommendation: There are numerous enforcement and implementation weaknesses in environment sustainability leading to lack of widespread impact diminishing the effects of mainstreaming
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/22]

Concerted effort needs to be put in place to initiate a green economy approach linking private sector development, livelihood improvement and gender opportunities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Strengthen information sharing and information flow mechanisms to reach all levels and build capacity of target groups to assimilate information.
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2013/12/15]
UNEDMT 2014/12 Overdue-Initiated This was noted as a concern by UNEDMT during the annual review meeting and the UNEDMT recommended to UNCPB that the data sub theme group take this issue into consideration in the implementation on the new One UN Plan.
Emphasis should be given to compliance and enforcement of environmental regulations in the next UNDAF cycle. This should particularly target CD at Dzonkhags, Gewogs, private sector and communities.
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2012/12/27]
UNEDMT 2013/12 Completed The new One UN Plan will address this through the sustainable development outcome and its related outputs.
7. Recommendation: The current UNDAF cycle has seen few instances of private sector and civil society involvement
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/22]

The next UNDAF cycle should enable a much greater role for the private sector and civil society organizations as both implementing partners and beneficiaries

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Engage NGOs and CSOs focusing on sustainable development
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2013/12/15]
UNEDMT 2014/12 Overdue-Initiated The Sustainable Development Outcome under the new One UN Plan will ensure greater engagement of NGOs and CSOs in sustainable development issues.
Engage industry associations as an entry point to mainstream environmental sustainability and DRR across key private sector entities
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2013/12/15]
UNEDMT 2014/12 Overdue-Initiated This will be part of the DRR agenda in the new One UN Plan.
Engage environmental and low-emission service providers who can meet valuable skills gaps and provide much needed technical support mechanisms in Bhutan.
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2013/12/15]
UNEDMT 2014/12 Overdue-Initiated This issue will be addressed through the low emission capacity building programme, as well as in the next UNDAF cycle, in line with RGoB?s commitment of carbon neutrality
8. Recommendation: Promote/support investments in natural and environmental capital to provide cost-effective options for biodiversity conservation, poverty alleviation and green economic development in Bhutan.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/22]

Support/establish financial incentives and appropriate market instruments to support investments in natural and environmental capital.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Explore relevant sustainable financing options including through RGoB, donors, private sector, banks and international market instruments.
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2013/12/15]
UNEDMT 2014/12 Overdue-Initiated This is an effort that will continue in the next UNDAF cycle
Conduct assessments of economic and social value of specific ecosystems services.
[Added: 2012/10/22] [Last Updated: 2012/12/27]
UNEDMT 2013/12 Completed Pilot studies on payment for ecosystem services have been conducted covering eco-tourism, hydropower and watershed management. The results are now being used to design and upscale PES activities.

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