Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Livelihoods

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Evaluation Plan:
2008-2012, Samoa
Evaluation Type:
Outcome
Planned End Date:
12/2011
Completion Date:
10/2011
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Livelihoods
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2008-2012, Samoa
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 10/2011
Planned End Date: 12/2011
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty and MDG
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Policies, strategies and partnerships established to enhance public-private sector collaboration and private sector and market development that benefit the poor and ensure that low-income households and small enterprises have access to a broad range of financial and legal services
  • 2. Enhanced capacity for sustainable human development. Reduce vulnerability to poverty through improved access to and quality of services.
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Gabriela Byron Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Govts of CKI, Niue, Samoa & Tokelau, respective ministries, communities, NGO, development Partners
Countries: SAMOA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 The Poverty Reduction portfolio should strengthen its monitoring capacity.  Projects should be regularly reviewed for achievement of intermediate outputs, and modifications in project plans.  These reports ? submitted by implementing partners or written by UNDP monitors ? should be filed and accessible.  Reporting formats should monitor output and outcome indicators, and these indicators should be regularly assessed and modified if necessary.
2 The UNDP should support modifications in the PSSF that would strengthen impact on the most vulnerable, namely:  Sector studies that identify barriers and opportunities for the most vulnerable, and sector strategies with indicators to address them;  Ensure that these studies/strategies are fully disaggregated identifying the specific barriers/opportunities for women and men, and as much as possible, for young women and young men.  Support the formation of sector groups and/or leaders who can promote and/or (minimally) monitor the implementation of the strategies.  Give greater weight in loan criteria to projects that link up with the needs of the poor as identified in the sector strategies;  Allocate resources appropriately to ensure that sectors with more vulnerable populations have access to a fair share;  Re-activate the Business Forum, and include representation from the poor or organizations that work closely with them and can link the PSSF with their needs.
3 UNDP should bring together a poverty analysis with a series of pro-poor strategies and indicators that would serve as a resource for developing prodocs in the area of poverty reduction.
4 The UNDP MCO should commit resources, including a full time gender specialist or other equivalent in consultant resources,in the next programmes cycle to develop a proactive programme on women and economic development. This process would include:  A study in the four countries of the role of women and men in the economy, including such issues as: reasons for gender wage gap, estimation of overall contribution to GDP of women and men, including subsistence and unpaid domestic or community work (e.g. including time use studies), the differential impact of customary practices on women?s income, intra-household access to HH assets; access to additional assets such as credit, business training, mobility, social and political assets; impact of gender violence on women?s incomes, etc.  UNDP should form strategic partnerships with Ministries/Departments for women, UN Women and the SPC, as well as take advantage of work already undertaken by the UNDP Pacific Centre.
5 UNDP should offer support to DFY to systematize and document good practices and lessons learned in these projects in order to develop appropriate models.
1. Recommendation: The Poverty Reduction portfolio should strengthen its monitoring capacity.  Projects should be regularly reviewed for achievement of intermediate outputs, and modifications in project plans.  These reports ? submitted by implementing partners or written by UNDP monitors ? should be filed and accessible.  Reporting formats should monitor output and outcome indicators, and these indicators should be regularly assessed and modified if necessary.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/04/18]

In keeping with the MCO M&E Plan this recommendation will be taken on board through: ? 6-monthly CPAP reviews with the National Coordinating Authority and all IPs; ? More careful review of the quarterly narrative reports submitted by MOF for each project; ? Increased attention given to project formulation to allow for monitoring of project outputs and outcomes by indicators used from the start which can be modified as the project progresses.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation: The UNDP should support modifications in the PSSF that would strengthen impact on the most vulnerable, namely:  Sector studies that identify barriers and opportunities for the most vulnerable, and sector strategies with indicators to address them;  Ensure that these studies/strategies are fully disaggregated identifying the specific barriers/opportunities for women and men, and as much as possible, for young women and young men.  Support the formation of sector groups and/or leaders who can promote and/or (minimally) monitor the implementation of the strategies.  Give greater weight in loan criteria to projects that link up with the needs of the poor as identified in the sector strategies;  Allocate resources appropriately to ensure that sectors with more vulnerable populations have access to a fair share;  Re-activate the Business Forum, and include representation from the poor or organizations that work closely with them and can link the PSSF with their needs.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/04/18]

UNDP will bring the recommendations of the Evaluator to the IP and Steering Committee of the PSSF, as well as the NZ Aid Programme (NZAP) which is contributing significantly more resources to the PSSF, so as they can be incorporated into the Operations Manual of the PSSF. See comments of NZAP and MCIL in previous column.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation: UNDP should bring together a poverty analysis with a series of pro-poor strategies and indicators that would serve as a resource for developing prodocs in the area of poverty reduction.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/04/18]

Pro-poor policy analyses are currently being carried out by UNDP consultants under the MDG Acceleration Project, findings of which will be applied by government policy makers and planners for the new SDS, 2013-2017, as well as UNDP programme analysts in the formulation of new prodocs.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation: The UNDP MCO should commit resources, including a full time gender specialist or other equivalent in consultant resources,in the next programmes cycle to develop a proactive programme on women and economic development. This process would include:  A study in the four countries of the role of women and men in the economy, including such issues as: reasons for gender wage gap, estimation of overall contribution to GDP of women and men, including subsistence and unpaid domestic or community work (e.g. including time use studies), the differential impact of customary practices on women?s income, intra-household access to HH assets; access to additional assets such as credit, business training, mobility, social and political assets; impact of gender violence on women?s incomes, etc.  UNDP should form strategic partnerships with Ministries/Departments for women, UN Women and the SPC, as well as take advantage of work already undertaken by the UNDP Pacific Centre.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/04/18]

The recruitment of a Gender Specialist is currently on hold pending the availability of funds but it is a priority which the MCO is committed to so that the recommended actions may be followed through.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation: UNDP should offer support to DFY to systematize and document good practices and lessons learned in these projects in order to develop appropriate models.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/04/18]

This recommendation has been communicated by the MCO to the TALAVOU Project Coordinator and should be completed before the end of 2011 which is the end of the TALAVOU programme. Good practices and lessons learned may be taken on board in the design of any future project dealing with young people in Samoa. MCO has made a recommendation to produce a documentary on the lessons learned from the TALAVOU and achievements, to the IP who have enthusiastically taken it on board if have sufficient funds.

Key Actions:

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