Greater awareness , capacities and means to preserve the environment at global, national and local levels

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Evaluation Plan:
2010-2010, Libya
Evaluation Type:
Outcome
Planned End Date:
12/2010
Completion Date:
01/2011
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
12,000

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Title Greater awareness , capacities and means to preserve the environment at global, national and local levels
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2010-2010, Libya
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 01/2011
Planned End Date: 12/2010
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Development plans and programmes integrate environmentally sustainable solutions in a manner that promotes poverty reduction, MDG achievement and low-emission climate-resilient development
Evaluation Budget(US $): 12,000
Source of Funding: 50% UNDP Programme 50% Projects
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Fathia Abdulgawad
Giovanni Morsiani
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Environment Authority and relevant Govt and civil society institutions, GPC of Planning
Countries: LIBYA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Mapping of natural resources Any possible follow-up should be implemented by FAO since the agency is opening an office in Libya. However, since obtaining any valuable outputs would imply very relevant investments and the outcome would be, at best, uncertain, the extension is not recommended
2 UNDP- GEF: Enabling activities project The documents should be reassessed, presented in a workshop looking for Government endorsement. Whenever endorsed it might be used for planning further UNDP environment project and as strategic basis for the preparation of EGA strategic plan
3 Establishing environment geographic information system A follow up project focusing on capacity building should be urgently implemented to make use of the equipment and of the human resources deployed in the office (ten staff), and to contribute to the forecasted outcome
4 Strengthening EGA capacity for sound environment management EGA still needs institutional as well as human resources capacity building. The recommendation is to implement a new project aimed at setting up a proper strategic planning system (which includes functional analysis, organizational set-up, department work plans, staff assessment and other) as well as a performance management system from which training needs can be detected. In this framework EGA should better assign implementation responsibilities to the Training and to the Planning departments.
5 Equipping the laboratory of EGA A follow up project focusing on capacity building should be urgently implemented to make use of the equipment and of the human resources currently working at the laboratory. A long-term laboratory manager should be deployed for at least 9 months, short-terms chemists for each type of analysis should provide formal and on the job training to the staff. Given the fact that the chemical reagents have an expiration date and that any inappropriate use of equipment might lead to damages the follow-up is particularly urgent. In this framework EGA should guarantee the recruitment of new suitable and qualified staff.
6 Enhancing national partnership for protected areas management The project should be refinanced to extend activities, furthermore funds should be provided for the implementation of the pilot business plans
7 National framework and action plan for solid and hazardous waste The formulation of a strategic plan for the department should be implemented in the framework of the recommended follow up of the project ?Strengthening EGA capacity for sound environment management?. With regard the national strategies it is recommended to carefully review the recommendations identifying potential programme and projects to be jointly implemented by UNDP, other agencies, IFI (WB) and Government. A single workshop for the two strategies should be organized taking the form of national or even regional event, donors, UN agencies, concerned central government bodies?, municipalities? and private companies? representatives should be invited. It is also recommended inviting representatives from regional governments waste management institutions and representatives from regional UNDP offices.
8 Strengthening GWA in water resources planning and management The project director confirmed the need for this type of ad-hoc approach in particular for evaluating GWA activities in relation to international standards and his will to replenish the fund whenever needed.
9 The comparative advantage of UNDP should be its policy and strategy development capacity. This would require the recruitment of outstanding consultants for programme and project formulation. In this framework templates and log-frames should be enhanced and standardized; appropriate indicators for outputs, outcome and impact should be identified to allow effective monitoring and evaluation. It is also recommended to implement mid-term programme evaluation to allow for projects assessment and reorientation whenever needed. Evaluation and project monitoring should be implemented as joint exercise which implies the participation of government designated officials. With regard to the environment programme the unproductive and unsustainable projects should be discontinued, the focus should be on institutional building (EGA strategic plan) capacity building (GIS and laboratories), extension of effective projects (protected areas) and, in particular on the valorisation of prospective but, at this stage, neglected outputs. National or, even better, regional workshops/events to present the national strategies and the action plan aimed at the implementation of the three conventions should be organized as the forums to debating and identifying objectives and actions to be pursued and implemented in the framework of next country programme. To this scope it is important to further develop the partnership with the government, other UN agency and donors (including IFIs). In this framework it is also recommended inviting representatives from other governments of the region and representatives from regional UNDP offices since environment protection strategy formulation would substantially benefit from regional approach. In this framework UNDP should act as a catalyser for UN agencies with specific expertise on environmental issues (such as UNEP), for other donors agencies currently involved in the sector or that might be involved in the future (such as World Bank in relation to the follow up of solid and hazardous waste management), government agencies that are responsible for the implementation of the three conventions or for any other environment concerned issues. Furthermore, given the regional dimension of environment issues (i.e. convention implementations, water shortage) UNDP should promote, in partnership with EGA and whenever appropriate with other government agencies, regional policy and programmes to address these issues at regional level. Regional dimension implies a partnership not only between regional governments but also with the regional UNDP and other donors? offices. The team believe that the recommended workshops might be the starting point to promote the debate on national and regional partnership, policies and programmes with the aim of establishing more formal forums to coordinate national and regional initiatives. In this framework UNDP should adopt a partnership approach identifying opportunities and measures to promote: (i) national and regional UN agencies partnership, (ii) donors partnership, (ii) national government agencies partnerships and (iv) regional governments partnership. The first recommended action is to revitalize its national and regional networks; this implies calling preparatory meetings at national (government?s agencies, donors? and UN agencies representatives) and regional levels (government?s concerned agencies UNDP regional offices). UNDP should also reflect on the benefit that might derive from better focusing its country programme by selecting few areas. This would allow achieving the needed critical mass to put in motion transformational changes and would avoid the dispersion of resources (financial and human) in micro-interventions that unlikely produce visible results. Environment (including water) might be the focal country programme area.
1. Recommendation: Mapping of natural resources Any possible follow-up should be implemented by FAO since the agency is opening an office in Libya. However, since obtaining any valuable outputs would imply very relevant investments and the outcome would be, at best, uncertain, the extension is not recommended
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/19]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation: UNDP- GEF: Enabling activities project The documents should be reassessed, presented in a workshop looking for Government endorsement. Whenever endorsed it might be used for planning further UNDP environment project and as strategic basis for the preparation of EGA strategic plan
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/19]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation: Establishing environment geographic information system A follow up project focusing on capacity building should be urgently implemented to make use of the equipment and of the human resources deployed in the office (ten staff), and to contribute to the forecasted outcome
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/19]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation: Strengthening EGA capacity for sound environment management EGA still needs institutional as well as human resources capacity building. The recommendation is to implement a new project aimed at setting up a proper strategic planning system (which includes functional analysis, organizational set-up, department work plans, staff assessment and other) as well as a performance management system from which training needs can be detected. In this framework EGA should better assign implementation responsibilities to the Training and to the Planning departments.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/19]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation: Equipping the laboratory of EGA A follow up project focusing on capacity building should be urgently implemented to make use of the equipment and of the human resources currently working at the laboratory. A long-term laboratory manager should be deployed for at least 9 months, short-terms chemists for each type of analysis should provide formal and on the job training to the staff. Given the fact that the chemical reagents have an expiration date and that any inappropriate use of equipment might lead to damages the follow-up is particularly urgent. In this framework EGA should guarantee the recruitment of new suitable and qualified staff.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/19]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation: Enhancing national partnership for protected areas management The project should be refinanced to extend activities, furthermore funds should be provided for the implementation of the pilot business plans
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/19]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

7. Recommendation: National framework and action plan for solid and hazardous waste The formulation of a strategic plan for the department should be implemented in the framework of the recommended follow up of the project ?Strengthening EGA capacity for sound environment management?. With regard the national strategies it is recommended to carefully review the recommendations identifying potential programme and projects to be jointly implemented by UNDP, other agencies, IFI (WB) and Government. A single workshop for the two strategies should be organized taking the form of national or even regional event, donors, UN agencies, concerned central government bodies?, municipalities? and private companies? representatives should be invited. It is also recommended inviting representatives from regional governments waste management institutions and representatives from regional UNDP offices.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/19]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

8. Recommendation: Strengthening GWA in water resources planning and management The project director confirmed the need for this type of ad-hoc approach in particular for evaluating GWA activities in relation to international standards and his will to replenish the fund whenever needed.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/19]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

9. Recommendation: The comparative advantage of UNDP should be its policy and strategy development capacity. This would require the recruitment of outstanding consultants for programme and project formulation. In this framework templates and log-frames should be enhanced and standardized; appropriate indicators for outputs, outcome and impact should be identified to allow effective monitoring and evaluation. It is also recommended to implement mid-term programme evaluation to allow for projects assessment and reorientation whenever needed. Evaluation and project monitoring should be implemented as joint exercise which implies the participation of government designated officials. With regard to the environment programme the unproductive and unsustainable projects should be discontinued, the focus should be on institutional building (EGA strategic plan) capacity building (GIS and laboratories), extension of effective projects (protected areas) and, in particular on the valorisation of prospective but, at this stage, neglected outputs. National or, even better, regional workshops/events to present the national strategies and the action plan aimed at the implementation of the three conventions should be organized as the forums to debating and identifying objectives and actions to be pursued and implemented in the framework of next country programme. To this scope it is important to further develop the partnership with the government, other UN agency and donors (including IFIs). In this framework it is also recommended inviting representatives from other governments of the region and representatives from regional UNDP offices since environment protection strategy formulation would substantially benefit from regional approach. In this framework UNDP should act as a catalyser for UN agencies with specific expertise on environmental issues (such as UNEP), for other donors agencies currently involved in the sector or that might be involved in the future (such as World Bank in relation to the follow up of solid and hazardous waste management), government agencies that are responsible for the implementation of the three conventions or for any other environment concerned issues. Furthermore, given the regional dimension of environment issues (i.e. convention implementations, water shortage) UNDP should promote, in partnership with EGA and whenever appropriate with other government agencies, regional policy and programmes to address these issues at regional level. Regional dimension implies a partnership not only between regional governments but also with the regional UNDP and other donors? offices. The team believe that the recommended workshops might be the starting point to promote the debate on national and regional partnership, policies and programmes with the aim of establishing more formal forums to coordinate national and regional initiatives. In this framework UNDP should adopt a partnership approach identifying opportunities and measures to promote: (i) national and regional UN agencies partnership, (ii) donors partnership, (ii) national government agencies partnerships and (iv) regional governments partnership. The first recommended action is to revitalize its national and regional networks; this implies calling preparatory meetings at national (government?s agencies, donors? and UN agencies representatives) and regional levels (government?s concerned agencies UNDP regional offices). UNDP should also reflect on the benefit that might derive from better focusing its country programme by selecting few areas. This would allow achieving the needed critical mass to put in motion transformational changes and would avoid the dispersion of resources (financial and human) in micro-interventions that unlikely produce visible results. Environment (including water) might be the focal country programme area.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/10/19] [Last Updated: 2012/10/19]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

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