Conservation of Globally Important Grasslands

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2010-2010, South Africa
Evaluation Type:
Project
Planned End Date:
10/2010
Completion Date:
03/2011
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
22,400

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Title Conservation of Globally Important Grasslands
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2010-2010, South Africa
Evaluation Type: Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2011
Planned End Date: 10/2010
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Development plans and programmes integrate environmentally sustainable solutions in a manner that promotes poverty reduction, MDG achievement and low-emission climate-resilient development
  • 2. National and local governments and communities have the capacities to adapt to climate change and make inclusive and sustainable environment & energy decisions benefitting in particular under-served populations
Evaluation Budget(US $): 22,400
Source of Funding: GEF
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with South African Biodiversity Institute (SANBI), UNDP
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: Yes
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: EA
GEF Phase: GEF-1
PIMS Number:
Key Stakeholders: South African Government, UNDP
Countries: SOUTH AFRICA
Comments: Mid-term evaluation to be completed in October 2010
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 From Agriculture: Cultivation poses greatest threat through habitat loss, fragmentation and disruption of ecosystem function. Rangeland threats include habitat degradation and soil erosion through trampling, inappropriate fire regimes
2 From Agriculture: Cultivation poses greatest threat through habitat loss, fragmentation and disruption of ecosystem function. Rangeland threats include habitat degradation and soil erosion through trampling, inappropriate fire regimes
3 From Agriculture: Cultivation poses greatest threat through habitat loss, fragmentation and disruption of ecosystem function. Rangeland threats include habitat degradation and soil erosion through trampling, inappropriate fire regimes
4 From Agriculture: Cultivation poses greatest threat through habitat loss, fragmentation and disruption of ecosystem function. Rangeland threats include habitat degradation and soil erosion through trampling, inappropriate fire regimes
5 From Forestry: Habitat loss ? fragmentation of habitat, loss of beta diversity, loss of species. Disruption of ecosystem function ? altered
6 From Forestry: Habitat loss ? fragmentation of habitat, loss of beta diversity, loss of species. Disruption of ecosystem function ? altered
7 From Urbanization: Ecosystem degradation and loss through construction in biodiversity priority areas. Habitat and species loss
8 From Urbanization: Ecosystem degradation and loss through construction in biodiversity priority areas. Habitat and species loss
9 From Coal Mining: Disruption of ecosystem function (altered hydrological systems, acidification of soil, nutrient cycling on rehabilitated land, water quality and quantity)
10 From Coal Mining: Disruption of ecosystem function (altered hydrological systems, acidification of soil, nutrient cycling on rehabilitated land, water quality and quantity)
1. Recommendation: From Agriculture: Cultivation poses greatest threat through habitat loss, fragmentation and disruption of ecosystem function. Rangeland threats include habitat degradation and soil erosion through trampling, inappropriate fire regimes
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/14] [Last Updated: 2011/11/14]

- Develop biodiversity compatible grazing management best practice to demonstrate compatible rangeland management - Publicise success stories to stimulate farmer interest and convey information - Incorporate biodiversity into relevant national and provincial agricultural polices

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- The approach is still being broadly followed, however instead of developing biodiversity compatible grazing management best practice, we are integrating biodiversity into agricultural best management practices. - Limited progress with this activity due to ongoing agricultural policy reform processes in the national dept. However a plan B has been crafted in the Agricultural Mainstreaming Strategy.
[Added: 2011/11/14]
GCU No due date No deadline established - Being done.
2. Recommendation: From Agriculture: Cultivation poses greatest threat through habitat loss, fragmentation and disruption of ecosystem function. Rangeland threats include habitat degradation and soil erosion through trampling, inappropriate fire regimes
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/14]

- Develop certified system for range-fed beef and promote consumer awareness - Promote use of rates exemption in Property Rates Act for formal conservation of private land.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Due to the findings of the feasibility study & value chain analysis which highlighted concerns with market level certification of red meat, the approach being pursued is one of supporting farmers to produce environmentally friendly red meat. The next step to be taken forward by GreenChoice is to work out how to take this to market .
[Added: 2011/11/14]
GCU No due date No deadline established - Being done through biodiversity stewardship initiatives in all components.
3. Recommendation: From Agriculture: Cultivation poses greatest threat through habitat loss, fragmentation and disruption of ecosystem function. Rangeland threats include habitat degradation and soil erosion through trampling, inappropriate fire regimes
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/14]

- Capacity building of organized agriculture to address conservation imperatives in rangeland sector programs - Develop tool kits, training, knowledge management system to facilitate replication - Incorporate biodiversity priority areas into planning and decision-making for new cultivations (e.g. bio-fuels)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Has been done through limited engagement with Agri-SA and through the Task Team however the sector is more ?environmentally aware? than realised at project design. - Training has been ongoing in demo. Activities towards replication will be prioritised in the next two years. - This will be tackled through the pilot projects in the Agricultural Mainstreaming Strategy.
[Added: 2011/11/14]
GCU, Agri-SA and through the Task Team No due date No deadline established Has been done
4. Recommendation: From Agriculture: Cultivation poses greatest threat through habitat loss, fragmentation and disruption of ecosystem function. Rangeland threats include habitat degradation and soil erosion through trampling, inappropriate fire regimes
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/14]

- Facilitate landowner/user response, through engagement of industry associations - Demonstrate good practice for biodiversity best management practices re river ecosystems

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Industry associations are being engaged through the task team.
[Added: 2011/11/14]
GCU, Task Team No due date No deadline established - FS river project was not initiated due to lack of institutional ownership and feasibility.
5. Recommendation: From Forestry: Habitat loss ? fragmentation of habitat, loss of beta diversity, loss of species. Disruption of ecosystem function ? altered
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/14]

- Incorporate biodiversity priority areas into planning and decision-making for new plantations to avoid these areas - Identify biodiversity priority areas that overlap with unplanted forestry owned land to be formally conserved for tax rebates - Develop and improve biodiversity best management practice tools, guidelines and capacity - Establish specialists/stakeholders network to provide capacity, co-ordination, fundraising and lobbying for grasslands conservation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Biodiversity screening tool, biodiversity stewardship & fine scale planning tool, fire & alien management guidelines
[Added: 2011/11/14]
Expert group No due date No deadline established Being done
6. Recommendation: From Forestry: Habitat loss ? fragmentation of habitat, loss of beta diversity, loss of species. Disruption of ecosystem function ? altered
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/14]

- Strengthen market incentive, i.e. certification, to recognise conservation value of grasslands - Develop accessible certification for small growers - Develop market-based instruments to incentivise self-regulation (tradable rights)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Being done through engagement with FSC at national and global level
[Added: 2011/11/14]
FSC No due date No deadline established Being done
7. Recommendation: From Urbanization: Ecosystem degradation and loss through construction in biodiversity priority areas. Habitat and species loss
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/14]

- Integrate biodiversity management objectives into urban planning and decision makings - Strengthen coordination and collaboration between spheres of govt - Work with champions within the regulatory authority and private sector dealing with development - Build capacity of the municipal and provincial environmental departments and Councilors in reviewing EIAs, land use applications etc - Build economic case and incorporate into provincial spatial development strategies, SDFs of IDPs, OSFs etc

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Develop GIS layer in Gauteng c-plan and used by decision-makers. - Capacity building is being developed and will be rolled out during the remainder of the programme. - SANBI?s ?making the case? project (which Grasslands is contributing towards) supports this activity. However the roll out needs to clearly focus on Gauteng. The mainstreaming toolkit has a section on the value of urban biodiversity.
[Added: 2011/11/14]
task team and other champions in GDARD & municipalities. No due date No deadline established Being done
8. Recommendation: From Urbanization: Ecosystem degradation and loss through construction in biodiversity priority areas. Habitat and species loss
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/14]

- Develop guidelines and tools for biodiversity management in priority areas, which are not part of protected area network, to assist decision-making - Demonstrate tradeoffs that complement ?command and control? - Promote attitude change amongst decision makers

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop urban mainstreaming toolkit. - Development of a Gauteng biodiversity offsets policy (and the ?EGG? offset case)
[Added: 2011/11/14]
GCU, other stakeholders No due date No deadline established - Being done
9. Recommendation: From Coal Mining: Disruption of ecosystem function (altered hydrological systems, acidification of soil, nutrient cycling on rehabilitated land, water quality and quantity)
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/14] [Last Updated: 2011/11/14]

- Incorporate biodiversity priority areas into planning and decision-making for new coal mines so that these areas are avoided if possible

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Pilot wetland mitigation and banking to improve capacity to manage offset
[Added: 2011/11/14]
GCU, Coal mines No due date No deadline established - Being done
10. Recommendation: From Coal Mining: Disruption of ecosystem function (altered hydrological systems, acidification of soil, nutrient cycling on rehabilitated land, water quality and quantity)
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/14] [Last Updated: 2011/11/14]

- Consolidate biodiversity and mining offset policy

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Pilot voluntary wetland mitigation / banking scheme
[Added: 2011/11/14]
GCU, Coal Mines No due date No deadline established - Being done

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