Assessment of Development Results: Philippines

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2008-2009, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
ICPE/ADR
Planned End Date:
03/2009
Completion Date:
03/2009
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
150,000

This ADR has examined contribution made by UNDP to development results and the strategic positioning of UNDP in the Philippines during the latest two programming cycles: 2001-2009. The ADR found that the UNDP programme in the Philippines has made substantive contributions to development, relative to its financial resources, through advocacy and support to statistical reporting around the MDGs and incorporating the MDGs in local planning and budgeting. Contribution of UNDP in advancing environmental management and supporting the peace process in Mindanao were also found to be significant and sustainable, thanks to UNDP?s highly valued neutrality and willingness to support research, planning and innovative pilots and a broad range of strategic partnerships, including with Civil Society Organizations. UNDP has also succeeded in narrowing its programme focus, particularly in the governance programme. However, the evaluation found that this has left behind some activities that are important national priorities where UNDP can leverage its strengths. The evaluation recommends that UNDP follow up with its support in MDG-based planning and budgeting through advocacy and a resource mobilization strategy. UNDP should also revisit governance initiatives that were terminated when the focus of the programme was changed and reconsider a more strategic role. In terms of programme management, UNDP should establish clear mechanisms to generate and implement synergies across practice areas and continue to strengthen result-orientation and mainstreaming of gender and Rights-Based Approach in its programming.

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Title Assessment of Development Results: Philippines
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2008-2009, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2009
Planned End Date: 03/2009
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
Evaluation Budget(US $): 150,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Location of Evaluation: Country Level
Countries: PHILIPPINES
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 UNDP should Build on its achievements in institutionalizing the MDGs in government planning and budget systems
2 UNDP should Re-open dialogue with cluster areas in governance that were terminated when the focus of the practice area was changed and reconsider a role in supporting political reform that would allow greater participation of the poor
3 UNDP should Clearly define its priorities for E&E activities around the environment and natural resource policy framework; seek a greater convergence of activities across practice areas for DRM, with consideration of the coordination role with a dedicated staff member being taken by the CPR practice area
4 UNDP should Maximize its contribution to peace-building in Mindanao and other conflict areas
5 UNDP should Establish mechanisms to generate and implement synergies across practice areas
6 UNDP should Learn from the role of private-public partnerships in programme development and implementation
7 UNDP should Maintain and strengthen the participation of CSOs in the country programme
8 UNDP should Be more systematic in its generation and use of knowledge products
9 UNDP should Enhance internal management structures to augment the impact of gender initiatives in its programme
10 UNDP should Continue to improve M&E systems to provide feedback for programme management, including for gender, RBAs, and capacity-building activities
1. Recommendation: UNDP should Build on its achievements in institutionalizing the MDGs in government planning and budget systems
Management Response: [Added: 2010/06/21] [Last Updated: 2011/01/23]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Localization of MDGs
[Added: 2011/01/23] [Last Updated: 2013/03/25]
Corazon Urquico, Team Leader Poverty Reduction & Support for the MDGs 2011/12 Completed Capacity building on the Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS), a planning and policy tool designed for local governments was undertaken with the Dept. of Interior and Local Government (DILG) and the National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC) to ensure that LGUs adopt the CBMS in their planning and budgeting process.
1.2 Assessment of previous achievements of advocacies to institutionalize MDGs and poverty reduction efforts and status of MDG Progress
[Added: 2011/01/23] [Last Updated: 2013/03/25]
Corazon Urquico, Team Leader Poverty Reduction & Support for the MDGs 2011/12 Completed The preparation of the poverty reduction framework was fully supported in 2010 right after the election of a new national leadership. This was accepted by the Philippine government through the National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC).
2. Recommendation: UNDP should Re-open dialogue with cluster areas in governance that were terminated when the focus of the practice area was changed and reconsider a role in supporting political reform that would allow greater participation of the poor
Management Response: [Added: 2010/06/21] [Last Updated: 2011/01/23]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Reinforce dilogue and partnerships withing Governance cluster Areas
[Added: 2011/01/23]
Emmanuel Buendia, Team Leader - Governance Unit 2010/03 Completed The Governance Portfolio has re-established working relationships and partnerships with the cluster areas through its 4 program components on human rights, justice, integrity & participation. The 4 components provided broader framework and opened wider areas of engagement where former cluster area partners can participate.
2.2 Strengthen democratic institutions in the country and citizens' engagement for meaninfull and active participation in democratic processes and support for the advocacy for electoral reform in the Philippines
[Added: 2011/01/23] [Last Updated: 2013/03/25]
Emmanuel Buendia, Team Leader - Governance Unit 2011/12 Completed UNDP through the Governance Portfolio has contributed in strengthening the democratic institutions in the Philippines by engaging citizen?s participation in democratic processes and institutionalizing electoral and political reforms. It has supported various groups to undertake Citizens-voters Education and empowerment programs in specific provinces/sectors; and to lobby for the passage of the bill on Political party reform in the 15th Congress.
3. Recommendation: UNDP should Clearly define its priorities for E&E activities around the environment and natural resource policy framework; seek a greater convergence of activities across practice areas for DRM, with consideration of the coordination role with a dedicated staff member being taken by the CPR practice area
Management Response: [Added: 2010/06/21] [Last Updated: 2011/01/23]

agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 The UNDP E&E maximized the use of two significant milestones (NCSA and ENR Framework) as guide in the design/formulation of the next generation UNDP-E & E interventions - both at the policy and capacity development levels.
[Added: 2011/01/23] [Last Updated: 2014/06/18]
Amelia Dulce Supetran - Team Leader, E&E Unit 2010/12 Completed Under the E&E Portfolio,  UNDP was able to to initiate actions for an enhanced enabling environment towards an integrated, market-based natural resource management system through: (1) advoacy plan for increased support for the passage of EPA Bill; (2) strategic actions for the operationalization of the ENR Framework Plan  such as piloting of the forestry investment plan(s) in selected areas of Region 4.  The assessment of the ENR Framework Plan which was adopted by DENR in 2006 resulted in a strategic plan to further operationalize the Framework plan; c) enhanced policies on resource valuation and ENR financing schemes. Policy recommendations were made for the harmonization of valuation tools being used by the forestry, mining and biodiversity sectors and assessment of the implementation and compliance to policies on forestry fees and charges. 
3.2 Strengthen convergence of activities across practice areas for DRM
[Added: 2011/01/23] [Last Updated: 2012/12/07]
Amelia Dulce Supetran - Team Leader, E&E Unit 2011/12 Completed With the adoption of the SNAP on DRR, UNDP helped enable the bureaucracy to create mechanisms for greater synergies and convergence on DRM activities.  Moreover, this was complemented with the other initiatives that were supported by UNDP - framework for mainstreaming DRR and CCA in sub-national land-use/physical framework & development plans and the vulnerability assessment of the major economic sectors: agriculture, watershed (water and forests), coastal and human health based on downscaled climate scenarios (2020,2050), among others.
4. Recommendation: UNDP should Maximize its contribution to peace-building in Mindanao and other conflict areas
Management Response: [Added: 2010/06/21] [Last Updated: 2011/01/23]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Enhance coordinating role for Early Recovery of areas affected by armed conflict by setting up a UNDP office in Cotabato
[Added: 2011/01/23]
Alma Evangelista, Team Leader CPR Unit 2010/01 Completed UNDP-Cotabato established in May 2010
4.2 UNDP to actively participate in the Mindanao Working Group (MWG) composed of donors and key government agencies
[Added: 2011/01/23]
Alma Evangelista, Team Leader CPR Unit 2010/12 Completed UNDP is represented in the Technical Working Group of the MWG, and actively participates in the meetings and deliberations of the MWG.  The peace-based M&E developed by the GoP-UN ACT for Peace Programme has been presented and recommended for adoption by the MWG.
5. Recommendation: UNDP should Establish mechanisms to generate and implement synergies across practice areas
Management Response: [Added: 2010/06/21] [Last Updated: 2011/01/23]

Agree. The importance of the cross-practice synergies has been constantly emphasized in Programme and MTM meetings. It is in fact one of the highlighted strategies in the next Country Programme Document 2012-2016

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Promotion of convergence and synergies among portfolios
[Added: 2011/01/23]
Management Team (MTM), Programme Teams 2010/12 Completed In 2009-2010 several cross-practice interventions have been implemented. Multi-sector wide rather than institutional approaches have proved to be more integrative and effective. Convergence and networking is happening within the portfolios and their respective projects, and it is enhancing the achievements of results. Specifically: a) HIV and Governance: RAATS for effective local AIDS response; Ongoing dialogue with CHR to develop redress mechanism for Human Rights violations among PHLIV. b) E&E and Governance: Environmental Justice programme: Support to the SC and DENR to develop New Rules of Procedure for Environmental Cases; Capacity development for Judges, Police, LGUs and CSOs for effective environment litigation and protection c) Poverty and Environment Initiative: strengthen capacities of LGUs and local communities to effectively utilize the revenues of natural resources for poverty alleviation d) Crisis Prevention and Gender: formulation of Philippine National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security
5.2 Improve Country Office?s efficiency of information sharing, planning and decision-making by creating a Management Team (MTM) and Programme Team
[Added: 2011/01/23]
MTM, Senior management 2009/12 Completed MTM and Programme Team were created in February 2009. The overall purpose of the MTM is to set direction, review progress and make decisions to ensure development and operational effectiveness of the country programme, as well as to ensure synergies and convergence among portfolios. MTM meetings have been held regularly during 2009 and 2010, as well as Programme Meetings to discuss programme-related issues and improve communication and linkages between practice areas
5.3 Review CO Organigram to improve M&E functions, Programme and Projects compliance to UNDP rules and regulations, performance in the NIM/NGO Audit and ensure harmonization of process among practice areas.
[Added: 2011/01/23]
MTM, Senior management 2009/12 Completed As per agreement in the 2008 Annual Retreat, the Country Office organigram was modified to accommodate a new unit, among other changes: the Management Support Unit. This unit has been functioning as a monitoring unit that contributes to set a common structure and unifying procedures among the four practice areas and the Operations Team, adopting common reporting deadlines, quality standards, templates and M&E strategies and communication proceduresThe Management Support Unit is now fully functional, with all staff posts covered (4) and is a successful information resource in terms of programme results and financial monitoring and delivery. The unit also contributes to the establishment of better external communication through the Communications Officer and the Web Master, and internal linkages among the four programmatic areas.
5.4 Conduct Annual CPAP Review meetings and year-end Outcome Board meetings to assess the progress of each portfolio and its contributions to the CPAP Outcome
[Added: 2011/01/23]
Senior Management, MTM, Programme Teams 2010/12 Completed In 2009 and 2010 we have conducted regular Annual CPAP Review meetings and Outcome Board meetings with NEDA, Implemeting Partners, RPs, and other relevant stakeholders. The 2009 Annual CPAP Review was held following an innovative format to extend the participation to include all Implementing Partners from the four practice areas to enhance cross-fertilization. Therefore, partners from the 4 practices areas and the HIV/AIDS programme can listen and comment on the common lessons learnt and recommendations. These discussions, together with the agreeements from the year-end Outcome Board meetings were the basis for setting the direction of the CPAP extension period for 2010-2011, setting common deadlines for programming milestones, i.e. signature of the Annual Work Plans, submission of Annual Progress Reports and Annual Outcome Board meetings to assess the progress towards outcome.
6. Recommendation: UNDP should Learn from the role of private-public partnerships in programme development and implementation
Management Response: [Added: 2010/06/21] [Last Updated: 2011/01/23]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Engage private sector in UNDP activities, projectt, advocacy campaigns, etc
[Added: 2011/01/23] [Last Updated: 2013/03/25]
MTM, All Programme Teams 2011/12 Completed UNDP has effectivelly mobilized the Private sector and is receiving support from the western Union for the "Migration and Development? project, a new initiative to develop viable remittances-based inclusive financial services that emphasize savings and investments for local development and achievement of the MDGs.
6.2 Explore new partnerships with private sector using the Global Compact framework to engage them in the development of the new Country Programme Document 2012-2016
[Added: 2011/01/23] [Last Updated: 2013/03/25]
MTM, All Programme Teams 2011/12 Completed Representatives from the Busines sector were invited to the consultations held in Manila on 17-18 November 2010 on the directions and strategies for the new CPD 2012-2016. The consultations bebefited from the active engagement and inputs from Nestle, PBSP, Honda Cars among others.
7. Recommendation: UNDP should Maintain and strengthen the participation of CSOs in the country programme
Management Response: [Added: 2010/06/21] [Last Updated: 2011/01/23]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Ensure better coordination between and among partners and facilitate dialogue spaces for differente stakeholder to actively participate in UN processes and activities
[Added: 2011/01/23]
MTM, All Programme Teams 2010/12 Completed To ensure better coordination between and among partners, UNDP has led the reactivation of the UN Civil Society Advisor Committee (UN-CSAC), a mechanism where CSOs can participate in UN processes and activities, and the creation of the UN Expanded Thematic Group on Governance, composed of UN Agencies representatives and other representatives from the multilateral/bilateral donor organizations. It has served as a platform to discuss governance issues and as a mechanism to mobilize support for governance initiatives.
7.2 Strengthen partnerships with different stakeholders and explore new partnerships for the new CPD 2012-2016
[Added: 2011/01/23] [Last Updated: 2013/03/25]
MTM, All Programme Teams 2011/12 Completed Our efforts to strengthen partnership have contributed to higher impact results. This includes partnerships with the civil society, research institutions, policy think tanks, academe, LGUs, Indigenous Peoples and Cultural Communities, Women?s Organizations and the private sector.
8. Recommendation: UNDP should Be more systematic in its generation and use of knowledge products
Management Response: [Added: 2010/06/21] [Last Updated: 2011/01/23]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 Reinforce the Communications Department and Communications for Developmentv Strategies
[Added: 2011/01/23]
Senior Management / Communications Unit 2010/12 Completed A National Communication Officer has been recruited since 2009 to support advocacy and communication efforts of the CO and ensure a more systematic approach in the use and disemination of knowledge products
8.2 Improve CO Website to facilitate disemination of knowledge products
[Added: 2011/01/23]
Senior Management / Communications Unit 2010/12 Completed The CO website is regularly updated and the CO is working towards full compliance with UNDP disclosure policy and communication standards. The new and improved UNDP PH website rose in ranking from 3/10 to 10/10 and has consistently been rated GREEN in the BSC since 2008.
8.3 Ensure systematic disemination of knowlegde products and come up with innovative knolegde sharing initiatives
[Added: 2011/01/23]
Senior Management / Communications Unit 2011/12 Overdue-Initiated UNDP PHI is coming up with project summaries and Fast Facts for easy disemination among partners and within the Regional, but still the systematic approach to knowledge sharing among UNDP staff and Implementing Partners needs to improve
9. Recommendation: UNDP should Enhance internal management structures to augment the impact of gender initiatives in its programme
Management Response: [Added: 2010/06/21] [Last Updated: 2011/01/23]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 . Conduct a Participatory Gender Audit
[Added: 2011/01/23]
MSU, Programme Teams, Senior Management 2009/12 Completed In 2009, UNDP Philippines volunteered to undergo a Participatory Gender Audit (PGA) of its programmes and operation as part of its corporate commitment to ensure that gender is given due attention. The report has set a benchmark on where we stand in terms of gender mainstreaming and rights-based approach, and the recommendations are being put into practice
9.2 Participatory Gender Audit recommendations are being put into practice, especially the drafting of a Gender Action Plan for the Philippines
[Added: 2011/01/23]
MSU, Programme Teams, Senior Management 2011/12 Overdue-Initiated Several of the PGA recommendations have been already implemented with very positive results. The Gender focal person is now under the Management Support Unit, which has oversight functions and is responsible for ensuring that gender is given due attention in all the portfolios. However, the Gender Action Plan is yet to be formulated for the next CPD 2012-2016
9.3 Ensure that the UNDAF and the CPAP/CPD explicily provide for gender mainstreaming priorities
[Added: 2011/01/23] [Last Updated: 2013/03/25]
MSU, Programme Teams, Senior Management 2011/06 Completed The new UNDAF 2012-2018 is currently being drafted. Through the UN-GMC, and with sustained support from the UNCT, a strong focus on gender equality and women's empowerment has been ensured. The UNCT has adopted a dual strategy of mainstreaming gender equality in all Sub Outcome using the Magna Carta of Women (MCW) as the main national policy instrument, and has also ensure proper focus through a stand-alone Sub Outcome on Women's Empowerment. This Sub Outcome gives special attention to capacity development of the Philippine Commission of Women to succesfully monitor the implementation of the MCW, as well as to the Commission on Human Rights to effectively investigate violations and monitor compliance with the MCW.
9.4 Strengthen partnerships with government, development partners, gender advocates and other stakeholders through active participate in gender equality networks, advocacy campaigns, etc
[Added: 2011/01/23]
MSU 2010/12 Completed UNDP is an active member of the UN-Gender Mainstreaming Committee (UN-GMC) an inter-agency gender group currently led by UNFPA. The UN-GMC has consistently developed an Annual Strategic Plan, and meets every two months to review progress, share good practices and experiences, and to explore potential inter-agency collaborations. The work plan focuses mainly in capacity building of UN staff on Gender and Human Rights, strengthen gender-responsive UN planning, and strengthen evidence-based advocacy for gender and strategic use of information. The UN-GMC is taking a very active role in ensuring that the CCA and UNDAF are gender-responsive. Also, since 2002 UNDP has been active member of the Official Development Assistance Gender and Development (ODA GAD) Network, which groups GAD focal persons from bilateral and multilateral development agencies. The network was founded to serve as a forum for exploring possible collaboration and enhancing complementation of ODA programmes. Since its inception, two government agencies are part of the network: the Philippine Commission on Women (PCW), who has the primary responsibility of implementing the government?s GAD policy; and NEDA-Social Development Staff, who is responsible for the implementation of the ODA gender budget policy. Other active members of the network include: CIDA, EC, ADB, AECID, AusAID, GTZ, JICA, USAID, World Bank, NZAid and KOIKA. From the UN System ILO, UNIFEM, UNICEF, UNDP, UNFPA, UNAIDS, FAO, UN Habitat and WHO.
10. Recommendation: UNDP should Continue to improve M&E systems to provide feedback for programme management, including for gender, RBAs, and capacity-building activities
Management Response: [Added: 2010/06/21] [Last Updated: 2011/01/23]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1 Ensure continued CO staff training in results-based M&E
[Added: 2011/01/23] [Last Updated: 2013/03/25]
MSU, Senior Management 2011/12 Completed In 2009, the MSU Officer attended the annual learning event on Results-based planning, monitoring and evaluating for development results organized by RBAP. Annual NIM orientations are conducted to IPs and UNDP staff so that they are familiar with the basic principles of programme and project management. Coaching sessions are conducted on a regular basis to ensure that reporting is done using the RBM approach and not focusing on activity or output type reporting. The CO has also expressed training needs from APRC, the actual conduct will be scheduled within 2013
10.2 Ensure Results based M&E framework in CPD and CPAP
[Added: 2011/01/23] [Last Updated: 2013/03/25]
MSU, Senior Management 2011/06 Completed UNDP PHI is committed to strengthening the use of results based management in planning, implementation and management of the new CPD and UNDAF. UNDP actively participates in the UNDAF M&E Group which is a technical and advisory body to the UNCT to ensure the logic and SMARTness of the UNDAF.
10.3 Continued participation in the UN-GMC and the ODA-GAD Network
[Added: 2011/01/23]
MSU, Senior Management 2010/12 Completed UNDP is an active member of the UN-Gender Mainstreaming Committee (UN-GMC) and the ODA-GD Network (see rcommendation 9)

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