Outcome Evaluation of Democratic Governance Portfolio Within UNDP/Turkmenistan Country Programme 2010 - 2015

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Evaluation Plan:
2010-2015, Turkmenistan
Evaluation Type:
Outcome
Planned End Date:
08/2014
Completion Date:
08/2014
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
13,930

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Title Outcome Evaluation of Democratic Governance Portfolio Within UNDP/Turkmenistan Country Programme 2010 - 2015
Atlas Project Number: 00043143
Evaluation Plan: 2010-2015, Turkmenistan
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 08/2014
Planned End Date: 08/2014
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.2. Options enabled and facilitated for inclusive and sustainable social protection
Evaluation Budget(US $): 13,930
Source of Funding: Core
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 13,930
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Arkadi Toritsyn Mr. artoritsyn@rogers.com
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: UNDP, national partners
Countries: TURKMENISTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Supporting Developing of National HR-based Vision and Strategy for Human Development. Democratic institutions, policies and empowerment of rights-holders do not confine themselves to technical capacity building and adopting HR legislation, but includes also creating a democratic space in which citizens can participate in country development. Turkmenistan needs a vision for the future and UNDP can use the National Human Development Report process to establish a platform for such societal discussions where the decision makers, academics, policy implementers, NGOs and members of public can share their views on future of the country.
2 Promoting HR among lawmakers UNDP is well positioned to continue working on multiple areas of promoting HR agenda. The interventions focusing on HR should find a proper balance between capacity building of duty bearers and empowerment of rights-holders and create the enabling environment that promotes the articulation of common HR agenda. Many citizens are unaware of their rights and considerable effort towards sensitizing citizens should be a priority. It is necessary to promote and support institutionalization of human rights education in the national education curriculum to ensure that duty-bearers and rights-holders are fully equipped with the necessary HR knowledge.
3 Supporting Judicial branch. The implementation of HR framework is problematic if judicial system is weak and dependent on the executive branch. Control of the judicial branch is exercised primarily through control of the judiciary?s budgets, appointment of judges and a wide range of other non-transparent instruments. The independence of judges vis-à-vis the executive branch as well as their protection from undue influences is not fully ensured and guaranteed. Accusations of biased proceedings in court cases are common. UNDP can explore this highly sensitive area, identify and implement a few capacity building projects as entry points into reforming the judicial system.
4 Strengthening Public Administration to Support Laws and Policies Implementation. One of the biggest bottlenecks in advancing DG is weak capacities of the public administration and poor translation of the existing legislation into policies and programs and their implementation. Turkmenistan, like many other post-Soviet states, has poor implementation record where laws that are aligned with core international principles often remain statements of good intentions without any follow-up implementation and proper reporting. One of the most important tasks that could help in supporting effective law implementation is to increase effectiveness of policymaking institutions and processes and strengthen capacity of public administration by introducing core elements of the policy cycle with focus on use of data, development of policy options, implementation and monitoring in ministries and central agencies.
5 Strengthening Civil Society. Through its potential work on supporting civil society, UNDP can contribute to strengthening the demand side of DG. Simple emulation of some CIS countries? experiences in building civil society may not work in Turkmenistan and country-tailored solutions would have to be found. UNDP may support the National Institute for Democracy and Human Rights under the President of Turkmenistan with modernizing the civil society legislative framework to reflect the relevant international practices.
6 Supporting reforms of the social sector As it was observed by numerous national and international experts, many decisions in Turkmenistan are made without evidence and statistical information. UNDP may collaborate with the social bloc ministries and relying on the existing statistics and internal administrative data identify social groups vulnerable to exclusion and specific barriers to inclusion they face.
7 Promoting Gender Equality. Turkmenistan is signatory to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. UNDP may continue its work on mainstreaming and promoting HR agenda and using diverse advocacy and advisory tools to leverage broader support for, and commitment to, gender equality and women?s empowerment.
1. Recommendation: Supporting Developing of National HR-based Vision and Strategy for Human Development. Democratic institutions, policies and empowerment of rights-holders do not confine themselves to technical capacity building and adopting HR legislation, but includes also creating a democratic space in which citizens can participate in country development. Turkmenistan needs a vision for the future and UNDP can use the National Human Development Report process to establish a platform for such societal discussions where the decision makers, academics, policy implementers, NGOs and members of public can share their views on future of the country.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/09/28] [Last Updated: 2015/11/02]

UNDP's approach in Turkmenistan will be throughout the next country programme cycle to engage with the Government on three main platforms: Human Rights Commitments made by the country, the Internationally agreed Development Goals frameworks, both MDGs and SDGs, as well as the improvement of the availability of data to track development change, including human development. UNDP will embark early on supporting the country in developing its medium term development plan and will be able to tackle the three dimensions from the very early stages of planning

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Support effective implementation of the UPR recommendations through launching the 3-year Project developed together with the National Institute of Democracy and Human Rights (NIDHR). Seek funding for the project implementation from donors and UN/UNDP specialized instruments
[Added: 2015/09/28] [Last Updated: 2015/10/21]
CO management and DG portfolio 2015/06 Completed
1.3. Engage the Parliament and the local level authorities in the human rights, international goals and the data enhancement actions through the current project to support the Mejlis (legislative body in Turkmenistan responsible for local governances as well)
[Added: 2015/09/28] [Last Updated: 2016/12/20]
CO DG portfolio Project management 2016/12 Completed History
1.4. Ensure that new UNDAF and CPD include the issues of human rights and civic participation though active consultations within the UNDP CO, UNCT, and national partners
[Added: 2015/09/29]
RR, DRR, Democratic Governance Portfolio, UNCT, national partners 2014/12 Completed
1.5 Support the National Institute for Strategic Planning in the design of the medium term development plan
[Added: 2015/09/30] [Last Updated: 2015/11/02]
DRR, DG Portfolio Manager 2015/10 Completed
1.2. Support the NIDHR through the planned self-assessment and development of the further plan of action.
[Added: 2015/09/28] [Last Updated: 2017/09/19]
Project management DG portfolio 2017/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The project Document with NIDHR was not signed. Thus the activity was not carried out due to lack of national ownership and political decision. ]
History
2. Recommendation: Promoting HR among lawmakers UNDP is well positioned to continue working on multiple areas of promoting HR agenda. The interventions focusing on HR should find a proper balance between capacity building of duty bearers and empowerment of rights-holders and create the enabling environment that promotes the articulation of common HR agenda. Many citizens are unaware of their rights and considerable effort towards sensitizing citizens should be a priority. It is necessary to promote and support institutionalization of human rights education in the national education curriculum to ensure that duty-bearers and rights-holders are fully equipped with the necessary HR knowledge.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/10/09] [Last Updated: 2015/10/09]

Support provided by UNDP through the Human Rights project will ensure a balance between assistance to the duty bearers and the rights-holders

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Within the next 2016-2020 CPD work closely together with Law Enforcement (LE) agencies, CSA (Civil Service Academy), and other state institutions to revise their curricula and include issues of human rights.
[Added: 2015/10/21] [Last Updated: 2017/05/03]
Democratic Governance Portfolio, Project management 2020/12 Overdue-Initiated History
2.1. Ensure that these issues are addressed in new UNDAF/CPD through active consultations within the UNDP CO, UNCT, and national partners.
[Added: 2015/10/09] [Last Updated: 2015/10/21]
RR, DRR, Democratic Governance Portfolio, UNCT, national partners 2015/09 Completed
2.2. Ensure that rights-holders and duty bearers build their capacity in the area of human rights through effective implementation of the joint 3-year project with NIDHR.
[Added: 2015/10/09] [Last Updated: 2017/09/19]
UNDP Project staff 2017/09 Completed The capacity building activities for right-holders and duty bearers were conducted within the framework of joint Work Plans with NIDHR and other institutions. A new Project Document with the Supreme Court was developed and will be signed in 2018. History
2.4. Within the next 2016-2020 CPD work closely with relevant state agencies/develop projects that will focus on creating of an enabling environment for civil society participation in development, implementation, and monitoring of the legislation in the area of Human Rights.
[Added: 2015/10/21] [Last Updated: 2017/12/22]
DRR, Democratic Governance Portfolio 2017/12 Completed Capacity of twenty representatives from 10 local public organizations were strengthened in strategic planning for nonprofit organizations; A comprehensive review of with recommendations of the national law on “Public Associations of Turkmenistan” was conducted. Recommendations for revision of the Law were shared with the CSOs and National Institute of Democracy and Human Rights for further submision to Mejlis. History
3. Recommendation: Supporting Judicial branch. The implementation of HR framework is problematic if judicial system is weak and dependent on the executive branch. Control of the judicial branch is exercised primarily through control of the judiciary?s budgets, appointment of judges and a wide range of other non-transparent instruments. The independence of judges vis-à-vis the executive branch as well as their protection from undue influences is not fully ensured and guaranteed. Accusations of biased proceedings in court cases are common. UNDP can explore this highly sensitive area, identify and implement a few capacity building projects as entry points into reforming the judicial system.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/10/21] [Last Updated: 2015/10/21]

During the next CPD work closely with the relevant national partners to advocate judicial reform in the country. Ensure a service line for justice sector reform actions in the new country programme but calibrate the response with the possibilities that UNDP has to influence developments in the area of judiciary.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1. Ensure that these issues are addressed in new UNDAF/CPD through active consultations within the UNDP CO, UNCT, and national partners.
[Added: 2015/10/21]
RR, DRR, Democratic Governance Portfolio, UNCT, national partners 2014/12 Completed
3.2. Developing the ?Output 2: Capacity of judiciary and law enforcement bodies enhanced to ensure access to justice, and recourse mechanisms? into a project
[Added: 2015/10/21]
DG Portfolio 2015/01 Completed
4. Recommendation: Strengthening Public Administration to Support Laws and Policies Implementation. One of the biggest bottlenecks in advancing DG is weak capacities of the public administration and poor translation of the existing legislation into policies and programs and their implementation. Turkmenistan, like many other post-Soviet states, has poor implementation record where laws that are aligned with core international principles often remain statements of good intentions without any follow-up implementation and proper reporting. One of the most important tasks that could help in supporting effective law implementation is to increase effectiveness of policymaking institutions and processes and strengthen capacity of public administration by introducing core elements of the policy cycle with focus on use of data, development of policy options, implementation and monitoring in ministries and central agencies.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/10/21] [Last Updated: 2015/11/02]

We'll continue working with SSC and key ministries on establishing measuring and reporting systems for the national programs and sector plans. That will have new post 2015 integrated in. In parallel we?ll continue our cooperation with Civil Service Academy to build the institutional capacity as well as Parliament and NIDHR on implementation of Human Rights Action Plan

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1. Ensure that these issues are addressed in new UNDAF/CPD through active consultations within the UNDP CO, UNCT, and national partners.
[Added: 2015/10/30]
RR, DRR, Democratic Governance Portfolio, UNCT, national partners 2015/01 Completed
4.2. Work with the Parliament to address quality of lawmaking, and strengthen local governance capacities
[Added: 2015/10/30] [Last Updated: 2016/12/20]
DG Portfolio, Project management 2016/12 Completed History
4.3. Develop an action/project to be implemented during the new cycle that will provide assistance to the Civil Service Academy in revising their curricula to develop capacities for evidence based policy making (with more emphasis on data)
[Added: 2015/10/30] [Last Updated: 2016/12/20]
Democratic Governance Portfolio 2016/12 Completed New Project document to address this action was developed together with the Civil Service Academy and submitted to the government. History
4.4. Prioritize actions that focus on research and data so that capacities are developed to produce, analyze, disseminate and use better data in policy making - Technical assistance to the State Statistics Committee in their institutional development. Elaboration of the SSC Institutional Development Plan (IDP) - develop projects to support implementation of the SSC?s IDP - develop components devoted to statistics as part of other projects to address data at sector level with particular focus on Environment and Energy and Economic sectors - promote South-South linkages (i.e. East-East in the CIS and Central and East Asia) in line with the Strategic Plan to strengthen research capacities in areas of socio-economic development (economic development, trade, tourism)
[Added: 2015/10/30] [Last Updated: 2016/12/20]
CO management, DG Portfolio 2016/12 Completed History
5. Recommendation: Strengthening Civil Society. Through its potential work on supporting civil society, UNDP can contribute to strengthening the demand side of DG. Simple emulation of some CIS countries? experiences in building civil society may not work in Turkmenistan and country-tailored solutions would have to be found. UNDP may support the National Institute for Democracy and Human Rights under the President of Turkmenistan with modernizing the civil society legislative framework to reflect the relevant international practices.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/10/21] [Last Updated: 2015/11/02]

UNDP will ensure integration of the relevant measures aimed at strengthening capacity of the NGOs and developing their stronger relations with the government. (This recommendation is addressed through the actions under Issue 2.)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.2. Within the framework of the new Country Program UNDP will closely work with the government ministries and organizations to ensure their closer cooperation with the CSOs. That will help ensure more active participation of the latter in the public and political life. That will especially relate to the development of new laws and national strategies.
[Added: 2015/10/30] [Last Updated: 2015/11/02]
DG Portfolio 2020/12 Overdue-Initiated
5.3. Within the framework of the new Country Program UNDP will strongly engage with the civil society organizations to build their capacity to manage their organizations and engage with the government.
[Added: 2015/10/30] [Last Updated: 2015/11/02]
Democratic Governance Portfolio 2020/01 Overdue-Initiated
5.1. During the rollout of the new Partnership Framework for Development and Country Progam UNDP will ensure participation of the civil society in the process together with the government
[Added: 2015/10/30] [Last Updated: 2016/12/20]
Democratic Governance Portfolio 2016/12 Completed Under one of the projects UNDP launched consultations between the Government and CSOs on joint activities and cooperation in development of national plans and policies. History
6. Recommendation: Supporting reforms of the social sector As it was observed by numerous national and international experts, many decisions in Turkmenistan are made without evidence and statistical information. UNDP may collaborate with the social bloc ministries and relying on the existing statistics and internal administrative data identify social groups vulnerable to exclusion and specific barriers to inclusion they face.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/10/21] [Last Updated: 2015/11/02]

Engagement with the National State Statistics Committee and other ministries and agencies to promote evidence-based planning. (This recommendation is also addressed through the actions under Issue 4)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1. UNDP will continue to work with the National State Statistics Committee to strengthen its capacity following the recommendations made during the self-assessment process in 2015.
[Added: 2015/10/30] [Last Updated: 2015/11/02]
Democratic Governance Portfolio 2020/01 Overdue-Initiated
6.2. Within the framework of the new program UNDP will incorporate data collection and analysis into the existing and new projects to ensure that projects are evidence-based.
[Added: 2015/10/30] [Last Updated: 2015/11/02]
DG Portfolio 2020/12 Overdue-Initiated
6.3. Develop an action/project to be implemented during the new cycle that will provide assistance to the Civil Service Academy in revising their curricula to develop capacities for evidence based policy making (with more emphasis on data)
[Added: 2015/10/30] [Last Updated: 2016/12/20]
UNDP Deputy Resident Representative 2016/12 Completed To address this action UNDP developed a new project document for 2017-2019 together with the Civil Service Academy. History
6.4. Prioritize actions that focus on research and data so that capacities are developed to produce, analyze, disseminate and use better data in policy making - Technical assistance to the State Statistics Committee in their institutional development. Elaboration of the SSC Institutional Development Plan (IDP) - develop projects to support implementation of the SSC?s IDP - develop components devoted to statistics as part of other projects to address data at sector level with particular focus on Environment and Energy and Economic sectors - promote South-South linkages (i.e. East-East in the CIS and Central and East Asia) in line with the Strategic Plan to strengthen research capacities in areas of socio-economic development (economic development, trade, tourism)
[Added: 2015/10/30] [Last Updated: 2016/12/20]
CO management, DG Portfolio 2016/12 Completed History
7. Recommendation: Promoting Gender Equality. Turkmenistan is signatory to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. UNDP may continue its work on mainstreaming and promoting HR agenda and using diverse advocacy and advisory tools to leverage broader support for, and commitment to, gender equality and women?s empowerment.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/10/21]

In line with the Strategic Plan 2014-2017 and the organization?s Gender Strategy, UNDP projects will prioritize gender equality at all stages of project lifecycle. It will coordinate with other UN agencies, in particular UNFPA, the work related to the implementation of the CEDAW

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1. Portfolio review and design of a gender action plan
[Added: 2015/10/21] [Last Updated: 2016/12/20]
DRR, Gender focal point 2016/11 Completed UNDP took active part in work of the UN Gender and Youth Working Group and contributed to the development of the inter agency gender action plan. History
7.2. Advocate an integrated approach to gender and human rights as part of the work of the UN country team
[Added: 2015/10/21]
DRR 2014/12 Completed
7.3. Organize actions as part of the UNCT plan of actions for 2015
[Added: 2015/10/21] [Last Updated: 2016/12/20]
DRR 2016/12 Completed History
7.4. Implement gender specific projects, such as the project to support the disabled women, draw lessons learned and prepare future actions
[Added: 2015/10/21] [Last Updated: 2016/12/20]
DG portfolio management, Project management 2016/12 Completed The project with Deaf and Blind Society completed. As the result 10 women with disabilities enrolled into vocational training at Textile College and are expected to graduate in July 2017 History

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