Independent Joint Evaluation of "Local Area Development Programme"

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Evaluation Plan:
2007-2010, Iraq
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
07/2010
Completion Date:
07/2010
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
100,000

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Title Independent Joint Evaluation of "Local Area Development Programme"
Atlas Project Number: 00057017
Evaluation Plan: 2007-2010, Iraq
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 07/2010
Planned End Date: 07/2010
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty and MDG
  • 2. Democratic Governance
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Capacities of national and local institutions enhanced to scale up proven MDG acceleration interventions and to plan, monitor, report and evaluate the MDG progress in the context of related national development priorities
  • 2. National, regional and local levels of governance expand their capacities to reduce conflict and manage the equitable delivery of public services
Evaluation Budget(US $): 100,000
Source of Funding: Project Funding
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with ILO, UNHABITAT, UNOPS, WHO, UNESCO, UNIFEM
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Dean Pallen Team Leader
Ali Al Ammar Senior National Consultant IRAQ
Sherko Mustafa Senior National Consultant IRAQ
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: GoI
Countries: IRAQ
Comments: This joint evaluation has been commissioned based on the Iraq Trust Fund request
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 It is recommended that a five-year programming cycle be employed for the next phase of the LADP to help establish a common framework with the Iraqi NDP It is recommended that a concerted effort be made to consolidate and build on the achievements of the first phase of the LADP. Areas of specific interest in this regard would be transitioning from the economic recovery focus of the first phase to an economic development orientation and furthering the gains made in establishing the local planning capabilities in the six districts form the first phase of the LADP. The ultimate aim with the continued presence in the original five governorates is to establish strong points of reference for the rest of the country
2 It is recommended that for the next phase the LADP establishes itself as a platform for learning and investing in human capital both collectively and individually through knowledge acquisition, technical training and the internalization of concepts like gender equality and environmental stewardship. It is recommended that the LADP place a priority on enabling Iraqi NGOs, the private sector, educational institutions and government departments to develop their own capacities and expertise related to training and capacity building that can serve the long term interest of the country.
3 It is recommended that Ministry of Planning (in Baghdad and KRG) become a programming priority in terms of building its capacity in support of more effective decentralized planning which contributes to the National Development Plan and in support of enhanced vertical interaction between governorates and the centre. It is recommended that the LADP work at the governorate level to develop adequate planning and implementation framework(s) for monitoring progress towards the MDGs. And It is recommended that in the identification of new project zones for the LADP that a priority be made to work in the poorest regions of the country that are not yet being supported by the LADP.
4 It is recommended that an evaluation be conducted in the near future of the fast-track project supported by the first phase of the LADP. This evaluation should assess the physical state of project infrastructure, plans and capabilities regarding their up keep and the developmental impacts. This evaluation should also cover the project selection and identification and participation level of communities in decision making and whether or not this was a priority for people. A cost assessment should also be considered. Did communities receive good value for the money invested? Socio-economic impacts should also be assessed.
5 It is recommended that a LADP gender strategy be established that would ensure consistent guidance on gender issues. This may include the recruitment of both national and/or an international gender expert who can provide constant support to the LADP on gender issues. It is recommended that the gender strategy operate with clearly identified indicators of expected end result after three or five years of programme implementation with regard to women empowerment and gender equity. And It is recommended that a strategy be established that will allow the LADP to more comfortably achieve its target of 30% level of participation in LADP activities and other gender related objectives. This may include additional training for female participants to ensure they are able to effectively participate in LADP activity.
6 It is recommended that the environment is established as a strong programming element for the next phase of LADP. It is recommended to include ongoing training and support as a cross cutting theme in the preparation of all LADP project activity but should be broaden to include other areas like climate change which might be of direct concern. And It is recommended that the concepts of sustainable economic development and natural resource management are given prominence as programming themes.
7 It is recommended that the LADP collaborate with concerned departments of the various government levels to establish the circumstances and mechanism(s) to permit a more effective co-financing of development projects at the local level. A key objective is to work with Iraqi authorities to create the possibility to cost share on infrastructure type projects that are identified through local participatory planning processes. It is recommended that LADP stakeholders examine other areas of potential cost-sharing. This could include matters related to the capacity development of civil service, quality control and the use of specific expertise. And It is recommended that a concerted effort be made to coordinate with other international donors to secure financing for additional project activities that can be channeled through the various local planning processes and governorates supported by the LADP.
8 It is recommended that the communication and media campaign capacity of the LADP be intensified in support of the next phase of the LADP as a means of supporting the GOI in its endeavors in planning and managing human-right based sustainable socio-economic development in Iraq in an inclusive and participatory manner. It is recommended that the LADP facilitates greater direct observation by UN staff, national and provincial partners of LADP activity at the district. Of particular interest is increasing exposure to participatory planning exercises.
9 It is recommended that an administrative arrangement be established that would ensure that the UNDP has the necessary administrative control of the LADP to help ensure that programming obligations are met in the most timely and technically effective manner possible. It is recommended that an internal discussion be held between the concerned UN agencies to consider the strength and weaknesses of the administrative arrangements of the last phase of the LADP and potential managerial innovations in support of a joint agency implemented second phase. And It is recommended that in the context of a joint agency implementation approach mechanisms are established to obligate participating agencies to examine on a regular basis on how collaboration between the agencies can be improved in support of improved programming results.
1. Recommendation: It is recommended that a five-year programming cycle be employed for the next phase of the LADP to help establish a common framework with the Iraqi NDP It is recommended that a concerted effort be made to consolidate and build on the achievements of the first phase of the LADP. Areas of specific interest in this regard would be transitioning from the economic recovery focus of the first phase to an economic development orientation and furthering the gains made in establishing the local planning capabilities in the six districts form the first phase of the LADP. The ultimate aim with the continued presence in the original five governorates is to establish strong points of reference for the rest of the country
Management Response: [Added: 2010/12/27]

UNDP Iraq accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 LADP II has been formulated with a lifespan of five years and has been aligned with the NDP.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2011/07 Overdue-Initiated
1.2 During the current Bridging Phase of LADP, explorations of transition from economic recovery to development are being made.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2011/07 Overdue-Initiated
2. Recommendation: It is recommended that for the next phase the LADP establishes itself as a platform for learning and investing in human capital both collectively and individually through knowledge acquisition, technical training and the internalization of concepts like gender equality and environmental stewardship. It is recommended that the LADP place a priority on enabling Iraqi NGOs, the private sector, educational institutions and government departments to develop their own capacities and expertise related to training and capacity building that can serve the long term interest of the country.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/12/27]

UNDP Iraq accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. In the current Bridging Phase, LADP has successfully conducted capacity development and reflection on current planning process with a special focus on institutional learning, gender equality and environmental issues in relation to planning processes.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LAPD Advisor 2010/12 Completed
2.2. During the current Bridging Phase, LADP?s approach to capacity development has been specifically focused to support Iraqi training establishments to increase the capability of local institutions and civil society organizations to develop adapted systems and processes as well as strengthen and maintain the capacity and skills for achieving their own development objectives over time.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2010/12 Completed
3. Recommendation: It is recommended that Ministry of Planning (in Baghdad and KRG) become a programming priority in terms of building its capacity in support of more effective decentralized planning which contributes to the National Development Plan and in support of enhanced vertical interaction between governorates and the centre. It is recommended that the LADP work at the governorate level to develop adequate planning and implementation framework(s) for monitoring progress towards the MDGs. And It is recommended that in the identification of new project zones for the LADP that a priority be made to work in the poorest regions of the country that are not yet being supported by the LADP.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/12/27]

UNDP Iraq accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 In the current Bridging Phase as well as LADP II formulation there has been an output dedicated to achieving better coordination, communication, and integration with MoP (Baghdad and KRG).
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2010/12 Completed
3.2 In the current Bridging Phase as well as LADP II formulation there has been an output dedicated to accelerated achievement of localized MDGs.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2010/12 Completed
4. Recommendation: It is recommended that an evaluation be conducted in the near future of the fast-track project supported by the first phase of the LADP. This evaluation should assess the physical state of project infrastructure, plans and capabilities regarding their up keep and the developmental impacts. This evaluation should also cover the project selection and identification and participation level of communities in decision making and whether or not this was a priority for people. A cost assessment should also be considered. Did communities receive good value for the money invested? Socio-economic impacts should also be assessed.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/12/27]

UNDP Iraq accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.2 The modality of selecting, designing and implementing of fast-track projects will be reviewed during LADP Phase II.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2012/12 Overdue-Initiated
4.1 A participatory review of the perceived impact of the fast-track projects has been undertaken during LADP Bridging to inform further formulation of fast-track projects in LADP II.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2010/12 Completed
5. Recommendation: It is recommended that a LADP gender strategy be established that would ensure consistent guidance on gender issues. This may include the recruitment of both national and/or an international gender expert who can provide constant support to the LADP on gender issues. It is recommended that the gender strategy operate with clearly identified indicators of expected end result after three or five years of programme implementation with regard to women empowerment and gender equity. And It is recommended that a strategy be established that will allow the LADP to more comfortably achieve its target of 30% level of participation in LADP activities and other gender related objectives. This may include additional training for female participants to ensure they are able to effectively participate in LADP activity.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/12/27]

UNDP Iraq accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.2 In LADP Phase II, a gender advisor will be recruited to join the LADP team.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2012/12 Overdue-Initiated
5.1 During LADP?s current Bridging Phase, a significant effort has been made to mainstream gender into all LADP activities.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2010/12 Completed
6. Recommendation: It is recommended that the environment is established as a strong programming element for the next phase of LADP. It is recommended to include ongoing training and support as a cross cutting theme in the preparation of all LADP project activity but should be broaden to include other areas like climate change which might be of direct concern. And It is recommended that the concepts of sustainable economic development and natural resource management are given prominence as programming themes.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/12/27]

UNDP Iraq accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 During LADP?s current Bridging Phase, activities targeting environmental issues at the local level have been formulated for implementation in LADP II.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2012/12 Overdue-Initiated
7. Recommendation: It is recommended that the LADP collaborate with concerned departments of the various government levels to establish the circumstances and mechanism(s) to permit a more effective co-financing of development projects at the local level. A key objective is to work with Iraqi authorities to create the possibility to cost share on infrastructure type projects that are identified through local participatory planning processes. It is recommended that LADP stakeholders examine other areas of potential cost-sharing. This could include matters related to the capacity development of civil service, quality control and the use of specific expertise. And It is recommended that a concerted effort be made to coordinate with other international donors to secure financing for additional project activities that can be channeled through the various local planning processes and governorates supported by the LADP.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/12/27]

UNDP Iraq accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 During the LADP?s current Bridging Phase, a series of consultations have been carried out with interested Governorates on potential cost-sharing mechanisms.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2012/12 Overdue-Initiated
8. Recommendation: It is recommended that the communication and media campaign capacity of the LADP be intensified in support of the next phase of the LADP as a means of supporting the GOI in its endeavors in planning and managing human-right based sustainable socio-economic development in Iraq in an inclusive and participatory manner. It is recommended that the LADP facilitates greater direct observation by UN staff, national and provincial partners of LADP activity at the district. Of particular interest is increasing exposure to participatory planning exercises.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/12/27]

UNDP Iraq accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.2 During LADP?s Phase II a communications specialist will be recruited to enhance and implement the communications strategy.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2011/12 Overdue-Initiated
8.1 A communications component that will provide support to local levels on development of communication strategies has been formulated for LADP?s Phase II.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2010/12 Completed
9. Recommendation: It is recommended that an administrative arrangement be established that would ensure that the UNDP has the necessary administrative control of the LADP to help ensure that programming obligations are met in the most timely and technically effective manner possible. It is recommended that an internal discussion be held between the concerned UN agencies to consider the strength and weaknesses of the administrative arrangements of the last phase of the LADP and potential managerial innovations in support of a joint agency implemented second phase. And It is recommended that in the context of a joint agency implementation approach mechanisms are established to obligate participating agencies to examine on a regular basis on how collaboration between the agencies can be improved in support of improved programming results.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/12/27]

UNDP Iraq accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 During LADP?s current Bridging Phase, all concerned UN agencies meet consistently and regularly to revisit and conceptualize strategies to enhance programming obligations in the most timely and effective manner.
[Added: 2010/12/27]
LADP Advisor 2010/12 Completed

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