Strengthening Resilience to Disaster Risk Reduction

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2006-2010, Eswatini
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
03/2011
Completion Date:
12/2010
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
7,000

Share

Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document Terms of Reference for the Evaluation.docx tor English 20.01 KB Posted 662
Download document SWZ DRR Project Final Evaluation Report.doc report English 476.50 KB Posted 3365
Download document STRENGTHENING NATIONAL - Executive Summary and lesson learnt.docx summary English 182.38 KB Posted 483
Title Strengthening Resilience to Disaster Risk Reduction
Atlas Project Number: 00061867
Evaluation Plan: 2006-2010, Eswatini
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2010
Planned End Date: 03/2011
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Crisis Prevention & Recovery
  • 2. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. National and local institutions have the capacities to reduce the impact of disasters, especially climate change related disasters, on vulnerable communities
  • 2. National and local institutions have the capacities to prevent, reduce and mitigate the impact of conflict
  • 3. National and local governments and communities have the capacities to adapt to climate change and make inclusive and sustainable environment & energy decisions benefitting in particular under-served populations
Evaluation Budget(US $): 7,000
Source of Funding: Project Budget
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Mazingira Consultants Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: National Disaster Managment Unit and UNDP
Countries: ESWATINI
Comments: Project Evaluation
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 1.Extend project duration Project performance has been constrained by the time frame. The two year period was not adequate to achieve the major outcomes even though there was a six months extension. It is therefore recommended that the project be extended to subsequent phases so that the main outcomes are achieved. This may require a change in project design, which is informed by baseline data and incorporates more communities. Since people living with AIDS remain crucial beneficiaries, the partners should include NERCHA as a key stakeholder. Again, the main hazards have implications on environmental sustainability, hence the Swaziland Environment Authority should be considered a major role player and be included as a stakeholder.
2 2. The National DRR framework should incorporate Industrial/ Road accidents. The DRR framework has erroneously been confined to mainly natural hazards although disaster risk is wider than this. For example, there are major accidents which occur on the roads or in industries. The fire contingency plan, for example deals with bushfires only. This is a big omission. It is recommended that the DRR framework should include industrial, chemical / road accidents. Under the DRR National Action Plan (2008-2015), chemical and industrial accidents are expected to be dealt with by the Ministry of Tourism and Environmental Affairs. However, this ministry does not feature prominently among DRR stakeholders. These disasters could be considered more relevant if they were under the Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Industry with the Federation of Swaziland Employers and Chamber of Commerce (FSE&CC) as the DRR focal point. This will extend the focus to manmade disasters which are equally destructive and make substantial contributions to losses of life and property. Furthermore, the incorporation of road and industrial accidents in DRR is likely to attract more private sector involvement.
3 3. The NDMA should be strengthened further The NDMA is the main actor in DRR initiatives but is weak in terms of technical capacity and organisational location. It is recommended that the NDMA be strengthened further: ? The NDMA should be empowered to reduce vulnerability and disaster risk better. Some of the key objectives of the agency include setting parameters for disaster mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery measures; supervising and monitoring these aspects; and data analysis and dissemination of information to support these and other functions. These are technical functions which require technical expertise and experience. Proposed positions include those of Deputy Director; Manager - Risk Reduction; Manager - Information Services and Training; Manager - Operations; and Manager - Management Services. The technical positions at the agency should be filled with qualified and experienced personnel hence capacity development remains crucial. Most of the problems faced by NDMA are caused by lack of technical ? know - how in the agency. ? The agency should be transformed into a parastatal organisation to give it more autonomy to fulfil its mandate without being overshadowed by government bureaucracy. Its performance will be more under public scrutiny hence leadership will have to be more aggressive in order to offer better service delivery. This will only happen if the agency has adequate and properly trained staff with suitable qualifications and experience. ? More NDMA visibility should be established at regional and lower levels by recruiting officers at those levels. Regional managers should be appointed to deal with DRR at regional level.
4 4. DRR Capacity should be strengthened at community level The strengthening of community resilience is a major outcome of the project. Since communities are major beneficiaries, it is recommended that capacity be strengthened at this level. It has been demonstrated by World Vision through pilot community involvement that collaboration can enhance community participation. It has been recommended that DRR be extended to more communities; hence the World Vision model can be adopted for all new projects. The NDMA should work with the Ministry of Tinkhundla Administration and Development (MTAD) to enhance DRR implementation at the community level.
5 5.Integrate Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction There are two programmes that are being run parallel although they have similar outcomes. The DRR is run parallel with Climate Change Adaptations yet the two aim at similar outcomes. A strong NDMA can manage both DRR and climate change adaptations and it is recommended that the two be integrated and institutionalized under the NDMA to minimize implementation costs.
1. Recommendation: 1.Extend project duration Project performance has been constrained by the time frame. The two year period was not adequate to achieve the major outcomes even though there was a six months extension. It is therefore recommended that the project be extended to subsequent phases so that the main outcomes are achieved. This may require a change in project design, which is informed by baseline data and incorporates more communities. Since people living with AIDS remain crucial beneficiaries, the partners should include NERCHA as a key stakeholder. Again, the main hazards have implications on environmental sustainability, hence the Swaziland Environment Authority should be considered a major role player and be included as a stakeholder.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/04]

The country office will explore the option of engaging RBA and BCPR on the availability of resources that can facilitate undertaking of another project to realize the initial and specific outcomes of the DRR agenda as determined by the national stakeholders.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The country office is engaging BCPR on the availability of resources that can facilitate undertaking of another DRR project to realize the initial and specific outcomes of the DRR agenda as determined by the national stakeholders.
[Added: 2011/04/05] [Last Updated: 2011/12/13]
Programme Specialist 2012/01 Overdue-Initiated Discussions have been initiated after Project Evaluation was finalised.
2. Recommendation: 2. The National DRR framework should incorporate Industrial/ Road accidents. The DRR framework has erroneously been confined to mainly natural hazards although disaster risk is wider than this. For example, there are major accidents which occur on the roads or in industries. The fire contingency plan, for example deals with bushfires only. This is a big omission. It is recommended that the DRR framework should include industrial, chemical / road accidents. Under the DRR National Action Plan (2008-2015), chemical and industrial accidents are expected to be dealt with by the Ministry of Tourism and Environmental Affairs. However, this ministry does not feature prominently among DRR stakeholders. These disasters could be considered more relevant if they were under the Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Industry with the Federation of Swaziland Employers and Chamber of Commerce (FSE&CC) as the DRR focal point. This will extend the focus to manmade disasters which are equally destructive and make substantial contributions to losses of life and property. Furthermore, the incorporation of road and industrial accidents in DRR is likely to attract more private sector involvement.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/04]

The country office will explore the option of engaging RBA and BCPR on the availability of resources that can facilitate undertaking of another project to realize the initial and specific outcomes of the DRR agenda as determined by the national stakeholders.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The country office is engaging BCPR on the availability of resources that can facilitate undertaking of another DRR project to realize the initial and specific outcomes of the DRR agenda as determined by the national stakeholders
[Added: 2011/04/05] [Last Updated: 2011/12/13]
Programme Specialist 2012/01 Overdue-Initiated Discussion have been initiated after Project Evaluation was finalised. Still awaiting response.
3. Recommendation: 3. The NDMA should be strengthened further The NDMA is the main actor in DRR initiatives but is weak in terms of technical capacity and organisational location. It is recommended that the NDMA be strengthened further: ? The NDMA should be empowered to reduce vulnerability and disaster risk better. Some of the key objectives of the agency include setting parameters for disaster mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery measures; supervising and monitoring these aspects; and data analysis and dissemination of information to support these and other functions. These are technical functions which require technical expertise and experience. Proposed positions include those of Deputy Director; Manager - Risk Reduction; Manager - Information Services and Training; Manager - Operations; and Manager - Management Services. The technical positions at the agency should be filled with qualified and experienced personnel hence capacity development remains crucial. Most of the problems faced by NDMA are caused by lack of technical ? know - how in the agency. ? The agency should be transformed into a parastatal organisation to give it more autonomy to fulfil its mandate without being overshadowed by government bureaucracy. Its performance will be more under public scrutiny hence leadership will have to be more aggressive in order to offer better service delivery. This will only happen if the agency has adequate and properly trained staff with suitable qualifications and experience. ? More NDMA visibility should be established at regional and lower levels by recruiting officers at those levels. Regional managers should be appointed to deal with DRR at regional level.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/04]

The recommendation raised addresses leadership, ownership and stewardship by the government of Swaziland to make decisions for staffing as prioritized by the identified needs. UNDP however working through the UNCT emergency cluster will be advocating for capacity development for a functional NDMA as per legislation provisions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP working through the UNCT emergency cluster is advocating for capacity development for a functional NDMA as per legislation provisions.
[Added: 2011/04/05] [Last Updated: 2011/12/13]
RC Office 2012/01 Overdue-Initiated
4. Recommendation: 4. DRR Capacity should be strengthened at community level The strengthening of community resilience is a major outcome of the project. Since communities are major beneficiaries, it is recommended that capacity be strengthened at this level. It has been demonstrated by World Vision through pilot community involvement that collaboration can enhance community participation. It has been recommended that DRR be extended to more communities; hence the World Vision model can be adopted for all new projects. The NDMA should work with the Ministry of Tinkhundla Administration and Development (MTAD) to enhance DRR implementation at the community level.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/04]

The country office will explore the option of engaging RBA and BCPR on the availability of resources that can facilitate undertaking of another project to realize the initial and specific outcomes of the DRR agenda as determined by the national stakeholders.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The country office is engaging BCPR on the availability of resources that can facilitate undertaking of another DRR project to realize the initial and specific outcomes of the DRR agenda as determined by the national stakeholders.
[Added: 2011/04/05] [Last Updated: 2011/12/13]
Programme Specialist. 2012/01 Overdue-Initiated Discussions have been initiated after Project Evaluation was finalised.
5. Recommendation: 5.Integrate Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction There are two programmes that are being run parallel although they have similar outcomes. The DRR is run parallel with Climate Change Adaptations yet the two aim at similar outcomes. A strong NDMA can manage both DRR and climate change adaptations and it is recommended that the two be integrated and institutionalized under the NDMA to minimize implementation costs.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/04/04] [Last Updated: 2011/04/04]

The UNDP country will be accessing funding from GEF ($1,67 million) to implement a project on ?Adapting Transboundary and National Water Resources management to expected Climate Change?. The key national partners include the NDMA. The project aims to inform the national frameworks such as the National Climate Change Strategy, Integrated Water Resources Management master plan etc, which would integrate issues on DRR.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The UNDP country will be accessing funding from GEF ($1,67 million) to implement a project on ?Adapting Transboundary and National Water Resources management to expected Climate Change. The project aims to inform the national frameworks such as the National Climate Change Strategy, Integrated Water Resources Management master plan etc, which would integrate issues on DRR.
[Added: 2011/04/05] [Last Updated: 2011/12/13]
Programme Specialist. 2012/01 Overdue-Initiated Project has been developed, LPAC held. It is now at approval stage.

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org