Final Evalauationof the UNDAF 2012 -2016

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2012-2016, Gambia
Evaluation Type:
UNDAF
Planned End Date:
03/2017
Completion Date:
12/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
28,000

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Title Final Evalauationof the UNDAF 2012 -2016
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2016, Gambia
Evaluation Type: UNDAF
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2016
Planned End Date: 03/2017
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty and MDG
  • 2. Democratic Governance
  • 3. Crisis Prevention & Recovery
  • 4. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 5. Cross-cutting Development Issue
  • 6. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.3. Solutions developed at national and sub-national levels for sustainable management of natural resources, ecosystem services, chemicals and waste
Evaluation Budget(US $): 28,000
Source of Funding: UNCT
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 28,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with UN Agencies
  • Joint with UNCT and GOTG
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Dr. Annette Ittig Internaional Consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: GAMBIA
Comments:

Final evalaution of UNDAF 2012-2016

Lessons
1.
  • The design of the 2012-2016 UNDAF would have aligned better with the GoTG’s PAGE I had its  formulation been synchronized with the design of the PAGE.

2.

1. Governance structure:  The four-tiered governance and coordination architecture envisaged for the 2012-2016 Gambia UNDAF was overly cumbersome for such a small country office.  A two tiered  structure with an UNDAF Steering Committee and Pillar Groups, guided by informal, bilateral exchanges at the RC/OP-SG level, could yield better cohesion and coordination, particularly if supported by clear internal and bilateral communication and a strong knowledge management system.

2. Ownership: Greater national commitment to and ownership of the UNDAF  will require  ongoing induction on UNDAF processes and their value added for the GoTG, as well as greater financial incentives.

3. Gender:  There is no strategic approach for the integration of the Gender Programming Principle across the UNDAF outcome areas.  Gender must be fully integrated into UNDAF activities in order to achieve planned results.   The incomplete integration of gender in the 2012-2016 hampered the realization of outcomes under the Gender Thematic Area as well as the measurement of progress under other Thematic Areas.

4. DaO:  The “DaO culture” is  new to The Gambia; and further training and orientation on this approach and its implications for operations, programming, resource mobilization and partnership, is key for buy-in from all of the UN agencies, and for all UN staff, especially as DaO is to be operationalized in the 2017-2021 UNDAF.  It will be crucial for the UN to develop its DaO    approach prior to marketing it to the GoTG. Teambuilding exercises which are inclusive of all UN staff can contribute to transforming the current silo-ed, single agency mindset into a DaO team approach. 


Findings
1.

1. At end of the UNDAF implementation period,  progress toward the achievement of its outcomes  is mixed:  41.8% have been partially achieved;  19.8% have been achieved;  and 38.3% have not been achieved.  The low rate of progress towards planned results is due in part to the fact that thirty-three of the UNDAF’s eighty-eight  output indicators were either not well-defined, or they lacked baselines. Consequently, they do not capture a number of results which were actually achieved.

2. One of the constraints to progress most frequently cited by UN respondents was a shortfall in funding.  However, according to the outcome budget figures provided to the evaluation, the area with the greatest funding gap proportionately, HIV Prevention, Care and Services, which had an approximately 33% funding shortfall, was also the area showing the greatest progress towards plan, at 57%. 

3. The MDGs have been well integrated into the UNDAF outcome areas, and the UN has well- leveraged its comparative advantage to advocate for their achievement, as demonstrated through The Gambia MDG progress reports and the country’s achievement of MDG 4.

4. The integration of the five Programming Principles has been mixed.  Capacity Development is the most visible Principle:  it has been  well-integrated into each of the UNDAF thematic areas, and it is well-appreciated by national partners.  The integration of Gender Equality, including the disaggregation of data, is noticeably incomplete.  To date there have been no UNDAF-wide assessments of the results of Capacity Development or of the other Programming Principles,  nor have  any  tools been developed to monitor or measure  Programming Principle integration.

5. The effectiveness of the UNDAF as a coordination and partnership framework  is mixed.  Its governance and coordination infrastructure has not functioned as anticipated.  At the highest level,  the UNDAF Policy Committee was never convened, and the UNDAF Steering Committee met infrequently until the end of 2013.

6. Although the UNCT intends to operationalize the DaO in the upcoming UNDAF, there is an incomplete understanding of this approach among the Gambia UN agencies, even after the DaO training and self-assessment exercises in 2015; and programme planning, implementation and resource mobilization continue to be agency-driven.


Recommendations
1

Resource mobilization to address funding gap

2

Establish UNCG -one-un website – Working Smarter

3

Develop UNDAF Calendar and Knowledge Management

4

Mainstream Gender and women empowermenr in UNDAF

5

Designate OMT representative to M&E WG

6

Develop communications strategy which sensitizes GoTG on UNDAF and its VA at all levels in  order to increase national ownership

7

Integrate RBM and other programming principles

8

DaO team-building and UNDAF team-building

9

Conduct UNDAF wide assessment of institutional and individual capacity building support to the GoTG during the 2012 - 2016 UNDAF to ascertain outcome of these efforts

10

Using DPG as a platform harmonise UN allowances for national srakeholders with other DPs

11

Explore mobile money/fund transfer by phone to pay national partners allowances

1. Recommendation:

Resource mobilization to address funding gap

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/09]

Develop a joint resource mobilization strategy in collaboration with the GoTG through the MoFEA, including other forms of development financing beyond traditional aid such as non-traditional funders and corporate community investments

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop a joint resource mobilization strategy in collaboration with the GoTG
[Added: 2017/09/26]
UNCT, UNCG 2017/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Establish UNCG -one-un website – Working Smarter

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/09] [Last Updated: 2017/09/26]

1)  Launch the planned oneun website as soon as possible; andinclude an intranet option on to which updates on and communication about the UNDAF

2)  ,Engage a fully funded UNV or a coporate volunteer with communications experience

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Launch the planned oneun website
[Added: 2017/09/26]
UNCG, RCO 2018/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Develop UNDAF Calendar and Knowledge Management

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/09] [Last Updated: 2017/09/26]

1. Develop a joint UN/GoTG calendar for UNDAF meetings, joint monitoring and other UNDAF activities ; and

2)  Archive minutes and any other documents resulting from these activities

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop a joint UN/GoTG calendar for UNDAF meetings, joint monitoring and other UNDAF activities
[Added: 2017/09/26]
RCO 2017/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

Mainstream Gender and women empowermenr in UNDAF

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/09] [Last Updated: 2017/09/26]

1. Develop a UNCT-wide gender strategy to articulate a strategic approach to the integration

2. Designate a roving Gender WG expert to move between other WGs to ensure inclusion of gender  in programming and M&E

3. Conduct induction sessions on the UNDAF and relevant UN system processes and procedures on a six monthly basis for national partners from grassroots level up to and including policy makers

 

 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop a UNCT-wide gender strategy
[Added: 2017/09/26]
UNCT, Gender Group 2018/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Designate OMT representative to M&E WG

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/09] [Last Updated: 2017/09/26]

1. Designate OMT representative to attend M&E WG

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Designate OMT representative to attend M&E WG
[Added: 2017/09/26]
OMT 2017/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Develop communications strategy which sensitizes GoTG on UNDAF and its VA at all levels in  order to increase national ownership

Management Response: [Added: 2017/09/26]

1) conduct induction session on the UNDAF and relevant UN system processes and proceedures on a six monthly basis for national partners from grassroots level up to and including policy makers.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
conduct induction session on the UNDAF and relevant UN system processes and proceedures
[Added: 2017/09/26]
UN M&E Group, Gender WG, DRM WG 2018/06 Overdue-Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Integrate RBM and other programming principles

Management Response: [Added: 2017/09/26] [Last Updated: 2017/09/26]

1) organise RBM training for all UNDAF stakeholder

2) Adopt M&E tools that have proved useful in other COs

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
organize RBM training for all UNDAF stakeholder
[Added: 2017/09/26]
M&E WG, Gender WG; DRM WG, RCO, Regional DOCO 2018/06 Overdue-Not Initiated
8. Recommendation:

DaO team-building and UNDAF team-building

Management Response: [Added: 2017/09/26]

1) from 2018 onwards, make DaO sensitization a standing agenda in all UNCT and working group retreats

2) Make DaO sensitisation a standing agenda in annual UNDAF reviews with government

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
from 2018 onwards, make DaO sensitization a standing agenda in all UNCT and working group retreats and UNDAF annual reviews
[Added: 2017/09/26]
UNCT,RCO, OP/SG 2017/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
9. Recommendation:

Conduct UNDAF wide assessment of institutional and individual capacity building support to the GoTG during the 2012 - 2016 UNDAF to ascertain outcome of these efforts

Management Response: [Added: 2017/09/26]

1) Develop and implement UNDAF wide capacity building strategy andplan

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop and implement UNDAF wide capacity building strategy and plan
[Added: 2017/09/26]
PCG 2018/06 Overdue-Not Initiated
10. Recommendation:

Using DPG as a platform harmonise UN allowances for national srakeholders with other DPs

Management Response: [Added: 2017/09/26]

1) Harmonize Un allowance for national stakeholders wiht other DPs

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Harmonize UN allowance for national stakeholders with other DPs
[Added: 2017/09/26]
RC,OP/SG,DPG,OMT 2018/09 Overdue-Not Initiated
11. Recommendation:

Explore mobile money/fund transfer by phone to pay national partners allowances

Management Response: [Added: 2017/09/26]

1) undertake a comparative study of payment options and adopt the safest most cost effective payment option and implement.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
undertake a comparative study of payment options and adopt the safest most cost effective payment option and implement
[Added: 2017/09/26]
OMT 2019/12 Overdue-Not Initiated

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