Terminal Evaluation of the Integrated Livestock and Crop Conservation Programme

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Evaluation Plan:
2008-2013, Bhutan
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
11/2012
Completion Date:
03/2013
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
13,000

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Title Terminal Evaluation of the Integrated Livestock and Crop Conservation Programme
Atlas Project Number: 00048573
Evaluation Plan: 2008-2013, Bhutan
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2013
Planned End Date: 11/2012
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Development plans and programmes integrate environmentally sustainable solutions in a manner that promotes poverty reduction, MDG achievement and low-emission climate-resilient development
  • 2. Local and national authorities have the capacities to access and integrate multiple sources of public and private environmental financing in support of sustainable human development, including gender equality and poverty reduction
Evaluation Budget(US $): 13,000
Source of Funding: UNDP/GEF
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with UNDP/GEF
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Virginia Ravndal vravndal@mindspring.com
Udyog Subedi Dr. drkrudevs@gmail.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-1
PIMS Number: 2911
Key Stakeholders: MoAF
Countries: BHUTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Exit Strategy should be further elaborated to include some specific actions, and that the PMU convene one more PB meeting (even though the project has ended) to discuss the exit strategy once finalized.
2 Genetic characterization of chickens, pigs, and horses should be done as soon as possible and before further resources are invested in their conservation. It is not cost- effective for Bhutan to develop its own capacity to do this genetic characterization at this time, rather samples should be sent to those institutions outside of Bhutan with existing capacity in this regard for them to do the analysis.
3 Prioritize conservation actions depending on the results of the genetic characterization.
4 Initiate consultations with Bio-Bhutan to discuss specific ways in which low volume/high value international niche markets (especially regarding yak soft cheese) might be pursued.
5 Undertake consultations with the Human-wildlife Conflict Mgt. Section of the Wildlife Conservation Division of MoAF, and NGOs with experience in innovative predator management techniques to come up with a viable solution to the depredation problem faced by herders of yak, indigenous horse and sheep.
6 UNDP/GEF SGP in Bhutan ensure that information on the SGP is made available to all DOL and DOA Extension Agents who have worked with farmer beneficiaries of the ILCCP project so that these may apply for support as appropriate.
7 Review of MTE/TE reports of a GEF project - as part of project inception workshops.
8 Specific guidance should be provided to PMU regarding what is to be included in exit strategies and that an exit strategy should be included as an actual expected output in all project log frames.
1. Recommendation: Exit Strategy should be further elaborated to include some specific actions, and that the PMU convene one more PB meeting (even though the project has ended) to discuss the exit strategy once finalized.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/03/18]

An effective Exit Strategy can significantly enhance sustainability of project results. Exit strategies should be hard-core, realistic analyses of what still needs to be done to ensure the desired project impact is achieved. The strategy should identify and prioritize needed follow-on actions, and develop a plan for pursuing those actions. The project exit strategy as it stands now doesn?t take the project where it needs to be at project end, i.e., with a concrete strategy and plan of action of next steps to ensure sustainability of project outcomes and to address those aspects of the project not yet achieved at project end.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Identify those traditional crop varieties and those indigenous livestock breeds most at risk given the ?development mandate? and the ?commodities approach?, and describe concrete actions that need to be undertaken to avoid this risk.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
NBC 2013/06 Completed Formulation of National Biodiversity Strategic Action Plan (NBSAP) has been initiated. For livestock breeds, traditional sheep and pig breeds have been identified as breeds at risk and concrete actions are indicated in NBSAP that is under formulation. Simultaneously, project to formulate Strategic Action Plan (SAP) for PGR has been sourced from ITPGRFA BFS fund through SEARICE. A core team from NBC, DoA, RDCs and SGP-UNDP has been formed to work on SAP. First and second meetings of the Core Working Group were convened on 28th June at NBC and 5th July 2013 at Department of Agriculture. It has been agreed that the SAP with concrete actions for cereals will be formulated based on situation analysis including assessment of gaps and threatened species by December 2013. This will serve as inputs to overall NBSAP
Define and describe specific critical populations which should be conserved for each traditional crop variety and each indigenous livestock breed.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
NBC 2013/06 Completed Livestock: (1) Jakar sheep in Bumthang and Wangdue (2) Jituphab pig in Pema Gatshel have been identified as critical population. For Crops: In order to conduct gap assessment in the gene bank collections and prioritize future collections, geo-reference data is a pre-requisite. However, there are lapses that 50% of accessions are not geo-referenced due to lack of GPS during the earlier part of germplasm collections. Efforts are underway to collect data using tools like Google Earth and DIVA GIS. Once geographical positions are confirmed for the plant accessions in the gene bank, gap assessment will be conducted which will help in identifying critical populations.
Help those specific farmers/herders who have been identified as having critical conservation populations to elaborate funding proposals to the SGP and to other funding sources.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
NBC 2013/12 Completed Community based Jituphab pig conservation project has been proposed for funding through SGP. Community based Jakar sheep conservation through product development and niche marketing has been committed through fund support from High Altitude Northern Areas (HANAS) project (GEF funded project implemented through World Bank). Funding support for PGR has been committed through GCCA funding that is being coordinated by Council of RNR Research of Bhutan (CoRRB)/ Ministry of Agriculture & Forests. Further, concept of ?Custodian Farmers? are being explored which will be addressed in SAP.
2. Recommendation: Genetic characterization of chickens, pigs, and horses should be done as soon as possible and before further resources are invested in their conservation. It is not cost- effective for Bhutan to develop its own capacity to do this genetic characterization at this time, rather samples should be sent to those institutions outside of Bhutan with existing capacity in this regard for them to do the analysis.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/03/18]

Bhutan has globally significant agrobiodiversity. Genetic characterization has not been done, and as a result it is still unknown exactly how many distinct breeds/varieties the project helped to conserve. This is especially true in relation to indigenous livestock breeds. Without genetic characterization studies of some of the livestock breeds of focus of the project, it is not possible to know how many breeds are being conserved and whether or not these are truly globally significant. A more cost-effective approach will be to undertake genetic characterization by sending the necessary samples to institutions outside of Bhutan before implementing costly conservation measures.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Find out how much this would cost and what institution/s are best placed to do it
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
NBC 2013/06 Completed Genetic characterization of understudied has been initiated since April, 2013 and budget proposal for molecular characterization proposed. It is not cost effective for use solely by AnGR but there are also other sectors which can use these facilities such as PGR, Bio-prospecting etc. Horse, chicken and pig needs to be characterized. Upon rough cost estimation and number of samples that needs to be sent out, it is found more cost effective to build technical capacity for within the country in long run as there is a need for use by other sectors of the Centre as well (Bioprospecting, PGR, AnGR, National Herbarium).
Prioritize conservation actions depending on the results of the genetic characterization.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
NBC 2013/06 Completed This issue was discussed during the AnGR technical committee meeting of 10 June, 2013. Considering genetic diversity along with economic value, population and other special traits of the breeds, a list of actions have been identified for each commodity.
3. Recommendation: Prioritize conservation actions depending on the results of the genetic characterization.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/03/18]

Nature, Recreation and Eco-Tourism Division (NRED) had expanded its scope to include the concept of agro-ecotourism in its mission. The project through forums such as nomad festival, mashutake festival has made an effort to connect indigenous products with eco-tourism initiatives in the protected areas.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NBC arrange a meeting with the Nature Recreation and Eco-Tourism Division.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
NBC 2013/06 Completed nd AnGR technical meeting has come up with a list of possible integration to be further discussed and finalized with NRED. Meeting with NRED, DoL and NBC has been scheduled during last week of July, 2013 and will be discussed on the list of potential collaborations. For Nublang: Toorsa Strict Nature reserve, Nobtshonapata trail, Nublang park at Sombekha For Yak-sheep-horse-buckwheat-barley: Wangchuk Centennial Park in Bumthang.
Arrange a joint visit to the area IFAD has proposed for agro-ecotourism to discuss a possible joint initiative with NBC and the Nature Recreation and Eco-Tourism Division.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/12/15]
NBC 2013/11 Completed Field visit has been made to Sombekha and Gakiling where IFAD has proposed for agro-eco-tourism. Immediate potential for Agro-ecotourism is less likely due to lack of infrastructures for visitors. SGP has agreed to provide support to continue Nublang conservation program in these areas. The project will be implemented soon.
4. Recommendation: Initiate consultations with Bio-Bhutan to discuss specific ways in which low volume/high value international niche markets (especially regarding yak soft cheese) might be pursued.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/03/18]

Partnership/institutional arrangements were generally well thought out and successfully executed. More extensive contact could have been made with other relevant ongoing initiatives in country to learn from these and to enhance prospects of sustainability of the project outcomes. Bio-Bhutan was potentially an important stakeholder that was not included in the project. Given the project?s expectations regarding development of new products and new markets for these products, Bio-Bhutan?s knowledge and experience in developing new products based on agricultural commodities and working with farmer groups, certification and marketing agents to develop new international niche markets could have been of great use to the project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NBC arrange a meeting with Bio-Bhutan to discuss possible development of soft yak cheese product for international niche markets.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
NBC 2013/06 Completed This has been discussed with DoL and currently assessment on scale of production from the yak sites is under way. Simultaneously, this issue has also been discussed with Bio Bhutan. Currently, Bio-Bhutan is focusing on products like soap, lemon grass oil. Spices, tea etc. Expanding to other products is not possible for at least one year due to limited space. However, new construction at Begana has been approved by the Government which is expected to take about a year. BioBhutan is then planning to expand their products to other local products including soft cheese, fermented soybean cheese that is being promoted through ILCCP.
Determine if it is possible for yak herders in Sephu or elsewhere to benefit from the UNDP GEF/SGP to involve them in this new initiative.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
NBC 2013/06 Completed NBC has taken up discussion with SGP and District Livestock Sector of Wangdue Phodrang.
5. Recommendation: Undertake consultations with the Human-wildlife Conflict Mgt. Section of the Wildlife Conservation Division of MoAF, and NGOs with experience in innovative predator management techniques to come up with a viable solution to the depredation problem faced by herders of yak, indigenous horse and sheep.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/03/18]

The Human Wildlife Conflict Section/Wildlife Conservation Division of the Department of Forests and Park Services (DOFPS) has initiated pilot community-based compensation measures in selected affected areas for livestock depredation by wild animals. Mitigation measures through solar powered electric fencing and trip alarming fencing have been tried out to minimize damages to crops. A similar model at the community level has been treid out by NGOs such as RSPN. HWC will be an important programme for both the central agencies and local government in the 11th Plan.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NBC arrange a meeting with HWC Section to discuss possible innovative predator management techniques which could be shared with farmers with indigenous livestock breeds (in particular yak herders, horse herders and sheep herders).
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
NBC 2013/06 Completed HWC Coordination Committee was set up with members from all the sectors including local government, CSOs and NBC, coordinated by Wildlife Conservation Division of MoAF. The committee held its meeting on 10th May 2013. The committee discussed on technologies adopted by various agencies to address HWC including compensation measures. The committee will work on updating the national HWC strategy and will meet quarterly to discuss and explore alternative options and technologies to address the issue.
NBC request assistance from HWC and/or UNDP CO to learn lessons from International NGOs with experience in this area.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
NBC 2013/06 Completed This has been addressed through the establishment of the HWC coordination committee.
6. Recommendation: UNDP/GEF SGP in Bhutan ensure that information on the SGP is made available to all DOL and DOA Extension Agents who have worked with farmer beneficiaries of the ILCCP project so that these may apply for support as appropriate.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/03/18]

UNDP GEF/SGP in Bhutan has secured substantial funding for OPS 5 of about US 2.00 million both from its core resources and STAR allocation for Bhutan. Call for proposals are being sent out every 6 months through local media and information disseminated to grantees in the districts and community through various forums.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP/GEF SGP Coordinator in Bhutan to prepare flyer to be shared with DOL and DOA Extension Agents informing them about the SGP.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
UNDP 2013/06 Completed This has been undertaken in consultation with SGP, and stakeholders are actively involved in proposal submission.
UNDP/GEF SGP to provide a good model proposal to Extension Agents which they can share with farmer/herder groups interested in applying to the SGP.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
UNDP 2013/06 Completed The extension agents have been sensitized on the availability of funding opportunities for agro-biodiversity conservation related initiatives. They have been provided with ideas on how to submit proposal in consultation with the farmers/herders? group.
7. Recommendation: Review of MTE/TE reports of a GEF project - as part of project inception workshops.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/03/18]

LPAC meeting and project inception workshops does include monitoring and evaluation component of any projects. This needs to be further expanded by including specific review of past MTE/TE report.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO should ensure to review relevant MTE/TE report in the project inception workshop to enhance familiarity amongst PMU that their project will eventually be evaluated and serve as a pointer to the importance of defining good indicators and targets.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
UNDP 2013/12 Completed This has been done as part of the monitoring and evaluation requirements of project during the inception workshop of Sustainable Rural Biomass Energy (SRBE) project.
8. Recommendation: Specific guidance should be provided to PMU regarding what is to be included in exit strategies and that an exit strategy should be included as an actual expected output in all project log frames.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/03/18]

PB should have met specifically to discuss in detail the draft project exit strategy to ensure this represented a solid plan of action, identifying critical areas which would continue to require support and how this was to happen after project end. It should have also insisted on a much more thorough and quantified analysis of project results/impacts.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Provide guidelines for the development of exit strategies in the revision of the project exit strategy and while developing new GEF projects.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
UNDP 2013/06 Completed Guidance provided to NBC to work on revising the exit strategy.
UNDP COs should ensure that PMU are aware of the GEF project database (www.thegef.org/gef/gef_projects) and how to use it.
[Added: 2013/03/18] [Last Updated: 2013/07/23]
UNDP 2013/12 Completed

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