Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Dioxin End of Project Eval

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2012-2016, Viet Nam
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
03/2015
Completion Date:
03/2015
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
28,200
00071224 - POPsDioxin - EoPEvaluation - Summary and Lesson Learned

Share

Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document 00071224 - POPsDioxin - EoPEvaluation - TOR.doc tor English 295.50 KB Posted 392
Download document 00071224 - POPsDioxin - EoPEvaluation - Report.docx report English 2852.53 KB Posted 538
Download document 00071224 - POPsDioxin - EoPEvaluation - Summary and Lesson Learned.docx summary English 688.21 KB Posted 635
Title Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Dioxin End of Project Eval
Atlas Project Number: 00071224
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2016, Viet Nam
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2015
Planned End Date: 03/2015
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.3. Solutions developed at national and sub-national levels for sustainable management of natural resources, ecosystem services, chemicals and waste
Evaluation Budget(US $): 28,200
Source of Funding: GEF
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Babul Azad M&E Officer babul.azad@undp.org
GEF Evaluation: Yes
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area: Persistent Organic Pollutants
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-4
PIMS Number: 3685
Key Stakeholders: MONRE
Countries: VIET NAM
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 1. Actions aimed at ensuring sustainability of project infrastructures and monitoring: there are some risks for the sustainability and continuation of project benefits which should be properly addressed. As the project is completed, these recommendations are intended for the handing over step of the project to the government of Vietnam, and / or future partners. - First of all, there is the need to ensure the maintenance of infrastructures for the containment of dioxin contamination. -There may be a discontinuity on environmental sampling and analysis activity, due mainly to management issues and limitation of funds. This shortcoming should be addressed by the definition of new monitoring plan and the establishing of new partnerships if necessary. In this regard, the DONRE of Dong Nai is implementing, starting from the year 2015, a specific activity aimed at the environmental monitoring outside the Bien Hoa airbase. If it is so, the sustainability issue only concerns monitoring inside the airbases.
2 Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 2. Actions aimed at ensuring the correct flow of information among partners: - The limited coordination between MONRE / Office 33 and USAID. As the Bien Hoa site is currently in the stage of handing over to USAID which will take the lead on future activities on the site, more focused effort should be dedicated to the collation and handing over of monitoring data and infrastructure design to MOD and USAID. - The information on the implementation of activities at Da Nang by USAID project is insufficient. -A specific action should be undertaken by GoV to ensure that the issues reported by the Czech government on the implementation of the monitoring plan are solved, and the sustainability of monitoring plans ensured.
3 Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 3. One of the aspects that should be considered for future activities in the field of POPs, emerging as one of the lesson from this project, is to establish a sound risk-based approach for the management of contaminated sites. Risk based remediation is indeed the only approach which can help the quantification of cleanup target, design of cleanup activities, assessing its effectiveness, and identifying additional countermeasures.
4 Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 4. Concerns to the cleanup technology issue. Beside the gigantic needs of the cleanup of dioxin hotspots, there are in Vietnam hundreds of small sites contaminated by POPs or other chemicals that would benefit from the existence of medium/small scale cleanup facilities. There are consolidated technologies (like the indirect thermal desorption) which proved effective in cleaning up soil contaminated by PCBs (see for instance the GEF/WB project "China PCB Management and Disposal Demonstration project"), PCDD/F, pesticides, hydrocarbons. Even the MCD technology may appear promising for soil contaminated by PCDD/F at a level <30,000 ppt TEQ provided that it is improved in term of air pollution control system and that it is integrated with sanitary landfills where the treated soil, which after treatment may still contain PCDD/F in the range of 100-1000 ppt TeQ, will be contained. The limitation of the technology to 30,000 ppt TEQ, as confirmed by the vendor itself, makes that technology less suitable for other chlorinated POPs like PCBs considering that - assuming an equivalent level of chlorination - PCB contaminated soil need to be treated with a destruction technology only when their concentration exceed 50,000,000 ppt. (50 ppm)." It seems that in Vietnam a domestic capacity for site cleanup has not yet been established. The establishment of medium/small scale cleanup facilities based on consolidated technologies in Vietnam could be very beneficial for the country, and could represent an outstanding development opportunity.
5 Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 5. Environmental monitoring: more specifically, the capacity to properly design and carry out sampling plans, aimed at characterizing the level of contamination of various environmental media and the release of dioxin in the environment.
6 Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 6. Last but not least, the communication of environmental monitoring data needs also to be strengthened. Monitoring and communication goes obviously hand in hand, as in the end the population is the key beneficiary of any monitoring activity. Nevertheless, the proper communication of environmental data is a sensitive issue and need to be properly designed, prepared, and undertaken. Environmental data should be communicated in a way which is comprehensible, useful, and timely, and which is target - specific. Unnecessarily alarming communication should be avoided, however any time a risk is identified it should be timely communicated together with the explanation related to all the necessary countermeasures to be adopted. This is for sure an additional area under which further efforts need to be carried out.
1. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 1. Actions aimed at ensuring sustainability of project infrastructures and monitoring: there are some risks for the sustainability and continuation of project benefits which should be properly addressed. As the project is completed, these recommendations are intended for the handing over step of the project to the government of Vietnam, and / or future partners. - First of all, there is the need to ensure the maintenance of infrastructures for the containment of dioxin contamination. -There may be a discontinuity on environmental sampling and analysis activity, due mainly to management issues and limitation of funds. This shortcoming should be addressed by the definition of new monitoring plan and the establishing of new partnerships if necessary. In this regard, the DONRE of Dong Nai is implementing, starting from the year 2015, a specific activity aimed at the environmental monitoring outside the Bien Hoa airbase. If it is so, the sustainability issue only concerns monitoring inside the airbases.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/06/17]

Agreed. The infrastructures were handed over to Ministry of Defend (MOD). UNDP will prepare a letter to send to Govt/Vietnamese counterpart for follow- up action once all project reports finalized.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Draft letter to Vietnam counterpart on follow up action after project closure
[Added: 2015/06/17] [Last Updated: 2016/10/19]
SDC Unit 2015/07 Completed History
2. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 2. Actions aimed at ensuring the correct flow of information among partners: - The limited coordination between MONRE / Office 33 and USAID. As the Bien Hoa site is currently in the stage of handing over to USAID which will take the lead on future activities on the site, more focused effort should be dedicated to the collation and handing over of monitoring data and infrastructure design to MOD and USAID. - The information on the implementation of activities at Da Nang by USAID project is insufficient. -A specific action should be undertaken by GoV to ensure that the issues reported by the Czech government on the implementation of the monitoring plan are solved, and the sustainability of monitoring plans ensured.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/06/17]

Agreed. Will incorporate the issue to above-mentioned letter to send to Govt/Vietnamese counterpart for follow- up action. And, implement the specific below actions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Hand over all project results (data & reports) to MOD & Dong Nai DONRE
[Added: 2015/06/17]
PMU 2015/01 Completed
2.2 Hand over all project results (data & reports) to USAID.
[Added: 2015/06/17] [Last Updated: 2016/10/19]
UNDP 2015/07 Completed Ready for handover History
3. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 3. One of the aspects that should be considered for future activities in the field of POPs, emerging as one of the lesson from this project, is to establish a sound risk-based approach for the management of contaminated sites. Risk based remediation is indeed the only approach which can help the quantification of cleanup target, design of cleanup activities, assessing its effectiveness, and identifying additional countermeasures.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/06/17]

Agreed. The tool of risk-based approach and evaluation for contaminated sites management has been applied in the 5-phase Technical Guideline on Management of POP pesticides contaminated sites under UNDP ?GEF POP pesticides project (GEF PIMS 3105). The Guideline is used for 3 training courses delivered to MONRE & local DONRE staff. The tool will be further developed to be wider applied for POPs in the coming GEF-UNDP project on Sound Harmful Chemical Management (GEF PIMS 5154).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1.Continue introduce the concept & application through trainings on guideline for management of POP pesticides contaminated sites
[Added: 2015/06/17] [Last Updated: 2016/10/19]
VEA/MONRE & POP pesticides PMU 2015/12 Completed UNDP will support VEA/MONRE through POP pesticides project in coordination among its related agencies to organize trainings for DONRE History
3.2. Further develop the tool for national application in POPs contaminated sites particularly & hazardous chemical contaminated sites generally
[Added: 2015/06/17] [Last Updated: 2016/10/19]
VEA/MONRE 2015/12 Completed With support from UNDP through Sound Harmful Chemical Management Project, VEA should be able to collaborate and coordinate with related agencies in MONRE and in other ministries History
4. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 4. Concerns to the cleanup technology issue. Beside the gigantic needs of the cleanup of dioxin hotspots, there are in Vietnam hundreds of small sites contaminated by POPs or other chemicals that would benefit from the existence of medium/small scale cleanup facilities. There are consolidated technologies (like the indirect thermal desorption) which proved effective in cleaning up soil contaminated by PCBs (see for instance the GEF/WB project "China PCB Management and Disposal Demonstration project"), PCDD/F, pesticides, hydrocarbons. Even the MCD technology may appear promising for soil contaminated by PCDD/F at a level <30,000 ppt TEQ provided that it is improved in term of air pollution control system and that it is integrated with sanitary landfills where the treated soil, which after treatment may still contain PCDD/F in the range of 100-1000 ppt TeQ, will be contained. The limitation of the technology to 30,000 ppt TEQ, as confirmed by the vendor itself, makes that technology less suitable for other chlorinated POPs like PCBs considering that - assuming an equivalent level of chlorination - PCB contaminated soil need to be treated with a destruction technology only when their concentration exceed 50,000,000 ppt. (50 ppm)." It seems that in Vietnam a domestic capacity for site cleanup has not yet been established. The establishment of medium/small scale cleanup facilities based on consolidated technologies in Vietnam could be very beneficial for the country, and could represent an outstanding development opportunity.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/06/17]

Agreed. This issue will be incorporated in the above-mentioned UNDP letter to the Govt/MONRE and advocate through other POPs projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1. Include the issue in a letter to Vietnam counterpart on follow up action after project closure
[Added: 2015/06/17] [Last Updated: 2016/10/19]
SDC Unit and UNDP manager 2015/07 Completed History
5. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 5. Environmental monitoring: more specifically, the capacity to properly design and carry out sampling plans, aimed at characterizing the level of contamination of various environmental media and the release of dioxin in the environment.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/06/17]

Agreed. This issue of Govt capacity, especially local/provincial Govt, also recognized through implementation of POP pesticide project. The issue will be incorporated in the above-mentioned UNDP letter to the Govt/MONRE and continue addressing through other POPs projects such as current POP pesticides project ((GEF PIMS 3105) and component 2 on Environmental Monitoring & Reporting in approved GEF funded Sound Harmful Chemical Management (GEF PIMS 5154).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1. Include the issue in a letter to Vietnam counterpart on follow up action after project closure
[Added: 2015/06/17] [Last Updated: 2016/10/19]
SDC Unit and UNDP manager 2015/08 Completed History
5.2. Incorporate POPs monitoring & sampling plans into 3 newly-design trainings on monitoring &sampling of POP pesticides project
[Added: 2015/06/17] [Last Updated: 2016/10/19]
VEA/MONRE and POP pesticides PMU 2015/12 Completed UNDP support History
5.3. Address the issue in component 2 of new project.
[Added: 2015/06/17] [Last Updated: 2016/10/19]
VEA/MONRE 2015/12 Completed UNDP support History
6. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 6. Last but not least, the communication of environmental monitoring data needs also to be strengthened. Monitoring and communication goes obviously hand in hand, as in the end the population is the key beneficiary of any monitoring activity. Nevertheless, the proper communication of environmental data is a sensitive issue and need to be properly designed, prepared, and undertaken. Environmental data should be communicated in a way which is comprehensible, useful, and timely, and which is target - specific. Unnecessarily alarming communication should be avoided, however any time a risk is identified it should be timely communicated together with the explanation related to all the necessary countermeasures to be adopted. This is for sure an additional area under which further efforts need to be carried out.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/06/17]

Agreed. Data public's sharing and transparent are an issue that needs to be improved. However, at provincial level in some cases, the provincial authority don?t confident to share the monitoring data because they are not confident about their staff capacity of sampling & lab analysis, which may cause of inaccurate analytical results. This issue will be incorporated in the above-mentioned UNDP letter to the Govt/MONRE and continue advocate with the Govt/Govt agencies where relevant.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1. Include the issue in a letter to Vietnam counterpart on follow up action after project closure
[Added: 2015/06/17] [Last Updated: 2016/10/19]
SDC Unit and UNDP manager 2015/08 Completed History
6.2. Continue to support the improvement of monitoring capacity at provincial level through UNDP projects
[Added: 2015/06/17] [Last Updated: 2016/10/19]
MONRE & UNDP 2017/12 Completed History

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org