Removing Barriers Hindering Protected Area (PA) Management Effectiveness in Viet Nam - Terminal Evaluation Report

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Evaluation Plan:
2012-2016, Viet Nam
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
03/2016
Completion Date:
11/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
25,000

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Title Removing Barriers Hindering Protected Area (PA) Management Effectiveness in Viet Nam - Terminal Evaluation Report
Atlas Project Number: 00074659
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2016, Viet Nam
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2016
Planned End Date: 03/2016
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.3. Solutions developed at national and sub-national levels for sustainable management of natural resources, ecosystem services, chemicals and waste
Evaluation Budget(US $): 25,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 25,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
José Antonio Cabo Buján International Consultant
Le Ha Thanh National Consultant
GEF Evaluation: Yes
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-4
PIMS Number: 3965
Key Stakeholders: MONRE/MARD
Countries: VIET NAM
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, and Ministry of Internal Affairs to consolidate and finalize the inter-ministerial circular on professional standards for conservation staff, initiated with project support to create incentives for PA staff.

2

Biodiversity Conservation Agency (BCA) of MONRE and Department of Natural Conservation (DNC) of MARD to support the consolidation of the systematic collection of biodiversity data in PAs initiated. It is highly recommended that the two agencies and partners work with VEA Data Management Office to ensure that the biodiversity database system in place and is used to guide PA system management.

3

MONRE and MARD, together with PPCs and provincial agencies managing or supervising PAs to institutionalize the use of monitoring tools/scorecards, especially the FSC and the METT as regular monitoring instruments, in combination with an enhanced information flow on biodiversity inside and outside PAs. These tools would not only contribute to improve management practices, but also act supporting coordination among agencies by creating a common understanding on the strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities of PAs in Viet Nam.

4

Along with top down approach, MONRE and MARD to explore the possibility of utilizing bottom up approach in policy making related to biodiversity conservation and sustainable PA financing. Experiences showed that working from the level of individual PAs up to provincial and national level is the most cost-effective approach. The project has achieved positive results at PA level which should be continued. In addition, lessons learned from the pilot cases can be used to create or revise national policies of PA financing mechanisms.

5

UNDP to collect and systematize updated lessons learned from implementation of projects on PAs in Viet Nam to establish the best mechanisms of improving financial sustainability and management effectiveness of protected areas.

6

UNDP to support the publication and dissemination of any results from this project, including the survey on public awareness on biodiversity and protected areas commissioned by the project.

1. Recommendation:

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, and Ministry of Internal Affairs to consolidate and finalize the inter-ministerial circular on professional standards for conservation staff, initiated with project support to create incentives for PA staff.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/12]

The recommendation is accepted. MONRE/MARD/MIF continue working towards formal adoption of the inter-ministerial circular.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Continue to advocate for finalization and adoption of the Inter-ministerial circular
[Added: 2016/12/12] [Last Updated: 2017/10/15]
MONRE, MARD; MIF 2017/12 Completed Advocacy workshops involving parliament to discuss PA financing issues have been organized. History
2. Finalize the inter-ministerial circular on professional standards for conservation staff; formal adoption
[Added: 2016/12/12] [Last Updated: 2017/10/15]
MONRE, MARD; MIF 2017/12 Completed The inter-ministerial circular between MONRE and MARD on PA financing has been finalized and submitted for approval. History
2. Recommendation:

Biodiversity Conservation Agency (BCA) of MONRE and Department of Natural Conservation (DNC) of MARD to support the consolidation of the systematic collection of biodiversity data in PAs initiated. It is highly recommended that the two agencies and partners work with VEA Data Management Office to ensure that the biodiversity database system in place and is used to guide PA system management.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/12]

The recommendation is accepted. MONRE/BCA and MARD/DNC will continue building a systematized biodiversity data collection system making best use of the training courses on the collection and spatial analysis of biodiversity data conducted by the project (in cooperation with GIZ). New biodiversity data collected will be stored in the biodiversity database by VEA’s Data Management Office (DMO).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. BCA and DNC will publish guidance on harmonized biodiversity data collection and database storage based on training provided, to be made available to provincial DARD, DONRE and PA authorities.
[Added: 2016/12/12] [Last Updated: 2017/08/09]
MONRE/BCA; MARD/DNC 2017/07 Completed History
2. BCA and DNC will coordinate the handing over of newly collected data on biodiversity to DMO for proper inclusion in the national database.
[Added: 2016/12/12] [Last Updated: 2017/08/09]
MONRE/BCA; MARD/DNC 2017/07 Completed History
3. During the Biodiversity law revision, BD related data collection, analysis, and sharing should be well reflected emphasizing inter-sectorial cooperation.
[Added: 2016/12/12] [Last Updated: 2018/12/09]
MONRE/BCA; MARD/DNC 2018/12 Completed MONRE/BCA; MARD/DNC History
3. Recommendation:

MONRE and MARD, together with PPCs and provincial agencies managing or supervising PAs to institutionalize the use of monitoring tools/scorecards, especially the FSC and the METT as regular monitoring instruments, in combination with an enhanced information flow on biodiversity inside and outside PAs. These tools would not only contribute to improve management practices, but also act supporting coordination among agencies by creating a common understanding on the strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities of PAs in Viet Nam.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/12]

The recommendation is accepted. MONRE and MARD, with support and guidance from UNDP, will strengthen the use of appropriate tracking tools (TT) for PA management financing and effectiveness, including on biodiversity conservation goals, as part of standardized monitoring responsibilities for PAs in Viet Nam. UNDP will support MONRE in testing of an innovative approach on assessing impacts on biodiversity from strengthening PA management. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Through relevant project initiatives in Viet Nam, MONRE/BCA will expand the use of TT for the formal assessment of PA management effectiveness to other PAs beyond those specifically covered under the current project; practices will be shared with MARD and other stakeholders as appropriate, and TT scores will be stored in relevant national databases for future analysis of temporal changes.
[Added: 2016/12/12] [Last Updated: 2017/10/15]
MONRE; MARD; UNDP 2017/12 Completed The use of Tracking Tool has been expanded to other PAs such as Lagoon in Thua Thien-Hue and Mangrove in Thai Binh, etc. History
2. Through relevant project initiatives, UNDP will initiate testing of the Ecological Health Index Tracking Tool as complementary evaluation specifically of the ability of a site to maintain its biodiversity values and ecological functions.
[Added: 2016/12/12] [Last Updated: 2017/10/15]
MONRE; MARD; UNDP 2017/12 Completed UNDP has initiated the testing of Tracking Tool in following up with bio-diversity management and ecological functions in the project sites. History
4. Recommendation:

Along with top down approach, MONRE and MARD to explore the possibility of utilizing bottom up approach in policy making related to biodiversity conservation and sustainable PA financing. Experiences showed that working from the level of individual PAs up to provincial and national level is the most cost-effective approach. The project has achieved positive results at PA level which should be continued. In addition, lessons learned from the pilot cases can be used to create or revise national policies of PA financing mechanisms.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/12]

The recommendation is accepted. UNDP will continue supporting MONRE and MARD in strengthening the vertical management approach of the PA system in Viet Nam. In this, experiences with strengthening the financial and operational management of individual PAs at the local level will both guide and be guided by improvements in policies and financial instruments at the provincial and national levels, towards an improved operation of the PA system at large and effective impact on biodiversity.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. UNDP’s CO biodiversity portfolio will continue supporting MONRE and MARD projects linking aspects of conservation with livelihoods and sustainable resources use at the PA and linked landscape level that provide and test lessons learned for strengthening PA management and financial policies and practices at all levels. Specific project initiatives started include BioFin (costing NBSAP implementation); Wetlands project (biodiversity conservation through establishing cat. PAs and landscape level stress reduction); and BioSphere (integrated conservation of biodiversity and improved natural resources use in established Biosphere Reserves in Viet Nam).
[Added: 2016/12/12] [Last Updated: 2018/12/10]
UNDP; MONRE; MARD 2018/12 Completed NBSAP costed plan is being developed, Wetland conservation is under implementation, Biosphere Reserve project has been approved by GEF. History
5. Recommendation:

UNDP to collect and systematize updated lessons learned from implementation of projects on PAs in Viet Nam to establish the best mechanisms of improving financial sustainability and management effectiveness of protected areas.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/12]

The recommendation is accepted. UNDP will coordinate with MONRE and MARD to analyze lessons learned from PA related projects, on a variety of themes including financial instruments, management effectiveness, public awareness.

Lessons learnt from this project will be well taken while developing the National Strategic Plan for BD Financing under the project BioFin

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. UNDP will initiate developing a policy paper on PA financial, operational and biodiversity effectiveness, based on lessons learned from project involvements in recent years.
[Added: 2016/12/12] [Last Updated: 2017/10/15]
UNDP, MONRE, MOF 2017/12 Completed UNDP has reviewed 3 newly revised laws including marine law, forest management law, and bio-diversity law to find out the overlaps and gaps in order to complete the legislation in biodiversity conservation and management (see the attached report). History
2. Lessons and experience from this project will be provided as inputs for relevant studies and for development of the national strategic plan for BD financing under the BioFin initiative
[Added: 2016/12/12] [Last Updated: 2017/12/29]
UNDP, MONRE, MOF 2017/12 Completed History
6. Recommendation:

UNDP to support the publication and dissemination of any results from this project, including the survey on public awareness on biodiversity and protected areas commissioned by the project.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/12]

The recommendation is accepted. UNDP will coordinate with MONRE and MARD to open up available project result documentation via relevant web sites and forum, i.e. Biodiversity Platform, Natural Capitol Platform, NBSAP forum

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. UNDP will coordinate with MONRE and MARD the publication of all relevant project result documents.
[Added: 2016/12/12] [Last Updated: 2017/08/09]
VEA/BCA, UNDP 2017/07 Completed History
2. Topics of importance and linkages between biodiversity and development would be a theme for regular discussion in relevant platforms.
[Added: 2016/12/12] [Last Updated: 2017/08/09]
VEA/BCA, UNDP 2017/07 Completed History

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