Evaluation of the Sustainable Land Management Project

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Evaluation Plan:
2011-2015, Maldives
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
11/2012
Completion Date:
11/2012
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
15,000

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Title Evaluation of the Sustainable Land Management Project
Atlas Project Number: 00050950
Evaluation Plan: 2011-2015, Maldives
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2012
Planned End Date: 11/2012
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Development plans and programmes integrate environmentally sustainable solutions in a manner that promotes poverty reduction, MDG achievement and low-emission climate-resilient development
  • 2. National and local governments and communities have the capacities to adapt to climate change and make inclusive and sustainable environment & energy decisions benefitting in particular under-served populations
Evaluation Budget(US $): 15,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Eduardo Queblatin Evaluator equeblatin@gmail.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area: Land Degradation
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-1
PIMS Number: 3791
Key Stakeholders: Government, Beneficiary Islands
Countries: MALDIVES
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 8.1. Recommend actions for the Steering Committee and the key institutions represented for inclusion in their respective work plans for 2013 and beyond 8.1.1. Consolidate the major gains so far so that the GOM can fully use the results that they produce towards addressing SLM concerns. There are at least three modest but promising gains that need consolidation: a) Land Information system (MHI) ? This system can go a long way to support proper land use beginning in urban areas. Now that the capacity is there to know ?who owns what?? One can then begin to answer the question ?how are the different types of land being used by whom?? To do this, the system may consider embedding available secondary information from the NGIS variations in land characteristics based on land capability and limitations (e.g. physiography, geology etc.). At the same time, information on actual land use based on ground observations may also be incorporated.
2 Consolidate the major gains so far so that the GOM can fully use the results that they produce towards addressing SLM concerns. There are at least three modest but promising gains that need consolidation: b) Community extension work in SLM in agriculture (MOFA). The current extension work just started by the MOFA in 5 islands together with at least two NGOs, provides a glimpse of promising technical innovations that can help address beach erosion, soil degradation and saltwater intrusion. When the work reaches maturity, it can provide a good visual representation of what SLM could be like, at least in the agricultural setting. f possible provide sufficient logistical support to this work as planned and document its good practices and ensure that MOFA and local government personnel would be able to learn new insights and technical innovations from the pilot work.
3 8.1.1. Consolidate the major gains so far so that the GOM can fully use the results that they produce towards addressing SLM concerns. There are at least three modest but promising gains that need consolidation: c) National Action Plan for SLM or the NAP (MEE) ? In spite of some substantive gaps, the current draft assembles current information on issues and opportunities reasonably well and is in the right direction. With appropriate additional technical information and improvements in presentation, it can serve as a good platform to begin a more in depth dialogue on SLM issues and concerns. Organize an inter-agency task force to review the document and provide incremental information using available information resources. A separate document containing immediately doable recommendations was shared by the External Evaluator to the GOM PMU (cc GOM key Project officials) in this regard.
4 8.1.2. Promote the concept of SLM as an organic strategy for climate change adaptation in Maldives. This is needed because the concept seems to be currently misunderstood as a mere ?shot gun ?application of an international convention (UNCCD) to address global desertification as what is happening in Africa. This perception has somehow added to the confusion experienced under the project. In reality, the SLM project is a balanced intervention on land and water resources. There would be two essential components of a promotional strategy. a) The first is to generate information on the nature and scope of land degradation and how it actually exacerbates vulnerability to the effects of climate change. This is one of the planned activities under the SLM project that did not take off .This information would provide evidence for developing more proactive programs on the ground and reforming policies
5 8.2 Recommendations to GEF and UNDP in future design work a) The NAP preparation process The study of land degradation, preparation of the NAP and review and development of policy reforms should be considered as one continuum and not treated as strictly parallel project components. The study on land degradation provides the evidence based rationale for the preparation of the NAP. Also, as land degradation trends are studied, it would also be good to study available good practices. This will allow stakeholders to gain a vision of the problem as well as the possible solution. Subsequently, a better knowledge of the land degradation situation and good practices that address them can provide the context for the NAP process to undertake an analysis of policy and institutional gaps. This analysis would then become the basis for identifying specific targets for policy reforms. b) GEF and UNCCD in consultation with UNDP may wish to revisit the current strategy of promoting (including labelling) the concept of SLM especially in areas not (currently) affected by desertification. The fact that the concept is promoted by a convention associated with ?combating desertification? makes it often vulnerable to perception of marginal relevance. c) An SLM project inevitably requires close cross -sectoral collaboration. Careful attention and sufficient guidance must be incorporated in Project Designs so that that the institutional culture and working styles are first understood and subsequently working mechanisms are clearly defined. d) The conduct of inception workshops and midterm reviews should ideally not be made optional. The inception workshop provides the opportunity to do a reality check and fine-tune plans to respond to changes that occurred during the often long period between project inception and start up. The midterm review is an independent process visible to the top leadership of executing agencies. It can provide a systematic approach to revision of targets so that original intentions continue to be safeguarded.
1. Recommendation: 8.1. Recommend actions for the Steering Committee and the key institutions represented for inclusion in their respective work plans for 2013 and beyond 8.1.1. Consolidate the major gains so far so that the GOM can fully use the results that they produce towards addressing SLM concerns. There are at least three modest but promising gains that need consolidation: a) Land Information system (MHI) ? This system can go a long way to support proper land use beginning in urban areas. Now that the capacity is there to know ?who owns what?? One can then begin to answer the question ?how are the different types of land being used by whom?? To do this, the system may consider embedding available secondary information from the NGIS variations in land characteristics based on land capability and limitations (e.g. physiography, geology etc.). At the same time, information on actual land use based on ground observations may also be incorporated.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/01/31]

Agree with the recommendation. More work on integration will to be done through government activities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Budgeted in the 2013 budget to enhance NGIS.
[Added: 2013/01/31] [Last Updated: 2013/03/18]
MLMA 2012/01 Overdue-Initiated 2013 and 2014.This activity is on going
2. Recommendation: Consolidate the major gains so far so that the GOM can fully use the results that they produce towards addressing SLM concerns. There are at least three modest but promising gains that need consolidation: b) Community extension work in SLM in agriculture (MOFA). The current extension work just started by the MOFA in 5 islands together with at least two NGOs, provides a glimpse of promising technical innovations that can help address beach erosion, soil degradation and saltwater intrusion. When the work reaches maturity, it can provide a good visual representation of what SLM could be like, at least in the agricultural setting. f possible provide sufficient logistical support to this work as planned and document its good practices and ensure that MOFA and local government personnel would be able to learn new insights and technical innovations from the pilot work.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/01/31]

Agree with the recommendation. The manuals developed through SLM will be disseminated through ongoing training's.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Disseminate manuals developed through SLM via MOFA?s regular training programs
[Added: 2013/01/31] [Last Updated: 2013/03/18]
MOFA 2013/12 Overdue-Initiated ongoing
3. Recommendation: 8.1.1. Consolidate the major gains so far so that the GOM can fully use the results that they produce towards addressing SLM concerns. There are at least three modest but promising gains that need consolidation: c) National Action Plan for SLM or the NAP (MEE) ? In spite of some substantive gaps, the current draft assembles current information on issues and opportunities reasonably well and is in the right direction. With appropriate additional technical information and improvements in presentation, it can serve as a good platform to begin a more in depth dialogue on SLM issues and concerns. Organize an inter-agency task force to review the document and provide incremental information using available information resources. A separate document containing immediately doable recommendations was shared by the External Evaluator to the GOM PMU (cc GOM key Project officials) in this regard.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/01/31]

Agree with the recommendation. NAP will be reviewed and updated by government stakeholders

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Inter agency discussion to be held within government agencies to review, update and adopt NAP
[Added: 2013/01/31] [Last Updated: 2013/03/18]
MEE 2013/12 Overdue-Not Initiated to be discussed at the highlevel coordination meeting to seek a wayforward
4. Recommendation: 8.1.2. Promote the concept of SLM as an organic strategy for climate change adaptation in Maldives. This is needed because the concept seems to be currently misunderstood as a mere ?shot gun ?application of an international convention (UNCCD) to address global desertification as what is happening in Africa. This perception has somehow added to the confusion experienced under the project. In reality, the SLM project is a balanced intervention on land and water resources. There would be two essential components of a promotional strategy. a) The first is to generate information on the nature and scope of land degradation and how it actually exacerbates vulnerability to the effects of climate change. This is one of the planned activities under the SLM project that did not take off .This information would provide evidence for developing more proactive programs on the ground and reforming policies
Management Response: [Added: 2013/01/31]

Agree with the recommendation that SLM needs to be seen as an integral part of climate change and more information needs to be collected on land degradation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Practices on coastal and tourism sector will be captured through the TAP and ICCR project
[Added: 2013/01/31] [Last Updated: 2013/03/18]
MEE and MTAC 2013/12 Overdue-Initiated on going
Agricultural practices will be captured by regular programs of MOFA
[Added: 2013/01/31] [Last Updated: 2013/03/18]
MOFA 2013/12 Overdue-Initiated on going
5. Recommendation: 8.2 Recommendations to GEF and UNDP in future design work a) The NAP preparation process The study of land degradation, preparation of the NAP and review and development of policy reforms should be considered as one continuum and not treated as strictly parallel project components. The study on land degradation provides the evidence based rationale for the preparation of the NAP. Also, as land degradation trends are studied, it would also be good to study available good practices. This will allow stakeholders to gain a vision of the problem as well as the possible solution. Subsequently, a better knowledge of the land degradation situation and good practices that address them can provide the context for the NAP process to undertake an analysis of policy and institutional gaps. This analysis would then become the basis for identifying specific targets for policy reforms. b) GEF and UNCCD in consultation with UNDP may wish to revisit the current strategy of promoting (including labelling) the concept of SLM especially in areas not (currently) affected by desertification. The fact that the concept is promoted by a convention associated with ?combating desertification? makes it often vulnerable to perception of marginal relevance. c) An SLM project inevitably requires close cross -sectoral collaboration. Careful attention and sufficient guidance must be incorporated in Project Designs so that that the institutional culture and working styles are first understood and subsequently working mechanisms are clearly defined. d) The conduct of inception workshops and midterm reviews should ideally not be made optional. The inception workshop provides the opportunity to do a reality check and fine-tune plans to respond to changes that occurred during the often long period between project inception and start up. The midterm review is an independent process visible to the top leadership of executing agencies. It can provide a systematic approach to revision of targets so that original intentions continue to be safeguarded.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/01/31]

Agreed.

Key Actions:

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