Pro-Poor Youth Economic Empowerment in Yemen

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Evaluation Plan:
2012-2019, Yemen
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
12/2013
Completion Date:
01/2014
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
18,630

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Title Pro-Poor Youth Economic Empowerment in Yemen
Atlas Project Number: 00066457
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2019, Yemen
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 01/2014
Planned End Date: 12/2013
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.2 Marginalised groups, particularly the poor, women, people with disabilities and displaced are empowered to gain universal access to basic services and financial and non-financial assets to build productive capacities and benefit from sustainable livelihoods and jobs
Evaluation Budget(US $): 18,630
Source of Funding: YEE Project
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 16,000
Joint Programme: No
Mandatory Evaluation: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Kinan A. Bahnassi
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: GoY/Key Donors
Countries: YEMEN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 To redesign the current implementation approach from sequential to incremental to improve the project?s efficiency and effectiveness
2 To redesign the current implementation approach from sequential to incremental to improve the project?s efficiency and effectiveness
3 To develop a comprehensive M&E strategy and action plan
4 To update the Project Document with the adapted implementation strategy
5 To develop a national institutional framework to preserve the project?s output sustainability and to develop a scaling-up implementation strategy based on recommendations provided
6 To provide other career options for youth through linking 3x6 with Job Placement scheme; to integrate vocational training and job placement components into the 3x6 cycle; to expand the training options for youth
7 To link grants with microfinance.
8 To ensure that gender mainstreaming taken into account in the implementation strategy; To provide capacity-building for gender sensitivity; To become more gender-sensitive in youth selection and provision of Cash-for-Work activities.
9 To capitalize on UNDP and ILO?s experience
10 To thoroughly identify the youth selection criteria; To develop comprehensive targeting and selection criteria; To develop more rigorous verification procedures; To eliminate community-based targeting; To develop a database of youth candidates; To develop quality assurance and baselines indicators; To identify the selection criteria of youth for the Job Placement scheme
11 To develop a new training curriculum; To develop training needs assessment; To conduct interview-based labour market demand surveys; To develop a simple labour market demand database.
12 To partner with more potential CFW providers in various sectors to secure continuous provision of CFW activities
13 To encourage the establishment of joint ventures, group association, and cooperatives
14 To promote creativity and innovativeness in the enterprise ideas generated
15 To coordinate business advisory and training; To move from traditional business development services to a market development approach.
1. Recommendation: To redesign the current implementation approach from sequential to incremental to improve the project?s efficiency and effectiveness
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

The structure as proposed by the evaluator is in place.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation: To redesign the current implementation approach from sequential to incremental to improve the project?s efficiency and effectiveness
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

YEEP II upscale is designed with an incremental structure of 3x6 implementation (9 Governorates by streams).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3x6 implementation by streams
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
Project and IP's 2014/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
3. Recommendation: To develop a comprehensive M&E strategy and action plan
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

The project developed a M&E strategy in March 2013. A M&E officer was hired from Oct - Dec 2013 to initiate the implementation of the strategy. For the upscale, a M&E officer was budgeted in order to build on the work initiated in 2013, and ensure the implementation of a comprehensive M&E framework and action plan.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Action plan for project's M&E strategy - Align indicators with new SP and with project's targets - Prepare conceptual framework for constitution of control groups and baseline survey - Train project staff for data collection and regular monitoring
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
project 2014/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
A first M&E report was delivered by the project's M&E officer. This work lays the groundwork for the upscale M&E action plan. History
4. Recommendation: To update the Project Document with the adapted implementation strategy
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

The Project Document with the adapted implementation strategy has been updated.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation: To develop a national institutional framework to preserve the project?s output sustainability and to develop a scaling-up implementation strategy based on recommendations provided
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

The upscale (YEEP II) is focusing on an institutionalization of the employment tools introduced by the project during the pilot phase, and on upscaling at national scale with full governmental ownership. New Activity Results have been introduced to the Prodoc to cover this dimension (capacity building of national institutions, effective adoption by the Governement of the 3x6 approach within the National Action Plan,...). An institutional framework is being developed. The upscale activities will feed directly into the implementation of the National Youth Employment Action Plan, therefore being rolled out within a national strategy. The transfer of know-how to national institutions trough joint implementation (e.g. with SFD and national training institutes) will contribute to output sustainability. Each recommendation is being taken into account in the scaling-up implementation strategy.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Finalize and implement institutional framework with an exit strategy
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
Project and national partners 2014/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
6. Recommendation: To provide other career options for youth through linking 3x6 with Job Placement scheme; to integrate vocational training and job placement components into the 3x6 cycle; to expand the training options for youth
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

This option is being examined. Challenge: the profile of beneficiaries is very different for 3x6 (poor, uneducated, vulnerable) and for the job placement (educated, fresh graduates) In certain sectors, such as WASH, vocational trainining is an integral part of the project's 3x6 activities. Seen the high cost for VT, it is subject to funding availability.

Key Actions:

7. Recommendation: To link grants with microfinance.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

UNDP has started during the pilot to link grants with microfinance: 20% of 3x6 beneficiaries in fact got access to a loan. In the second term of the project , all benefciairies received financial literacy training through a new partnership concluded with Silatech and GIZ.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
For the upscale, the project will strengthen the linkages with MFI's, through a) systematic financial literacy training, b) a guarantee scheme facilitating access to loans, c) a strategic exit plan replacing progressively the grants by loans, d) ensuring business expansion through increased access to finance
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
project with MFI partners 2014/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
For the upscale, the project will strengthen the linkages with MFI's, through a) systematic financial literacy training, b) a guarantee scheme facilitating access to loans, c) a strategic exit plan replacing progressively the grants by loans, d) ensuring business expansion through increased access to finance
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
project with MFI partners 2014/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
8. Recommendation: To ensure that gender mainstreaming taken into account in the implementation strategy; To provide capacity-building for gender sensitivity; To become more gender-sensitive in youth selection and provision of Cash-for-Work activities.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

YEEP II forsees a target for women enrollement (25%), and gender-sensitive activities in view of increasing women participation. The pilot was successful in empowering women, and some of the most successful businesses are led by women, however the participation rate has still margin for improvement.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Identify income-generating activities and business opportunities suitable to women Ensure full awareness by project staff and implementing partners that women may require extra market and business skills training than men
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
Project 2014/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
9. Recommendation: To capitalize on UNDP and ILO?s experience
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

A UNDP-ILO partnership was concluded in 2013, and this partnership is to be continued for the scaling-up.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Each agency to bring in it's comparative advantage. ILO to contribute to YEEP II also through PBF resources.
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
project 2014/07 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
10. Recommendation: To thoroughly identify the youth selection criteria; To develop comprehensive targeting and selection criteria; To develop more rigorous verification procedures; To eliminate community-based targeting; To develop a database of youth candidates; To develop quality assurance and baselines indicators; To identify the selection criteria of youth for the Job Placement scheme
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

An improved selection process is a major focus of the upscale strategy.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Identify vulnerability criteria
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
Project 2014/07 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
Set up a committee composed of national partners and IP's to jointly determine the selection criteria
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
project 2014/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
Close monitoring and quality oversight of the selection process
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
project 2014/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
New procedures will be used to minimize the irregularities in the selection procedures and to ensure that youth are indeed the poorest and most interested in business development
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
project 2014/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
Monitoring field visits
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
project 2014/07 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
Hiring of project M&E officer
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
project 2014/07 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
Ensure that constitution of youth database is part of the M&E action plan.
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
project 2014/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
Develop an M&E framework developed for baseline indicators
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
project 2014/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
11. Recommendation: To develop a new training curriculum; To develop training needs assessment; To conduct interview-based labour market demand surveys; To develop a simple labour market demand database.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

A new training curriculum has been developed jointly with ILO. 25 Yemenis have been trained (TOT) to deliver this new curricula. A TNA was implemented for the job placement scheme. A TNA would be part of any new job placement activities. For 3x6, the new curricula was developed based on a training needs assessment. Surveys and databases to be applied subject to available funding. Trust-building training and exercises will constitute a considerable component in the first and second phase of 3x6.

Key Actions:

12. Recommendation: To partner with more potential CFW providers in various sectors to secure continuous provision of CFW activities
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

SFD is identified as principal CFW provider for the different governorates, as well as other UN agencies as part of the PBF.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Joint planning initiated with SFD, WFP and UNHCR
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
project 2014/07 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
13. Recommendation: To encourage the establishment of joint ventures, group association, and cooperatives
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

The project will examine the possiblity of setting up cooperatives especially in rural areas, and to further encourage joint venturing. The project is also examining possible linkages with social business.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Mapping exercise ongoing, and knowledge sharing iniated with UNDP Timor Leste
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
Project 2014/07 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
14. Recommendation: To promote creativity and innovativeness in the enterprise ideas generated
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01]

Innovation does not necessarily rime with the limited capital available for micro-businesses (max $1200). However, within the given restrictions, the project will seek to diversify the businesses created by youth beneficiaries through systematic market assessments in the targeted communities. To provide missing commodities in local markets will be part of the market assessment targets.

Key Actions:

15. Recommendation: To coordinate business advisory and training; To move from traditional business development services to a market development approach.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2014/07/01]

UNDP is working towards institutionalizing such a mechanism. The business development services applied so far involved number of unsustainable factors. YEEP II will involve as many suppliers of business services as possible through available channels such as private sector, training centres, business consultancy offices, etc. UNDP will capitalize on the cooperation agreement signed with the private sector to channel mentorship schemes or business incubation to the beneficiaries. Instead of individual consultancies, a national counterpart should take the lead for the implementation of a market development approach.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Mapping is ongoing
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
Project 2014/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
UNDP is supporting the establishment of a business development service centre (BDS) and incubator
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
Project 2014/07 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
The (results of the) market assessment will establish the link between training and business advisory
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
Project 2014/07 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History
Identify available channels, in particular national training and business development institutes as national upscale partners
[Added: 2014/07/01] [Last Updated: 2017/08/15]
Project 2014/07 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The country is in crisis and all developmental projects have been closed and public institutions paralized. CO is only working on the resilience programme to help the people of Yemen to cope with the consenquences of the ongoing comprehensive civil war.]
History

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