00083792 - Support to the implementation of the Resolution 80/NQ-CP on directions of Sustainable Poverty Reduction 2011-2020 and the National Targeted Program on Sustainable Poverty Reduction 2012-2015 (PRPP) End of Project Evaluation

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Evaluation Plan:
2012-2016, Viet Nam
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2016
Completion Date:
11/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title 00083792 - Support to the implementation of the Resolution 80/NQ-CP on directions of Sustainable Poverty Reduction 2011-2020 and the National Targeted Program on Sustainable Poverty Reduction 2012-2015 (PRPP) End of Project Evaluation
Atlas Project Number: 00083792
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2016, Viet Nam
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2016
Planned End Date: 12/2016
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty and MDG
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Inclusive growth and social equity promoted through pro-poor macroeconomic and fiscal policies that support income, employment and social protection of youth, women and vulnerable groups in a sustainable way
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: Cost-sharing Irish Aid
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 30,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Stewart Pittaway consultant
Pham Thai Hung consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: MOLISA
Countries: VIET NAM
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Evaluation Recommendation 1: For Poverty Reduction Programs

  1. Enhance the Governance role of the National Assembly Ethnic Council and the Council for Social Affairs  in poverty program policy development and monitoring ;
  2. Gender approach and activities in the poverty reduction programs must more directly target women and actively involve them in poverty reduction activities that lead to their social and economic empowerment;
  3. New approaches to Livelihoods development are required in poverty reduction programs if sustainable poverty reduction outcomes and rural transformation are to be achieved;
  4. Use of the new tools for targeting poverty must ensure that they recognise ethnic diversity and the different cultural features and social customs of the many ethnic groups;
  5. Increase the emphasis upon building the self-reliance of rural communities including greater devolution for the use of poverty reduction investments;
2

Evaluation Recommendation 2: For Interventions to Support the NTPs

UNDP to coordinate the design and implementation of a Technical Assistance Project to support the 2016-2020 cycle of poverty reduction programs, including the NTP SPR

Key Design Features of the New Project

  • The  new Technical Assistance Project should  prioritise support for poverty reduction programs at the central level;
  • The new Technical Assistance Project’s scope of activities should be narrower than under PRPP and primarily be concentrated around the core poverty roles of MoLISA and CEMA;
  • Follow a Program approach and make greater use of Ministry staff to manage the new Project;

Priority Poverty Reduction Program Development Tasks for the new Project

  • On-going development of the Multi-Dimensional Poverty approach must be a high priority for further assistance provide by the new Project;
  • Dialogue with donors partners, (I)NGOs and national agencies must continue to be a feature and should be widened and deepened, with a focus on joint advocacy and action; 
  • Utilise the Technical Assistance to build the Policy Development capacity in the Ministries;
  • Supporting the implementation of the NTP SPR 2016-2020 must be the initial priority for the new Technical Assistance Project;

New Project Support for better NTP SPR 2016-2020 Results

  • Prioritise the identification of the successful results and ensure that these are shared across whole NTP SPR , and that there is a program of technical support to assist their replications;
  • Make more effective use of the M&E system for program management and poverty targeting in the NTP SPR;
  • Support commune SEDPs as the basis for the planning of poverty reduction investments and activities;
  • Agricultural production livelihoods development should adopt and apply models that have been successful in Donor Partner and (I)NGO projects. There must also be include a much greater emphasis upon climate change adaption and risk management, safe use of agri-chemicals and better livestock waste management and sanitation; 
  • Develop capacity of trainers in better training and learning methods at both the provincial and district levels;
  • Continue the community focused development initiated in the PRPP with the aim of building greater self-reliance and empowerment of the local communities;
  • Build upon the community communications program activities that were successfully used in the PRPP;
  • Much greater emphasis must be placed upon achieving Commune Investment Ownership  for all the communes investment activities;
  • Only institute a Block Grant model where it enables the community a greater role in the decisions about their investment priorities
1. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation 1: For Poverty Reduction Programs

  1. Enhance the Governance role of the National Assembly Ethnic Council and the Council for Social Affairs  in poverty program policy development and monitoring ;
  2. Gender approach and activities in the poverty reduction programs must more directly target women and actively involve them in poverty reduction activities that lead to their social and economic empowerment;
  3. New approaches to Livelihoods development are required in poverty reduction programs if sustainable poverty reduction outcomes and rural transformation are to be achieved;
  4. Use of the new tools for targeting poverty must ensure that they recognise ethnic diversity and the different cultural features and social customs of the many ethnic groups;
  5. Increase the emphasis upon building the self-reliance of rural communities including greater devolution for the use of poverty reduction investments;
Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/15]

Agreed with the recommendations, noted that most of the recommendations go beyond the responsibilities/mandates of the National Implementing Partner and UNDP

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP to work further with relevant stakeholders (National Assembly (NA), the Government, NGOs, CSOs, experts, private sectors…) to review and identify future support in order to enhance the NA’s role in poverty reduction (PR) program development and monitoring, gender mainstreaming, PR program sustainability, ethnic diversity and self-reliance of the poor and rural communities.
[Added: 2016/12/15] [Last Updated: 2018/12/10]
UNDP, NA, MOLISA, CEMA, MARD, selected provincial people’s committees (PPC) 2018/12 Completed The working group on poverty reduction of Ethnic Minorities including development partners and CSOs (co-led by UNDP and Irish Aid) sent a letter to the National Assembly and all related line Ministries, proposing key points for consideration during the mid-term review of the two NTPs. Timing: end of 2017. Specifically, UNDP supported the Government in mid-term review of the NTP on Sustainable Poverty Reduction (2016-2020). Timing: April-June 2018. UNDP supported the development of an analysis report on multidimensional poverty in Viet Nam, with focus on ethnic minority groups and people with disability. Policy recommendations were proposed accordingly. Timing: Dec 2017-Dec 2018. History
2. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation 2: For Interventions to Support the NTPs

UNDP to coordinate the design and implementation of a Technical Assistance Project to support the 2016-2020 cycle of poverty reduction programs, including the NTP SPR

Key Design Features of the New Project

  • The  new Technical Assistance Project should  prioritise support for poverty reduction programs at the central level;
  • The new Technical Assistance Project’s scope of activities should be narrower than under PRPP and primarily be concentrated around the core poverty roles of MoLISA and CEMA;
  • Follow a Program approach and make greater use of Ministry staff to manage the new Project;

Priority Poverty Reduction Program Development Tasks for the new Project

  • On-going development of the Multi-Dimensional Poverty approach must be a high priority for further assistance provide by the new Project;
  • Dialogue with donors partners, (I)NGOs and national agencies must continue to be a feature and should be widened and deepened, with a focus on joint advocacy and action; 
  • Utilise the Technical Assistance to build the Policy Development capacity in the Ministries;
  • Supporting the implementation of the NTP SPR 2016-2020 must be the initial priority for the new Technical Assistance Project;

New Project Support for better NTP SPR 2016-2020 Results

  • Prioritise the identification of the successful results and ensure that these are shared across whole NTP SPR , and that there is a program of technical support to assist their replications;
  • Make more effective use of the M&E system for program management and poverty targeting in the NTP SPR;
  • Support commune SEDPs as the basis for the planning of poverty reduction investments and activities;
  • Agricultural production livelihoods development should adopt and apply models that have been successful in Donor Partner and (I)NGO projects. There must also be include a much greater emphasis upon climate change adaption and risk management, safe use of agri-chemicals and better livestock waste management and sanitation; 
  • Develop capacity of trainers in better training and learning methods at both the provincial and district levels;
  • Continue the community focused development initiated in the PRPP with the aim of building greater self-reliance and empowerment of the local communities;
  • Build upon the community communications program activities that were successfully used in the PRPP;
  • Much greater emphasis must be placed upon achieving Commune Investment Ownership  for all the communes investment activities;
  • Only institute a Block Grant model where it enables the community a greater role in the decisions about their investment priorities
Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/15] [Last Updated: 2016/12/15]

Agreed in principle with the recommendations. However, actual (new) project document will rely on a number of factors, including Government’s priorities, resources mobilized and actual need at locality and implementation capacity.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP to coordinate the design and implementation of a Technical Assistance Project to support the 2016-2020 cycle of poverty reduction programs, including the NTP SPR
[Added: 2016/12/15] [Last Updated: 2017/10/22]
UNDP, NA, MOLISA, CEMA, MARD, selected provincial people’s committees (PPC) 2017/12 Completed UNDP has been implementing an Initiation Plan (Jul-Dec 2017) for developing a new Technical Assistance Project 2016-2020 cycle of poverty reduction programs, taking into account these evaluation recommendations. History

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